emu
German Motorcycles

Motorcycles Built in Germany

Motorräder Hergestellt in Deutschland: Notes on some of the rarer German marques

This page lists brands for which limited historical information is currently available.
For a more complete listing visit the German Index.

A

Autoflug
Manufactured by Autoflug OHG, Berlin, 1921-1923
The firm built machines with a long, open chassis and small wheels, rather like a scooter. They also produced motorcycles designed by Egon Weitzel fitted with Bekamo two-stroke engines of 130cc.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


D

DSW
Manufactured by Deutsche-Motorenbau AG, Berlin, 1922-1923
The D.S.W. Light motorcycles were powered by a 150 cc engines of their own construction which had an external flywheel and belt drive. After a year of production, the company was taken over by Bismarck-Motoren GmbH of Berlin, and the brand vanished.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


E

EBS
Manufactured by Ernst Baumeister & Sons, Berlin, 1924-1930
Motorcycles of 200cc to 800cc were produced, one of the last being a side-valve V-twin. In 1928 they released a machine with a 200cc Villiers engine.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Eber
Built by Eber Motorradbau, Eibau (Sachsen), 1924-1928
Used 347cc and 497cc Blackburne engines, and late in the piece Küchen.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Eceka
Manufactured by Emil C. Kretzschmar, Berlin, 1924-1925
The Eceka light motor was offered with the option of a 145cc or 173cc engine produced by Richard Gruhn of Berlin, with component parts from Charlett and Kurier. The frames were apparently from Gruhn's brother Hugo who supplied many other Berlin motorcycle manufacturers.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


EGA
Manufactured by Eisenwerke Gaggenau AG, 1923-1926
The 250 and 350c models had engines of their own construction with two-speed gearboxes, very heavily ribbed cylinders and alloy cylinder heads. Although the EGA was one of the best two-stroke engines of the time, it was never built in significant quantities. In 1926, the EGA production was discontinued. Remaining stocks came on the market at Eichler & Co. in Munich under the name Gaggenau, according to GTU, but Eichler & Co. were in Berlin so perhaps it was a company branch.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Eichelsdörfer
Manufactured 1929-1932
Willy & Josef Eichelsdörfer, Nuremberg
Constructed motorcycles using smaller JAP Sv engines and Burman gearboxes along with other British components including Druid forks. They were hand build and apparently of very good quality.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Eisenhammer
Manufactured by Eisenhammer AG, Thalheim, 1922-1926
Built motorcycles with DKW two-stroke engines of 206cc and 225 cc. The name Eisenhammer means "iron hammer", and it is believed two of these machine still exist.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Elfa
Manufactured by Elstwerdaer Fahrzeugwerke, E.W. Reichenbach, Elstwerda, 1926-1932
Build motorcycles of 75cc to 497 cc using engines from DKW, Küchen, Kühne, Sachs and Windhoff.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Elfe
Manufactured by Motor-Fahrzeug-Bau GmbH in Dresden 1923-1925
Motorcycles with 200cc engines built in-house graced these luxury machines which did not gain market penetration.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Elite
Manufactured by Elite-Diamantwerke AG, Brand-Erbisdorf, 1903-1940
The Elite brand was a descendant of the Diamant brand, which had been available since 1903. After the merger of the two companies into the Elite-Diamantwerk in Brand-Erbisdorf, the motorcycles constructed by Krieger and Gnädig were created there with Kühne and JAP engines. After 1931, the factory only produced motorcycles with 75cc Sachs two-stroke engines and branded as Diamant.
See also See Diamant
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


E.M.A.G.
Manufactured by Erlanger Motoren Aktiengesellschaft of Erlangen 1923-c1932
Early in the piece the brand name was changed to Ermag
Designed by Albert Roder, who is also credited with the Ziro and the NSU Max, the firm produced high-performance OHV engines with hairpin valve springs.

Source: deacademic.com


ENAG
Manufactured by Erle & Nestler AG, Maschinenfabrik, Nuremberg, 1924-1926
Built motorcycles powered by their own 248cc and 348cc two-stroke engines which had water-cooled cylinders and air-cooled cylinder heads. Chain drive via two-speed and three-speed gearbox was adopted in 1925.
In 1925 they acquired Sept & Unger and built a few machines under that brand.
NB. GTU gives dates of 1923-1925
Source: meisterdinger.de, GTU Oldtimerservice


EPA
Manufactured 1924-1929
Fahrzeugfabrik Peter Pazicky, Schnieglingerstraße 321, Nuremberg
Motorcycles were produced with sidevalve and OHV JAP engines of 293cc and 344cc via a 3-speed Sturmey Archer gearbox. Earlier models had belt drive, later models had chain drive with drum brakes front and rear. Saddle tanks were introduced in 1928, by which time they were building machines with JAP 600cc singles and 1000cc V-twins. Frames and forks were built in-house with most of the other components were source from Great Britain.
An example is displayed at the Museum Industriekultur in Nürnberg
Sources: meisterdinger.de, et al.


Ermag
Manufactured by Erlanger Motoren Aktiengesellschaft, 1923-1930
Built two-stroke models with rotary valve and stepped pistons, the first of which was a 250cc unit-construction engine designed by Albert Roder who later gained fame working with NSU. A 500cc model appeared in 1928, the U 500. The marque did will in competition, ridden by Perl, Bittorf and Hieronymus.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Ernst-MAG
Manufactured by Ernst-Werke Motorenbau, Breslau, 1926-1930
Initially named Ernst in 1926, in 1927 they adoppted MAG engines of up to 1000cc displacement. They did well in competition using 350 singles and 500 V Twins ridden by Landolph Rhode, Edgar Kittner and Orlindo Geissler.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Eschag
Manufactured 1923-1925, Nuremburg
The firm built motorcycles with 298cc two-stroke engines and belt drive.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Esch-Rekord
Manufactured by Adolf Esch, Cologne, 1927-1930
Adolf Esch, who had raced Chater-Lea and KBM machines, developed racing motorcycles using 250cc to 500cc engines from JAP, Blackburne and MAG.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Esweco
Manufactured by Speiermann, Weigel & Co., Chemnitz, 1934-1940
An established bicycle company which produced the motorcycle marques Esweco, Esco and Escona. Most of their machines were motorised bicycles of 60cc and 98cc powered by Sachs engines.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Europa
Manufactured by Europa Motorenbau, Munich, 1931-1933
Max Vorbauer produced his first model in 1931 powered by a 98cc Villiers two-stroke engine. This was followed by the Europa 200 and the Europa 150 twin powered by Schliha two-stroke engines. They company did not have a sales network, production was limited. Max Vorbauer closed his business in 1933.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Evans-Pondorf
Manufactured in Berlin 1924-1925 based on the Evans machine from the United States, but with several improvements and a larger engine. It remained in production until 1925.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Ewabra
Manufactured in Milspe, Westphalia, 1921-1924
Ewald Brackelsberg, a cousin of Bugatti racer Karl Brackelsberg, produced a 550cc single.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


F

Falter
Manufactured by Falter-Fahrradwerke, Bielefeld, 1937-1960
Pre-war models M1 and M2 with JLO engines were produced, and when production resumed in 1948 they built 50cc motorised bicycles. From 1952 to 1959 they also built scooters.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Famo
Famo built Fahrrad motoren - bicycle engines
See also Forster
Source: François-Marie Dumas


