A Five-cylindered Motor Bicycle.
ON January 15th there appeared in The Motor Cycle, page 56, sectional line drawings of the lightest petrol engine for its power which has ever been constructed. The name of this engine, as readers may remember, is the Esnault-Pelterie, designed and built in ' France for aerial navigation. The engine has several very distinguishing and clever features, principal among which may be mentioned the method of attaching the connecting rods to the crankshaft. The valves are situated in the top of the combustion head, and the inlet and exhaust valves are combined.
We reproduce herewith an illustration in section of the valve arrangement, as without it it would be difficult to understand the method of operating the valves and distributing the inlet and exhaust gases. The line drawing shows the exhaust slide valve A seated. When the slide valve A is opened towards the end of the working stroke, it leaves a free passage foi the exhaust gases to escape through the holes B and C directly into the atmosphere. At the end of the exhaust stroke the slide valve A, instead of closing, opens still further, causing the collar D to come to rest against the corner ot the angle E, so that air cannot enter via C and B. When the collar D is at rest, the inlet holes F are open, and there is direct communication between the carburetter and the cylinder via the holes H and F. The onlv practical difference between the seven-cylindered engine constructed for propelling an aeroplane and the five-cylindered motor bicvcle engine which is the subject of the present article is the number of cylinders The bicycle engine, as will be seen from the accompanying illustrations, has five cylinders staggered round the crank chamber in the the same way as the seven-cylindered engine.
One carburetter serves the whole five cylinders, whereas in the seven-cylindered engine there is one carburetter for each group of cylinders. It will be noticed that the designer of the motor bicycle has cleverly utilised the space occupied by the crank case, and has dished a large flat-faced engine pulley over it. The back belt rim is of wood with wooden arms, and should allow the flat belt to obtain a good grip of the pulley face. The weight of the engine is 60 lbs only, length of wheelbase 3ft. 5in., diameter of front wheel 28in., rear wheel 3oin. The Ignition is by plain coil and make and break contact, and the distributer is the larger of the two cases seen on the side of the crank case in the top picture.
The machine is, of course, intended for pacing purposes, and with its aid a French cyclist (Gombault, paced by Coutant) hopes to beat the record by covering 100 kilometres within the hour.
The MotorCycle, June 3rd, 1908 Page 433
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