Czech Motorcycles

Motorcycles Built in Czechoslovakia

Notes on some of the rarer Czech marques

This page lists brands for which we currently have only an historical precis.
For a more complete listing visit the Czech Index.


AHRA logo

Established in Hradec Kralové by father and son team Vaclav and Karel Rathouski.
In the 1960s they produced a number of 50cc and 125cc road-racing machines. These continued into the 1970s, joined at times by 250cc models and a 175cc triple. In 2010, the firm announced a 5-valve supermono with 6-speed gearbox.
The marque has had many successes including a 5th place in the 1971 50cc Constructors World Championship.
Sources: cold-war-racers.com, motorkari.cz, ahra.cz, et al.

Marketed by Augustin Vondrich, Prague-Karlín, Vinohradská tr.9, a bicycle dealer, this was a rebranded Premier 98cc Sachs.
Source: South-Bohemian MC Museum, et al.


Manufactured by the brothers Bardas in Moravia, 1932-1939
Friedrich Drkosch designed racing motorcycles with 247cc engines, and also the 98cc two-stroke "Barry Volksmotorrad".
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Breitfeld Danek - BD

Bekamo (CZ)
The Czech branch of the German firm used the Westendarp & Pieper TX machines as the basis for their 129 cc and 173 cc motorcycles, using German Bekamo engines until 1925 when the engines were built locally. There is a suggestion of the use of frames built by Aeros of Kaaden.
The Bekamo factory in Czechoslovakia was active from about 1923 until 1930.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Bezdezem 1923-1926
The Czech factory built auxiliary bicycle engines and light motorcycles with 145cc single-cylinder engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Founded by Pavel Blata in Blansko, production began in the 1980s of scooters and minibikes. Blata himself had been a competition rider in off-road and endurance events. The firm remains active and markets 30 to 40cc machines.
Sources: www.blata.cz, wikipedia

Built under licence to Alcyon using 98cc engines by the bicycle firm Fuchs & Co of Zuchmantel, only a small number were produced.
Source: Tragatsch p94

Manufactured by Balzer & Vemola, Prostejova 1923-1930
The firm produced almost all components, including engines and gearboxes, in their own factory.
They built a 173 cc two-stroke, along with 346 cc and 496 cc single cylinder four-strokes, and in 1925 an OHC 496cc racing motorcycle, campaigned by Julius Vermola.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p99


Manufactured by Ceska Automobilova Spolecnost, Prague 1920-1924
Designed by J. Reichzeigel, the firm produced two-stroke motorcycles and scooters of 173cc and 225cc, some of which were distinctive with their full disc wheels. The scooter was lean, long and low, with the engine mounted behind the forks at the rider's feet, and were built under licence to Autoped of New York where the scooter became notorious as the getaway choice for the world's first bikey gangs.
Cas scooter (1921) - 180cc, 0.9 kW, 35 km/h max speed, weight 48 kg.
The same scooter was also built in the UK, and in Germany by Krupp.
CAS also built microcars powered by 129cc and 147cc boxer-twin engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p 101, oldbike.eu, et al.

CAS 1920 Lightweight

Novel saddle suspension and two, bell rim brakes working on a common pivot are distinctive points of the C.A.S. lightweight; otherwise it closely follows British lines.

CAS 1920 Scooter

The C.A.S. scooter; it is fitted with a flat twin engine.

The Motor Cycle in Czecho-Slovakia

Activity in the New Republic. British Design becoming Standard on the Continent. New Motor Cycles and Seat Type Scooters.

(By Our Special Correspondent.)

In view of the importance now attached to the export side of the motor cycle industry, it is interesting to know that British motor cycle design now sets the vogue in many countries where hitherto the motor cycle has not been at all popular.

Due to faulty development, poor engnie design, etc., local makes were not much sought alter, while the more advanced British types were speedily bought up by the public, who had a keen eye for the practical side of the pastime, and refused to ride the hopelessly top-heavy mounts supplied by many Continental makers.

British Influence.

At present, the latest models of the Continental makers have a strong British flavour, as is illustrated in the leading Czecho-Slovak make, the C.A.S.

The motor scooter, too, is popular here, which fact in itself speaks volumes for this new style of vehicle. For in such a hilly country the standard of efficiency for machines to be of any practical use must needs be a high one.