Fechtel
Manufactured by Heinrich Fechtel Motorradfabrik, Gütersloh, 1923-1925
The motorcycles used pressed-metal frames and Boge engines.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Ferbedo
Manufactured by Ferdinand Betthäuser, Fürther Straße 306-312, Nuremberg-Doos, 1953-1955
The firm built scooter powered by a 49cc Zündapp two-stroke which did not fare well in the market.
An example is displayed at the Museum Industriekultur in Nürnberg
Source: meisterdinger.de


FKS
There were two marques of this name, manufactured by:
1. Franz Krause Fahrzeugbau, Berlin, 1921-1925
These machines had 148 cc engines which were attached above the front wheel which it drove via belt. These engines were probably supplied by Kirchheim of Magdeburg.
2. Fritz Kläger Spezial FKS, Freiburg, 1966-1970
Built racing racing motorcycles of 250cc to 500cc.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Flottweg
Manufactured by Otto-Werke AG (Flottweg-Motoren), Munich, 1921-1937
Introduced in 1921, the Flottweg was powered by a 119 cc auxiliary bicycle engine mounted above the front wheel which it drove via a chain. In 1928 they built motorcycles with 198cc and 346 cc engines. Production halted during the first GFC and then in 1935, under the company name Flottweg, 200cc machines were produced until the takeover of the company by BMW in 1937.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Flux
Manufactured by Flux Kraftrad GmbH, Berlin, 1923-1924
Built a 200 cc lightweight in very small numbers.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Fortonia
Manufactured by Fortonia Motoren Werke GmbH, Schloss-Holte, 1924-1925
Fortonia used frames from Hofmann & Imsange of Bielefeld fitted with 226cc two-stroke engines of their own construction. The company closed, as did so many others in that year, due to hyperinflation.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Frali
Manufactured by Franz Philipp Motorenbau, Berlin, 1951-1952
The company built a 25cc auxilliary bicycle engine with roller drive similar to that of Lohmann which although technically superior to its rivals failed to compete.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Franzani
Manufactured by Franzani Motorenwerk GmbH, Schwabenstrasse 51, Nuremberg, 1923-1932
Early machines were powered by a two-stroke engine with a capacity nearing 300cc and by 1925 they had 350cc motorcycles with drum brakes, some with 3-speed transmission. 1926 saw the introduction of JAP engines from 200 to 500cc in SV and OHV configuration.
Küchen 497cc OHC engines were used in 1928 on their FK59 model, and subsequently they built mainly 200cc two-strokes.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Frischauf
Manufactured by Fahrradhaus Frischauf, Offenbach, 1928-1934
The firm had a close relationship with a workers co-operative which produced bicycles, dating back to 1896. The first motorcycle was built in 1928, the 500cc Type 29 T with a Kuchen engine.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


FTI
Created in 1947 by French designer Louis Lepoix who later worked with many companies in Germany during reconstruction, this simply beautiful machine is based on a 750cc BMW R12. In this writer's opinion, should BMW have developed his ideas rather than opting for the arguably bog-ugly misconception marketed as the R1200C, they may well have had a winner.
Source: François-Marie Dumas


G

Gnom
Manufactured by Oberursel AG and then by Columbus. 1921-1924
This was an auxiliary bicycle engine of 63cc which was in direct competition with the AMI, who took them to court and lost.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Goetz
Manufactured by Johann Goetz of Villingen, 1925-1937
Most models appeared to run 250 and 500 cc JAP engines. A late model had an 800cc parallel twin from Columbus.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Grote
Built in Berlin 1924-1925, these interesting machines had two-stroke compressor engines of two and three cylinders each of 307cc, making the twins 600cc and the triples 900cc. Flywheel magneto was by Ruppe/Bekamo.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Gruhn
The brothers Richard and Hugo Gruhn each had their own motorcycle firm, both based in Berlin.
1. Richard Gruhn founded his company 1906 and built motorcycles and engines until the early to mid-1930s.
2. Hugo Gruhn produced frames and chassis components for motorcycle manufacturers. He also marketed a lightweight motorcycle kit which included engines from Cambra, Hanfland and Diag engines. He operated from 1920~1927.
N.B. Tragatsch says Richard's machines had "no sporting image". GTU says completely the opposite.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch


GS
There were two distinct marques of this name in the 1920s, Gustav Schulze of Magdeburg (1920-1924) and Georg Schroff of Berlin (1923-1925)
Gustav Schulze built lightweights with two-stroke auxiliary bicycle engines which were also supplied to other manufacturers.
Georg Schroff built motorcycles under the G.S. marque and also under the name Schroff-Record.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Güldner
Manufactured by Güldner Motorenfabrik & Eisengießerei.
Established in 1903, the company built large capacity sports motorcycles from 1924 to 1926. The firm is well-known for its stationary engines and, post-war, for tractors.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Gustloff
Manufactured by Gustloff-Werke in Suhl, 1934-1941
The factory of the former Simson & Co. produced a 98cc Sachs-powered lightweight, the Gustloff 100, designed by Martin Stolle.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


H

Hagel
Hagel Kraftradbau AG, Nuremberg, 1923 to 1925
Built limited numbers of 247cc motorcyles with engines of their own design, and others, using an inexpensive frame.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Hanke & Warneke
Bremer Fahrzeugbau, Rembertistraße 28 Bremen
Built the Helios de Luxe JLO-powered moped in the 1950s
Source: Moped Archive


Hansa
Built by Hansa Präzisionswerke AG of Bielefeld, 1922-1927
200cc and 300cc machines, two-stroke and four-stroke.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Hapamee
Hans and Paul Meinke, from whose names the brand name was derived, built some 800 motorcycles in Salzwedel from 1922 to 1926. The machines had tubular frames and were powered by 196cc and 246cc engines with magneto ignition and a two-speed gearbox.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Harras
Manufactured in Berlin by Harras Motoren AG, 1922-1925
The firm produced Berkamo engines under licence, and also constructed motorcycles powered by these. The company was acquired by Paradowski who discontinued motorcycle production in favour of engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Haruhschi
Manufactured in Neumünster by Wolfgang Uhlig, Harms and Schimkowski 1971-1978
Long-track speedway, ice-racing and motocross machines powered by JAP, ESO and Norton engines ridden by Bobby Schwartz, Kai Niemi and Hans-Otto Pingel, among others. They also built a gearbox which was well received. The firm is still in business as of 2018.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, bahnsporttechnik.de


Heidemann
Manufactured lightweights in Hanover under the HWE marque from 1950 to 1953.
Heidemann-Werke KG, established in Bielfeld in the early 1900s as a bicycle manufacturer, built motorcycles with JLO and Sachs engines up to 125cc. After 1953 they continued in the bicycle trade.
N.B. Motorcycle production may have begun in 1949.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


H & W, Heitmann & Wittler
Manufactured by Heitmann & Wittler Fahrad & Maschinenfabrik of Steinhagen in 1938, and then post-war until 1953 using JLO, Sachs and Zundapp engines, and components from other suppliers to produce mopeds and motorcycles of up to 125cc.
Sources: Moped Archive, GTU Oldtimerservice


Heilo
Manufactured by Motorradfabrik Heilbrunn & Co., Bauerngasse 21, Nuremberg, 1923 - 1925
Apparently based on the Cotton design, it was powered by a 346cc two-stroke of their own design with transmission via a three-speed gearbox and belt or chain drive. Brakes were internal expanding drum front and rear, with girder-style forks.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Heli
Built by Herbert Lindner in Berlin, 1923-1925
The motorcycle had a iquid-cooled two-stroke engine with unit-construction two-speed gearbox. It was quite an advanced machine but being relatively expensive could not survive the chaotic years of the mid-twenties.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Helios by BFW


