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Czech Motorcycles

Motorcycles Built in Czechoslovakia

Notes on some of the rarer Czech marques

This page lists brands of which little historical information is currently available.
For a more complete listing visit the Czech Index.

A

Avon
Marketed by Augustin Vondrich, Prague-Karlín, Vinohradská tr.9, a bicycle dealer, this was a rebranded Premier 98cc Sachs.
Source: South-Bohemian MC Museum, et al.


B

Barry
Manufactured by the brothers Bardas in Moravia, 1932-1939
Friedrich Drkosch designed racing motorcycles with 247cc engines, and also the 98cc two-stroke "Barry Volksmotorrad".
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


BD Logo

BD
Manufactured by Breitfeld & Danek, Prague 1927-1929
Designed by the famed JF Koch the BD unit-construction DOHC 498cc single quickly became a very popular mount.
BD also built sidecars and sidecar combinations. In 1928 they supplied the police force with 30 such outfits, and 40 solos went to the military.
The firm was purchased by Praga and the BD became the Praga BD - and a legend was born.
Source: South-Bohemian MC Museum


Bekamo (CZ)
The Czech branch of the German firm used the Westendarp & Pieper TX machines as the basis for their 129 cc and 173 cc motorcycles, using German Bekamo engines until 1925 when the engines were built locally. There is a suggestion of the use of frames built by Aeros of Kaaden.
The Bekamo factory in Czechoslovakia was active from about 1923 until 1930.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Bezdez
Manufactured in Bezdezem 1923-1926
The Czech factory built auxiliary bicycle engines and light motorcycles with 145cc single-cylinder engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Blata
Founded by Pavel Blata in Blansko, production began in the 1980s of scooters and minibikes. Blata himself had been a competition rider in off-road and endurance events. The firm remains active and markets 30 to 40cc machines.
Sources: www.blata.cz, wikipedia


BV
Manufactured by Balzer & Vemola, Prostejova 1923-1930
The firm produced almost all components, including engines and gearboxes, in their own factory.
They built a 173 cc two-stroke, along with 346 cc and 496 cc single cylinder four-strokes, and in 1925 an OHC 496cc racing motorcycle.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


C

CAS
Manufactured by Ceska Automobilova Spolecnost, Prague 1921-1924
Built two-stroke motorcycles and scooters of 173cc and 225 cc, some of which were distinctive with their full disc wheels. The scooter was lean, long and low, with the engine mounted behind the forks at the rider's feet. The firm also built microcars powered by 129cc and 147cc boxer-twin engines.
Cas scooter (1921) - 180cc, 0,9 kW, 35 km/h max speed, weight 48 kg.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Caslavia
Manufactured by Buhumil Hudec Velocipedy, Caslav 1902-1903
No further information at present.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


D

Dálník
Manufactured by Jan Anderle, Prague
Dálník 250 Prototyp (circa 1942) 248.5cc, 9 hp, weight 120 kg.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


E

Eisler
Manufactured by Tovarna na Stroje, Eisler & Spol., Morava 1920-1926
Established as a manufacturer of agricultural machinery, production of auxiliary bicycle engines began around 1920. These 148cc two-strokes were used in their motorcycles which had a bright red chassis.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


ESO
Manufactured by Eso (Jawa), Divisov 1949-1969
Built speedway, moto-cross and road-going motorcycles with OHV engines of 250cc to 500cc. Early in the 1960s production was devoted entirely to speedway machines, and this factory was taken over by Jawa in 1969. Production of the speedway bikes continued but under the Jawa name.
See also ESO Joli
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


H

Hurikan
Manufactured in Ceské-Budéjovic c1944-1949
Designed by Jaroslav Vlk, the Hurikan had an OHC 250cc engine and was considered an advanced sports machine, the last of which was produced in 1949.
A 250cc factory road-racer was campaigned by the factory rider František Irmis of Lišov until 1952. The machine had alloy fuel and oil tanks, Borani rims and a 21in front wheel. It also had a 350cc engine available for use in that class.
A single example of a 350cc machine was built, designed for endurance racing. It was unit-construction, OHC, with 4-speed gearbox and swinging-arm rear suspension. It has been restored is displayed in the museum.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, South-Bohemian MC Museum


I

Itar
Manufactured by Jaroslav Janatka, Automontage, Prague, 1920s
Itar motorcycles were initially supplied almost exclusively to the Czech armed forces, but orders ceased in 1926 and the firm experience difficulties. It was taken over, and construction was limited to single cylinder models of the British fashion. Production stopped in 1930.
Itar 710 of 1924: 706 cm3, 14 hp, 90 km/h max speed, 170 kg weight. Boxer engine positioned longitudinally.
Itar 1926-1930. JAP ohv engine, 350cc and 500cc, Burman Gearbox, drum brakes front and rear (1929).
Source: South-Bohemian MC Museum


