emu
French Motorcycles

Motocyclettes fabriquées en France

Notes on some of the rarer French marques

This page lists brands of which little historical information is currently available.
For a more complete listing visit the French Index.

Abeille
Established in Saint-Quentin, Aisne, in 1900, Veuve A. de Mesmay built mostly automobiles. There is mention of a tricycle in the literature.
Sources: OTTW


ABF
The Association Bidalot Fourès manufactured 50cc racing motorcycles in the 1970s and 80s. Only a handful were built each year. Later machines were modeled on the Seeley design.
See also Bidalot
Sources: OTTW


ABG
The firm was originally named Arìes and built automobiles at Asnières-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine in Paris from 1903 to 1938. After the war they began building 48cc auxilliary bicycle engines which became better known as VAP, often ABG-VAP.


Albert-Jean
Motorcycle classified 11th at the Criterium of Motorcycles 1901, riden by Echenoy
Bourdache p429


Alleluia
Re-branded version of the German N.S.U., ca 1914
Bourdache pp400, 429


Amstoutz
1900. Engineer and motorcycle engine manufacturer in Besançon who built Mirus and A.Z.
Motorcycles may also have been produced under the Amstoutz brand.
The Mirus was a bicycle auxiliary engine mounted on the front wheel, built from 1902.
Sources: Bourdache (pp 224, 280, 302.), OTTW


Andre (André)
7, rue Lafouge, Gentilly, Seine
La Moto Biplace - two-seater motocyclette twostroke with gearbox. 1925 advert.
1923 Modele G. 175cc two-stroke. 1923 Advertisement.


Andru
10 Rue de St Quentin, Paris
1903. Motorcycles with Mirus water-cooled engines
Bourdache p429


Anzani
Alessandro Anzani (1877 - 1956) was an aviation pioneer of Italian heritage who built engines in France while working with Buchet, among others. He formed his own company in 1906 to build aircraft engines, one of which powered Bleriot's flight across the English Channel in 1909.
Many motorcycles were built powered by the Anzani, and some he built himself. One of the Buchet racing machines was powered by a three cylinder Anzani of 1200cc with the cylinders spaced at 45°. Under his own name he developed a new version of this with the cylinders spaced at 72°. In the early 1970s a very sad example of the 216 degree V3 was rescued from a scrapyard and lovingly restored.
Later he moved back to Italy and created a motorcycle company there. See Anzani (Italy)
Sources: Guélon Collection


Aquilon
Two machines of this brand participated in the Grand Prix of Paris in 1909.
Riders : Mouton and Johnson
Bourdache p327


Ardex
Manufactured by Marcel Tamine at 54 Rue Saint-Germain, Nanterre, 1934~1939
Built bespoke tricars and cyclecars using engines of up to 350cc.
Sources: OTTW


Arzens
Manufactured by Paul Arzens in Paris in 1942, this beautiful three-wheeled creation known as L'Oeff (The Egg) is considered the first bubblecar. Initially battery-powered, post-war versions also had a 125cc engine. Arzens, known to Ettore Bugatti, drove his cars until his death in 1990 at the age of 87.
An example listed as a 125cc 1942 model is on display at Cité de l'Automobile, Mulhouse.
Sources: OTTW


Athena
Dérozier participated in the 1905 Tour de France on an Athéna motorcycle.
Bourdache p430


Audax
Established in Rouen, Lenefait et Cie produced motorcycles identical to Lamaudière-Labre from c.1899 to 1904. They then built cyclecars from 1912 until 1914.
Bourdache p430, OTTW


Aureole
L. Bouchez, 7 Boulevard Victor-Hugo, 7 Saint-Oen (Seine)
ca early 1930s, 350cc & 500cc JAP SV and OHV singles, 750cc JAP V-twin
Source: period advertising


Aurore
79 Boulevard Haussmann Paris
In 1898, H. Deckert and Cie sold De Dion powered tricycles and automobiles named Aurore.
Bourdache p430


Autobiroue
Built by Robert Ligier of Puycasquier in the 1950s, the first prototype of 1954 had a roof, later versions being open with a fairing screen, and utilising Lambretta components.
autobiroue.over-blog.com


Autocyclette
Yves Guédon of 15 Rue du Louvre, Paris, built a chain-driven petrol-engined bicyclette in 1899
Bourdache p430


Automotette
Manufactured 1898-1899 by Compagnie Française des Cycles Automobiles in Paris, these were belt-driven tricycles similar to those of Leon Bollee. The machine was also sold in England by a firm based in Holland Park, London.
Sources: OTTW


Aviator

Motorcycles built by Friès and Germain, 1906, at 52 bld de Strasbourg, Vincennes
Bourdache p430


AZ
Engines manufactured by Emile Amstoutz 1900-1908, these were suitable for mounting on the front wheel of a bicycle. A partnership was established with Louis Ravel 1906. They were used by Cottereau and probably others.
Sources: OTTW


B

Baby Moto
Manufactured by Roger Breton at 9-11 Rue de la Tréfilerie, Saint-Étienne
Entered the market in 1951 with a Cucciolo-powered moped, and built a variety of lightweights powered by Aquila, Comet, Mistral, Lavalette and other engines of up to 125cc. The firm ceased trading in 1957.
Sources: OTTW


Bailleau
Motorcycle exhibited at the Salon des Tuileries in 1899
Bourdache p430


BAGYS
Bayon and Gyss, 3, cité Magenta, Paris.
Motorcycle with a 1 1/2 HP Bahon engine, built 1903


Bahon
Motorcycle exhibited at the Salon in 1902; supplied engines to Bagys.
Bourdache p146


Bainchet
Motorcycle exhibited at the Salon in 1902
Bourdache p146


Ballis
Manufacture des Cycles Ballis, 3 Rue Palissy, Saint-Etienne
Established as a bicycle firm in 1932, production of BMA lightweights began in 1952 using Le Poulain engines. The firm was acquired the following year by Aquila.
Sources: OTTW


Barigo
Manufactured by Patrick Barigault, Thouars, France 1973-1997
The first production machines appeared in 1980 with Rotax engines, and many were built for competitions such as the Paris-Dakar, later using Yamaha engines. The history of this marque is long and colourful, involving Société Perrotin Automotion, and production of machines for both the military and the police.
Sources: OTTW


Barré
Built by G.Barré, 79 Deux-Sèvres Niort
The firm dates from 1888 and produced automobiles, motorcycles and cycles. It was acquired by Guiller Freres in 1927.
OTTW states that they built tricycles 1898-1908, and that the firm merged with Lamberton in 1923, building automobiles thenceforward.
Sources: Bourdache, forum.tontonvelo.com, OTTW


Barrière
See Barrière


Bauchet
Motorcycle exhibited at the Salon in 1902
Bourdache p430


Baudier Tricycle presented at the salon des tuileries, 1899
Bourdache p430


Bayle-Michon
In 1925 Bayle and Michon produced motorcycles fitted with Aubier & Debon engines. The firm was based in the Loire district.

Sources: OTTW


Bazile
Based in Montbrison, Loire, during the 1950s, the firm sold mopeds sourced from Automoto and others under their own name. In 1958 Bazile was an agent for Manurhin and Peugeot.
Sources: OTTW


BCA
The bicycle firm based in Roanne, Loire marketed rebadged Ravat 100cc lightweight motorcycles under the marques BCA, Mylor and Parfaite.
Sources: OTTW


BCR
Bashir and Collin built BC engines of 100 to 350cc capacity in the 1920s before being joined by Raynal to form BCR.
Their workshops in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, Seine produced motorcycles with sprung frames from 1923. These used the BC engines, along with those of JAP (250 to 500cc, SV & OHV) and Chaise. The BCR firm was acquired by Poinard in 1929, and it appears that M. Raynal was still associated with that firm into the 1950s.
Sources: OTTW


Bellamy
Motocyclette presented at the salon in 1902, clutch and chain transmission
Bourdache p146


Belledonne
These were mopeds marketed by Mathon of Grenoble in 1958 and were probably rebadged Mercier machines, to which they bore a very strong resemblance.
Sources: OTTW


Benitaco
This was a 50cc racing machine which appeared low in the results for two GP events in 1982, ridden by Pascal Kambourian. It is likely that very few were built.
Sources: OTTW


Benoît Faure
A well-known cyclist active in the 20s and 30s, Faure established a factory at 45 Rue Paillons in Saint-Etienne and produced mopeds and velomoteurs from 1954 to 1956. Despite the firm's short lifespan it produced around a dozen different models powered by engines from Comet, Myster, Mistral, Himo, Villiers and Le Poulain of up to 100cc.

Sources: OTTW


Bernasse
Place de la Re´publique Toucy - Yonne
V-twins and single-cylinder motocyclettes built by Maximilien Bernasse, c1906-1907, using engines from Deckert of Paris, among others. An example dated c.1906 has a single cylinder engine mounted low in the frame in front of the pedal crank, and is fitted with a Hygina central spring fork. It was part of the Guélon Collection. The Bernasse factory still exists and is in use for the restoration and display of Citroen DS motor cars.
Bourdache p430


Bernet
Built at 4 Rue Thiers, Choisy-Le-Roi near Paris, 1952-1954, these were lightweights powered by 48cc Cucciolo and other engines.

Sources: OTTW


Bertaut
The firm offered two 50cc two-stroke mopeds in 1963, the Centurion and the Jupiter.
Sources: OTTW


Berthier
In 1899 he built an petrol-engined bicyclette with large rear wheel, a small front wheel and a strongly triangulated frame.
Bourdache p430


Betty
Manufactured by Établissements Baud in Doubs, Franche-Comté 1950-1960
Built Mopeds which were also marketed under the brand names Elfil, Luxia and Jurasport.
There is another marque with a similar name, Bety.
Sources: OTTW


BGA
Founded in 1900 as a manufacturer of firearms and bicycles, some five decades later the firm entered the motorcycle trade with mopeds using Junior and Solano engines, built at 64 Rue Antoine Durafour, Saint-Etienne in 1953 and '54.
Sources: OTTW


Bidalot
A famous name in the history of French motorcycling, Jean Bidalot of Urrugne began building motorcycles in 1967. These early efforts were very fast 50cc racing machines. He went on to become head designer at Pernot which ran his creations in the 125 and 250 GPs, winning six titles. In 1983 he moved to MBK and is probably best known for the Magnum XR engines. Having contracted a debilitating disease he returned to his origins where he developed a line in go-faster gear for competition motorcycles, a business continued by his sons.
Sources: OTTW

Birma
Lightweights built in Lyon 1949 to 1959 using 98cc Aubier & Dunne engines.
Sources: OTTW


Bisson-Berger
Two-wheel engine for tricycles - ran to the coast of Chanteloup in 1898
Bourdache p430


BJS
Motorcycles manufactured by M. Bogey believed to have been based in Grenelle, Paris, from 1930 to 1935
Sources: OTTW


BMP
A Paris-based automobile company established in 1911 which built motorcycles in the early 1930s using JAP and Rudge Python engines.
Sources: OTTW


Boccardo
1987-1989
Louis Boccardo, with Dominique Favario and Thierry Grange, was one of the designers of the BFG. He left that company to build the MF, and later built the Boccardo, of which 5 copies were produced.
Sources: bfg.asso.fr


Boillod
"Same transmission on the Boillod, but the engine, a two-cylinder, is placed behind the saddle of the pilot. "
Bourdache p112


Boisette
303 rue du faubourg Saint Antoine, Paris

Motocyclettes, 1906
Bourdache p431


Boivin
35 Citée des fleurs, Paris
Established 1896, built a motorcycle, and then in 1902 a driving wheel adaptable on all bicycles. Patented.
Bourdache pp 56, 146.