Heller
Heller Motorradfabrik, Gibitzenhofstraße 47, Nürnberg, 1923 - 1926
The brothers Hans and Fritz Heller built motorcycles powered by BMW sidevalve HO engines. The machines has a three-speed gearbox and belt drive to the rear wheel and a block brake on the front wheel only.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Helo
Manufactured by Lommatzsch of Berlin, 1923-1925, it was a 147cc two-stroke which competed in the market with the similarly named Heli.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Heos
There were two companies of this name. The first built sidecars from 1924-1926 in Berlin. The second was that of Willi Heitmann who built motocrossers using Japanese engines in 1985 and 1986.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Herko
Built between 1922 and 1925 by Herkstroeter & Co of Bielefeld, these were belt-drive motorcycles using their own two-stroke engines of 113cc to 249cc.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Herkra
Built by Heinz Blume in Cologne 1922-1923, this was a light belt-driven motorcycle with a two-stroke 141cc engine mounted high in the frame and well forward of the pedal crank.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Hermes
Two different marques of this name were built in Germany. Berwald of Hamburg built a 123cc two-stroke 1922-1925, and Hermes Motorfahrzeug GmbH of Berlin built motorcycles 1924-1925, one of which was a 350cc JAP.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Heros
Two different marques of this name were built in Germany.
Heros of Oberoderwitz, Saxony, built auxiliary bicycle engines and single-cylinder engines of 155cc to 247cc, 1921-1929.
Heros of Berlin built light motorcycles powered by DKW engines, 1923-1924.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Herstelle
Manufactured by Adam H. Herstelle of Bielefeld 1923-1924
In addition to two-stroke and four-stroke motorcycles, ond of which was powered by a Hansa engine, the firm produced components for other marques in the Bielfeld area, particularly front suspension.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Hesco
Manufactured by HS-Metallbau GmbH of Salzgitter 1984-1988
Powered by a Rotax 504 and fitted with quality components - Marzocchi forks, Koni rear suspension, TZ Yamaha wheels and the like - the Hesco-Rotax 560 sports machine proved quite popular in the German market.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Heuser HMT
Manufactured by Peter Heuser of Troisdorf 1980-1982
The firm produced a variety of off-road machines of 50cc, 80cc and 250cc using modified Sachs engines and mainly Italian chassis components.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Hexe
Two different marques of this name were built in Germany. (English: Witch)
A Bamberg firm produced belt-driven motorcycles of up to 500cc from 1924 to 1926.
Carl Amelung Fahrzeugfabrik of Duisburg built 50cc Sachs-powered moded from the late 50s until about 1961.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Hirth
Built by pioneer aviators Helumut and Wolf Hirth in Stuttgart, 1923~1925. The motorcycles were very highly regarded and achieved excellent results in competition. Wolf lost his leg in a 1925 racing accident but this seems to not have slowed him down as he was still setting records in 1926.

Source: François-Marie Dumas


HMW
Manufactured by Hasper Motorrad Werk of Westfalen.
1923-1928. Heavy single-cylinder machines with their own SV engines.
Not related to the Austrian marque, nor to the machines built in post-war East Germany.
Sources: Tragatsch, Wikipedia NL


Hoco
Constructed in Westphalia 1924-1928 by Hohmeyer & Co, a furniture manufacturer, the motorcycles had a woooden frame (probably ash) and were fitted with a variety of two- and four-stroke engines up to 250cc
Source: François-Marie Dumas


HUC
Produced by Maschinenfabrik M. Hecker & Co. of Berlin, 1924-1926
145cc and 175cc DKW two-stroke engines powered these utilitarian motorcycles which did well on the local market until the financial crisis.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Hulla
Manufacutured by Hulla Fahrzeugwerke für Kleinmotoren from 1923 to 1932 in Hagen im Bremischen, these were lightweights fitted with DKW two-strokes up to 298cc and sidevalve 296cc JAP engines, and from 1928 199cc and 250cc DKW. They also supplied chassis components to other marques, among them Lloyd of the Netherlands. The firm at its peak employed some 80 people, and by 1925 they had produced 1000 motorcycles.
Sources: Wikipedia NL, GTU Oldtimerservice


Huy
Established by Louis Huy of Dresden in 1923, the firm built 198cc motorcycles using engines from Alba. Albert Thiele became the owner in 1924, but after Alba went into receivership production ceased in 1926.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


I

Indus
The Berlin firm built motorcycles in 1924 and 1925 using 350cc engines designed by Gnädig and built by Kühne in Dresden. These had chain drive via a Sturmey-Archer gearbox, and did well in competition. As with so many others, the company succumbed to the devastating inflation of mid-1920s.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


J

Javon
Manufactured: J. A. Vogler, Fahrzeugbau, Rohrmattenstrasse 16, Nuremberg-Zabo, 1925 - 1929
Vogler bought the Abako company in 1925 and continued the production of motorcycles under that name.
Concurrently they built 200cc sidevalve machines and motorcycles with 500cc SV Sturmey Archer and Blackburne engines. These were sold as far afield as Finland.
With onset of the depression Vogler ceased motorcycle production but continued to produce spare parts for Abako, Cockerell and his own Javon machines.
Source: meisterdinger.de


J.H.C.
Built in Nuremberg by Johann Hirschmann & Co., 1921-1923
These were single-speed 200cc two-strokes with belt drive to the rear wheel, which had a rim brake.
Source: Wikipedia DE


K

Karü
Manufactured by Stockdorfer Motorenwerke AG, 1922-1924
The Munich firm built motorcycles powered by Douglas HO twins produced in Germany under licence, and also BMW boxer engines. The same factory produced the SMW and KR marques.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


KC
Manufactured by Kirchheim & Co. of Magdeburg, 1900~1925
The firm built a variety of models, among them 100cc two-stroke powered bicycles, 250cc longitudinal HO twins, and a scooter.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Keni
Manufactured in Berlin from 1921 to 1925 or '26, the firm produced three models. The Type A and Type B had disc wheels and a 160cc engine with two-speed gearbox. There was also a 143cc lightweight.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Kofa
Kofa AG, Neutorstraße 10, Nuremberg, 1923 - 1925
Built motorcycles with 289cc single-cylinder two-stroke engines
Source: meisterdinger.de


Komet
Manufactured by Kirschner & Co. of Dresden 1902-1905
Built under license from Ixion of France, the motorised bicycle used a 1.5HP two-stroke engine.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Konig
Founded in Berlin in 1927, the firm specialised in marine engines. In the 1950s these were adapted to speedboat racing in the USA and did very well. A motorcycle racing engine was developed for sidecar racing, and the boxer four engines powered many machine to victory during the 1970s.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Kondor
Manufactured in Berlin 1924-1925
The firm built two models, the two-stroke Simplex, and the four-stroke Ideal, both with a 2-speed gearbox integral with the unit-construction engines, and was available with electric lighting.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Kosmos
Manufactured by Euroimport Schlich of Mayen from 1985.
In the years 1985 and '86 the firm produced 12 different models enduro and motor-cross machines using mostly Italian components and modified Sachs two-stroke engines. Later machines were the KSR175 and KSR250, both powered by Moto Morini. Series production ceased in the early 1990s but the KSR250 remained available on special order for some time.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Kramer, Kram-It
Originally manufactured by Fritz Kramer of Laubus-Eschbach, the firm changed hands several times but remained in continuous production from 1970 to 2000.
Early machines had Maico engines, with Rotax introduced in 1981. An Italian company took over in 1985 and produced machines under the Kram-It marque. Reinhard Hallat then took the helm and produced machines under both names until 2000.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