Both machines mentioned were exhibited at the recent Prague Show, where they met with much favourable comment, many orders being booked by the C.A.S. Co.

The Motor Cycle, October 28th, 1920. p492

Manufactured by Buhumil Hudec Velocipedy, Caslav 1902-1903
No further information at present.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Manufactured by Jan Anderle, Prague
Dálník 250 Prototyp (circa 1942) 248.5cc, 9 hp, weight 120 kg.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice
NB. Dalnik is a generic term meaning cabin motorcycle, referred to in German as "einspurauto".


Manufactured by Tovarna na Stroje, Eisler & Spol., Morava 1920-1926
Established as a manufacturer of agricultural machinery, production of auxiliary bicycle engines began around 1920. These 148cc two-strokes were used in their motorcycles which had a bright red chassis.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Eso (Jawa), Divisov 1949-1969
Built speedway, moto-cross and road-going motorcycles with OHV engines of 250cc to 500cc. Early in the 1960s production was devoted entirely to speedway machines, and this factory was taken over by Jawa in 1969. Production of the speedway bikes continued but under the Jawa name.
See also ESO Joli
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Built by Gustav Heinz 1924-1925 using 172cc Villiers engines. Heinz was also the creator of the Sirocco and Velamos marques.
Source: Tragatsch p145.

Built in 1925-1932, designed by Joseph Matyas. Models included a 246cc two-stroke, and IOE and OHC 348cc MAG-engined models.
Source: Tragatsch p152




Manufactured by Jaroslav Janatka, Automontage, Prague, 1920s
Itar motorcycles were initially supplied almost exclusively to the Czech armed forces, but orders ceased in 1926 and the firm experienced difficulties. It was taken over, and construction was limited to single cylinder models of the British fashion. Production stopped in 1930.
Itar 710 of 1924: 706 cm3, 14 hp, 90 km/h max speed, 170 kg weight. Boxer engine positioned longitudinally.
Itar 1926-1930. JAP ohv engine, 350cc and 500cc, Burman Gearbox, drum brakes front and rear (1929).
Source: South-Bohemian MC Museum


Manufactured by Tovarna na Motocykly, JA Cvach, Horazdovice 1929-1932
The motorcycle has a unit-construction 498cc engine with cardan shaft drive and a steel frame, and a very low saddle.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Josef Jelinek, Vyroba Motocyklu, Prague 1902-1908
The motorcycles used engines from Orion, Minerva and Fafnir. A Fafnir model is on display at the Museum Burg Kámen.
Jelinek 1904 397cc, 2.5 hp, 60 km/h max speed, 65 kg weight. An example of this machine is exhibited at the National Technical Museum, Prague.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

120cc bicycle engines built in 1929-1934, they were also sold complete with Praga bicycles (no relation to Praga motorcycles). They had rudimentary leaf-spring rear suspension.
Source: Tragatsch p181


Built in Brno 1924-1926 using 247cc 3-port two-strokes of their own manufacture.
Source: Tragatsch 184.

Built in 1934-1935
When Praga ceased motorcycle production the chief designer, J.F. Koch established a factory building limited numbers of advanced OHC machines.
Source: Tragatsch p185.

Manufactured by Petr Kohout & Co., Brno 1905-1907
Motorcycles were built using single-cylinder Minerva and Fafnir engines of 2.5 hp and 2.75 hp.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

kuberg logo
Electric MX, street and junior motorcycles. Introduced at the Munich Motorcycle Show 2012.

Resources: kuberg.com, fb.com/kubergmotorcycles


Linser & Zeus


Built in 1929-1930
Shaft-drive four-cylinder sidevalve machines built by Bugatti racer Milos Bondy. The engine was a very compact square four but suffered from overheating.
Source: Tragatsch p202, François-Marie Dumas

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Built in the Avia factory of Milos Bondy. The 498cc engine, designed by Slechta, had a rotary valve head similar to the Soyer face-cam design. It did not achieve production and was replaced by another Bondy marque, the MAT.
Source: Tragatsch p205.

