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German Motorcycles

History of Horex Motorcycles

Horex began in 1923

In 1920 motorcycle and automobile racer Fritz Kleemann persuaded his father Friedrich Kleemann (1868-1949), financial manager at the Rex Konservenglas Gesellschaft (preservative jar manufacturing company) in Bad Homburg to buy the nearby Columbus Motorenbau AG, a small motor factory in Oberursel, near Taunus.

Kleemann built the first machines under the Gnom marque, delivered from the Columbus Engine factory.

In 1923 Fritz Kleemann (1901-1975), founded Horex-Fahrzeugbau AG, the name being derived the name from his town HOmburg and his father's preservative jar company REX. He was also a motorcycle racer and was riding his own Horex machine with a 248cc OHV engine.

In 1925 he had financial problems with his business and partnered with Columbus. The new firm's first motorcycle was a 600cc side valve, followed by a 4 valve 600cc OHV model, the S 64.

In 1938 their SB 35 350cc machine appeared, and the engine was also supplied to Victoria for their KR 35 model. During World War Two Horex production was suspended, resuming in 1948 with the SB 35 being the first post-war model available.

In 1950 the modern SB 35 Regina began production, a beautiful single cylinder machine.

By 1953 the range included Regina 250, 350 and 400cc models, with aluminium heads.

In 1954 Horex built the Imperator model, a 400cc twin, and 446cc version which was sold on the American market as the Horex Citation.

In 1955 Horex Resident model appeared. Model 8, 350cc, ohv, single and model 11, 250cc, ohv, single.

In 1956 Horex production was only 2790 motorcycles. This was only 15% of the 1953 top year production, therefore Horex decided not to produce motorcycles and produced only parts for Daimer-Benz.

In 1960 Daimler-Benz took over, ending the Horex era.

Horex Models

  • 1921 GNOM: 62.5cc, Single.
  • HOREX
  • 1924 Model L, 250cc, Single.
  • 1924 Horex 500 SV Single
  • 1925 Model T5, 500cc SV Single.
  • 1925 Model T55, 550cc SV Single.
  • 1925 Model: T6, 600cc SV Single.
  • 1925 Model Horex, 250cc, two-stroke, Single.
  • 1928-1933 Model S5 and SS5, 500cc OHV Single.
  • 1928-1933 Model T5, 500cc SV Single.
  • 1928-1933 Model T6, HM, 600cc SV Single.
  • 1930-1933 Model T5, 500cc SV Single.
  • 1930-1933 Model T6, 600cc SV Single.
  • 1931-1938 Model S2, 200cc OHV Single.
  • 1931-1938 Model S3, 300cc, OHV, Single.
  • 1933-1935 Model S6, 600cc OHC Twin.
  • 1933-1936 Model S8, 800cc OHC Twin.
  • 1934-1935 Model T5, 500cc SV Single
  • 1934-1939 Model S5, IM and AIM, 500cc,OHV, Single.
  • 1934-1939 Model S35, 350cc OHV Single.
  • 1934-1941 Model T6, 600cc SV Single.
  • 1935-1937 Model T5, 500cc SV Single.
  • 1935-1937 Model S64, 600cc OHV Single.
  • 1937-1940 Model S6, 600cc, OHV , Single.
  • 1937-1940 Model T5, C1M, 500cc SV Single.
  • 1938-1939 Model S25, 250cc OHV Single.
  • 1939-1940 Model SB35, 350cc OHV Single.
  • Horex Post-War Models

  • 1947 Model EM, 500cc SV Single.
  • 1948-1950 Model SB35, 350cc, blockmotor.
  • 1950 Regina. Type E1M, 350cc OHV single.
  • 1951 Regina Sport Type E 1 M, 350cc OHV single.
  • 1952 Imperator Type Q1M, 500cc OHC twin
  • 1952 Regina Type 2 and Regina V, 250cc OHV singles
  • 1952 Regina Type 3, 350cc OHV Single
  • 1953 Regina. Type 6, 400cc OHV Single.
  • 1954 Imperator. Type 7, 400cc OHV Twin.
  • 1955 Resident 250. Type 11, 250cc OHV Single.
  • 1955 Resident 350. Type 8, 350cc OHV Single.
  • 1956 Horex Rebell Moped. Type 10, 50cc two-stroke.
  • 1957 Stamo Type 18, 400, 450 and 452cc OHC Twin.

  • When Horex closed, Friedel Münch purchased one of their factories to produce the mighty Munch Mammut.

    Sources: Makis MC Classic, et al.

    N.B. The archive from which this page was derived had numerous factual errors when first posted. No doubt some remain. Jan 2021.



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