Lech - the first Polish motorcycle.
The manufacturer "'Lech" existed from 1 January 1929 (created by industrialist Waclaw Sawicki and engineer Wladyslaw Zalewski - re-emigrant from the United States - constructor of the vechicles) to 1932. First bikes were presented on General National Exhibition in Poznan. The bike was not big but reliable, equiped with a four stroke, V-twin, 5 hp engins. Pipe frame went over and under fuel tank (10l of petrol, 2l of oil). Both brakes (hand and leg) worked on rear wheel. It was drum brake: inner shoe brake and outer band brake. Gear box was separate and was driven by chain transmition. The engine was very modern. Light alloy pistons, removeable cylinder heads, pressure lubrication and roller bearings on crankshaft necks.
Production of other models (also one cylinder ones) were prepared to ride solo or with sidecar. There was also sport version of Lech prepared for races.
The "Lech" manufactory produced all the main elements. There was even a private foundry there. The motorcycles were as good as foreign constructions. The upgraded version of Lech (with drum front brake, redesigned frame, with tank over it) got 'commendatory letter' on Turist and Comunication Exhibition in Poznan in 1930, as 'high quality, home article".
Some small parts were imported. E.g.: bearings, carburators, electric instalation (Bosh). Lech was a successful bike, as the press stated: '...knowledge and practice gained (by the constructor) in foreign factories, preceded by couple of years of experiments and tests gives full guarantee for good quality and reliability of polish products...'
Facts confirmed that statement: Motorcycles took part in sport competitions and, although they didn't win, they always place highly.
The factory cared about the client. They had a spare parts stock and also replaced old bikes (with surcharge) with new. They also gave free lessons how to ride to all new happy owners of Lech. The factory was developing but couldn't survive the great world crisis. In 1932 the production was stopped. A couple tens of bikes were produced.
Lech model 1929:
Engine: V-twin, four stroke, side valve, about 500cc, 5 hp
Gear box: 3 speeds, changed by hand
Front suspension: springing
Rear suspension: hard
Max speed: about 75 km/h
Few words about the name 'Lech'. The legend says that before Poland was formed there were three guys (brothers?): Lech, Czech and Rus. They met and decided to go their own ways. Rus went east, Czech went south and Lech saw a tree with white eagle and its nest and decided to stay there. Lech was first Pole, the city formed on that place was called Poznan ("poznac" = meet) and the white eagle is the polish national emblem. After one thousand years, near Poznan, comes first polish bike: LECH. Isn't that fascinating?
Submitted by: Marek Kowalskidwusuw at polbox dot com
Some information from:'Polskie motocykle 1918 - 1945' by Jan Tarczynski.
Mon Jan 30 2012
Author researching for novel
Seeking a photograph of 1929 Lech motorcycle (and sidecar?) as part of my research for a novel set in Poland between the wars. Any help gratefully received and will be fully acknowledged in the book. Many thanks, Gary Bryson
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