Built 996cc V-twins designed by Vladimir Guth in 1924-1927.
Source: Tragatsch p205

Manufactured by Bedrich Merfait, Prague 1905-1916
Presented the 2hp belt-drive v-twin motorcycle at the 1905 Prague Motor Show,
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built by František Radvan, 1909-1926
Initially they built bicycle attachment engines of 211cc, and these were followed by 3-port two-strokes of 147 and 169cc. After 1924 they built the Radvan using DKW engines. Production ceased in 1926 due to hyperinflation.
Source: Tragatsch p208

Motor Company


Built by Motor Company, Prague
These were the most expensive motorcycles built in the country at the time. They used JAP engines, Sturmey Archer transmissions and Brampton forks. Production figures were low.
Motor Company 1000 (1924) 980cc, 22 hp, 100 km/h max speed, weight 177 kg. An example of this machine is exhibited at the National Technical Museum, Prague.


Manufactured by Emanuel Nawratil, Dombrová 1907-1908
The 3 hp motorcycle ran an evaporative carburettor.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built small numbers motorcycles powered by 346 and 490 JAP SV and OHV engines from 1923 to 1927.
Source: Tragatsch p225.


Manufactured by Rudolf Stásek, Týniste nad Orlice, 1904-1908
These were unremarkable single cylinder machines with magneto ignition. The firm also produced bicycles, continuing until 1939.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Manufactured by Hynek Pavlicek, Tischnowitz 1909-1913
Using Kohout engines, the firm built motorcycles with a very long wheelbase requiring very long handlebars as the saddle was situated well to the rear.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Between 1921 and 1924 the firm built small numbers of lightweight motorcycles and scooters using 170cc two-stroke engines.
Source: Tragatsch p248

Manufactured by Zdenek Polanecký, Prague 1913-1915
The small firm produced motorcycles with its own patented engines.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice



Built by František Poustka, Prague, 1924-1934
Poustka 150 (1923) Villiers 147cc, 4.7 hp, 60 km/h max speed, weight 68 kg.
Source: jawaczclub.nl

Premier of Czechoslovia


Manufactured by Laurin & Klement, 1902

Destined for export markets, this was a cheaper version of the L&K motorcycle. It is not clear whether it entered production.

Source: libormarcik.cz


Built in 1909-1926
Fitted DKW two-strokes 145 and 174cc. Radvan also built the Meteor.
Source: Tragatsch p258.


Rösler & Jauernig
Manufactured in Aussig 1903-1907
The Rösler & Jauernig bicycle factory created an automobile and motorcycle division in 1903. Motorcycles came in three single-cylinder versions: 2.5, 2.75 and 3.5 hp, with a capacity of 317cc or 427cc. They were fitted with a modern carburetor, Bosch magneto ignition and, unusual for the time, chain drive.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Richter & Kroboth Motorfahrzeuge, Šternberk, Mähren, 1924-1926
Fitted light scooters with Villiers 147 and 172cc two-strokes. Gustav Kroboth moved to Bavaria after WWII and produced the Kroboth scooters and microcars.
Source: Tragatsch p261

Manufactured by Vladimir Rozehnal, Paskau 1905-1909
The entire motorcycle including the engine was built in the small factory. The engines were vertical singles with an external flywheel and transmission was by belt.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built in 1924-1929. Fitted with Villiers engines of 147, 172 and 346cc.
Source: Tragatsch p267


Built a small number of motorcycles using Villiers 247cc engines betweeen 1928 and 1930
Source: Tragatsch p268



Built by Šikýř-Rott (Sikyr-Rott), Prague
Satan (1930) 540cc sidevalve, 10 hp, 90 km/h max speed, weight 158 kg. Saddle tank and two seats each suspended by long thin shock absorbers.
Sources: South-Bohemian MC Museum, Tragatsch p269, et al.

Manufactured by Adolf Schmidt, Bohemian-Leipa 1901-1902
The second-oldest motorcycle firm in Czechoslovakia, their machines used frames from Dürkopp and Styria fitted with Kelecom engines.
There was also a Schmidt marque in Germany in the 1920s.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built a small number of motorcycles in 1929-1931 fitted with 598cc OHV Sarolea engines.
Source: Tragatsch p272

Built by the Gustav Heinz using Villiers engines of 147cc to 346cc. Heinz also built the Velalmos
Source: Tragatsch p274.

Frantisek Skopec built a 498cc two-stroke 3-port single in limited numbers, 1924-1926.
Source: Tragatsch p274.


