Butterfield Brothers aka British Butterfield of Levis
Works, Old Station Road, Stechford, Birmingham.
Levis were motorcycles manufactured by Butterfield from 1911 to 1940.
1905 Company started by John Osbourne to make bicycles
For many years they were one of England's leading manufacturers of two-stroke
motorcycles. They built two-stroke machines from 1911, and added a line
of four-strokes in 1928, that ran to 1940 when production ceased.
1911 The first Levis was made in the Norton
works by designer Bob Newey, but James
Norton turned it down. At first the machine was sold as the Baby,
but changed to the Popular. It was soon abbreviated to LevisPop, and was, indeed, very popular.
Bob Newey then joined with the company, Arthur and Billy, and sister Daisy,
to set up a motorcycle company. (Newey later married Daisy). Their first
model was a two-stroke with a capacity of 211cc.
1916 The 211cc vertical two-stroke engine produced 3hp. An enclosed chain
from the crankshaft drove the Fellows
magneto and drive to the rear wheel was by Pedley
Vee belt. The machine weighed approximately 120lb.
1920 Their first racing success was in the Lightweight 250 class within
the 1920 Isle of Man TT Junior with a 247cc machine, repeated in the 1922
Isle of Man TT Lightweight race. They then adopted the slogan, "The Master
Levis built 211cc and 246cc three port single cylinder machines,
including sporting versions. Most had 67mm bore and 70mm stroke. There
was also a six port model.
1928 onward. Levis produced 247cc (67mm bore x 70mm stroke) and 346cc (70mm
bore x 90mm stroke) four stroke ohv machines and later added 498cc and
600cc ohv four strokes. For a brief period a 346cc sv single, and also
a 247cc sohc single with chain driven overhead camshafts were available.
Levis two strokes, ridden by Geoff Davison, R. O. Clark, Phil Pike and
others, won many races including the 1922 Lightweight TT, while the four
strokes excelled off road. Percy Hunt rode a 346cc model successfully in
races, and just before World War II Bob Foster gained many wins on a Levis
ohv 598cc bike in trials and motocross.
During the last decade, their models followed the general trend. The motorcycles
were always well made, but not in large numbers. Those who knew them were
sorry when production came to an end in 1940.
1940s Merged with HEC when Station Road
ceased making motorcycles and concentrated on making compressors and motor