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European Motorcycles

Motorcycle Marque Disambiguation

Makes and models from different manufacturers with the same or similar names

Acme

  1. Acme & Rex-Acme 1902-1922 (UK)
  2. Acme 1904 (AU)
  3. Acme 1939-1949 (Sydney)

First appearing in English in 1560 the word Acme is from Greek, akmḗ, meaning "highest point, culmination".

Advance

  1. Advance 1906 (Queensland)
  2. Advance 1905~06(South Australia)
  3. Advance 1906-1912 (UK)


Albatros

  1. Albatros 1904~1912
  2. Albatros St Etienne


Alpha

  1. Alpha (AUS)
  2. Alpha & Ros
  3. Alpha (Barcelona)
  4. Alpha (Coventry)
  5. Alpha (Dudley)
  6. Alpha (Perpignan)

Aquila

  1. Aquila Italiana 1906 Automobiles (Italy)
  2. Aquila 1926~c1938 (Italy)
  3. Aquila 1953-55 (Italy)
  4. Aquila Rossa 1926-27 (FIAM, Italy)
  5. Aquila 1950s (France)

Astoria

  1. Astoria 1934-1936 (Italy)
  2. Astoria 1947-1958 (Italy)
  3. Astoria 1923-1925 (Germany)

Astra

  1. Astra (Italy) 1931 to 1951 (or 1953)
  2. Astra (Germany) 1923-1925

B&B

  1. Bennett & Barkell (B&B)
  2. B&B (Rossmoyne USA)
  3. B&B carburettors.

Bianchi

  1. Bianchi, Alfredo - Designer with Aermacchi
  2. Bianchi, Edoardo - Builder of Bianchi motorcycles

Bison

  1. Bison 1920s (AT)
  2. Bison 1979 (SE)
  3. NSU Bison 2000 (DE)
  4. Radior Bison 1954 (FR)

Blitz

  1. Blitz 57 was renamed to Rolifix in 1957 (DE)
  2. Blitz-Karren 1925-1926 (DE)
  3. Motomel Blitz, Argentina
  4. Blitz 1965- Spain

Blue Bell

  1. Blue Bell by Wagener (South Australia)
  2. Blue Bell (Shepparton, Victoria)

Bluebird

  1. Bluebird (or Blue Bird) Victoria, AU
  2. Bluebird (Wolverhampton UK) 1920s
  3. Bluebird by Geer of Missouri
  4. Bluebird bicycle built in Perth WA by Boans Ltd.

BMP

  1. Societè Brevetti Malasagna di Pinerolo
  2. BMP Buraglini, Menicucci, Perugia

Butler

  1. Butler, Edward 1884-1897 (UK)
  2. Butler, Chris 1963-1966 (UK)
  3. Butler, Henry Whiston Street Works, Derby, 1902-1903 (UK)
  4. Butler, Portéous 1899 (France)
  5. Butler & Smith 1950s BMW & NSU dealer (USA)

Carbine

  1. Carbine (Victoria)
  2. Carbine 1910~1914 (Sydney)

A post on a bicycle forum suggests that perhaps Carbine of Victoria sold the name to the Sydney firm.

Champion

  1. Champion (Tas)
  2. Champion (Saint Louis)
  3. Champion (Tokyo)
  4. Champion Trike

Clement

  1. Clément 1901, France
  2. Clément-Gladiator
  3. Clement 1922-1924, Great Britain
  4. Clement-Garrard 1902-1905

Colibri
Colibri = Hummingbird

  1. Colibri (Belgium)
  2. Colibri (Italy)
  3. Colibri (Sweden)
  4. Colibri (Austria)

Columbo/Colombo

  1. Colombo
  2. Colombo-O.C.M.A

Corona

  1. Corona built in the years 1901-1904
  2. Corona of Germany
  3. Corona by Meteor Manufacturing Co, 1920s

David

  1. David Microcars (Spain)
  2. David by Casalini (Italy)

Davis

  1. Davis (AUS)
  2. Davis (Los Angeles)
  3. Davis (UK)

De Luxe

  1. De Luxe of Birmingham (UK)
  2. De Luxe by Healing (AUS)

Diamant

  1. Diamant (Germany)
  2. Diamant (Sweden)
  3. La Francais Diamant (France)
  4. Elite 1920s Elite-Diamantwerke AG (Germany)
  5. Diamond (UK)

Diana

  1. Diana (Portugal)
  2. Diana (Italy)
  3. Durkopp Diana

Dreadnought

  1. Dreadnought (UK) 1902
  2. Dreadnought (UK) 1915
  3. Sears Dreadnought (USA)
  4. Clincher Dreadnought tyres

Elite

  1. Elite Sport 1950s (France)
  2. Elite 1931 (Belgium)
  3. Elite 1920s Elite-Diamantwerke AG (Germany)

Elliott

  1. Elliott 1912-1935 (Payneham, SA)
  2. Elliott (Paddington NSW)
  3. Dunford and Elliot Birmingham, see Dunelt
  4. Lake and Elliot, Essex UK

A rider by the name of Elliot featured in cyling reports from 1903, apparently riding a pacing motorcycle.
N.B. Both Australian marques are spelled Elliott.

