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French Motorcycles

Motocyclettes fabriquées en France

Notes on some of the rarer French marques

This page lists brands of which little historical information is currently available.
For a more complete listing visit the French Index.

Abeille
Established in Saint-Quentin, Aisne, in 1900, Veuve A. de Mesmay built mostly automobiles. There is mention of a tricycle in the literature.
Source: OTTW


ABF
The Association Bidalot Fourès manufactured 50cc racing motorcycles in the 1970s and 80s. Only a handful were built each year. Later machines were modeled on the Seeley design.
See also Bidalot
Source: OTTW


ABG
The firm was originally named Arìes and built automobiles at Asnières-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine in Paris from 1903 to 1938. After the war they began building 48cc auxilliary bicycle engines which became better known as VAP, often ABG-VAP.


Albert-Jean
Motorcycle classified 11th at the Criterium of Motorcycles 1901, riden by Echenoy
Bourdache p429


Alfred Faure
Faure was well-known cyclist who rode for Automoto. He established his own brand in 1922, building lightweights including BMA 100cc machines which he himself raced. Manufacture possibly ceased in 1925.
The address of the firm in 1923 was 11 rue du 11 Novembre, St Etienne, and in 1929 he had premises at 65 rue Chauzy, Reims.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Alleluia
Re-branded version of the German N.S.U., ca 1914, the same year a cycle of this brand won Le Tour. Mopeds of this name were produced in the 1950s.
Bourdache (pp400, 429), encycloduvelo.fr


Amstoutz
1900. Engineer and motorcycle engine manufacturer in Besançon who built Mirus and A.Z.
Motorcycles may also have been produced under the Amstoutz brand.
The Mirus was a bicycle auxiliary engine mounted on the front wheel, built from 1902.
Sources: Bourdache (pp 224, 280, 302.), OTTW


Andre (André)
7, rue Lafouge, Gentilly, Seine
La Moto Biplace - two-seater motocyclette twostroke with gearbox. 1925 advert.
1923 Modele G. 175cc two-stroke. 1923 Advertisement.


Andru
10 Rue de St Quentin, Paris
1903. Motorcycles with Mirus water-cooled engines
Bourdache p429


Anzani
Anzani (FR)


Aquila
Founded in 1900 by Claude Meunier in 1900. In the 1950s their address was 34 Bis Jules Janin, Saint-Etienne where the firm built bicycles and a variety of mopeds using Mistral, ABG VAP 48cc and Himo engines, some of which were branded Aquilette. Aquila absorbed Ballis in 1953.

Sources: Motos dans la Loire, encycloduvelo.fr


Aquilon
Two machines of this brand participated in the Grand Prix of Paris in 1909, ridden by Mouton and Johnson
Bourdache p327


Ardex
Manufactured by Marcel Tamine at 54 Rue Saint-Germain, Nanterre, 1934~1939
Built bespoke tricars and cyclecars using engines of up to 350cc.
Source: OTTW


Arzens
Manufactured by Paul Arzens in Paris in 1942, this beautiful three-wheeled creation known as L'Oeff (The Egg) is considered the first bubblecar. Initially battery-powered, post-war versions also had a 125cc engine. Arzens, known to Ettore Bugatti, drove his cars until his death in 1990 at the age of 87.
An example listed as a 125cc 1942 model is on display at Cité de l'Automobile, Mulhouse.
Source: OTTW


Atelier du Furan
The company appeared c.1905, and built cycles and motorcycles in their small factory which included a foundry. Possibly named Dombret-Jussy at that time. Mentioned in 1913, 1930, and 1931 when the name had changed to Furan. It is possible that in the 1950s they built the Slaughi powered by Mistral.
Source: Motos dans la Loire, encycloduvelo.fr


Athena
Dérozier participated in the 1905 Tour de France on an Athéna motorcycle.
Bourdache p430


Audax
Established in Rouen, Lenefait et Cie produced motorcycles identical to Lamaudière-Labre from c.1899 to 1904. They then built cyclecars from 1912 until 1914.
Bourdache p430, OTTW


Audouard
Manufactured cycles and motorcycles from c.1911. Based at 26 rue du Grand Gonnet, St Etienne
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Aureole
L. Bouchez, 7 Boulevard Victor-Hugo, 7 Saint-Oen (Seine)
ca early 1930s, 350cc & 500cc JAP SV and OHV singles, 750cc JAP V-twin
Source: period advertising


Aurore
79 Boulevard Haussmann Paris
In 1898, H. Deckert and Cie sold De Dion powered tricycles and automobiles named Aurore.
Bourdache p430


Autobiroue
Built by Robert Ligier of Puycasquier in the 1950s, the first prototype of 1954 had a roof, later versions being open with a fairing screen, and utilising Lambretta components.
autobiroue.over-blog.com


Autocyclette
Yves Guédon of 15 Rue du Louvre, Paris, built a chain-driven petrol-engined bicyclette in 1899
Bourdache p430


Automotette
Manufactured 1898-1899 by Compagnie Française des Cycles Automobiles in Paris, these were belt-driven tricycles similar to those of Leon Bollee. The machine was also sold in England by a firm based in Holland Park, London.
Source: OTTW


Aviator

Motorcycles built by Friès and Germain, 1906, at 52 bld de Strasbourg, Vincennes
Bourdache p430


Aya Components
Established c.1920 by Mj Paya at 27 Rue Denfer Rochereaux in St Etienne
Built brake hubs, tanks and frames which were supplied to Automoto, Dollar, Favor, Gnome & Rhone, La Française, Magnat debon, New map, Radior, Ravat, Rhony'x, Rochester, Styl'son, Terrot and others.
The company folded in the early 1930s as a result of the financial crisis.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


