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European Motorcycles

Motorcycle Marque Disambiguation

Makes and models from different manufacturers with the same or similar names

Acme

  • Acme & Rex-Acme 1902-1922 (UK)
  • Acme 1904 (AU)
  • Acme 1939-1949 (Sydney)

  • First appearing in English in 1560 the word Acme is from Greek, akmḗ, meaning "highest point, culmination".

    Alpha

    1. Alpha (AUS)
    2. Alpha & Ros
    3. Alpha (Barcelona)
    4. Alpha (Coventry)
    5. Alpha (Dudley)
    6. Alpha (Perpignan)

    Aquila

    1. Aquila Italiana 1906 Automobiles (Italy)
    2. Aquila 1926~c1938 (Italy)
    3. Aquila 1953-55 (Italy)
    4. Aquila Rossa 1926-27 (FIAM, Italy)
    5. Aquila 1950s (France)

    Astoria

    1. Astoria, 1934-1936 (Italy)
    2. Astoria, 1947-1958 (Italy)
    3. Astoria, 1923-1925 (Germany)

    B&B

    1. Bennett & Barkell (B&B)
    2. B&B (Rossmoyne USA)
    3. B&B carburettors.

    Bianchi

    1. Bianchi, Alfredo - Designer with Aermacchi
    2. Bianchi, Edoardo - Builder of Bianchi motorcycles

    Alfredo Bianchi

    Bluebird

    1. Bluebird (or Blue Bird) Victoria, AU
    2. Bluebird (Wolverhampton UK) 1920s
    3. Bluebird by Geer of Missouri
    4. Bluebird bicycle built in Perth WA by Boans Ltd.

    Butler

    1. Butler, Edward 1884-1897 (UK)
    2. Butler, Chris 1963-1966 (UK)
    3. Butler, Henry Whiston Street Works, Derby, 1902-1903 (UK)
    4. Butler & Smith 1950s BMW & NSU dealer (USA)

    Carbine

    1. Carbine (Vic)
    2. Carbine 1910~1914 (Sydney)

    A post on a bicycle forum suggests that perhaps Carbine of Victoria sold the name to the Sydney firm.

    Champion

    1. Champion (Tas)
    2. Champion (Saint Louis)
    3. Champion (Tokyo)
    4. Champion Trike

    Clement

    1. Clément 1901, France
    2. Clément-Gladiator
    3. Clement 1922-1924, Great Britain
    4. Clement-Garrard 1902-1905

    Colibri
    Colibri = Hummingbird

    1. Colibri (Belgium)
    2. Colibri (Italy)
    3. Colibri (Sweden)
    4. Colibri (Austria)

    Corona

    1. Corona built in the years 1901-1904
    2. Corona of Germany
    3. Corona by Meteor Manufacturing Co, 1920s

    David

    1. David Microcars (Spain)
    2. David by Casalini (Italy)

    Davis

    1. Davis (AUS)
    2. Davis (Los Angeles)
    3. Davis (UK)

    De Luxe

    1. De Luxe of Birmingham (UK)
    2. De Luxe by Healing (AUS)

    Diana

    1. Diana (Portugal)
    2. Diana (Italy)
    3. Durkopp Diana

    Dreadnought

    1. Dreadnought (UK) 1902
    2. Dreadnought (UK) 1915
    3. Sears Dreadnought
    4. Clincher Dreadnought tyres

    Elliott

    1. Elliott 1912-1935 (Payneham, SA)
    2. Elliott (Paddington NSW)
    3. Dunford and Elliot Birmingham, see Dunelt
    4. Lake and Elliot, Essex UK

    A rider by the name of Elliot featured in cyling reports from 1903, apparently riding a pacing motorcycle.
    N.B. Both Australian marques are spelled Elliott.