Bolide
87 Avenue de la Grande Armée, Paris

1899-1910. Established by Leon Lefebvre, the company had factories in Pantin which built automobiles and motorcycle engines. One source says they built motorcycles of 1 1/2 hp but others are not sure this is so. A motorcycle of inderminate brand with a Bolide engine dated c.1900 was auctioned with the Guélon Collection
Bourdache p320




Bon Avion
Motos dans la Loire has an image of a 1927 flat-tank chain-drive single.
Motos dans la Loire




Bonhomme
Motorcycle ridden by Ricard in 1903
Bourdache p146




Bonin
17 avenue de la Motte Piquet, Paris
Motorcycles built 1905 with full suspension from L'Idéal


Bonnefis
Audax 4 1/2hp engine, 1905 version of the Lamaudière.
Bourdache p431


Bonnet
53 rue du Bois, Levallois Perret
1906, motocyclettes
Bourdache p431


Bordes
Motorcycle exhibited in December 1901
Bourdache p431


Boudiot
In 1904 the rider Boudiot rode a machine of this name with an engine of his own construction in the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris event.
Bourdache p431


Bouilly
Motorised bicycle built in Chartres, 1899. The company closed the same year.
Bourdache pp 68, 69


Bourcard
Built in 1903 by J.J. Bourcard in Colmar, Alsace on the German Border
The machine consisted of two motorcycles side by side - one bike has the rider, and the other the engine in order to isolate the rider from vibration.
Bourdache p431


Bourdiaux

Vertical in-line twin with common combustion chamber, one valve each for inlet and exhaust, built for racing 1900-1901. Used by Demeester.
Bourdache p136


Bourgery
A Motor-bicycle with petrol engine located behind the pedals constructed in Nogentle-Rotrou by M. Bourgery from 1986 until at least 1900. He had concieved the idea for the machine in 1893, at the tender age of 19.
Two of these, both dated c.1898, were part of the Guélon Collection. They are very similar, differing only with the lack of crankcase markings on one presumed to be the earlier model.
Bourdache p431


Bourgoin
Tricycle with De Dion-Bouton Engine of 1899.
Bourdache p431


Breuil
35 avenue de la Grande Armée, Paris
Motocyclettes, 1902, powered by Astral engines.
Bourdache pp 431, 146, 320.


Breton
Breton Ets presented the Babymoto moped at the 1952 Salon, and again at the 53 Salon with a 3 speed 70cc Lavalette engine. In 1954 they marketed the Scootomoto with the same 70cc engine. That year marked the end of production.
Source: Amis Terriens


Brierre
239 Boulevard Pereire, Paris
Established in 1898, E.J. Brierre, Perrenoud and Gansewinkel built trimoteurs, quatris and automobiles with petrol engines. The company closed in 1901
Bourdache p432


Briest
109 rue de Rennes, Nantes
The Briest brothers ran a motor bicycle in the 1895 Paris-Bordeaux-Paris.
Bourdache p44


Brissard Fils
11 rue du Colonel Oudot, Paris
Engine used in the contest of the Locomotion Automobile in 1899. It is not clear whether the engines were used in motorcycles.
Bourdache p432


Brooklyn
Moto Revue N°523 of 18th March 1933 has an article on the Brooklyn 250 cc SV JAP
La Moto Francaise


Brousset
Light motorcycle engine presented at the 1902 Salon
Bourdache p432


Bruneau
1899. Motocyclettes & Tricars
12 rue Victor Hugo, Tours
Their Type MH of c1905 had a liquid-cooled cylinder head, two radiators, and a fully enclosed, sealed chaincase which eliminated the need for pedal crank chain.
Bourdache mentions this marque often - pp111, 117, 123, 133, 143, 146, 151, 157, 159, 160, 172, 174, 178, 205, 209, 229, 299, 320, 322, 325.


Brunet
27 to 31 rue des Archives, Paris
Cycles and motorcycles exhibited at the 1908 Paris Salon
Bourdache p432


Brunner Tricycle
Louis Brunner, 94, rue Gabriel Peri, Columbes (Seine)
125cc twostroke engine.
Brunner Tricar photographed by Robert Doisneau. Ce-dessus et a droite: Porte d'Orleans, 1953


Buard 1907
Moto à vapeur, featured on an Atlas Card


Burton
Built in the 1950s using AMC 4T engines. Primitive telescopic forks, plunger rear.
ID plate reads Burton, Type BGL, Serie 54.
La Moto Francaise


Butler Trimoteurs
In 1899 Portéous Butler established a workshop France to build tricycles of English manufacture with Automoto engines. Because of their colours, his version was named (or nicknamed?) Rouge et Noir
Bourdache p9, p13.
There are several Butler marques so confusion is possible.


C


Carley

Carreau
93 avenue des Ternes, Paris
Motocyclettes with engines by DE DION 1 1/2hp et 1 3/4hp, built by J. Carreau in 1902
Bourdache pp 119, 146, 209.


Cavelier
Motocyclette which took part in the concours de l'Automobile Club de France, 1904. See also Tungnaud-Cavelier
Bourdache p432


Centaure
205 rue de Flandre, Paris
Bicycle with the engine above the rear wheel, built by M. Flinois in 1900
Bourdache p109


C.F.C. - Compagnie Française des Cycles
Factory at 6 rue Francoeur, Paris in 1901 (Ets Pathé cinema in 1986)
Motocyclette with Onfray engine. Possibly associated with L'Universel
Bourdache p432


Chaffal
21 rue Gaudot de Mauroy, Paris (1907)
Presented a motorised bicycle of 1 1/2hp or 2 1/4hp at the 1902 Salon.
Bourdache writes, "De mystérieux Chaffal et Gillet cachent peut-être..." the latter could be Rene Gillet.
Bourdache pp 146, 432


Chaffin Motocyclettes
30 bis rue Ledru-Rollin, Beaucaire
Motocyclette, 1907
Bourdache p432


Chaigneau
Motorcycles presented at the salon of 1902 (1 1/2hp and 2hp)
Bourdache p146


Champeyrache
Manufacturer of Velocipedes. Acessoires, Pieces Detachees. Automobiles et Motocycles. 17 Place du Lycee, Alais, 1903.
A 1901 De Dion-Bouton automobile associated with the name D. Champeyrache was sold by Bonhams July 2009.
La Moto Francaise


Chanon
22 rue Duret, Paris
Chanon, owned and managed by H. Gaubert, is a brand best known for its tricars.
In 1905 a Chanon motorcycle with a Villemain engine was ridden (by Gaubert?) to 7th place in the criterion of 1/3 litre.
Bourdache p220


Chantemede
Motocyclette, 1903
47 avenue de la République, Paris
Name changed to C.D.M. in 1906.
Bourdache p187


Charon Motorcycle
Sidevalve engine in a wooden frame with wooden forks, wire spoked wheels. Most unusual machine, and really quite beautiful.
La Moto Francaise has an image of one registered at the prefecture of Angoulême on 13/07/1929


Chartier
30 rue de Mondéreau, Sens (Yonne)
Built a motorcycle with a De Dion 2 3/4hp engine in 1902
Bourdache p433


Chauffourier
Motorcycle with engine behind the pedals presented at the Paris Salon 1902
Two models 1 3/4hp and 2 1/4hp. It was also known as The Royal
Engaged in the Paris-Madrid of 1903
Bourdache pp 146, 172.


Cheilus
In 1904 Edouard Cheilus founded the company "Éd. Cheilus et Cie" and displayed his first tricar at the 1904 Salon. The following year he formed Austral.
motocyclettesaustral.es.tl, Bourdache p315, 399


Chenard-Walcker
7 rue de Normandie, Asnières 1906
Manufacturers of tricycles and forks (d'avant-train) for quadricycles, 1899
Bourdache p433


Choubersky
18 rue du 4 septembre, Paris, and also at 20, rue Félicien-David, Paris.
Built tricycles and tandems in 1899 with De Dion engines under the Richard-Choubersky brand.
At the time of his death in 1891 he had four stores in Paris, so it is not out of the question that the these machines were built by this company and sold at both addresses.
The story of Richard-Choubersky (Charles de Choubersky) of roller-skate fame, who died in 1891, proves once more that wealth does not necessarily bring happiness. His story is most interesting and is told at oldbike.eu.
Bourdache p441


Chouzet Motocyclette
Motorcycle patented on February 29, 1904
Bourdache p433


Clement
Adolphe Clement built motorcycles from c1901 to 1903, when he left the company he founded. He had become very famous as a motorcycle manufacturer and quite wealthy from his exclusive distributor rights for Dunlop tyres in France.
See also Clement-Gladiator


Constantin
On page 110 Bourdach writes that the 1901 Constantin horizontal motor is attached to the upper tube of the frame, and later there is reference to the marque in 1905.
Bourdache pp 110, 255, 287.


Contal
64 avenue de la Grande Armée, Paris
From 1906, Camille Contal built tricars with engines of his own and with Villemain engines.
Bourdache p433


Cormery
1902
Built 2-stroke engines for motorcycles. Patent of May 15, 1899 by Henry Cormery
Bourdache p433


Corre
1899
1 rue Chevalier, Levallois (seine)
and 54 rue de Villiers
Built tricycles with De Dion and also La Licorne engines. From 1902 built automobiles. The firm became Corre La Licorne around 1907.
Bourdache pp 62, 433. mini.43.free.fr/corre.html


Cote d'Azur
Built a lightweight two-stroke machines in the early 1950s with primitive telescopic front forks and rigid rear. Dam models were available.
La Moto Francaise


Cottereau
1891
1 Rue des Lentillères and route d'Auxonne, Dijon
Built motorcycles with Minerva engines (1904), and also A.Z. engines.
Bourdache pp 146, 217, 320.