J

JAC
Manufactured by Tovarna na Motocykly, JA Cvach, Horazdovice 1929-1932
The motorcycle has a unit-construction 498cc engine with cardan shaft drive and a steel frame, and a very low saddle.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Jelinek
Manufactured by Josef Jelinek, Vyroba Motocyklu, Prague 1902-1908
The motorcycles used engines from Orion, Minerva and Fafnir. A Fafnir model is on display at the Museum Burg Kámen.
Jelinek 1904 397cc, 2.5 hp, 60 km/h max speed, 65 kg weight. An example of this machine is exhibited at the National Technical Museum, Prague.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

K

Kohout
Manufactured by Petr Kohout & Co., Brno 1905-1907
Motorcycles were built using single-cylinder Minerva and Fafnir engines of 2.5 hp and 2.75 hp.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


L

Linser, Zeus
Manufactured by 1902-1910 Christian Linser, Reichenberg, Bohemia
Founded in 1858, the company was one of the oldest metalwork factories in the Austro-Hungarian realm, and had its own foundry.
Their first 492cc single-cylinder motorcycles were marketed under the name Zeus, which they changed in 1906 to Linser after which they produced mainly 618cc V-twins until 1912. They then produced automotive parts for other manufacturers.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p194, wikipedia.nl


M

Merfait
Manufactured by Bedrich Merfait, Prague 1905-1916
Presented the 2hp belt-drive v-twin motorcycle at the 1905 Prague Motor Show,
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Motor Company
Built by Motor Company, Prague
These were the most expensive motorcycles built in the country at the time. They used JAP engines, Sturmey Archer transmissions and Brampton forks. Production figures were low.
Motor Company 1000 (1924) 980cc, 22 hp, 100 km/h max speed, weight 177 kg. An example of this machine is exhibited at the National Technical Museum, Prague.


N

Nawratil
Manufactured by Emanuel Nawratil, Dombrová 1907-1908
The 3 hp motorcycle ran an evaporative carburettor.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


O

Orlice
Manufactured by Rudolf Stásek, Týniste nad Orlice, 1904-1908
These were unremarkable single cylinder machines with magneto ignition. The firm also produced bicycles, continuing until 1939.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


P

Pavlicek
Manufactured by Hynek Pavlicek, Tischnowitz 1909-1913
Using Kohout engines, the firm built motorcycles with a very long wheelbase requiring very long handlebars as the saddle was situated well to the rear.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Perun
Manufactured by Josef Zdarky, Podolia 1906-1926
Most of the firm's output consisted of 500cc motorcycles with Sturmey Archer gearboxes.
Perun 1909 3 HP, 454cc, 70 km/h max speed, weight 67 kg.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Polanecky
Manufactured by Zdenek Polanecký, Prague 1913-1915
The small firm produced motorcycles with its own patented engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Poustka
Built by František Poustka, Prague, 1924-1934
Poustka 150 (1923) 147cc, 4.7 hp, 60 km/h max speed, weight 68 kg.


Premier
Manufactured by Akciová spol. 1913-1933 (or 1931)
Premier was a British firm founded in Coventry in 1908. A branch was formed in Nuremberg in 1911, and the company moved to Eger shortly before the onset of the first war. After the demise of the English parent company, Premier CZ developed their own models fitted with JAP and Python engines from Rudge-Whitworth. During the 1920s the Czech factory became the largest producer of motorcycles in the country.
Premier 500 Model SL 39 (1931) 494cc 22 hp, 140 km/h max speed, weight 140 kg.
Premier Liliput (1920s), 299cc two-stroke with 2-speed gearbox (3-speed Sturmey-Archer optional), belt drive (chain optional)
Premier-Sachs 98cc 1938-39.
The firm also built bicycles and delivery tricycles.
See also Premier Cycle Co.
Sources: meisterdinger.de,South-Bohemian MC Museum, et al.


R

Republic

La motocicletta Republic Appartiene alla ditta Laurin et Klement di Jungbunzlau (Boemia) e in essa noi vcdiamo finalmente adottato il duc ciliudri al motociclo, le cui vibrazioni, urti e scosse durante la marcia vengono cosi ad essere ridotte notevolissimamente.

The Republic Appartiene motorcycle is from the Laurin et Klement company of Jungbunzlau (Bohemia), and in it we finally adopted the twin cylinder engine to the motorcycle, whose vibration, impact and shock during the gear are to be reduced considerably.
Tipo 1905
2, 21/2, 3, 31/2 HP. a un cilindri
3, 4, 5 HP. a duo cilindri
5 HP. a quattro cilindri

Sources: Period literature



  • Rösler & Jauernig
    Manufactured in Aussig 1903-1907
    The Rösler & Jauernig bicycle factory created an automobile and motorcycle division in 1903. Motorcycles came in three single-cylinder versions: 2.5, 2.75 and 3.5 hp, with a capacity of 317cc or 427cc. They were fitted with a modern carburetor, Bosch magneto ignition and, unusual for the time, chain drive.
    Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


    Rozehnal
    Manufactured by Vladimir Rozehnal, Paskau 1905-1909
    The entire motorcycle including the engine was built in the small factory. The engines were vertical singles with an external flywheel and transmission was by belt.
    Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


    S

    Satan
    Built by Šikýř-Rott (Sikyr-Rott), Prague
    Satan (1930) 540cc sidevalve, 10 hp, 90 km/h max speed, weight 158 kg. Saddle tank and two seats each suspended by long thin shock absorbers.
    Sources: South-Bohemian MC Museum, et al.