    Empire

    1. Empire (St. Marys NSW)
    2. Empire (Adelaide)
    3. Empire (Melbourne)
    4. Empire (London)

    FMB

    1. FMB Telaimotor Bologna
    2. FBM (Fabbrica Bolognese Motocicli), engine manufacturer, Morini Minarelli
    3. MFB, possibly related to FBM Telaimotor

    Hercules

    1. Hercules (Australia)
    2. Hercules (Derby)
    3. Hercules (Hammondsport)
    4. Hercules (Germany)

    Iris

    1. Iris ( AUS )
    2. Iris (Brescia)
    3. Iris (London)
    4. Iris Sidecars

    Jackson

    1. Jackson & Kinnings
    2. Jackson (AU - 2off, one at Horsham Vic)
    3. Jackson (London)
    4. Jackson (Pangbourne)

    Leitch

    1. Leitch ( Melbourne )
    2. James N. Leitch (UK Cars)
    3. Leitch (NZ Cars)
    4. Leech
    5. Lech

    Liberty

    1. Liberty (AUS)
    2. Liberty (Birmingham)
    3. Liberty (USA)

    Lloyd

    LMC & WA Loyd

    Your history of LMC states that LMC was founded in 1903. This is incorrect and confuses the two brothers W.A.(William Arthur) Lloyd and W.J.(Walter John) Lloyd. William Arthur Lloyd left Quadrant in 1903 and founded WA Lloyd Cycle Fittings Ltd making cycle parts and a few motorcycles under the WA Lloyd brand as you correctly state in your history of him. LMC was founded as Lloyd Motor Engineering in 1907 by Walter John Lloyd when he also exited Quadrant later in 1907 to make LMC motorcycles and also later the 'Overseas' marque. The confusion about the two brothers and their separate businesses goes back to a book by Erwin Tragatsch called "The Worlds Motorcycles 1894-1963" published in 1964 and repeated by Graces Guide who now have corrected the entry on their website by note.

    I refer you to a definitive article written by the authoritative motorcycle historian Bob Currie and titled 'When Walter Went it Alone' and published in 'The Classic MotorCycle' magazine (pp.44-47) April 1988.

    Ian Bade
    Raumati Beach, New Zealand
    29th March 2021

    1. Lloyd (L.M.C.) 1907-1922
    2. Lloyd, W.A. 1902-1903

    See also Governor-Villiers and Dreadnaught

    Magnet

    1. Magnet (AUS)
    2. Magnet (Berlin)
    3. Magneet
    4. Antonin Magne (France)

    Martin

    1. Martin 1902-03 (Aus.)
    2. Martin (Croydon)
    3. Martin (J)
    4. Martin-Jap
    5. Martin Conquest
    6. Martin Moulet
    7. Martinsyde

    Monarch

    1. Monarch ( Footscray Vic AU )
    2. Monarch 1921 (Richmond, Vic, AU)
    3. Monarch (Birmingham)
    4. Monarch (Hartford)
    5. Monarch (J)
    6. Monarch (Owego)
    7. Monark (Chicago)
    8. Monark (Varberg)

    Mumford

    1. Mumford (AUS) - See also Firefly
    2. Mumford (Gloucester), 1971

    National

    1. National (AUS) 1914
    2. National (Tasmania)
    3. National (Dresden)
    4. National (Kristiansand)
    5. National (USA)

    Osborn

    1. Osborn (John Osborn of OEC)
    2. Osborne (of Lincoln, 1908-1911)

    See OEC Disambiguation

    Patria

    1. Patria (ES)
    2. Patria-WKC (DE)

    Peerless

    1. Peerless (AUS)
    2. Peerless (Birmingham)
    3. Peerless (Boston)
    4. Peerless (Oldham)
    5. Peerless-SD (New York)

    Perfecta

    1. Perfecta (Portugal)

    Petrel

    1. Petrel (AUS) 1903
    2. Petrel Motor Car Co. Milwaukee

    Southern Cross

    1. Southern Cross (Sydney)
    2. Southern Cross (Toowoomba)
    3. Southern Cross(Manchester, UK)

    Titan

    1. Titan (Serravalle)
    2. Titan (Phoenix AZ)
    3. Titan (Austria)
    4. Titan (Portugal)

    Phoenix

    1. Phoenix 1900~1928 (London)
    2. Phoenix c.1910 (Worcestershire)
    3. Phoenix 1956-1964 (Tottenham)
    4. Phoenix (Groningen)
    5. Phoenix mopeds NL
    6. Phoenix (AUS)
    7. Phoenix (Charleroi)
    8. Phoenix-Tricar (Belgium)
    9. Phoenix 1938 Viertmann of Bielefeld