Couffinhal
Motocyclette presented at the Paris Salon of 1905 fitted with horizontally-opposed twin engine and shaft-drive.
Bourdache p434


Cousturo
Images published on La Moto Francaise indicate a mid- to late 30s machine fitted with a bevel-driven OHC engine. It appears to be of unit construction, with a hand shift mounted to the rear RHS of the engine with kickstarter adjacent.
A second machine is a BMA on 30kmh.forumactif.com which has several images, one of which shows a Cycles Cousturo metal badge on the steering head. Engine is Stainless type BMA.


Curey
1979-1983
At least two of these remarkable machines were built, the second having a frame based on both the Ducati and Tonti Moto-Guzzi designs. It ran a 1000cc HO twin with belt-driven OHC and four-valve heads, and completed the 47th Bol d'Or.
Although the two companies were in direct communication given the similarity of their projects, Curey and BFG did not collaborate.
Sources bfg.asso.fr


Cyclette Light Motorcycle
The Cyclette was a BMA-style machine with the engine mounted high above the pedal crank, the slim fuel tank slung under the bicycle's top tube. Suspended at the front with unusual forks which were effectively two pairs of forks joined at the axle. It had belt drive to the rear wheel from the engine and conventional chain drive for the pedals.
Image at La Moto Francaise


D

Dalifol
172, quai de Jemmapes, Paris
In 1894 the company built a steam motorcycle with the word Volta prominent on the the engine. Bourdache has an informative article on this machine.
Bourdache p25, p434


Damas
10 rue Barbès, Levallois - Perret (Seine)
Around 1899 these motorcycles and tricycles were built fitted with Le Sphinx engines. A motorcycle rescued from a scrapyard in 1972 was part of the Guélon Collection
Bourdache p434


Daring
Flat-tank two-stroke. Appears to be late 1920s.


Darracq
Alexandre Darracq built the 5 cylinder Millet motorcycles and tricycles, and the Perfecta tricycles with Soncin or Aster engines.
Darracq was one of the two founders of Gladiator motorcycles.
Bourdache pp 21, 33, 49, 105, 261, 274.


David
1905. Tricar with Quentin engine and Bozier gearbox.
Bourdache p434


Deauville
37-39 Rue Garnier, Neuilly-sur-Seine
The Deauville marque was registered in September 1903 by Edmond Gentil at the same time as the brands Alcyon and Action
Bourdache p434


Debeaune
85 rue de Bourgogne, Lyon
These machines were re-badged Italian Della Ferrera machines sold around 1913.
Bourdache pp 335, 343, 346, 349, 356, 369, 385, 398-400.


Degré
In his workshop at No. 1 Avenue du Roule, Neuilly, M. Degré built a Minerva-powered 233cc motorcycle which he presented at the London show of 1902. The marque existed until at least 1906, but at that stage was producing front suspension, not complete motorcycles. An example of the machine dated c.1903 was part of the Guélon Collection.
Sources: Guélon Collection


Deleau
Motorcycle exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1898 (15/26 December)
Bourdache p434


Decolon Motorcycles
1948 model has AMC 4T 108cc engine, girder fork and rigid rear.
La Moto Francaise


Debaralle
Became the Aiglon marque.
Bourdache p146, p429


Delage, Paris

1914 machine with cylindrical tank, belt drive, possibly also known as "Claude Delage".

Sources Bourdache p346


Delaplace
Manufactured by Delaplace Ets
The Horsy scooter appeared at the 1952 Salon powered by a 85cc Le Poulain engine. It did not enter production.
Source: Amis Terriens


Delieutraz
Motorcycle involved in the 1903 M.C.F. competition.
Bourdache p403


Demaria
Petrol-engined bicycle cited by the magazine Touring Club de France, 1902
Bourdache p434


DEM (D.E.M.)
Manufactured motorcycles 1926~27 through to 1933~34, and possibly as late as 1946. Models included 100 and 175cc Aubier&Dunne powered machines along with Chaise 250 and 350cc motorcycles.
The tank logo would often be a fairly large D.E.M.

It is possible D.E.M and Ets Demade are related.
La Moto Francaise


Demade
H & G Demade Frères built motorcycles in Bruay sur Escaut, some models using Moser engines. An ID plate gives Type D12, year 1934. The machine is a dual-exhaust OHV with chain drive, large external flywheel, rigid rear end and lights. It appears very similar to a Motosacoche of the same period, and it is likely a re-badged machine.
It is possible D.E.M and Ets Demade are related.
La Moto Francaise, forum-auto.com


Derby
4 avenue Carnot, Paris
Motorcycle classified 8th of the criterium of the motorcycles the 24 of October of 1901, ridden by De Ridder.
Bourdache p434


Desgrouas
Machine exhibited at the 1902 Salon.
Bourdache p146


Devinant
3 and 5 Rue Jouvenet, Paris, 1906.
Motos and Tricars with integral suspension.
See also Mauxion & Devinant 1903, same address.
Bourdache p434


Diva
Jules Zimmermann et Cie
10 rue Emile Allez, Paris
Motos, 1903
Bourdache p434


Donjon
Participated in an event at the 1904 La Provence Sportive
Bourdache p434


Duchemin
Motorised bicycle displayed at the 1900 exhibition in Vincennes
Bourdache p434


Dumont
Tricycle exhibited at the Salon des Tuileries in 1899
Bourdache p434


Dupressoir
Manufactured a De Dion engined motorcycle in Maubeuge (North), exhibited at the 2nd Salon (10/25 December 1901)
Bourdache p434


Durey

1900
82 rue d'Hauteville, Paris ( 1907)
Motorized bicycle named La Parfaite with engines above the pedals in 1900.
Bourdache pp 69, 84, 86, 98.


Dutemple
Motocyclette of 1903
Bourdache p434


Dutheil-Chalmers et Cie
Took part in the M.C.F. concours d'endurance of 1903. A patent for a motorcycle was taken in 1901 by the same company
Bourdache p434


E

Elan
Place du Marché, Marmande
The Elan company was formed by Pierre Sarrus in 1900 and the first machines are mentioned in 1901. In 1902 he joined the military and on his return he established a new workshop in Marmande, at the Place du Marché. He went to war in 1914, and after 1918 built an aircraft named Elan II.
During the second war he and his son Jean built electric motorcycles.
Pierre continued in the motorcycle trade in Marmande into the 1950s, and Jean maintained the service until the end of the 1980s.
La Moto Francaise, Bourdache p434 and others


Elvish
Manufactured by Elvish-Fontan
In 1929 they built a SV 250cc JAP powered motorcycle of quite modern appearance with saddle tank, drum front brake and girder forks. A Cucciolo-powered moped was presented at the 1951 Salon.
Source: Amis Terriens, Chez Alice.


Émeraude (Emeraude)
1902 6 Rue de Rennes, Nantes
Later at 20 rue de Versailles in Nantes
Manufacturer: G. Fournier
In 1907, Monluc de Lariviere and Sauzereau, manufacturers, motorcycle with 2hp engine
Bourdache p434


Epsom
Built by Ets Teyssot, 1950s
20, Rue Du Placieux Nancy (M. et M.)
Some models used Comet engines by Le Poulain, others Sachs or AMC.


Eyrant
Motocyclette with 2 1/4hp engine, 1904
Bourdache p434


F

Farman
The Farman brothers (Henri, Maurice and Richard) built a motor-tricycle using a De Dion-Bouton 1 3/4hp engine in 1899. Henri Farman is familiar to all in aviation as the man who coined the term aileron.
Sources: Bourdache, mini.43.free.fr/farman.html


Fleury
1905

Entered the the M.C.F. competition, ridden by Demmler.
Bourdache pp 233, 435


Flinois
Established 1898, they built the Centaure in 1900.
In 1905, Flinois-Bonnel were established at 15 bis, Route de la Révolte, Neuilly
Bourdache pp 432, 435, 444.


Foudre (La)
Competed in the 1902 Château-Thierry and, against over sixty other machines, in the Championnat du Monde des Motocyclettes of 1904, won by the four cylinder d’Adolphe Clément.
Bourdache p209


Fournier & Knopf
Machine shown at the 1902 salon
Bourdache p146


Fulgor
Participated in the M.C. competition in Lyon, April 4, 1902
There is also an Italian Fulgor marque in the 1920s, unrelated.
Bourdache p435


Fulgur
Presented a Fulguretta 50cc scooter at the 1952 Foire de Paris and the Salon de Paris. The firm also made motorcycle trailers.
This information requires verification.
Source: Amis Terriens


G

Gaillard
1907 motocyclette
Bourdache p435


Gaillardet
1899
Built single and v-twin cylinder engines with copper finning, marking an advance in cooling technology.
Bourdache p75, 80


Galiator
Bonnet , Guyonnet and Canonne built Motocyclettes in Paris, 1907.
Bourdache p435


Gallia
17 rue Jean Goujon, Paris
The company "L’Electrique" manufactured electric voitures Gallia and Galliette. The firm also built the Viratelle
7, 8 juin 1930, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Circuit de la Ville - 250cc : 1. Hector Andréino (Clément-Gladiator), 2. Lavaine (Prester), 3. Hubert (Gallia) ...
racingmemo.free.fr, Bourdache p316


Gallia-Condor
1913
French company selling rebranded MAG-engined motorcycles built by Condor of Switzerland
Bourdache p400


Gamet
1902 Motocyclette
Bourdache p435


Garreau
Established 1896, the Garreau with a 3/4 hp engine was displayed at the Salon of 1899. In c.1900 a half-horsepower model with the engine mounted above the pedal crank was introduced named the Autocyclette, but this was changed after Clément began using the same name. Manufacture ceased in 1904.
Sources: Guélon Collection, Bourdache pp 69, 92, 98, 99


Gautier-Wehrle
1894. Built steam-powered automobiles and later motor bicycles, and tricycles with flat-twin petrol engines. Sometimes presented under the brand name Continentale d'Automobiles. The company name was originally Rossel, Gautier et Wehrlé, and changed to Société Centrale in 1896.
Sources: Wikipedia, Bourdache pp 48, 54, 69.


Guimbretiere
Marcel Guimbretiere was a professional cyclist. His name is mentioned in several cycling blogs.
A page mentions a 1951 model with a 125cc AMC engine with flywheel magneto. It is a type G87 and Georges Monneret appears to be the agent.
La Moto Francaise


Girardot
1899. Famous automobile manufacturer (C.G.V.), who was one of the first to present a De Dion-Bouton tricycle .
Bourdache pp 45, 53, 57, 61.


Gloria
1912
Bourdache (p434) refers the reader to Lurquin et Coudert which could indicate that the French Gloria marque was one of theirs, rather than a separate company to which they supplied engines. He also writes (p279), "In the following years we will find Lurquin-Coudert under the brands Olympia, Saving, C. Coudert and Gloria."