K.Z.
The machines were single-cylinder four-strokes with a two-speed gearbox, V-belt drive drive, parallelogram fork and block brakes. There was also a sports machine with 350 cc Kühne engine and final drive by chain.
Source: deacademic.com


L

Leopard
Manufactured by Dietlein & Co. of Magdeburg-Neustadt, 1921-1926
Fitted with a Columbus four-stroke 250cc engine the motorcycle did well in competition. In 1925 Motosacoche engines were employed.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


LFG
Manufactured by Luftfahrzeug GmbH of Berlin, fames manufacturer of airships and aircraft, including WWI fighter planes.
After the Great War, Germany was banned from producing aircraft so the company turned to other avenues, producing the LFG motorcycles from 1921 to 1925. These had the engine mounted well to the rear, below the saddle, and were referred to as Schieberad, "pushing wheel".
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Lloyd
Ottmar Cramer, owner of Ocra, produced machines under the Lloyd marque. Initially these were 137cc clip-on bicycle engines, and later motorcycles using a variety of JAP engines. Possibly later asssociated with Borgward.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Lomos
Manufactured by Eichler of Berlin for DKW, the scooter-like machine was advertised as a "single-track car".
There was a similar machine named the Golem, also from DKW. This is likely to have also been built by Eichler.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Lorenz
Manufactured by Lorenz, Wittig & Co. of Berlin, 1921-1925
The motorcycle was powered by a Lorenz 126cc two-stroke longitudinal boxer engine and used cast aluminum pistons. These were also marketed under the name Rapid.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Lupus
Manufactured in Stuttgart for Rudolf Wolf & Co. of Berlin, 1923-1926
The 148 cc two-stroke motorcycle used a Douglas 2-speed gearbox driving the rear wheel via belt.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


M

Mabeco
Manufactured by Max Bernhardt & Co. in Berlin, 1922-1928
These motorcycles were fitted with V-twin engines of 598cc and 746cc supplied by Siemens & Halske. They also built 750 and 1000cc racing machines, and utility tricycles.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Magnet
Berlin-Weißensee, 1901
Early models were large singles followed by a V-twin, and in 1910 they introduced a vertical twin. The company then moved to Berlin-Halensee and introduced cyclecars to the range, and in 1911 offered the model "Selbstfahrer" which was a tri-car somewhat simiar to the later Scott Sociable and Bradshaw Seal.
After the war the business did not prosper and Magnet himself died in 1924.
Sources: François-Marie Dumas, Scalerandi


Maiwald, Mascot
Manufactured by Neuköllner Maschinenfabrik in Berlin, 1952-1953
This small scooter with a 50cc engine. Apparently it was underpowered and failed to find buyers.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Mammut (Bielefeld)
There were three marques of this name built in Germany, as well as the Munch Mammut. Two were built in Bielfeld.
In 1924-1929 Hermann Froböse produced a 249 cc two-stroke motorcycle with a Baumi engine.
Between 1953 and 1956 Mammut mopeds with 50 cc JLO, Zündapp and Sachs engines 50cc were produced. These were identical to mopeds sold by Meister and Phanomen , which were also based in Bielefeld.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Meyfa
Manufactured by Berliner Mopedbau H. Meyer, Berlin-Reinickendorf, 1951-1955
Designed to be marketed to women, some mopeds were powered by AMO two-stroke bicycle attachment motors.
Models include the Teddy and Troll, both with 50cc JLO FP 50 engines.
They were possibly also marketed under the Teddy brand.
Sources: mo-ped.se


Mammut (Nuremberg)
Maschinenfabrik Berner & Co, Ludwig-Feuerbach-Strasse 75/77, Nuremberg, 1925 - 1933
Later at Innere Laufer Gasse 20
Early models used 200cc Baumi two-stroke engines, followed by engines of their own produced in capacities from 250c to 350cc, both two-stroke and four-stroke.
Towards the end of the 1920s they used engines of from Blackburne, JAP and Villiers, along with 600cc MAG V-twins. As the depression bit they switched to smaller engines including those from Moser.
They also marketed a preßstahl modell (pressed steel model) with a JAP engine which was a Coventry Eagle re-badged with a Mammut emblem.
An example is displayed at the Museum Industriekultur in Nürnberg
Source: meisterdinger.de


Matador
Manufactured by C. Klose, Staßfurt, 1924-1926
Well-received by the motorcycle press the firm offered two models, the second of 269cc with a tubular frame. Inflation made it impossible to continue and they closed in 1926.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Maurer
Ludwig Maurer, Dürrnhofstraße 8, and Bahnhofstrasse 93, Nuremberg
The factory built auxiliary bicycle engines, water-cooled 250cc single-cylinder two-stroke engines, and water-cooled HO 494cc two-strokes.
Source: meisterdinger.de

HO Twin

Horizontally Opposed Twin

Examples include BMW, Zundapp and Douglas HO Twins have conrods running on a common crank, with one on the exhaust stroke and the other on inlet.


Mauser
The Mauser Einspurauto (Einspur-Auto - single-track) was first conceptualised by Gustav Winkler in 1921, with the first production models appearing in 1924 powered by the same BMW M2B15 engine found in the Helios and the Victoria. Mauser sold the production rights to a French concern where it was produced as the Monotrace. The main visible difference between the two is that the Mauser stabiliser wheels were retractable, but on the Monotrace they were not.
There is an example of the French version at Musée Henri Martre
Source: François-Marie Dumas


Max
Manufactured by Auto-Motor-Industrie GmbH in Berlin, 1924-1925
The firm produced 180cc and 446cc single-cylinder motorcycles.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


MBG
Manufactured by M.B.G. Heilbronn in Lahr, 1932-1939
Richard Küchen built engines from the 1920s. Complete motorcycles were produced from the early 1930s until 1939.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Metzger & Schlegel
Produced in Stuttgart-Fellbach 1955-1959, the Motte scooter used 50c to 120cc engines of their own manufacture.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Merco
Manufactured by Mercur Motoren GmbH, Berlin 1922-1924
Also marketed as the Record, these motorcycles had frames built by Hugo Gruhn and the engines from Franz Krause.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


M.F.
Manufactured by Max Fischer, Nuremberg-Johannis, 1922 - 1926
The factory built motorcycles using 492cc BMW boxer engines, and 347cc and 497cc side-valve singles from Blackburne.
Source: meisterdinger.de

HO Twin

Horizontally Opposed Twin

Examples include BMW, Zundapp and Douglas HO Twins have conrods running on a common crank, with one on the exhaust stroke and the other on inlet.


