BAT Motor Manufacturing Co of Kingswood Road, Penge, London produced
motorcycles from 1901 to 1925.
The marque originated from the name of the founder - Samuel Batson, although
early advertisements depicted a cricket bat and the mammal.
1901 After many years as a cyclist, Samuel Batson became interested in
motorcycles. From their study he patented many improvements, built a demonstration
model and approached manufacturers - with little success.
1902 Batson set up his own business at Kingswood Road, Penge, London to
build machines - one of which was soon setting records and ridden by F.
W. Chase. The machine was fairly primitive in design, with a De
Dion engine. An optional sprung sub-frame was also available.
1903 Following on from its success the previous year, BAT earned the slogan
'Best After Test'. For that year the engine was an MMC
and it was fitted with pedals. T. H. Tessier joined the firm and went on
to achieve many records riding BAT machines.
1904 A forecar model was produced, powered by a water-cooled engine and
some machines had Minerva engines.
1905 Tessier bought the company after Batson failed to find a good market.
1906 Engine use switched to JAP, Stevens and Soncin. For road use there were singles and V-twins with the option of either a rigid or sprung frame.
1907 Tessier entered the the first Isle Of Man TT, but retired.
1908 A BAT came second at the TT, in the twin-cylinder class, but that was the best they would ever do in the Island. By now BAT was known for its speed and comfort. It was also
successful at Brooklands, as its build suited the track.
1909 The range increased to include a 2½ hp lightweight model and larger singles with mechanically operated inlet-valves, while the twins still had the older aiv type. Also
listed were racing versions, sidecar models and a quadricycle - a motorcycle with a removable sidecar and two steering front wheels.
1910 Production problems forced the company to reduce the range to three
1910 Stanley Show The Bat Motor Manufacturing Co.
Twelve machines will be staged here, consisting of one or two of each model made by the Bat Co. A Bat side-car will also be shown fitted up to a motor-cycle, and the J.A.P. engines in parts can be inspected on the stand. The Bat spring frame is fitted to all models, excepting the two new T.T. types. All machines are belt-driven, and have magneto ignition driven by bevel gearing mounted on ball bearing, while automatic lubrication is also fitted universally. Amongst the improvements for the new year will be new spring forks to take rebound of spring arm, and stronger springs generally. There will also be large tank fillers, petrol filters, strengthened luggage carrier, new type of stand, etc.
1912 The concentration was now on twins and a countershaft gearbox with kickstarter and clutch in the rear hub had replaced the two-speed P
and M gear.
1913 The singles were dropped; the TT model had ohv and the 8hp had all-chain drive. More models appeared and all were V-twins with variations of transmission. Sporting success
continued and one of the machines managed to come in seventh in the Senior TT.
WWI. Some machines were sold to Russia although payment was not always
1917 The company stopped building motorcycles and turned to producing shell
1919-1921 The name returned in 1919, in the form of both 6hp and 8hp V-twin models with three speeds and chain drive. Those machines were constructed from a variety of spares on
the store shelf, and a 4hp V-twin appeared in 1921.
1922 The company was taken over by Tessier's sons.
1923 The twin models were joined by a 2¾hp single. The company took over another manufacturer, Martinsyde.
1925 The make went on to became BAT-Martinsyde. Its two twins were added to the BAT range. Financial problems
meant that it was their final year.