Gloriator
1903/1904
Same construction as Succès and Iris in motorcycles (1 3/4hp and 2 1/4hp), and adaptable engines.
Bourdache p436


Gobron-Minerva
13 quai de Boulogne, Boulogne sur Seine
Well-known French automobile manufacturer believed to have built versions of the Belgian Minerva (1903/1904)
Bourdache pp 185, 217


Godmare Autocycle
Participated in the autocycle competition of the Club de France in 1904
Bourdache p436


Goguel
Participated in the contest of alcohol (alcohol-fueled engines?) in Épernay in 1902. ranked 9th.
Bourdache p436


Gourt
A machine of this name was exhibited at the Salon of 1902
Bourdache p146


Grapperon
Grapperon, builder of a motorcycle which ranked first at the 1914 circuit du Sud-Ouest 1914 in the 500 class.
Bourdache Several references


Gros
3 rue des Immeubles Industriels, Paris
Manufactured light motorcycle engines, 1905
Bourdache p 436



Approximate location.

Groseiller
A. Groseiller, mechanic-builder
6 rue de l'Hôtel de Ville, Lyon.
Built motorcycles with gearshift and clutch, 1913
Bourdache p436


Grosse-Goubault
2 1/2hp tricycle with gear change and clutch presented at the 1899 Salon
Bourdache p436


H

Hallot
1904
Ets Giron,
38 rue Vanneau, Paris
Built motorcycles with using Z.L. V-twin and single cylinder engines
Bourdache p436


Hammon et Mouter
Hammond et Monnier were bicycle dealers who presented a machine at the 1902 Paris Salon. They sold the firm to the Duc d'Uzes around 1907. It is unclear whether they built motocyclettes, but as their main trade was bicycles this seems likely.
Bourdache p146


Hanzer
4 rue Baudin, Ivry (seine)
1899, Motor tricycle
Bourdache p436


Harding-JAP
Built in France using entirely British components, it had a V-twin 3 1/2hp JAP engine, Bowden 2-speed gearbox, Druid forks and a Chater-Lea frame. Illustrated in The Motor Cycle magazine in 1912.


Hellessen
Manufactured by Louison at Rue des Verriers, Saint-Etienne, established 1923. Motorcycles were built under the Hellessen brand from 1927 to 1933.

A 1928 model with a 350ccc Moser engine and has much in common with the 1928 350cc Styl'son RF.
Advertised in 1928 with 250cc and 350cc engines. Advertised in 1931 was a BMA Louison which had a 98cc Sachs engine.
Other 250 and 350cc models used engines from JAP, Blackburne and Zurcher.
The Hellessen was also sold by J. Monnier & Cie rebranded as Monier.
Sources: Motos dans la Loire, stylson.net, lva-moto.fr, OTTW.


Henriod C.E.
7/9 rue de Sablonville, Neuilly sur seine
1898. Manufactured tricycles and engines.
Bourdache p436


Hernis
Ateliers de construction mécanique d'Asnières,
47 quai d'Asnières, Asnières (seine)
1897. Petrol engines for automobiles and motorcycles from 1 to 8hp
Bourdache p436


H.L.B.
Paris representative, 83 rue Lafayette
Manufacturer of arms and bicycles in Saint-Etienne. Motorcycle 330 cc with magneto ignition. Related to
Deronzière and Rupta.
3/4hp engine adaptable to bicycles
Bourdache p436


Hurtu
Founded by MM. Hurtu, Hautin and Diligeon with a factory in Albert (Somme), they built engines, tricycles and motorcycles in the early 1900s.
There was another firm of the same name based in Paris in the 1940s and 50s.


I

Impetus
M. Hertel was a renowned cycling champion who rode under the name of Baron Impetus. He presented a motorcycle at the 1901 show
Bourdache p437


Ivry
Cie Générale d'Électricité
5 rue Bourdreau, Paris
Tricars 5 and 6hp, 1906
Bourdache p437


J

Jacquelin
24 avenue de la Grande Armée, Paris
A former cyclist, in 1902 he built an unusual machine with a steering-wheel and link rod (De Dion-Bouton engine of 114 X 120mm: 1225cc)
1903 saw him participate, still with De Dion, in the quarter-liter criterion.
1904/1905 he tries to launch a machine with a smaller engine.
Bourdache p437


Janoir
Louis Janoir, born 1883, a pioneer aviator who obtained his pilot's licence in 1911, began the Janoir Aviation company in 1916 at Saint-Ouen, and during the war he built Spad fighter planes.
In 1920 he built the Janoir Type A motorcycle which was well ahead of its time in many respects. Housed in a pressed-steel chassis was a horizontally opposed 965cc twin mounted longitudinally. This engine had detachable cylinder heads and alloy barrels with steel sleeves. It had rear suspension, and drum brakes front and rear.
Only one is known to exist and was in the Serge Pozzoli collection until 2018. Source: Guélon Collection Sale Catalogue.


J. B. Louvet
Manufacturer of bicycles and motorcycles established 1913.
Better known for his post-WWI productions up to the beginning of the 1930s, the JB Louvet of 1913 is a 2 3/4hp (327 cc) machine with magneto ignition and automatic greasing.
Bourdache pp 407, 445


J.G. Engines
Paris-based motorcycle engine manufacturer, pre 1914.
Bourdache p437


Jochum
Motorcycle exhibited at the second Salon, December 1901.
Bourdache p117


J.O.G.
1906. J. Grosse Manufacturer of bicycles, and later built tandems and tricars. Possibly related to Grosse-Goubault.
Bourdache p437


Jouclard
Manufactured in Dijon, 1903-1907
Motorcycle engaged in Paris-Bordeaux-Paris from 1904, ridden by Jouclard
Bourdache p437


Jouve
In the press of the time there was frequent mention of a Jouve sidecar. In fact the product is English, better known under the name Mills-Fullford for whome Jouve is the representative in Paris.
Bourdache p365


Judenne
Manufactured mopeds in the 1950s, and in 1954 introduced the Scot scooter using a 70cc 3-speed Lavalette engine.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Jules Dubois
23 avenue des Champs Elysées, Paris
Built tricycles with DE DION engines, 1899~1906
Bourdache p437


Jullian
Usine de Bicyclettes électriques de Bésançon built 175cc motorcycles circa 1915.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Juncker
Manufactured by Motocycles et Moteurs Juncker of Mulhouse in north-eastern France, 1935-1937
These were lightweight motorcycles using Stainless and Aubier & Dunne engines of 98cc to 147cc.
Source: Wikipedia NL


K

KD
Manufactured by Albert Keller-Dorian of Lyon from 1905, the motorcycle had AIV (snuff valve) engines of 170cc and 216cc and were also available in an open frame version.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Kervran
Twostroke, chain-chain built 1928. Article in Moto Revue No 292, 13 October 1928: la Kervran
La Moto Francaise


Kid
48cc auxiliary bicycle engines made in the early 1950s which were mounted above the front wheel which was driven by a roller.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Kreutzberger Frères
Established 1900 at 4 rue de Robinson and in 1903 moved to 77 rue du Dessus des Berges in Paris
The company built motor tricycles, carts and light automobiles (voitures légères). Associated with the Omega marque of 1900. It dissolved in 1904
Bourdache p437


L

L'Idole Tricycle
De Dion motor tricycle which participated in la cote de Chanteloup of 1898.
Bourdache p438


La Fauvette
Came tenth in Chateau-Thierry race of 1904, ridden by Panzani
Bourdache p 434


Laforge & Palmentier
35 avenue e Wagram, Paris
In 1903 the factory in Alfortville built 2hp motorcycle with pedals attached to the frame by studs connecting housing and cylinders.
Bourdache p146


La Guerrière
1903
39 rue Pierre Joigneaux, Asnières (seine)
J. Jaujard, manufacturer of motorcycles with a 278cc 2 1/4hp engine of his own construction.
Bourdache p436


La Lorraine
Built motorcycles between 1922 and 1925 using 98cc to 248cc engines of their own construction.
Source: Wikipedia NL


La Louve
42 rue du Louvre, Paris
A.Louveau built motorcycles with 2 1/2 and 3hp engines in 1904
Bourdache p438


La Parfaite
1900. Petrol-engined bicycle by Durey
Bourdache p109, p440


La Préféré
1 et 3 Bld de Ménilmontant, Paris
1913-1914
Matthäus Graf Thun successor to E.Decosse - Motorcycles with sidecar.
In 1925 Thun established the MT marque in Austria.
Bourdache p438


Lacombe
Manufactured by Ets Lacombe, 5 rue Sébastien Gryphe, Lyon, Rhône
1948 - 1954
The tiny scooter first appeared at the 1948 Salon with a model name of FL22. Powered by a 49cc P.P. Roussey two-stroke, in 1949 it was also know as the Comindus.
Source: Amis Terriens, Tous les scooters du monde


Lafour & Nougier
Manufactured in Nîmes from 1927 to 1936, these motorcycles had engines from Aubier Dunne, Chaise, Train and Stainless, along with imported Villiers and JAP motors. Capacities ranged from 98cc to 490cc.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Lamblin
Crankcase transmission motorcycle described in Locomotion No. 15 (1910). Two-speed planetary gear change in the rear hub, with a leather clutch cone.
Bourdache pp329, 342


Landru (Henri-Désiré)
Motocyclettes 1899
The first machines were motorcycles which could be converted to tricycles, and then in 1900 he developed a machine with a 198cc Renouard engine. An example of this was included in the auction of the Guélon Collection
Assets transferred to Labitte in April 1900 (1)
Several addresses are given:
58 Bld St Germarin, Paris (Sales, probably), 6 rue des Carrières Montmorency, and 15 Bld Pereire Paris.
Landru was neither the first nor the last motorcyclist to lose his head but in France he is the most famous. Unlike Enoch Thulin whose head was detached and bounced along like a football, Lanru's simply plopped into a bucket. He had been convicted as a serial killer and executed by guillotine.
Sources: Bourdache (pp 102, 103, 109.) and others.
Notes. 1) This was possibly because he was sentenced to two years jail in 1900 for fraud.