MFZ
Manufactured in Berlin by Motorfahrzeug GmbH, 1921-1928
The motorcycles used 200cc, 250cc, and in 1925, 350cc engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


MGF
Manufactured by Mühlbauer & Co., Berlin, 1923-1931
The firm specialised in high-performance two-stroke engines based on the Ruppe / Bekamo principle which were sold in large numbers to other motorcycle manufacturers.
They built belt-drive motorcycles, both with compressors, of 140cc and 175cc. When production of these ceased they continued making accessories.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Mielke
Felix Mielke built racing machines based on the BMW R75 fitted with a Fiat Topolino 500cc engine from 1947 to 1951.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Miranda
Built in Dortmund by Pirol Werke GmbH, 1951-1954
Introduced in 1949 as the JLO-powered Schweppe, the Miranda used 150cc Sachs and 200cc Kurchen engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


M.J.S.
Manufactured by Schönfeld & Schwarz, Nuremberg
The factory produced limited numbers of motorcycles with 245cc two-stroke engines. Possibly also known as N.I.S.
Source: meisterdinger.de


MON
Manufactured by Maschinenfabrik Oberndorf Neckar in Oberndorf, 1953-1955
Mopeds powered by 50cc Rex engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Mota Wiesel
Manufactured by Mota-Maschinenbau GmbH of Nagold 1948-1952
Scooters with their own engines of 50cc to 100cc
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Motag
Manufactured by Eisenwerk Becker & Co. of Leipzig, 1923-1924
Based on a design by Ing. J. Schneeweiß the company built three models powered by parallel twins of 514, 642 and 804cc.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Motorist
Manufactured by Dobron-Motorist GmbH of Berlin, 1923-1925
The first model used a DKW 150cc two-stroke engine, followed by a JAP 350cc model. The machine was also marketed as the Dobron Motorist.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Möve
Manufactured by Walter & Co. in Mühlhausen, 1903-1908
Also known as the Möwe, these motorcycles were fitted with Fafnir 3.5 hp single-cylinder engines and 5 hp V-twins.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


N

National
Manufactured by Hainsberger Metallwerke KG (HMW) of Hainsberg, Dresden.
A bicycle manufacturer dating back to 1902, lightweight motorcycles were produced before and during the war under the National brand. Post-war, the factory was run by AG Awtowelo under Soviet control and 100cc Sachs-engined motorcycles of the same general appearance and construction were marketed as HMW. They were unrelated to the Austrian marque of the same name, nor to the German HMW of the 1920s.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch


Necko
Built in Frankfurt by Neckermann-Versand KG from 1954 to 1960, the Necko used JLO engines and came in three versions, the 100, the 200 and the Luxe.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Nera, Neroba
Built in Kirchentellinsfurt by Raiser & Söhne from 1949 to 1950, the Nera scooter had a JLO 120cc engine whilst the similar Neroba used a 150cc Sachs.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Nestoria
Manufactured by Nestoria Motorenwerk GmbH, Solgerstrasse 6, Nuremberg. 1923 - 1931
In 1923, Nestoria purchased Astoria and later also built 350 and 500 class motorcycles fitted with OHC engines from Kurchen. In the late 1920s they built machines using 500cc and 600cc MAG engines along with those of Sturmy-Archer. Blackburne and JAP engines were optional. Despite good sales and sporting success the financial situation took its toll and in 1931 they closed.
An example is displayed at the Museum Industriekultur in Nürnberg
Source: meisterdinger.de


Nordap
Manufactured by Nordap Motorbau GmbH, Ladenburg, 1950-1953
This was a 32cc bicycle auxiliary motor installed in the front wheel hub, with the fuel tank attached to the handlebars. In the Netherlands it was sold as the Velmo.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

O

Oberwetter
Manufactured by Vahle & Oberwetter of Bielefeld, 1921-1942
Initially a producer of frames and chassis components, the partnership ceased in 1925 and Heinrich Oberwetter began building complete motorcycles using mostly Kühne engines of up to 500cc until at least 1928. Component production continued until 1942.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Ocra
Ottmar Cramer, Kleinkraftradfabrik, Untere Turmstraße 16, Nuremberg. 1923 - 1925
Ottmar Cramer was also the owner of the Lloyd Motorradfabrik, and similar JAP 250cc and 350cc machines were built under that marque.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Odin
Manufactured in Schwabach by Karl Ludwig Konrad from 1923 to 1925.
Built 125cc two-stroke motorcycles with a two-speed gearbox and block brake on the rear wheel.
Source: deacademic com


Orial
Triumph Werke AG., Fürther Strasse 212, Nuremberg
Triumph Nuremberg split from Triumph Coventry in 1929. After legal disputes with Triumph Coventry, the German Triumph export models were initially sold under the Orial marque which resulted in action from the French company of the same name. The German Triumph company settled on the name TWN - Triumph Werke Nuremberg.
The German Orial machines were powered by M.A.G. engines of 350cc to 750cc.
See also TWN Triumph
Source: meisterdinger.de


Ortloff
Manufactured by Ortloff Automobil AG, Berlin, 1924-1925
Believed to have used engines from Cambra and Alba of 185cc to 198cc mounted in frames from the Berlin-based Hugo Gruhn firm.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


ÖWA
Manufactured in the 1950s under licence from the Austrian Motoren Werke Arsenal, the 83cc ÖWA Hillfersmotor was built in the mid 1920s.
Source: Bjorn's Story


Owus
Otto Wittkopf & Sons, Nuremberg, 1927
Considered by some a masterpiece, the motorcycle was built for one year only with using a 249cc OHV single cylinder engine of their own manufacture.
An example is displayed at the Museum Industriekultur in Nürnberg
Source: meisterdinger.de


P

Pan, and Everest
Manufactured by Konstruktor GmbH of Berlin, 1924-1926
The firm produced the Pan with a 500cc Kühne engine in 1924. The following year the brand was renamed Everest, but was basically the same machine. It succumbed to the inflation crisis sweeping the nation.
The Everest does not bear any relationship to the French marque of that name.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Panther
Manufactured by Panther Fahrradwerke in Magdeburg, 1903-1909
The company acquired Brunsviga of Brunswich in 1907 and moved their operation to that location, ceasing production in 1909.
Another company of the same name appeared in the early 1930s. See Pantherwerke AG
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Paque
Manufactured by August Paqué in Augsburg, 1921-1925
Powered bicycles of 140cc were built from 1922, followed by machines with with 147cc and 197cc engines of their owne manufacture which were supplied to other manufacturers including Busse, Zürtz and Ammon. There may also have been a 500cc motorcycle.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Patria
Manufactured in Solingen by Patria-WKC 1925-1952
A descendant of an ancient German firm, WKC built their first motorcycles with 250 and 350 Roconova single-cylinder engines. Production halted in 1927, and resumed either shortly before or shortly after the war with Sachs-powered lightweights.
The firm does not appear to be related to the famous Spanish marque of the same name.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Pawa
1922 - 1923
Three decades before Velocette's Noddy Bike made it's indelible mark, Kurt Passow's Pawa appeared, ever so briefly.
The Pawa was chain-driven with a 226cc two-stroke and sheet-metal bodywork.
In 1924 he tried again with the Per which had a larger engine and belt drive. This too failed to impress.
Source: François-Marie Dumas


Pawi
Manufactured in Berlin 1922-1924, these bespoke motorcycles were powered by 492cc boxer twins from BMW.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Perkeo
Built in Berlin by Henry Feilchenfeld from 1924 to 1926, the 170cc two-stroke machine is known largely from reports on its unenviable reputation.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Peters
Manufactured by Peters, Steingrüber & Co. of Berlin 1924-1925
Belt-driven lightweights powered by a 143 cc DKW engine.
Unrelated to the Isle of Man machine of the same name and period.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Phantom
Manufactured by Engen & Auders of Berlin, 1921-1928
The Phantom initially used their own 148cc to 246 cc engines for their motorcycles and powered bicycles. In the mid 1920s, 173cc to 490cc JAP engines were also employed. The auxiliary bicycle engine was sold to many other manufacturers. These were 148.6cc, 55x70mm B/S.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Phönix (Phoenix)
There were two German companies which used the name Phönix
The first was built by Ruhrtal-Motorradwerke R.M.W. of Neheim, 1933-1940. See RMW.
The second was built by Bruno Viertmann between 1935 and 1939, along with JLO-powered utility tricycles and lightweights with Sachs 100 engines. Viertmann's business exploits are well documented in the book Motorräder aus Bielefeld by Johann Kleine Vennekate.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Pony
Manufactured by Horstmann & Schwidde of Bielefeld, 1923-1925
The company built motorcycles with 143cc DKW and 233cc König two-stroke engines. It had long footboards, belt drive, a two-speed gearbox a rim brake on the rear wheel belt drive pulley.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Postler
Manufactured by Walter Postler, Niedersedlitz, 1920-1924
A scooter (Motorläufer) with a 225cc engine sitting behind the front forks, and later used a 246cc motor.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Premier
Manufactured 1910 - 1913
Premierwerke AG., Fahrrad & Maschinenfabrik (J.C. Braun), Wächterstarße 2, Nuremberg
Premier was founded by Messers Hillmann, Herbert and Cooper in Coventry. The Nuremberg branch was created in 1911 in company with Christian Braun. Shortly before the Guns of August the continental company moved to Eger in what was later known as Czechoslovakia. The factory there became the largest in the country.
The Nuremburg machines were powered by 250 class two-strokes and sidevalve four-strokes of 293cc and 348cc. See also Premier Cycle Co.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Quelle
Manufactured by Quelle Versandhaus GmbH, Nuremberg
In the mid-sixties the Quelle mail-order company Quelle sold lightweights under the name Quelle Bonance.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