Empire

  1. Empire (St. Marys NSW)
  2. Empire (Adelaide)
  3. Empire (Melbourne)
  4. Empire (London)

Evans
Evans was an American two-stroke which was imported and licenced for manufacture by a number of European firms.

  1. Evans by Stock (Germany)
  2. Evans (Italy)
  3. Evans by Géo Dupuy (France)

Excelsior

  1. Excelsior (UK)
  2. Excelsior (USA)
  3. Excelsior-Bruneau 1907 (France)
  4. Motorwagenfabrik Excelsior, 1896 (Switzerland)

Fama

  1. Fama, Argentina
  2. Fama by Blomme-Lecompte, Belgium
  3. Fama, Germany
  4. Fama, Netherlands

Firefly

  1. Firefly Trials (UK) 1965-1970
  2. Vincent Firefly
  3. Firefly (AU)

FMB

  1. FMB Telaimotor Bologna
  2. FBM (Fabbrica Bolognese Motocicli), engine manufacturer, Morini Minarelli
  3. MFB, possibly related to FBM Telaimotor

Flink

  1. Flink (Sweden)
  2. Flink by BFW 1920-1922
  3. Flink Hilfsmotor 1950s

Fulgor

  1. Fulgor (Italy) 1922-1926
  2. Fulgor (France) 1900s
  3. Fulgur Trailers (France) 1930s

Gauthier

  1. Gauthier 1902
  2. Gauthier 1972-1980, Villefranche-de-Rouergue

GP

  1. GP 1921
  2. Moto GP built in 1927 by Griffoni and Piccini

Hercules

  1. Hercules (Australia)
  2. Hercules (Derby)
  3. Hercules (Hammondsport)
  4. Hercules (Germany)

HMW

  1. HMW 1923-28 (Germany)
  2. HMW (National)Germany 1950s
  3. HMW Austria

Iris

  1. Iris ( AUS )
  2. Iris (Brescia)
  3. Iris (London)
  4. Iris Sidecars

Jackson

  1. Jackson & Kinnings
  2. Jackson (AU - 2off, one at Horsham Vic)
  3. Jackson (London)
  4. Jackson (Pangbourne)

Krause

  1. Krause Trumpf 1955-58
  2. Krause Seitenwagen
  3. Krause 1926
  4. Krauseco 1926-1939 (AT)
  5. Krauser

Leitch

  1. Leitch ( Melbourne )
  2. James N. Leitch (UK Cars)
  3. Leitch (NZ Cars)
  4. Leech
  5. Lech

Liberty

  1. Liberty (AUS)
  2. Liberty (Birmingham)
  3. Liberty (USA)

Lloyd

LMC & WA Lloyd

Your history of LMC states that LMC was founded in 1903. This is incorrect and confuses the two brothers W.A.(William Arthur) Lloyd and W.J.(Walter John) Lloyd. William Arthur Lloyd left Quadrant in 1903 and founded WA Lloyd Cycle Fittings Ltd making cycle parts and a few motorcycles under the WA Lloyd brand as you correctly state in your history of him. LMC was founded as Lloyd Motor Engineering in 1907 by Walter John Lloyd when he also exited Quadrant later in 1907 to make LMC motorcycles and also later the 'Overseas' marque. The confusion about the two brothers and their separate businesses goes back to a book by Erwin Tragatsch called "The Worlds Motorcycles 1894-1963" published in 1964 and repeated by Graces Guide who now have corrected the entry on their website by note.

I refer you to a definitive article written by the authoritative motorcycle historian Bob Currie and titled 'When Walter Went it Alone' and published in 'The Classic MotorCycle' magazine (pp.44-47) April 1988.

Ian Bade
Raumati Beach, New Zealand
29th March 2021

  1. Lloyd (L.M.C.) 1907-1922
  2. Lloyd, W.A. 1902-1903

See also Governor-Villiers and Dreadnought

Magnet

  1. Magnet (AUS)
  2. Magnet (Berlin)
  3. Magneet
  4. Antonin Magne (France)

Martin

  1. Martin 1902-03 (Aus.)
  2. Martin (Croydon)
  3. Martin (J)
  4. Martin-Jap
  5. Martin Conquest
  6. Martin Moulet
  7. Martinsyde

Massey

  1. Massey 1913 (Aus.)
  2. Massey Cycle & Motor Depot, 1913 (Benalla, Aus.
  3. Massey-Arran (UK)
  4. Massey (UK)

Meteor

  1. Meteor 1924-1926 (DE) (Two different makes)
  2. Meteor, Prague
  3. Meteor,Copenhagen. 1954~1967
  4. Meteor Manufacturing Co 1920s (UK)
  5. Meteore and Météore, (FR)
  6. There were also numerous Meteor models produced by Vincent, Cotton, Iso, Rocvale, Royal Enfield, FMC, Universal and others.