Lapierre
Manufactured mopeds in the 1950s. Now part of the Dutch Accell Group, it builds bicycles in Dijon.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Lapize
Manufactured in Neuilly-sur-Seine, 1930 - 1937, the motorcycles had Aubier-Dunne, LMP, JAP and other brands of 2T and 4T engines of 98cc to 498cc. The company was owned by Alcyon.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Lardennais
Built a 4-stroke motorcycle circa 1903
Bourdache p438


Latscha
Built light motorcycles from 1948 to 1953 using Aubier & Dunne 98cc and 123cc engines. They possibly also used larger JAP engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Large
1903
Moto which competed in the Paris-Madrid of 1903, ridden by M Large.
Bourdache p172


Le Sauvage
190 rue de Charonne, Paris
Built motorcycles of 65cc, 125cc and 175cc 1956-1958
La Moto Francaise


Lefol
Manufactured 1954 by Lefol & Cie, Courbevoie, Seine. Jacques Lefol produced car and bicycle accessories from the 1930s.
The Scoot-Air appeared at the Salon of 1954 powered by a two-speed 98cc Comet engine. It may also have been marketed briefly as the Aero-Scoot.
Source: Amis Terriens, Wikipedia NL


Leloir
H. Leloir, 16 Rue Fremicourt, Paris
175cc twostroke, ca 1922~1927
La Moto Leloir, 3e Annee de Fabrication. Cliche Salon Octobre 1924
Built 247cc two-strokes similar to the Evans, and a 174cc two-stroke boxer twin.
Sources: Period advertising, Wikipedia NL.


Lepoureau
Based in Issy les Moulineaux, Paris, the firm built a motorcycle with a De Dion engine and transmission by chain. They took part in the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris in 1904
Bourdache p438


Lesprillier
1900. Factory and offices at 22 avenue d'Italie, Paris
Built a 1 3/4hp detachable engine and a 2 1/2hp motor bicycle.
Bourdache p146


Letang
One of the entries in Paris-Bordeaux-Paris in 1895
In 1901, Letang, Herbin And Bordes patented a detachable motor for bicycles
Bourdache pp 43, 44


Lepape
28 rue Demours, Paris
1903. Inventor of the 2-stroke engine "Bichrone"
Bourdache writes, "such as Lepape who built a two-stroke piston-pump (deux-temps à piston-pompe) ancestor, a system that was to make the German racing machine famous on the eve of the Second World War."
Bourdache pp 163, 438


Liaudois
Manufactured by Ets. Liaudois, Paris, 1923 to 1927, these were motorcycles with Train engines of 98cc to 123cc.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Libertas
7 rue Mousset Robert, and 149-151 rue Michel Bizot, Paris
Built 1 1/4hp and 2 1/4hp petroleum bicycles ca 1902. The smaller engine had a water-cooled cylinder head.
Bourdache p438


Lobin
Bicyclette with Grillon engine housed in the frame built 1902. Chain drive with friction clutch.
Bourdache p438


Lombard
Ets Cochot 45 rue de Tanger, Paris
Tricycles et voiturettes displayed at the 1898 salon
Bourdache pp 396, 400


Loriot
Manufactured 1927-1930 using mainly JAP engines and Bredier & Charon gearboxes. There was also apparently a shaft-drive model.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Lotz-Huzelstein
44 rue du Louvre, Paris
Motorized bicycle, 1896
Huzelstein could be the German mechanic who presented the Hildebrand and Wolfmuller in France and bought the company after the bankruptcy Duncan and Suberbie
Bourdache p46


Louis Janior
From 1921 to 1924 Janior built motorcycles with 500cc twin-cylinder boxer engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Louis Vineis
rue Monteil, St Etienne
Apparently only one was built. It looks rather similar to the Lutece. Shaft drive single, possibly two-stroke, unattractive square-section steel frame, rigid rear suspension.
La Moto Francaise


Louison
Established as a bicycle firm in 1923 at Rue des Verriers, Saint-Etienne, motorcycle manufacture commenced in 1927.
Several of their larger machines were marketed under the Hellessen brand, mostly 250 and 350cc models using engines from Moser, JAP, Blackburne and Zurcher.
They built lightweights using Sachs 74cc and 98cc in the 1930s, and cyclemoteurs and mopeds in the early 1950s using 48cc engines from Ducati Cucciolo and VAP.
Sources: Wikipedia NL, OTTW


Loyal
Built a tricar in 1897 with a 2-stroke engine of unusual design which operated like a 4-stroke with automatic valve on intake and exhaust.
Bourdache p438


Lumen
1919-1920. The Paris firm of Charles Combes built a cycle attachment engine, a four-stroke of 118cc and later 143cc, which was integral with a rear wheel which replaced the original. The kit included a 3 litre oil & fuel tank. An example of the motorwheel was part of the famed Guélon Collection.

Lumen also built a complete scooter using the same system. It had floorpan, a wicker seat and rather long handlebars.
La Moto Francaise, Guélon Collection, et al.


Luxia
Manufactured by Établissements Baud of Doubs (Franche-Comté), 1950~1968
The firm built mopeds under the names Betty, Elfil and Jurasport, as well as Luxia.
Sources: OTTW


M

M & P
Marechal & Poste, Fives, Lille-Nord was established by Francesco Ferrier. From c.1928 to the beginning of WWII (or possibly 1928-1932), these were lightweights with 100 and 125cc Aubier & Dunne engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Macquart et fils
1900 Macquart and Vexiau petrol bicycle with clutch and chain transmission named the Pétrocyclette
Bourdache p438


Magali
Motocyclette built by Gaillon et Cie, 1903
22 rue Garnier, Levallois Perret
Bourdache pp 208, 209, 213, 220, 221, 223, 233, 239, 251, 262, 309.


Magaty
Built autocycles with 200cc engines from 1931 to 1937.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Magnat-Moser
A division of Magnat-Debon which built Moser engines under licence at Grenoble between 1906 and 1914.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Mahelin-Foucher
63 rue Frédéric Petit Amiens (Sommes)
Winner of the first motorcycle race on the velodrome at Amiens, 1901, ridden by Baudelocque
Bourdache p438


Manon
17 rue du Débarcadère, Paris
Ets Chaigneau built a motorcycle with a Kratos water-cooled 1 1/2hp engine in 1902
Bourdache p438


Marly
150 avenue du Roule, Neuilly
Presented motocyclettes at the 1908 salon.
Bourdache p438


Marmonnier
Constructed lightweights with Aubier-Dunne 125 and 175cc two-stroke engines in Villeurbanne from 1947 to 1951
Source: Wikipedia NL


Martin-Moulet
The Valmobile was introduced at the 1952 Paris Salon. When disassembled, it fits in a valise. The prototype was powered by a 60cc Alter, production machines ran Villiers 98cc engines. The fastest of these were good for 75 km/h - not bad for a ride-on suitcase!
The firm produced the 48cc Variomatic moped in 1956.
Sources: Amis Terriens, scoot-toujours.over-blog.com


Mascotte (or La Mascotte)
Manufactured by Moteurs et Motorcycles Mascotte, Courbevoie, 1923-1924. 174cc lightweights.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Mathis
Émile Ernst Mathis worked with Ettore Bugatti at a firm in Alsace from which they were both dismissed. The pair set up their own business under the Mathis name c.1904, and in 1906 the parnership ended. Mathis maintained his involvement in the motor trade and during the second war developed a three-wheeler with Jean Andreau which was prsented at the Paris Salon of 1946, of which 10 were built. He built another tricar with a much larger engine but it did not enter production. The company closed in 1950 and the factory was sold to Citroen.
Sources: OTTW


Mauxion and Devinant
5 rue Jouvenet, Paris
Entered the 1903 du M.C.F., ridden by Mauxion
Bourdache pp 186, 438


Max
Manufactured by Ets. Motos Max of Levallois from 1927 to 1930, these were motorcycles using engines of 98cc to 500cc along with components from both British and French suppliers.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Mayeski
In 1904 Deckert engine engaged in the qualifiers for the international cup of M.C.F. ridden by MAYESKI
Their address in 1907 was 3 rue du Pas de la Mule, Paris
Bourdache p190


Mazoyer
66, R. Nationale, Paris
The Mazoyer company built 500cc motorcycles 1951-1953, possibly other models and years. La Moto Francaise


MBK
This company was the successor to Motobecane, with Yamaha as the majority shareholder. It was based in Saint-Quentin.


M.C.
An image exists showing the rider Moret on an M.C. at the Paris-Nice race, 1921


Megy
Motocyclette exhibited at the 2nd Salon of 1901
Bourdache p439


Métalloplan
Marius Mazoyer, previously involved in aviation and bicycles, established the bicycle firm at 13-17 Rue Thiollière, Saint-Étienne. In 1928 they built motorcyles using JAP, Moser and Zurcher engines. Post-war Mazoyer produced mopeds, and from 1951 to 1958 used engines from Le Poulain, Mistral and Junior.
Sources: OTTW


Meteore
One of the many marques produced under the France Motor Cycles mantle.


Météore
These were engines built in Paris by société des frères Caffort, one of which was fitted to a c.1902 Brilliant.
Sources: Guélon Collection


Merveilleuse
There is a record of a BMA-style machine built in 1950.
La Moto Francaise


Métropole (La)
Established Siemm company presented their first bicycles at the Paris Salon in 1893 which were advertised as Métropole Acatene because of the lack of drive chain (chaîne d'entraînement).
In 1899 built Tricycles with De Dion-Bouton engines and possibly built a motorcycle around 1902.
The marque continued, with numerous changes of ownership and location, through to the 1940s and 50s when they built mopeds and autocycles before joining Cocymo.
Sources: Bourdache (p446), et al.


M.F.
1981-1983
Built in Vendôme (Loire-et-Cher) by Louis Boccardo, formerly of BFG, in partnership with Siccardi and others, the M.F. (Moto Française) was powered by a Citroen Visa 650cc engine with gearbox and final drive from the Moto Guzzi V50. Some 90 machines were produced before the firm ceased trading in 1983.
See also Boccardo
Sources: bfg.asso.fr


Micromoteur
Manufactured by Les Établissements Labinal in Saint-Ouen (Seine-Saint-Denis), 1922
63cc bicycle auxilliary engines similar to the Cyclotracteur.
Sources: OTTW


Midual
Built by Olivier Midy, this is a modern superbike of typical French beauty. The first of his machines, a flat twin, was presented at the Paris Motorcycle Show in 1999. Development to some years, and the first road test was by none other than Alan Cathcart, in 2014. The liquid-cooled 975cc DOHC 8v engine is inclined at 25º and produces 90 HP via a 5 speed gearbox and chain drive to the rear wheel. Yours for just 140,000 Euros.
Sources: midual.com, et al.