R

Rapier
Manufactured in 1953 and 1954 by Rapier Fahrradfabrik, Märkische Straße 23, Bielefeld. Initially they offered kits into which appropriate engines from JLO, Sachs and Zundapp could be installed, and also produced complete mopeds.
Sources: Moped Archive, GTU Oldtimerservice


Rehling
Founded by Carl Rehling of Bielefeld in 1919, the company changed ownership but not the name and produced 247cc motorcycles in 1924 and 1925.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Renner-Original
Renner & Poppe GmbH, Dresden. 1924-1932
Built motorcycles using JAP SV engines of up to 996cc, and Barr & Stroud 350cc and 500cc powerplants, 3 speed gearbox and kickstarter.
79 Barr and Stroud single sleeve valve engines were shipped to Dresden in 1923-24. They were shipped to a company "RF Reggel", who were probably freight handlers only. ~ John Ferguson, FB.
They may also have used Kühne and Küchen engines.
Sources: Tragatsch, period advertising, FB group Motorcycles 1867-1930.

Rex of Behringersdorf
Rex Kraftfahrzeug GmbH, Behringersdorf near Nuremberg. 1923 - 1925
The company produced a small number of two-stroke motorcycles. At least one remains, and has chain drive to the gearbox and belt-drive to the rear wheel, which has a rim brake. No front brake.
Source: meisterdinger.de


REX Logo

Rex of Munich
Between 1948 and 1964 this Munich-based company built bicycle engines and complete mopeds. The two-stroke engines were of 31cc, 34cc, 40cc, and 49cc.


Ribi
Manufactured by Binnewies & Sprecher, Berlinm 1923-1925
These were quality machines of 200 and 250cc which took advantage of the tax and licence-free laws then in effect. They had kickstarter, clutch and a two-speed gearbox.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Rinne
Rinne-Motorengesellschaft mbH of Berlin, 1925-1930, was primarily an engine manufacturer which built air-cooled and water-cooled two-strokes of 130cc to 250cc which they supplied to other motorcycle firms. They also built complete motorcycles designed and raced by Max Hucke, the last of which was produced in 1928.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Riwina
Manufactured by the Ridder Brothers of Bielefeld, 1923-1924
Herford König supplied 233cc engines for these machines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Roco
Manufactured by Roco Motorfahrzeuge AG, Berlin, 1922-1925
These were robust machines with Bosch magneto ignition.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Roconova
Manufactured by Johannes Rössig of Berlin 1922-1926
Best known for their engines, the company was among the first in Germany to produce OHV engines. Their long-stroke 250 and 350cc racing motorcycles had overhead cam engines and were sold as the Avus-Rekordmaschine.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Roeder
Manufactured by Roeder & Co., Hanover, 1906-1914
Known as Auto-Phaetons, these were effectively two heavy bicycles running side by side with an engine in one and a seat or carrier in the centre, driving via a chain.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Roland
Manufactured by Hugo Marschin in Berlin, 1923-1924.
These were light motorcycles with 132cc Bekamo and 175cc DKW engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


RS
Two different German companies built motorcycles under the RS marque concurrently.
Rogge & Stiller of Berlin built two-stroke engines 1924-1925
Scheid-Henniger of Karlsruhe built RS motorcycles 1925-1928
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Ruppe
Manufactured by Ruppe-Motor GmbH of Berlin
Hugo Ruppe has quite a history, having been associated with Piccolo, MAF, Rasmussen where he developed the engine later famed as the DKW, and founded Bekamo. He also built the Kaelert & Ruppe in Czechoslovakia.

He produced 100cc auxilliary bicycle engines under his own name from 1927 to 1930.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


RUT
August Gernet, Motorfahrzeugbau, Nürnberg
Built motorcycles with an external flywheel 132cc two-stroke engine.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Ruwisch
Karl Ruwisch of Cologne built a light scooter powered by a Victoria 32cc two-stroke mounted above the front wheel, 1949-1959(1).
Notes: 1. Dates vary with some sources giving first production as early as 1947, which would make it Germany's first post-war scooter. Tragatsch gives 1948-49, Wikipedia NL 1948-59.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


S

SAR
Built in Berlin by Maschinenfabrik Raetsch, 1923-1930
Models A 27 and B 27 were powered by their own 125cc two-strokes, later models with engines from Kuehne.
The marque is covered in some depth by Karl Reese in his book "Berliner Motorräder"
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Sarolette, Libelle
Manufactured by Herbert Schulze, Berlin, 1949-1952
The Sarolette scooter was introduced in 1949 with a 100cc Sachs engine. The following year the Libelle 100 (Sachs) and Libelle 120 (JLO) scooters appeared, only to disappear into the mist two years later.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Schliha
Manufactured by Heinrich Schlüpmann in Berlin c1924-1933
Schliha motorcycles had quite unusual two-stroke engines of their own production in capacities of 125cc to 596cc, some of which were water-cooled. He went on to build two-stroke aviation engines.
Source: François-Marie Dumas


Schmidt, RS
Robert Schmidt of Leisning and Berlin, 1921-1924
These were lightweight 200cc motorcyles with the engine inclined at 45 degrees offered by Schmidt under his own name and also his initials, RS. Similar machines were marketed by AMAG and it is unclear which of the firms manufactured them.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Schroff-Record
Manufactured by Georg Schroff of Berlin 1923-1925
These were bespoke motorcycles with engines from Franz Krause. They had chain drive and two-speed gearbox, and were available in red or black. The same - or very similar - machines were marketed under the G.S. brand.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Schüler
Manufactured by Luftreederei Max Schüler of Osnabrück, 1923-1925

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Schürhoff
Schürhoff & Co. of Bielefeld and after 1925 Gevelsberg, built motorcyles from 1923 to 1953 under the names SCB and Siegfried and their own using engines from Sachs, Zündapp and JLO. Postwar production was mainly mopeds.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