Monarch

  1. Monarch ( Footscray Vic AU )
  2. Monarch 1921 (Richmond, Vic, AU)
  3. Monarch (Birmingham)
  4. Monarch (Hartford)
  5. Monarch (J)
  6. Monarch (Owego)
  7. Monark (Chicago)
  8. Monark (Sweden)

MT

  1. MT (AT)
  2. MT 34 (IT)
  3. MT by Muratore, 1948-1953 (IT)

Mumford

  1. Mumford (AUS) - See also Firefly
  2. Mumford (Gloucester), 1971

National

  1. National (AUS) 1914
  2. National (Tasmania)
  3. National (Dresden)
  4. National (Kristiansand)
  5. National (USA)

OK

  1. OK (Britain)
  2. OK 1950s (Sweden)

Osborn

  1. Osborn (John Osborn of OEC)
  2. Osborne (of Lincoln, 1908-1911)

See OEC Disambiguation

Panther

  1. Panther P&M
  2. La Panthere (FR)

See also Panther Derivatives and Non-P&M Panthers

Patria

  1. Patria (ES)
  2. Patria-WKC (DE)

Peerless

  1. Peerless (AUS)
  2. Peerless 1913-14 (UK)
  3. Peerless 1902-1908 (UK)
  4. Peerless (Boston)
  5. Peerless-SD (New York)

Perfecta

  1. Perfecta (France)
  2. Perfecta (Portugal)
  3. Perfecta 1946-1950 (Switzerland)

Petrel

  1. Petrel 1903 (AUS)
  2. Petrel Motor Car Co. Milwaukee

Phoenix

  1. Phoenix 1900~1928 (London)
  2. Phoenix c.1910 (Worcestershire)
  3. Phoenix 1956-1964 (Tottenham)
  4. Phoenix (Groningen)
  5. Phoenix mopeds NL
  6. Phoenix (AUS)
  7. Phoenix (Charleroi)
  8. Phoenix-Tricar (Belgium)
  9. Phoenix 1938 Viertmann of Bielefeld

Progress

  1. Progress, Coventry, 1900
  2. Progress 1900-1905, Berlin
  3. Progress/Strolch 1950s

Puma

  1. Puma (Argentina)
  2. Puma by Giuseppe Trubiani of Villa Potenza (Macerata), 1950s
  3. Puma by Emilio Carra, Milan, 1980s
  4. Soriano Puma 1947-49, Spain
  5. Puma Trials by CCE, UK

Reeves

  1. Reeve ( AUS )
  2. Reeves ( AUS )
  3. Frank A. Reeve Co., Montclair, New Jersey 1911
  4. Reeves Engineering Developments, Grantham, Lincolnshire
  5. The Reeves Pulley Co., Columbus, Indiana

Rex

    Rex of Halmstad
  1. Rex-Acme 1902-1922 (UK)
  2. Rex 1900-1921 (UK)
  3. Rex of Behringersdorf 1923-1925
  4. Rex of Munich 1948-1964

Rondine

  1. Rondine Melegnano 1925-1928
  2. Rondine Siccomario 1951-1954
  3. Rondine Vigevano 1967-1971
  4. Gilera Rondine

Royal

British

  1. Royal Ajax 1904-06
  2. Royal Boscombe 1901-02
  3. Royal Cavendish 1907
  4. Royal Consort 1906
  5. Royal Defiance 1901-04
  6. Royal Eagle 1901-10
  7. Royal Enfield
  8. Royal George 1901-03
  9. Royal Mail 1902-03
  10. Royal Ruby 1911-1933
  11. Royal Roebuck 1902-03
  12. Royal Rydal 1903-04
  13. Royal Scot 1922-24
  14. Royal Sovereign 1903-04
  15. Royal Wellington

French

  1. Royal
  2. Royal (Objat FR) 1953
  3. Royal-Dollar
  4. Royal Fabric
  5. Royal-Moto 1925~1929
  6. Royal Moto 1970s
  7. Royal-Sport
  8. Royal-Velo 1926

Others

  1. Royal Tasman Triumph (AUS) 1917
  2. Royal (Mitte DE) 1902
  3. Royal Seittenwagen DE
  4. Royal (Basel, Switzerland)
  5. Royal (New York)
  6. Royal Express (NL)
  7. Royal Hispania
  8. Royal Nord
  9. Royal Nelly (BE)
  10. Royal Prince (Italy)
  11. Royal Standard (Swiss)
  12. Royal Start (Belgium)