    Schmidt
    Manufactured by Adolf Schmidt, Bohemian-Leipa 1901-1902
    The second-oldest motorcycle firm in Czechoslovakia, their machines used frames from Dürkopp and Styria fitted with Kelecom engines.
    Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


    Slavia
    Manufactured in Mladá Boleslav (Bohemia)
    The marque was established in 1895 by mechanic Václav Laurin and bookseller Václav Klement. Their first motorcycles appeared in 1899, and shortly thereafter changed the name of the firm to Laurin & Clement. The firm eventually became Skoda.
    Models:
    Slavia B (1901) - Laurin & Klement, 240 cm3, 1.5 kW (2 hp), 40 km / h max speed, 55 kg weight.
    Slavia Bz (1905) - Laurin & Klement 331 cm3, 1.8 kW (2.5 hp), 60 km / h max speed, 58 kg weight.
    Slavia CCR (1905) - Laurin & Klement 812 cm3, 3.7 kW (5 hp), 85 km / h max speed, 76 kg weight.


    Stefania
    Manufactured by Möldner & Skreta, Liberec 1903-1904
    The Czech bicycle factory briefly built motorcycles with 305cc engines.
    Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


    SRK
    Stanislav and Rudolf Kubicek from Ceské Budejovice built a single exaample of a two-stroke motorcycle. It is worthy of mention because of the interesting tale with which it is involved.
    Source: South-Bohemian MC Museum


    Sumava
    Built by Jaroslav Pichner, Klatovy, Šumava, 1938
    The small firm produced a lightweight pedal-assisted 98cc Sachs machine.
    As the machines were very similar to the Tripoli of 1938 built in nearby Rokycany, it is likely that the two firms co-operated. Both were bicycle manufacturers.
    Sources: South-Bohemian MC Museum, http://historickakolapisek.cz.


    T

    Torpedo
    Manufactured by Frantisek Trojan & Nagl, Krolin 1903-1914
    Their motorcycles were fitted with 3hp Benz engines.
    Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


    Tripol
    Built by Tripol Fahrradfabrik GmbH., Rokycan (near Pilsen), 1925~1938
    The small firm produced motorcycles with 246 cc Villiers engines, and in 1938 marketed a pedal-assisted 2-speed 98cc Sachs machine.
    Sources: South-Bohemian MC Museum, Tragatsch p284.


    V

    Vechet
    Manufactured by Vojmir Vechet, Nymburk 1906-1908
    The majority of the motorcycles produced by the factory were sidecar combinations with engines which were most likely from Laurin & Klement.
    Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


    Vulcan
    Manufactured from 1904 to 1907 in Turnau
    Founded by J. & F. Zdarsky, the firm changed hands in 1906 with Karel Ruzicka the new owner. Models include the single-cylinder Type B 3.5 hp and the Type CD 4.5 hp V-twin, both of 1904, and a Type C 3.5 hp single in 1905.
    Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


    W

    Wacek
    Manufactured by Augustin Wacek, Pecha 1908-1914
    The small firm marketed modified rebadged Orlice motorcycles.
    Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


    Walter
    There were two Walter marques. The first was manufactured by Josef Walter, Prague 1898-1922.
    The company details for the early years are listed as Josef Walter, Výroba motocyklů a automobilů, Smíchov (Bohemia)
    Founded as a bicycle manufacturer, the first motorcycle was built in 1901 and entered production in 1903, continuing until 1912 when the firm switched to the automobile industry.
    A 1909 Walter Model B 1022cc machine is on display at the National Technical Museum, Prague.
    Walter, Post WWII

    Josef's son Jaroslaw, who worked for CZ after 1949 as chief engineer for sports and racing machines, is believed to have continued motorcycle production under the Walter marque until 1948.

    One of these is in the collecton of the Solvang museum, California, a 250cc OHC or possibly DOHC road-racer with plunger suspension.

    There is no relationship to Walter of Germany.

    There is also a Walter sidecar made in Germany - see the page on Sidecars
    Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, et al.


    Weber & Reichmann
    Manufactured by Weber & Reichmann, Maschinen- und Kettenfabrik, Warnsdorf (1923 - 1926)
    Built 142cc and 172 cc two-stroke motorcycles under DKW license
    Source: Wikipedia NL








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