Manufactured by Möldner & Skreta, Liberec 1903-1904
The Czech bicycle factory briefly built motorcycles with 305cc engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Stanislav and Rudolf Kubicek from Ceské Budejovice built a single example of a two-stroke motorcycle. It is worthy of mention because of the interesting tale with which it is involved.
Source: South-Bohemian MC Museum

Built by Jaroslav Pichner, Klatovy, Šumava, 1938
The small firm produced a lightweight pedal-assisted 98cc Sachs machine.
As the machines were very similar to the Tripol of 1938 built in nearby Rokycany, it is likely that the two firms co-operated. Both were bicycle manufacturers.
Sources: South-Bohemian MC Museum, http://historickakolapisek.cz.



Built in Czechoslovakia 1946-49
Erwin Tragatsch built long and grass-track and speedway machines along with road racers powered by mostly JAP speedway engines of 348 and 498cc. He is the author of the book which resides on every motorcycle historians shelf and is a primary source of reference.
Long before the book Schindler's Ark was written by Australian author Tom Keneally and subsequently turned into a film of the same name by Stephen Speilberg, Tragatsch wrote a piece on Oskar Schindler which was only discovered long after Erwin's death.

More information:

tripol logo

Built by Tripol Fahrradfabrik GmbH., Rokycan (near Pilsen), 1925~1938
The small firm produced motorcycles with 246 cc Villiers engines, and in 1938 marketed a pedal-assisted 2-speed 98cc Sachs machine.
Sources: South-Bohemian MC Museum, Tragatsch p284.


Manufactured by Vojmir Vechet, Nymburk 1906-1908
The majority of the motorcycles produced by the factory were sidecar combinations with engines which were most likely from Laurin & Klement.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built by the Gustav Heinz, who also built the Sirocco, the motorcycles were powered by their own 3 port deflector piston type two-stroke engines of 246, 346 and 496cc. They were raced by Kliwar Zesper and Heinz. Production of bicycles continued after the Russians seized control of the country.

After WWI brothers Josef and Gustav Heinz sold and repaired bicycles and motorcycles in Rapotín. In 1924 they bought land and established a factory, and by 1928 were producing 100 bicycles annually. They formed an agreement with Puch and imported parts from Austria, with production rising considerably.

During this period the firm invested considerable amounts to ensure the health and security of their employees.
Sources: sterba-bike.cz, Tragatsch p.259, petrovnaddesnou.cz

Built in 1923-1926 by motorcycle racer Hynek Vohanka using 147cc Villiers and 123 and 174cc Bekamo engines.
Source: Tragatsch p291.

VM Motor
The Praga company was bought by Vladimír Vácha in 2004, and using the Praga equipment developed the VM Motor 610F Motocross model. It is not clear whether it was ever brought to market, but they fielded a team for the 2009 Czech Championship. Their website gives no further news after 2009, nor does their Facebook page. Their main product is go-kart engines. (October 2020)
See also: vmmotor.com

Vulcan (Vulkan)
Manufactured from 1904 to 1907 in Turnau (Turnov)
Founded by cousins Josef and František Žďárský (Zdarsky), the firm changed hands in 1906 with Karel Růžička (Ruzicka) the new owner. Models include the single-cylinder Type B 3.5 hp and the Type CD 4.5 hp V-twin, both of 1904, and a Type C 3.5 hp single in 1905.
Tragatsch gives manufacture dates of 1904-1924, and indicates that Josef Zdarsky then built Perun motorcycles until 1926.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, idnes.cz, Tragatsch p293.


Manufactured by Augustin Wacek, Pecha 1908-1914
The small firm marketed modified rebadged Orlice motorcycles.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built in 1930-1935, these were fitted with sidevalve, ohv, ohc and two-stroke engines of 98 to 499cc. It appears that none survived the ravages of war, but there is documentary evidence of their existence.
Source: Tragatsch p294.
N.B. There was also a Wagner of Minnesota.


Weber & Reichmann
Manufactured by Weber & Reichmann, Maschinen- und Kettenfabrik, Warnsdorf (1923-1926)
Built 142cc and 172 cc two-stroke motorcycles with pressed metal frames under DKW licence.
Source: Tragatsch p295


Established in 2006 the marque produces motorcycles using 50cc, 125cc and 250cc engines.
Source: en.yuki-club.net

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