N.B. Terms referring to royalty abound in the motorcycle world, and were very popular in Australia where, to this day, the Governor General can request that the British monarch dismiss the elected leader of the country. This actually happened in 1974. In 2014 an Australian prime minister knighted Prince Philip, a bewildering act which caused much derision. Later seen by millions eating a raw, unpeeled onion on national television, Tony Abbott has some distinct similarities to King George III. Abbott, a "10 Pound Pom" (an assisted passage immigrant from England who arrived by boat), boasted frequently that he had "turned back the boats", and sent refugees to offshore detention camps where they were incarcerated indefinitely in inhumane conditions, with some being returned to the horrors they had fled. They suffered terribly, particularly the children. Many died. The UN has condemned Australia for its actions.

When Rupert Murdoch turned on him, Tony Abbott's political party performed a Brutus act and replaced him with a multi-millionaire who avoided tax by keeping much of his wealth in a Cayman Islands tax haven. Tony, a strong Brexit supporter, was deported repatriated to the United Kingdom to help with its destruction.


Rush

  1. Rush (AUS) 1901 to 1905
  2. Rush (Belgium)

Southern Cross

  1. Southern Cross (Sydney)
  2. Southern Cross (Toowoomba)
  3. Southern Cross(Manchester, UK)

Simplex

  1. Simplex (Amsterdam)
  2. Simplex (Birmingham)
  3. Simplex (Berlin)
  4. Simplex (Louisiana)
  5. Simplex (Mulhouse, France)
  6. Simplex (New Orleans)
  7. Simplex (Torino, Italy)
  8. Simplex (AU)

Singer

  1. Singer (St Etienne, France) 1950s-1960s
  2. Singer (UK) 1904-1914

There were two French bicycle marques named Singer, easily confused. Discussion here: velo-singer-st-etienne


Spartan

  1. Spartan UK
  2. Sparton (Wales)
  3. Sporton AU

Sphinx

  1. Sphinx (AU) 1903-1912
  2. Sphinx (FR)
  3. Sphynx (BE)

Stella

  1. Stella (FR) 1922-1953
  2. Stella (IT) Max Türkheimer
  3. Stella (IT) Treviso, 1970s
  4. Stella (UK) Ipswich 1960-63
  5. Stella (USA) 2019 (Made in Asia)
  6. Mars Stella (DE) 1950s
  7. Riga Stella (Latvia ) 1980s
  8. MAS Stella (IT) 1940s
  9. There were also Stella models from Cagiva and GD.

Talbot

  1. Talbot (Wolverhampton) 1903
  2. Talbot (London) 1950
  3. Talbot of Paris

Titan

  1. Titan Cycle 1973-1990 (San Marino)
  2. Titan 1926-1932 (Austria)
  3. Titan (Portugal)
  4. Titan Mopeds (Switzerland)
  5. Titan (Phoenix AZ)

Torpedo

  1. Torpedo (Tasmania) 1912 to 1939
  2. Torpedo (UK) 1908-1915
  3. Torpedo (Victoria)
  4. Torpedo 1908-1915, F. Hopper and Co (UK)
  5. Torpedo (DE) 1901-07
  6. Torpedo (DE) 1928-56
  7. Torpedo (CZ) 1903-1914
  8. Tourist / Torpedo 1909-1920, Berlin
  9. Italjet Torpedo
  10. Torpado 1950s
  11. Pennington Torpedo 1896 1896, UK
  12. Bedelia Torpedo (UK) Cyclecar 1912

Turner

  1. Turner (AUS) 1914~1919
  2. Turner (NL)
  3. Turner (Philadelphia)
  4. Turner Byvan (UK)
  5. Turner Special (UK)

Typhoon

  1. Typhoon (NL)
  2. Typhoon (Sweden)
  3. Matchless Typhoon
  4. Giulietta Typhoon
  5. Maico Typhoon (Taifun)
  6. Tonkin Typhoon

The model name was also used by Rickman, DKW, DMW, Gilera, Piaggio and others.

Vis

  1. Vis Berlin, built the Wegro 1922-1923.
  2. VIS Aktiengesellschaft 1923-1926 (Munich)
  3. VIS by Gazzi of Milan, 1920 to 1925.

Watson

  1. Watson (UK) Ashford, 1904-06
  2. Watson 1905 Adelaide AU
  3. Watson c1910 Sydney AU

Whippet

  1. Whippet 1903-1905 London
  2. Whippet 1920 by Hayward and Co. of Twickenham
  3. The legendary Spagthorpe Whippet.

Yankee

  1. Yankee Twin, built in NY USA using a 500cc Ossa-based engine, early 1970s.
  2. Yankee Peddler, moped built by FMB Telaimotor in Italy, marketed in the USA c1977-1979 possibly by Besser Marketing of Rhode Island.