MIG
GP rider Jean-Louis Guignabodet began building racing motorcycles in 1985 using 250cc Rotax twins equipped with a carbon-fibre fuel tank. Later he built racing exhaust systems.
Sources: OTTW


Mignorac
Between 1924 and 1937 the Mignorac firm of Romainville (Seine-Saint-Denis) built motorcycles under the brand names Lalo, Mignorac and Poinsard, along with LMP engines.
Sources: OTTW


Minerve
30 rue du Point du Jour, Boulogne Billancourt
Minerve motor tricycle, 1899
Caption to Bourdache image: The very personal architecture of the Minerve engine (unrelated to the Belgian Minerva) is determined by the shape of its piston. In order to improve the internal cooling of the engine, this piston is extended by a hollow sleeve and open at both ends.
Bourdache p83


Minima Bicycle Engines
3 cité Griset (125 rue Oberkampf), Paris
Engine adaptable to all bicycles, 1903
Bourdache p439


Mira
13 rue de l' Aquedue, Paris
Stuart & Stichter built motorcycles, 1904
Bourdache p439


Millet


Félix Théodore Millet built tricycles and motorcycles powered by a 5 cylinder engine which was integral with the rear wheel, the first designs appearing in 1892. The hollow axle of the rear wheel formed the crankshaft. On the solo motorcycles the rear guard formed the fuel tank and the surface carburettor was located between the wheels. Ignition was via a Bunsen cell and induction coil and, a long before it became common practice, it featured a handlebar-mounted twistgrip. It is estimated that the machine was capable of 35 km/h with the engine whirring along in excess of 180rpm.
Sources: Bourdache (pp 21, 25, 33-36, 44, 45, 57, 72, 214, 380), Anibal Martinez, François-Marie Dumas.


Mimosa
Manufactured by Manufrance d'Armes et Cycles, the Mimosa Type A was built from 1923 until about 1938. It was a BMA style lightweight powered by an Aubier & Dunne 100cc two-stroke.
See also Manufrance
Sources: OTTW


Mireille
Gayon et Cie, 22 rue Galloy, Levallois
Built in 1904 by the same company responsible for the Magali, apparently, but at a different address. The motorcycle had a fourstroke side-valve engine. The Mireille was a competitor in the 1/3 litre qualifiers of 1905. This machine had chain drive and there all semblance of common sense seems to have evaporated, according to a somewhat humorous account Bourdache gives of its convoluted drive-train.
Bourdache pp 223, 251.


Mistral
Schneider built an "adaptable rear wheel drive" in 1902 named Mistral
Bourdache p439


MN
ca 1905
Meunier et Nexon, Limoges, builder of motorcycle engines
Bourdache p439


Mobyvelo
A 1952 65cc example of the type Mehari is described on the site of M. Dumas.
La Moto Francaise


MOC
Philippe Moc prepared two Benelli Sei racing machines for Motobécane to compete in the 1977 Bol d'Or. Termed the Benelli-Moc R900, they had their own frames, a TZ700 dry clutch, the fuel tank position low in the frame and six mufflers on a "spaghetti" exhaust system.
Sources: OTTW


MOM
Ateliers de Construction Mécanique Maurice Charotte
169/173 bld Pereire et 51 rue Laugier, Paris
From 1905 built 3hp single cylinder and 6hp V-twin motorcycles; also tricars, automobiles and motorboats
Bourdache p439


Monarque
1904, Motorcycles and Engines
Monarque has emulated Bucher with this elegant machine on offer at a very competitive price. Under the name of L'Elégante, this 250cc (70x70mm) engine is also sold by Ets J.B. Mercier, 6, rue St-Ferdinand, Paris.
Bourdache p200


Mondia
Manufactured by Etablissements F. Simon of Agen, built (or rather, assembled) mopeds between 1950 and 1960 under the brands Elite (Agen), Esper, Prester (Agen), Semper , SIF and Sport.
Sources: OTTW


Moneclair Motos
S.C.M.S.
77, Av A-Briand Cachan (seine)
98cc and 175cc two-stroke motorcycles 1955, perhaps other years.
La Moto Francaise


Monnier
The firm established by J. Monnier et Cie in 1926 sold Hellessen motorcycles rebadged as Monier in 1927.
From 1953 to 1958 they built mopeds powered by Cucciolo 48 cc ohv engines.
Sources: OTTW


Monin Tricycles
3 Bld Poissonnières, Paris
Tricycle exhibited at the Paris salon, December 1896
Bourdache p439


Monoroue
Ferdinand Schlenker built a monowheel in the fashion of Garavaglia, developing it from around 1910. Early models had De Dion Bouton engines, and later Garelli engines were used. It was claimed that one of these machines achieved 220 km/h.
The last example of the Monoroue was completed in 1946 and was displayed at a Chatellerault museum.
See also Garavaglia and Cislaghi
Source: François-Marie Dumas


Mont
Messrs Mont, father and son, patented an explosion engine in December 1903
Installed on the wheel and driven by a roller, the engine was rated at 1 1/2hp. It was named Le Quand Même.
Bourdache p439


Morel
Charles Morel of Domène (l'Isère) patented many inventions in 1880s and 1890s, as a partner in the Morel-Gerard company he made his fortune selling bicycles to the French army.
In 1897 he patented a four-stroke vertical twin engine similar to that used by the British for many decades.
Sources: OTTW


Moreau
1896 1897 Builder of a motorized bicycle placed above the rear wheel named La Rémouleuse.
Bourdache p439


Morette
Created in 1902, their first tricycle used a Clement engine mounted about the front wheel with friction drive. In 1903 a chain was added, and later a V-twin Clement was used.
Sources: OTTW


Mors
1900
The famous car manufacturer also built tricycles which probably used De Dion-Bouton engines.
Bourdache pp 131, 174, 175, 329.


Mors-Speed
Designed by Pierre Brissonnet of microcar fame, the patents were sold to SICVAM, owned by Mors Ets.
Production by Mors was between 1950 and 1955, at which time the Alcyon company took over and continued with it under their own name and those of Thomann and La Français until 1959.
An interesting lightweight 50cc scooter was produced which could be divided into two parts for easy transportation in, for instance, a light aeroplane.
Source: Amis Terriens, scoot-toujours.over-blog.com, et al.


Moto-Union
C.I.C.M.
23, ave; Grande Armée, Paris
From 1950 to 1955 built motorcycles with two-stroke engines of 125 and 250cc, and 340cc OHV.
La Moto Francaise


Motorette
Built by Sanciome, 1900, at Route des Salins, Clermont Ferrant
Motorized bicycle with roller transmission on the rear wheel
Bourdache p439


Motte
D. Motte, Courbevoie (Seine)
1910 Built a motorcycle with a Zurcher 2hp engine.
Bourdache p439


N

Negol
Built in Saint-Etienne 1960-1961 using 110cc Mistral engines.
Sources: OTTW


Nervor
Motorcycle engines manufactured by Établissements Chapolard - Goubet et Fils, based in Bourg-en-Bresse (Ain)
The firm supplied engines to its parent company, Radior, and also to other firms including Follis, Hirondelle, Hurtu, Lucer, Verlor, Talbot and Tendil.
See also Radior
Sources: OTTW


Nil Supra
Baras et Pascault, 35, rue Victor-Massé, Paris.
1906. Motorcycles similar to those of the Alcyon catalogue of that year.
Bourdache p440


O

O.L.D.
OLD Miniscoot Manufactured in Colombes
Designed by Victor Bouffort of Valmobile fame, powered by 75cc Manurhin engine this tiny scooter first appeared at the 1955 Paris Salon.
Source: Amis Terriens, scoot-toujours.over-blog.com


Ollier
Built by R. Ollier c.1906, the marque appears to have been all but unknown until 2018 when a unique example appeared at auction. The single cylinder Ollier engine was positioned forward of the pedal crank, and a large fuel tank was mounted between the two uppper frame rails. The machine has an unusual front fork with considerable rake.
Sources: Guélon Collection


Omega 1898
In May 1899, M. Bergeron, from "L'acatene", patented a motorcycle with an engine low in the frame, with pedals.
Bourdache p440


Omega Motorcycles c1910
Lecomte et Fils
14 quai de Retz and 30 rue Pierre Corneille, Lyon
Sewing machines, cycles and motorcycles of 2hp and 3 1/2hp.
Bourdache p440


Onfray
Produced engines (see C.F.C.), and possibly motocyclettes.
Bourdache pp 146, 432


OTI
Manufactured by the Bugatti factory in Bordeaux from 1957 to 1959, these were three-wheelers powered by 125cc engines. The designer was Lucien Rolland Pilain.

Sources: OTTW


P

Paillard
Water-cooled motocyclette which competed in the 1903 M.C.F. Engine most likely Z.L.
Bourdache pp 146, 440


P.A.L. Motorcycles
Potier, Aze et Lecorsier of 196/198 bld Voltaire, Paris
1905. Motorcycles with 2 1/2 and 3hp engines by Buchet
Bourdache p440


Panneton
Bourdache p302


Paris-Rhone
Manufactured in Lyon 1941-1950
These were electric three-wheelers for personal trasportation and trade.
Sources: OTTW


Pasquet

Manufactured: by Ets. P. Pasquet, Avenue Michelet, Salon (Bas du Rhin).

Paul Emile Pasquet had a long career in cycling and motorcycling. He won races on (comparitively) high-powered motorcycles as early as 1905, and established a bicycle firm which produced up to 5000 units per annum.
From 1932 to 1939 he built BMA 100cc Aubier-Dunne two-stroke machines.
Sources: cyclememory.org, OTTW


Patimo
This 49cc scooter appeared at the 1947 Paris Salon. It promptly vanished.
Source: Amis Terriens


Paulin-Demet
Tricycle exhibited at the Salon des Tuileries in 1899
Bourdache p440


Pécourt
G. Pécourt builder, 3 rue Brunel, Paris.
Also known as La Victoire
1901. A machine classified only 7th has yet caught the public attention: the Pécourt. It owes this interest mainly to the fact that it was driven by the graceful Mme Jolivet whose bouffante skirt-panties (daring!) was to be of a not insignificant supplement in a tailwind.
Although of quite orthodox design with its engine in front of the pedals, the Pécourt deserves closer attention. It is one of the first French machines to be equipped with the famous Z.L. engine.
Bankruptcy pronounced on April 17, 1905
Bourdache pp 105-107, 110, 133, 141, 146, 149, 168, 187.