    Reeves

    1. Reeve ( AUS )
    2. Reeves ( AUS )
    3. Frank A. Reeve Co., Montclair, New Jersey 1911
    4. Reeves Engineering Developments, Grantham, Lincolnshire
    5. The Reeves Pulley Co., Columbus, Indiana

    Royal

    British

    1. Royal Ajax 1904-06
    2. Royal Boscombe 1901-02
    3. Royal Cavendish 1907
    4. Royal Consort 1906
    5. Royal Defiance 1901-04
    6. Royal Eagle 1901-10
    7. Royal Enfield
    8. Royal George 1901-03
    9. Royal Mail 1902-03
    10. Royal Ruby 1911-1933
    11. Royal Roebuck 1902-03
    12. Royal Rydal 1903-04
    13. Royal Scot 1922-24
    14. Royal Sovereign 1903-04
    15. Royal Wellington

    French

    1. Royal
    2. Royal (Objat FR) 1953
    3. Royal-Dollar
    4. Royal Fabric
    5. Royal-Moto 1925~1929
    6. Royal Moto 1970s
    7. Royal-Sport
    8. Royal-Velo 1926

    Others

    1. Royal Tasman Triumph (AUS) 1917
    2. Royal (Mitte DE) 1902
    3. Royal Seittenwagen DE
    4. Royal (Basel, Switzerland)
    5. Royal (New York)
    6. Royal Express (NL)
    7. Royal Hispania
    8. Royal Nord
    9. Royal Nelly (BE)
    10. Royal Prince (Italy)
    11. Royal Standard (Swiss)
    12. Royal Start (Belgium)

    Rush

    1. Rush (AUS) 1901 to 1905
    2. Rush (Belgium)

    Simplex

    1. Simplex (Amsterdam)
    2. Simplex (Birmingham)
    3. Simplex (Berlin)
    4. Simplex (Louisiana)
    5. Simplex (Mulhouse)
    6. Simplex (New Orleans)
    7. Simplex (Torino)
    8. Simplex (AU)

    Spartan

    1. Spartan UK
    2. Sparton (Wales)
    3. Sporton AU

    Sphinx

    1. Sphinx (AU) 1903 - 1912
    2. Sphinx (F)
    3. Sphynx (BE)

    Talbot

    1. Talbot (Wolverhampton) 1903
    2. Talbot (London) 1950
    3. Talbot of Paris

    Torpedo

    1. Torpedo (Tasmania) 1912 to 1939
    2. Torpedo UK 1908-1915
    3. Torpedo (Victoria)
    4. Torpedo (UK) 1903-1915 and 1950s
    5. Torpedo (DE) 1901-07
    6. Torpedo (DE) 1928-56
    7. Torpedo (CZ) 1903-1914
    8. Italjet Torpedo
    9. Torpado 1950s
    10. Pennington Torpedo 1896
    11. Bedelia Torpedo (UK) Cyclecar 1912

    Turner

    1. Turner (AUS) 1914~1919
    2. Turner (NL)
    3. Turner (Philadelphia)
    4. Turner Byvan (UK)
    5. Turner Special (UK)

    Typhoon

    1. Typhoon (NL)
    2. Typhoon (Sweden)
    3. Matchless Typhoon
    4. Giulietta Typhoon
    5. Maico Typhoon (Taifun)
    6. Tonkin Typhoon

    The model name was also used by Rickman, DKW, DMW, Gilera, Piaggio and others.

    Watson

    1. Watson (Ashford UK) 1904
    2. Watson 1905 Adelaide AU
    3. Watson c1910 Sydney AU

    Whippet

    1. Whippet 1903-1905 London
    2. Whippet 1920 by Hayward and Co. of Twickenham
    3. The legendary Spagthorpe Whippet.

    Yankee

    1. Yankee Twin, built in NY USA using a 500cc Ossa-based engine, early 1970s.
    2. Yankee Peddler, moped built by FMB Telaimotor in Italy, marketed by USA firm, c1977-1979, possibly Besser Marketing in Rhode Island.