SCK
Manufactured in Cologne 1924-1925
SCK, a garment company, built motorcycles using 350 and 500cc engines from JAP and MAG fitted to British frames. Sales were slow.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Seegard
Manufactured in Berlin by Fietz, Paul & Co, 1924-1925
These were motorcycles with 150cc and 200cc engines from Cambra, Alba and Rapid, according to customer choice. Unfortunately, the customers chose not to.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Seith
Manufactured in Hof (Saale) in the 1950s, these were children's motorcycles powered by 38cc Victoria two-stroke engines. They are believed to be sought after by collectors.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Siemens-Schuckert
Manufactured in Nonnendamm, Berlin, 1899-1908
Siemens-Schuckert Werke built motorcycle engines and complete motorcycles. Their main products were electic-powered utility tricycles.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Sigurd
Willi Hausherr GmbH of Berlin produced motorcycles from 1902 to 1912 under three brands, Sigurd, Komet and Royal. Most, possibly all, used version of the French Ixion engine built in Germany under licence.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Simplex
Manufactured by Orion Aktiengesellschaft of Berlin, 1921-1925
Later known for their Orionettte and Motorette marques, the Simplex had a 98cc bicycle auxiliary engine.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Sommer
Manufactured by Jochen Sommer Motorradmanufaktur, Eppstein, 2002-
With considerable experience as a trader in Indian Enfield motorcycles since the 1990s selling original units along with modified Scrambler and Clubman versions, the firm began building their own machines using Sommer Diesel 462 engines with German frames and Enfield componentry.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, motorradmanufaktur.de


Spiegler
Manufactured in Aalen in Württemberg, from 1922~1932(1)
From c.1922 to 1926 the Spiegler brothers marketed their machines as Schwalbe, a 250cc boxer twin and a 350cc single.
The marque's name was then changed to Spiegler; the motorcycles had pressed-metal frames and included a model with a 350cc four-stroke single of their own production with rather unusual inlet and exhaust tracts. Other machines used engines from JAP, MAG and sometimes Blackburne in capacities of 250cc to 500cc. There is also a report of the use of 350 and 500 cc Küchen engines.
The company remains active in Aalen and their automotive componenents are well-regarded and widely used.
Notes1. Sources vary on construction dates, giving 1922, 23 and 24 until 1931 or 32.
Sources: François-Marie Dumas, GTU Oldtimerservice, spiegler-automobile.de


Spiess
Manufactured by Otto Spiess in Berlin 1902 and 1907, the motorcycles had singles and twin-cylinders engines from Minerva, Zedel and Fafnir.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Staiger
Established in Nuremberg in 1956, Staiger Fahrzeugfabrik mopeds until 1960.
The name reappeared in Stuttgart in 1966. Staiger & Co lightweights and mopeds remained in production until 1970.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Star
The firm was established by HF Günter in Berlin, 1920, and was sold the following year to Deutsche Werke AG (D-Rad), also of Berlin.
The Star was a 391cc horizontally opposed twin.
See also D-Rad.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Steinbach
Manufactured by Franz-Josef Steinbach of Saarbrücken, 1984-1989
Known as the Steinbach-Rotax, the 500S was powered by a 504 Rotax and late in the piece the 600S with a 560cc Rotax was built. The frame was designed by Walter Baumgarten, or based on it, and closely resembled the Egli.
The FJS machines were available in race-tuned guise suitable for SOS racing.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, et al.


Stellbrink
Manufactured by Stellbrink Fahrradwerke of Hillegossen, near Bielefeld, 1934-1950
A limited number of Sachs-powered motorcycles were built before the war, with production resuming in 1945. Post-war models included the MF 98 with a JLO engine, and the MG 125E also with a JLO. There were also mopeds with Zundapp engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Moped Archive


Sticherling
Manufactured by Kraftfahrzeugwerke W. Sticherling & Co. of Egeln, 1922-1926
The firm's primary and probably only model G 26 was a fairly basic motorcycle powered by a 200cc DKW two-stroke engine, belt drive and long footboards.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Stricker
Manufactured by Paul Stricker of Brackwede who founded his bicycle firm in the early 1920s. The firm constructed powered bicycles from 1931 until the war, and then from 1945 to 1955 built lightweights and mopeds. Bicycle construction continued until 1969.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Struco
Manufactured by Struchtemeier & Co. of Bielefeld, 1921-1924
Founded in 1901 as a bicycle manufacturer, the firm built clip-on engines and powered bicycles. Their two-speed auxiliary bicycle engines drove the rear wheel via chain and were sold to many other companies in the area.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Sudbrack
Manufactured in by H & W Sudbrack GmbH, Langestraße 60, Schötmor.(1)
In 1939 built lightweights powered by 100cc Sachs engines. Postwar production began in 1949 with a 100cc JLO, the FM100, followed by the Pfeil FP 50. It is likely they also used JLO and Zundapp engines. Moped production ceased in 1955, the firm continuing with bicycles until the 1980s.
Notes
1. Address is also listed as Bielefeld and Bad Salzuflen. (GTU)
Source: Moped Archive, GTU Oldtimerservice, et al.


SUT
Manufactured by Scholz & Tegener GmbH, Berlin 1921-1927
Their first models had 192cc four-stroke engines, followed in 1925 tax-exempt 198cc lightweights, and 250 and 350cc motorcycles, the unit-construction engines and frames manufactured in-house.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


T

TAS by Trumpf-Ass
The Trumpf-Ass Fahrradwerk (bicycle factory) was founded shortly after the 1918 armistice in an abandoned factory which is now the Saarbrücken exhibition centre, on the French border near Nancy and Metz. There they produced motorcycles between 1925 and 1931 under the marque using MAG and Gnome & Rhône engines of 350cc and 500cc, and a 200cc two-stroke. Initially named Trumpf-Ass, the Triumph firm took issue with the (phonetic?) similarity so the acronym TAS was adopted.
The 1925 model range consisted of the Piccolo 175 cc, Junior 250 cc, Riemenmaschine 498 cc SV (belt drive), and Kettenmaschine 498 cc SV (chain drive). The 500cc machines were similar to the D Series Gnome & Rhône, with whom TAS had a close relationship.
Towards the end of the decade the tarifs which had made the German machine attractive to French buyers was dropped and a cheaper alternative was found by way of Henri Dresch, whose model MS 30 was rebadged as a TAS in 1929, along with a 200cc model.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, mvca.at


Tautz
Manufactured by Franz Tautz of Leipzig, 1921-1923
The firm produced small scooters powered by 119cc DKW engines. Concurrently DKW realeased their owne scooers, making it very difficult for Tautz to compete.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Teddy
Manufactured by Berliner Mopedbau H. Meyer, Berlin-Reinickendorf, 1951-1955
Designed to be marketed to women, the mopeds were powered by AMO two-strokes similar to the Victoria FM38.
They were also known as the Meyfa Teddy, and were sold under the Meyfa brand.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, mo-ped.se


Tika
Designed and manufactured by Hermann Tietz of of Bielfeld, 1920-1924
The motorcycles were powered by four-stroke 196cc Gruhn engines and featured on some models disc wheels which were probably spoked wheels with covers.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Torpedo
Manufactured by Weil-Werke AG of Frankfurt am Main from 1928. After the war the company was renamed Torpedo-Werke AG and production continued until 1956.
Pre-war models used Blackburne and Sachs engines, and after 1945 the motorcycles were powered by Sachs and JLO in 98cc to 197cc capacities.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Tremo
Manufactured by Hermann C. Treptau of Berlin, 1925-1927
The firm produced limited numbers of motorcycles with their own engines of 308cc which were only sold locally.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Trianon
Manufactured by Trianon Fahrradwerke Heinrich Wittler jr., of Herford, 1922-1924
The bicycle firm produced 198cc and 233cc motorcycles which did well in competition.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


TX
Manufactured by Westendarp & Pieper GmbH of Berlin, 1924-1926
A commercial clockmaker, the company built motorcycles with 132 and 173cc engines from Bekamo and 247cc Rocanova powerplants. Some models were designed for competition.
There is an association with the AMO brand.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