Pelletier
Motorcycle classified 9th in the 1902 Deauville event, ridden by Demay
Bourdache p440


Pem-Da
Daniel Vouillon and Edouard Morena had been building specialist racing machines for some time befor beginning production, in 1985, of their very fast Kawasaki GPZ-powered machines 750cc and 900cc machines.
Sources: OTTW


Pennerat
A motorcycle of this name took part in the elimination trials for the 1904 Criterium event. There is no further mention. Bourdache p209


Perfecta
1899. Engines of this brand powered Liberator motorcycles which were sometimes referred to as Perfecta-Liberator.
The firm was created by Alexandre Darracq to build cycle parts after he sold Gladiator, at considerable profit, to the English. In 1902 he began building quadricycles, and there is a report that Perfecta built motorcycles were built using their own 200cc engines. See also Darracq
Liberator & Perfecta Co. was located at 47, rue Cartier-Bresson, Paris
In 1912, the parent company of both Liberator and Perfecta was the French company Metropole, same address.
There was also a Perfecta in Switzerland, 1946-1950
Sources: Bourdache (pp 88, 96, 97), OTTW


Perfection
Built by G. Lotteau in Choisy le Roi, 1906
Lotteau also built motorcycle engines of 2 3/4hp and 3 1/2hp, as well as the G.L. marque.
Bourdache


Pernoo
1899. Powered motorcycle using a Labitte mounted behind the rear wheel, this machine won the world's first motorcycle race in 1899, "Le Criterium des Motocyclettes". The term motocyclettes had been trademarked by the Werner Brothers (who possibly used a Labitte engine in their first machine) but was later ruled by the courts to be in the public domain.
One of these machines was in the Musee de Sury-le-Comtal Collection Lefranc.
Sources:
Guélon Collection
Bourdache pp 75, 84, 86, 87, 98, 99, 109, 309.


Pernot (1908)
13 rue Victor Hugo, St Chamond (Loire)
1908. Motorised bicycle equipped with a Keller-Dorian adaptable engine and gear change by Pernot
Bourdache p440


Pernod (1980s)
Jean Bidalot built 250cc GP machines for the Pernot firm under quite severe restrictions. He was basically told to have the road-racer on the grid for the 1981 races, and make them win... or else. That year he managed a third place and in 1983 won the British 250cc GP, a fine effort for a brand new machine. It seems that the Pernot board did not take the same view, and was unimpressed by Bidalot's lack of instantaneous success against highly experienced teams with vast resources.(1)
The Pernot was based on his excellent 125cc Motobecane GP machines, using components from Marzocchi, Krober, Zanzani and Beymag. The engine was a watercooled twin with disc valves and a six speed box.
The first season's racing saw a number of DFN's due engine seizure, but by '82 they were reliable.

See also Bidalot
Notes: 1. This may be an unkind assessment, and is based on reading between the lines in two or three articles.
Sources: OTTW


Perreaux
Steam-powered motorcycle
The first "motor cycle" was released in 1871. "La Perreaux", named for its inventor, Louis Guillaume Perreaux. A steam engine is installed under the saddle.
Perreaux : la première moto de l'histoire : la vie et l'oeuvre de Louis-Guillaume Perreaux, de l'Orne, ingénieur-mécanicien 1816-1889 / Rolland, Guy. 2015.- 1 vol. (125 p.)
(Perreaux: the first motorcycle in history: the life and work of Louis-Guillaume Perreaux, Orne, engineer-mechanic 1816-1889 / Rolland, Guy)
Bourdache pp 9 to 12, and others.


Pétrocyclette
Bicyclette built by Macquart et Fils in 1907.
Bourdache p112


Pernette (André)
The Pernette machine (of 1906) is a 572cc V-twin (90 x 90mm) with belt drive. With a monstrous Buchet engine (probably an 8 CV, or about 1,000 to 1,200cc) that Pernette made a reputation as a champion.
Bourdachepp 220, 223, 241, 261-263, 272, 312, 364, 382, 422.


Pernod
Mid-1980s racing machine.


Petit
Motorcycle built and ridden by Petit at the M.C.F. 1903
Bourdache p440


P.G. Engines

1903. Adaptable motor of 1 3/4hp
Bourdache p440


Piat
Manufactured by Piat et Cie in Saint Etienne, 1953-1959
The firm had a long history dating back to 1870. Their mopeds were fitted with 48cc Mistral engines, and they also built tricycles powered by Lavalette engines of 70 and 98cc.
Sources: OTTW


Pierton
Manufactured by Établissements Pierton in Courbevoie, Altos del Seine, 1922 to 1925.
Built BMA lightweights using 98 and 123cc Aubier & Dunne of engines, and motorcycles of up to 500cc powereed by Blackburne, JAP, Train and Villiers.
Sources: OTTW


Pipres
Built Paillard motorcycles, and engines fitted to the Liberator in 1903. See also Paillard.
Bourdache p440


Pontheray
Motorcycle built in 1905.
(Photo in Moto-Revue No 523 of 1936, and small advertisement in the magazine of the Touring Club de France in 1905)
An example exists in the Collection de Maurice Chapleur
Bourdache p440


Presto
Circa 1904, motorcycles with an OHV Buchet engine were built by Edgar Son of 12 rue de la Pompe, Paris
Bourdache


Quentin

1905
6 rue Camille Desmoulins, Levallois
Tricars, engines and motorcycles
Driven in competition by Contant, and related to the Racing marque.
Bourdache pp 209, 220, 249, 258, 312.


Progres (Le)
Le Progrès, built in Vervins (aisne) in 1901, was a motor bicycle with the engine located behind the pedals
Bourdache p440


Prunel
Motocyclettes built in 1900 at
4 rue de Paris, Puteaux
Bourdache p440


R

Racing
Messner and Breton of 78 rue des Archives, Paris
1906. Built motocyclettes using Quentin or possibly C.D. engines.
Bourdache p440


Radium
Motorcycles. Chollet, elder, manufacturer in Paris, 1907
Bourdache p440


Regence
Built in Marseilles - A photograph shows a lightweight rigid two-stroke sans pedales with styling very similar to many others. Probably early 50s.
La Moto Francaise


Regina
1905. Pagis et Cie, factory in Albert (Somme)
Built under license from Rochet Bruneau
Bourdache p440


Renaux
Prosper Renaux, 1898. Built a tricycle with a horizontal liquid cooled 500cc engine, used successfully in competition in the 1899 Paris-St Malo race. It does not appear to have been marketed, but it is believed at least two were built, one of which was in the Guélon Collection. Another from the same collection is a highly unusual motorcycle with a very similar 572cc horizontal engine and a large flat fuel tank, the bottom of which follows the curvature of the lower frame rail, a thing of some beauty. It is dated c.1904.
Prosper's son Eugene Renaux won the Michelin Grand Prix and 100,000 francs when, on the 7th March 1911, he took off from Paris, flew over the Arc de Triomphe and the spires of Clermont-Ferrand cathedral before landing on the Puy de Dôme.
Sources: Bourdache p440, Guélon Collection


Renouard
Built a 3hp motocyclette in 1904
Bourdache p440


Ridel
Mechanical engineer in Évreux (or Lisieux) patented and built a bicycle engine in 1899. The engine was located directly below and to the rear of the saddle, and drove the rear wheel via belt. The engine construction is quite unusual, having no connecting rod.
Sources:
Bourdache pp 68, 69, 71, 109.
Guélon Collection


Rigal
Motorcycle with Richard engine ridden by the builder in the the M.C.F. in 1904
Bourdache pp 75, 76, 82, 93, 95, 96, 105, 106, 127, 131, 133, 135, 136, 175, 190, 192, 209, 292, 297.


Rivierre
1896. Cycling champion Gaston Rivierre was one of the pioneers of motorcycling
He is one of the few motorcycles De Dion-Boutton, and especially an epicyclic gearbox, in addition to the radial motors 2, 3 and 4 cylinders
Excuse poor translation
Bourdache pp 45, 56, 62, 70, 146, 151, 164, 165, 171, 172, 261, 295, 299, 406.


Rivolier R.P.F.
21 rue César Bertholon, Saint Etienne
M. Rivolier and his son built the R.P.F. c1905-1910. Some of their machines were rebadged or closely based on the Deronziere-Rupta machines, and they probably also used a Doué engine.
See also Deronziere
Bourdache p441, ultimalyon.jpcor.fr


Rocher
Had factories in Cenon near Chatellerault at the beginning of the 50s.
This was a large industrial group that produced Cucciolo engines under license, and supplied them to a number of small French manufacturers. The Rocher company had up to 2000 employees. In 1952 and 1953 sales declined, and the factories closed around 1956.
ERIAC (Etudes Réalisations Industrielles, Administratives, Commerciales) was a subsidiary of Rocher.
Sources


Rocquet
Bicycle auxiliary engine built in 1904
Bourdache p441


Roland
With its factory in Albert (Somme), the company produced the same machines as Rochet in 1906 and later years
Bourdache pp 323, 324.


Romain
Delaugière & Cie of 89 rue d'illiers, Orléans displayed a tricycle at l'exposition Universelle de Paris in 1898, which were fitted with 2 1/2hp or 3hp engines. There is one known survivor, an 1899 model believed to be in the collection of the brothers Martin. From 1900, the firm also built quadricycles and other four-wheelers under the original name, which changed to Delaugere et Clayette. In 1926 the company was purchased by Panhard and Levassor.
Bourdache p 441. Isabelle Bracquemond, mini.43.free.fr/delaugere.html


Royal-Dollar
Etab. Delachanal
19 Quai de La Marne, Joinville-le-Pont
A 1920s advertising illustratiion by Geo Ham shows machine similar to the Majestic with enclosed bodywork. As George Roy built the Majestic and was in partnership with Dollar, owned by Delachanal, it seems likely this was one of his creations.


Rousset
Rousset J. industrial,
131 bld Murat, Paris
Motor-bicycle exhibited at the 1896 show
Bourdache p441


Rullier
The Rullier company revealed their Scot scooter at the Paris Salon of 1953. Powered by a 70cc Lavalette engine, the diminutive 3-speed machine weighed a mere 37kg.
Source: Amis Terriens


Rupalley
1896. Rouxel et Cie, builder of a motorised bicycle engine placed along the rear wheel which is driven by gearing or friction. Ran in the 1895 Paris-Dieppe with a De Dion engine.
Bourdache p56


S

Salvator
1901
bicyclette with engine and pedals
Bourdache p112, 113.


Sadem
Ets. Sadem of Bois-Colombes built 98cc lightweight motorcycles from 1951 to 1954
Source: Wikipedia NL


Sanchoc
Motos Sanchoc of Paris built motorcycles using two-stroke engines of 98cc to 248cc and 345cc sidevalves side-engine engines from 1922 to 1924.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Sartorette
Jean Sartori, a former cyclist, opened a bicycle shop Meaux after the war and soon began fitting Le Poulain engines to quite attractive cyclomoteurs which proved very competitive in local racing. It appears that these machines were supplied to other manufacturers and sold under their own labels. Le Poulaine closed in 1956, and production of the Sartorette ceased around the same time.
Source: moto-scooter-annee50-60.over-blog


Savard
Two-wheel-drive motorcycle built by the the Savard twins Frank and Patrick from 1987 with financial support from the French government for their Pro Top company. The Savard machines competed in beach races supermotard, placing well. Driven by chain, the front wheel drive only engaged when the rear wheel lost traction. The name changed to Savage in 1990, but vanished the following year.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Savariaux
Possibly associated with La Tortue
Bourdache p146


Saving
1906. Brand with the same construction as Alcyon using Zedel engines renamed Kleder in the catalogue. It appears that these were in fact older model Alcyon machines.
Bourdache pp279, 378


Schlidge
Caption to image of Columbia engine: "For 230 F (mufflers included), Ets Schildge provides this 1 1/2 HP Columbia engine that fits all bicycles."
It is unclear whether Schlidge produced complete machines.
Bourdache p271


Schneider
1902. Motorcycle engine placed along the rear wheel - gear transmission
Schneider built his own carburettors.
Bourdache p149


Scoto
Mosquito 38cc engine, scooter/moped cross. Not many built.
Source: Amis Terriens


Scooter-Valise FR
Manufactured by Ets Francois in 1952, it was powered by a 72cc Sotecma engine and weighed a mere 27 kg.
Source: Tous les scooters du monde


S.C.L.
Société Anonyme Nouvelles des Constructions de la Loire
Rue Parmentier, St Etienne
Similar catalogue to that of Automoto circa 1913
Bourdache p441


Scotta
A motorcycle/scooter hybrid with scooter wheels powered by a 125cc JLO engine, built 1952 to 1953.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Serpollet
In 1889, Armand Peugeot, who believed in the future of the motor vehicle, built a steam tricycle which was in fact a modified Serpollet. In the fourth machine, he changed from steam to to the Daimler engine.
Bourdache pp 131, 165.


SIC (S.I.C.)
Manufactured by Motos SIC, Paris, 1921-1925, their motorcycles used 98cc to 346cc engines from Aubier Dunne, Zurcher, Train and others.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Siphax
Manufactured by Atéliers de Mécanique Siphax in Paris from 1951 to 1956, these were lightweight sport roadsters with 98cc AMC engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Smart
Motorcycles manufactured by Les Atéliers de Sedan of 55-57, Quai de la Tournelle, Paris, from 1922 to 1927, using 2hp two-stroke engines possibly of their own manufacture. They claimed to build 100 machines per day.
N.B. There was also a Smart built in Austria. Smart AT
Source: period literature, et al.


S.O.C.O.M.I.A.
67 Rue Lamartine, Drancy (Seine)
In 1951 they built 60cc and 72cc machines
La Moto Francaise.


Socvel
Manufactured 1951~1954
The Sterva prototype was introduced in July 1951 with a 98cc 4-speed engine and later that year at the Paris Salon the firm presented the Stefa. The Stefa II ran an Ydral 4-speed 125.
Source: Amis Terriens


Soncin
68 rue Caumartin, Paris
Emel, Cuzon et Cie in 1900, and later Soncin, Gregoire et Cie
Louis Soncin built engines some of which were very large and powerful in the day. A racing machine with a 500cc Soncin was part of the Guélon Collection.
Sources: Bourdache (pp 88, 96), Guélon Collection


Souvairan
Displayed at the Salon of 1902
Bourdache p146


Sparting
Built in Rennes, 1932, using Aubier & Dunne engines.


Spécial-Monneret
Manufactured by Georges Monneret, famed French motorcycle dealer. These were 49cc VAP and Sachs two-strokes built from 1952 to 1958 with lines quite similar to the Paloma Johnny. It seems to be better known as Super VAP Spécial Monneret, despite the fact that many had Sachs engines.
S3V Special Monneret specification:
49.9 cc Sachs 50-3 - 4.3 HP fab-cooled engine - Double cradle frame - Italian styling - Telescopic forks and swinging arm rear suspension - Excellent brakes with large diameter ventilated hubs - 23 x 2.25 motorcycle tires - Sports tank holding 11 litres. Dual Seat. Colour: cherry red, white decorations
The S4V had a 4-speed gearbox with foot change, kick starter and no pedals.
Source: cyclememory.org, motoancienne.superforum.fr, et al.


Sphinx
1899
Built tricycles and engines for motocyclettes
Bourdache p441


Sphinx
Wikipedia states (in Dutch), "produced motorcycles with Stainless and other engines from 1933 to 1939" and lists Tragatsch as the source, but the entry could not be found. (Feb 2018)
Source: Wikipedia NL


Star-Fling
Models ST125 & ST175, circa 1955, AMC engines.
M. Dumas has images of this motorcycle.
La Moto Francaise


Starnord
Dangre Frères
49 , La Briquette, Valenciennes (Nord)
Built 100, 125 and 170cc two-strokes 1953-1957.
La Moto Francaise


Stimula
Ateliers de la Grosne, by Cormatin (Saone et Loire) built motocyclettes 1902
Bourdache pp 146, 158, 184, 209, 247, 248, 284, 336, 349


Stopp
Charles Stopp of Lyon began building motorcycles in 1931 using JAP engines and locally made components. A limited number were produced.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Strock
20 bld du Port Amiens
Cycles and Motorcycles. 1903
Bourdache p441


Sublime
Construction of these 350cc parralel twins commenced in 1954.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Succès
Built motorcycles in 1904 with PAL engine of 2 1/2 hp or 3 hp
Bourdache p441


Superior
Thimonier et Cie, producer of sewing machines in Lyon. Marketed the Deronziere under their own label c1910


Supplexa
Manufactured by Ets. Motos Supplexa, Courbevoie, Seine, 1922 - 1932
One of their models was a 996 cc V-twin with an extended frame and disc wheels. Other models had 346 and 490cc JAP engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Suquet
Manufactured by Ets. Suquet Frères of Courbevoie, 1929 - 1934.
Built lightweight motorcycles using 98 and 124 cc Aubier & Dunne engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Suzy
Manufactured by Motos Suzy of Levallois, 1932 - 1933, these were motorcycles with 498cc OHC Chaise engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Svelte
Early 50s rigid two-stroke, possibly built by the same company which made Svelte bicycles, SMAC.
La Moto Francaise


Suddard
Documented in 1903
Bourdache p441


Sylvania
S.C.M.S.
77 Av A-Briand, Cachan(Seine)
Built 98cc and 175cc two-strokes in 1955.
La Moto Francaise


T

Tauzin
1898
11 rue Bellanger Levallois
Engine used in Papillon tricycles
Bourdache p80


Terrioux
Frères Terrioux, whose father had built motorcycles in the 1930s, founded the company in 1948 in Paris. Pierre and Paul built a scooter in 1951 with a water-cooled engine (possibly from P.P. Roussey) and raced it in the 175 class at the 1957 Bol d'Or, without result. They did better in 1958. They won.
Source: François-Marie Dumas





The Pretty
Circa 1905
120 rue de Sevres, Paris
Then 45 rue de Bagneux, Montrouge
Motorcycle 1 HP 1/4 or 2 HP "without carburettor".
Bourdache p441


Tigre
Motorcycle of the 1970s with HO engine probably built by Panhard.
La Moto Francaise


Titania
22 avenue d'Italie, Paris
Motorcycle presented at the salon of 1901
The company was dissolved in March 1903
Bourdache p117


Tortue, La
1900 Savariaux, 34, boulevard de Clichy, Paris.
Fitted with a Brutus engine.
Bourdache pp 110, 442


Totey
1901-1904
71 rue Liégat, Yvry
Motocyclette with engine in the frame
Bourdache p402


La Tractocyclette
Manufactured by J. Journaux, 1906
56 rue des Cévennes, Paris
Motorized bicycle with a Garreau engine on the front wheel
Bourdache pp 257, 279, 280


Trèfle-A-Quatre
Closely related to Rochet, Rochet-Bruneau, Roland, and Georges Richard.
Bourdache p442


Trépardoux
"...the door of a small wooden building in La Chapelle ... a brass plaque mentioned "Bouton & Trépardoux".
... a business association began in 1881 and a small workshop was named "Trépardoux et Cie". De Dion brought funds, Georges-Thadée Bouton his mechanical expertise and Trépardoux, Bouton's brother-in-law, his engineering skills.
Bourdache pp 12, 21, 36-38.


Trilby
H. Chapput of 19 rue Kéller, Paris
In 1904, the catalogue of H. Chaput offered the 1903 2hp Henri Popp motorcycle re-branded as a Trilby. He also offered separately a Popp 2 1/2 HP engine.
Bourdache p442


Trophée de France
Machines built by France Motor Cycles of Mandeure and sold under this brand.
Models include: 1947 Type 555C; 1948 Type 555D 125cc Peugeot engine


Tungnaud-Cavelier
58 rue d'Allemagne, Paris, 1902
2 HP motorcycle using petrol or alcohol.
Bourdache p442


V

Vallière
Motor-bicycle with 2-stroke engine. Engaged in the M.C.F. in 1903. Rider: Jangneau.
Bourdache p166


Vaurs
Motorcycle which entered the Paris-Madrid 1903 event, ridden by its creator, Vaurs, who invented the carburettor of the same name.
Bourdache pp 172, 222, 252.


Veloto
Built from around 1950 using their own engines which were mounted in an unconvential fashion, the moped (or autocycle) had a very long wheelbase.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Velox
73 rue Claude Deschamps, Paris
Motorcycle entered in the one third of a litre criterium of 1903, and again in 1905 under the marque Velox-Levraux, ridden by Daudre.
In 1906 they built tricars and Velox engines.
Bourdache p209


Villemain
Motorcycles and Tricars
35 rue Arago, Puteaux
In 1904 and 1905 a Villemain motorcycle participated in the Criterium events.
"In general, the winner is still a tricycle driven by Villemain who achieves 47.120 km/h."
Bourdache pp 93, 209, 220.


Vimer
Manufactured by Ets. DF Constructors, Gentilly Seine, these were small two-stroke engines. The Vimer engine was used in the Wereld moped from the Netherlands.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Vimer is a historic French brand of built-in motors . The company name was: Ets. DF Constructors, Gentilly Seine . This company made two-stroke in-house engines in the fifties, where the acceleration ratio could be adjusted. However, this could only be done while driving. The Vimer engine was used in the Netherlands by the moped brand World .

Vinet
25 rue Brunel, Paris
Built motor tricycles and quadricycles powered by De Dion, 1899
Bourdache p442


W

Washington
One of many similar marques produced by Mercier


White-Star
The marque is possibly from c1932, and the constructor may have been Pertuisot of 23 Rue des Acacias, Paris.
Two images both show similar models with 350cc Staub-JAP OHV engines with 3 speed gearboxes. No manufacturer details are on the images, and fairly exhaustive searches have proved unfruitful.
La Moto Francaise


Winster
Images show a badge on the steering stem which reads "Winster PMP", apparently French. Frame almost bare, no engine or tank. Front guard has toolbox mounted on it, making it quite distinctive.
Remains of gearbox and clutch, chain drive, sans pedales, rigid with girder forks, tank mounted between upper and lower frame rails.
La Moto Francaise


French Resources


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