U

Ude
Manufactured by F.W. Ude Fahrzeugbau, Bielefeld, 1924-1925
The firm built relatively few motorcycles powered by their own 249cc two-stroke engines housed in an unconventional frame.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Uno Rotax
Manufactured by Robert Rieder of Augsburg, 1985-1993.
The Uno 600 was a streetbike powered by a 560cc Rotax delivered 42hp in standard trim and up to 58hp with various tuning options. There was also a racing verions with a 598cc engine.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Urania
Manufactured by Paul Tanner OHG of Cottbus. 1934 to 1939
The cycle firm Urania-Fahrradwerke, founded in 1895, constructed lightweight motorcycles powered by 98cc and 123cc JLO and Sachs engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Urban Motor
Manufactured by Urban Motor GmbH of Kradschmiede, Berlin, from 2009
Peter Dannenberg and Michael Schulz-Vollmers build specials based on BMW, Ducati and MV Agusta motorcycles, Two well-known BMW-powered models are the Brown Sugar and Cafe Racer.
They also retail the CR & S brand.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


URS
Helmut Fath of Ursenbach built URS engines from 1961 to 1969. Fath was a veteran international road racer, and he was out to recapture the world championship for Germany. Housed in a Metisse chassis from Rickman, their machines achieved many wins and podium places ridden by the likes of Paul Smetana, Karl Hoppe and Ferdinand Kaczor.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


V

VIS
Manufactured by VIS Aktiengesellschaft of Munich, 1923-1925
These were remarkable machines, the VIS Simplex and VIS Duplex, the former having a 10hp 498cc twin-cylinder two-stroke, the Simplex with a 249cc engine, both sporting a three-speed gearbox.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Voran
Manufactured by Berliner Kleinmotoren AG, Berlin, 1921-1924
The source of the 143cc engine is obscure, and the extravagent advertising claims about the lightweight motorcycle did not lead to strong sales.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Voss
Manufactured by Louis Voss of Bielefeld, 1921-1923
The firm, which was established in 1902 in the garment industry trading in sewing machines, offered their first motorcycles built by Göricke, apparently under the brand Lovos. These were followed by machine sold as Voss with the strenthened frames by Göricke and the engines from DKW mounted about the rear wheel. In 1925 Louis Voss moved into the automobile field as a Ford agent.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


V.S.
Manufactured in Burgfarrnbach from 1922 to 1924.
The firm built unusual motorcycles with concealed front suspension using 415cc engines (78 x 87mm).
Source: deacademic.com


W

WEKO
Manufactured by Wemhöner, Hilbert & Co. of Bielefeld, 1924-1926
Weko motorcycles were powered by 250cc engines built in their factory. The firm, which had been long established in the bicycle industry, did quite well in local motorcycle competitions.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Wellerdiek
Manufactured by Erwin & Paul Wellerdiek of Brackwede, 1938-1939
Having built bicycles since the 1920s, the venture into motorcycle production was cut short by the National Socialists. The inexpensive lightweight was fitted with a 118cc JLO engine.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Werno
Manufactured by W. Noel & Cie. Motorenfabrik Werno, Berlin, 1921-1923
The Werno Power Wheel (Werno-Kraft-Rad) were fitted with 197cc engines from Rheinische-Motorenwerke in Düsseldorf. Despite the name, the motorcycle was quite conventional with the engine fitted centrally in the frame. (GTU)
Tragatsch tells a slightly different story, saying that the engines were designed and built by Werner Noel and were OHV units of 154 and 197cc, produced until 1924.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch


Wikro
Manufactured by WG Krauss & Co. of Cologne, 1924-1926
Initially Wikro sold (possibly rebadged) Toreador motorcycles with 346cc Precision engines, and then from 1925 offered machines with 347cc and 497cc Blackburne units.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch.


Wimmer
Manufactured in Sulzbach by B. Wimmer & Sohn, 1921-1928 and Otto Wimmer, 1928-1938
Built 134cc auxiliary bicycle engines and later by 137cc and 172cc motorcycles. From 1928 motorcycles were offered with 200, 250, 300 and 500cc engines, some of which were from Bark. The firm had numerous victories in the 175cc races.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Windt
In 1954 to 1958 Fritz Windt of Lage, Lippe, built mopeds with Sachs and JLO engines. Models include: W 50 (JLO FP 50) 1954 and W 56 (JLO FP 50) 1954.
Sources: Moped Archive, GTU Oldtimerservice


Wittekind
Manufactured by Wittekind-Fahrradfabrik of Bielefeld from 1952 to 1955
The bicyle factory produced mopeds with engines from Sachs and Zündapp.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Wittler
The Wittler firm (Heinrich Wittler & Co., postwar Wittler Bros.) of Bleichstraße 77a, Bielefeld,
Founded in 1924, the company built motorcycles powered by 250cc two-strokes during that decade.
Post-war, they built lightweights, mopeds and motorised tricycles using JLO, Sachs and possibly Zundapp engines 1950-1956.
There was also a Wittler moped produced in Horsens, Denmark during the 1950s by Hede Nielsens Fabriker. It seems possible that they were built under licence to the German company, but used engines from VAP, BFC, Estonia, Express and others. There was a considerable variety of models. The same firm apparently built, or marketed, Wotan mopeds.
Sources: Moped Archive, GTU Oldtimerservice, et al.


Württembergia
Manufactured by Württembergia AG, Berlin, 1925-1933
The firm built sports motorcycles using 200cc to 600cc Blackburne engines and Sturmey-Archer gearboxes. When Hitler's jingoist government banned foreign imports in much the same manner as happened during the Trump regime, the end was nigh for the popular Berlin marque.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Z

Zabel
Friedhelm Zabel had been involved in motorcycle racing for some time before he began building his own engines. Early versions were Maico-based 620cc units, and in 1988 he built a water-cooled 685cc two-stroke for motocross sidecars producing over 80hp. Despite its extraordinary output, it weighed a mere 30kg. It was an immediate success.
Source: François-Marie Dumas


Zeugner
Manufactured by Otto Zeugner Motorradbau, Berlin, 1902-1905
Engines from Minerva, Zedel, Fafnir and Peugeot were fitted to strengthened motorcycle frames typical of the era.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Ziejanü
Ziegelgängsberger & Jakob, Untere Kanalstraße 1, Nuremberg, 1924 - 1926
Motorcycles using 211 and 246cc two-strokes, along with 348 and 496cc side-valvev and OHV engines from JAP and Blackburne.
Source: meisterdinger.de


Ziro
1920 to 1925
Founded by Albert Roder and Karl Zirkel in Fürth, later in Forchheim.
Built 150, 250 and 350cc two-stroke machines using rotary valves and were built from 1920 to 1925. The two men also founded the E.M.A.G. company in Erlangen.
Source: deacademic com


Zürtz
Manufactured by Hessische Motorfahrzeugindustrie (Zürtz & Hartmann) of Darmstadt, 1922~1928
Founded in 1922 by the brothers Zürtz, their first motorcycles used DKW two-stroke engines up to 175cc.
When Hessische took over the following year larger machines including the Zürtz Rekord were built using engines from Paquée, Columbus and JAP.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Zwerg
Manufactured by A. König, Plärrer 4, Nuremberg, 1924 - 1925
Production included light motorcycles with 147 and 187cc two-stroke engines.
Source: meisterdinger.de


German Resources

Sources


If you have a query or information about {Title} machines, please contact us

Road & Race Motorcycles
Road and Race Motorcycles

European Cafe Racer Specialists - Ducati, Laverda, Moto Guzzi, MV Agusta... Spare Parts and Restorations