AZ
Engines manufactured by Emile Amstoutz 1900-1908, these were suitable for mounting on the front wheel of a bicycle. A partnership was established with Louis Ravel 1906. They were used by Cottereau and probably others.
Source: OTTW


B

Baby Moto
Manufactured by Roger Breton at 9-11 Rue de la Tréfilerie, Saint-Étienne
Entered the market in 1951 with a Cucciolo-powered moped, and built a variety of lightweights powered by Aquila, Comet, Mistral, Lavalette and other engines of up to 125cc. The firm ceased trading in 1957.
Source: OTTW


Bailleau
Motorcycle exhibited at the Salon des Tuileries in 1899
Bourdache p430


BAGYS
Bayon and Gyss, 3, cité Magenta, Paris.
Motorcycle with a 1 1/2 HP Bahon engine, built 1903


Bahon
Motorcycle exhibited at the Salon in 1902; supplied engines to Bagys.
Bourdache p146


Bainchet
Motorcycle exhibited at the Salon in 1902
Bourdache p146


Ballis
Manufacture des Cycles Ballis, 3 Rue Palissy, Saint-Etienne
Established as a bicycle firm in 1932, production of BMA lightweights began in 1952 using Le Poulain engines. The firm was acquired the following year by Aquila.
Source: OTTW


Barigo
Manufactured by Patrick Barigault, Thouars, France 1973-1997
The first production machines appeared in 1980 with Rotax engines, and many were built for competitions such as the Paris-Dakar, later using Yamaha engines. The history of this marque is long and colourful, beginning with frames for Bultaco and Honda competition machines, a partnership with Siccardi, La Magie Noire, involvement with Société Perrotin Automotion, and production of machines for both the military and the police.
Sources: Wikipedia FR, et al.


Barré
Built by G.Barré, 79 Deux-Sèvres Niort
The firm dates from 1888 and produced automobiles, motorcycles and cycles. It was acquired by Guiller Freres in 1927.
OTTW states that they built tricycles 1898-1908, and that the firm merged with Lamberton in 1923, building automobiles thenceforward.
Sources: Bourdache, forum.tontonvelo.com, OTTW


Barrellier-1919-Paris-Salon-1919-TMC-01.jpg

The Barrellier, a three-wheeler fitted with a flat twin two-stroke engine.

Barrellier.

A quaint little three-wheeler with a single small front wheel is displayed on this stand. The tout ensemble is reminiscent of an invalid chair (for which type of vehicle the manufacturers are famous). Both single and two-seaters are made, and both are engined by horizontally-opposed two-stroke air-cooled engines combined with two-speed gears and fully enclosed magnetos. The final drive is by shaft and worm gear to a neat live rear axle.

The Motor Cycle, October 1919


Barrière
See Barrière


Baudoin et Cie
Established in 1899 at 19 rue Fontainebleau, Saint Etienne, the company made spokes for wheels fitted to motorcycles, cycles and automobiles.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Bauchet
Motorcycle exhibited at the Salon in 1902
Bourdache p430


Baudier Tricycle presented at the salon des tuileries, 1899
Bourdache p430


Bayle-Michon
Bayle and Michon formed a partnership in 1925 and produced motorcycles fitted with Givaudan and Moser engines. The firm was based in the Loire district.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Bazile
Based in Montbrison, Loire, during the 1950s the firm sold mopeds sourced from Automoto, VBF and possibly others under their own name. In 1958 Bazile was an agent for Manurhin and Peugeot.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


B.C.A.
28 rue des tanneries, Roanne, and 85 rue Emile Zola, Reims
Sold motorcycles under the brands Parfait, BCA and Mylor in the 1930s and 1940s. Their BCA 100 c.1930 is believed to be rebadged Ravat.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


BCR
Bashir and Collin built BC engines of 100 to 350cc capacity in the 1920s before being joined by Raynal to form BCR.
Their workshops in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, Seine produced motorcycles with sprung frames from 1923. These used the BC engines, along with those of JAP (250 to 500cc, SV & OHV) and Chaise. The BCR firm was acquired by Poinard in 1929, and it appears that M. Raynal was still associated with that firm into the 1950s.
Source: OTTW


Bellamy
Motocyclette presented at the salon in 1902, clutch and chain transmission
Bourdache p146


Belledonne
These were mopeds marketed by Mathon of Grenoble in 1958 and were probably rebadged Mercier machines, to which they bore a very strong resemblance.
Source: OTTW


Benitaco
This was a 50cc racing machine which appeared low in the results for two GP events in 1982, ridden by Pascal Kambourian. It is likely that very few were built.
Source: OTTW


Benoît Faure
A well-known cyclist active in the 20s and 30s, Faure established a factory at 45 Rue Paillons in Saint-Etienne and produced mopeds and velomoteurs from 1954 to 1956. Despite the firm's short lifespan it produced around a dozen different models powered by engines from Comet, Myster, Mistral, Himo, Villiers and Le Poulain of up to 100cc.

Source: OTTW


Beringer
Gilbert and Véronique Beringer formed the Beringer Company in 1985. The firm manufactured motorcycle wheels, forks and sidecars. Post-2000, they produced products for to sport aviation, Formula One racers and sailplanes (gliders) among others.
Source: beringer-aero.com


Bernasse
Place de la Re´publique Toucy - Yonne
V-twins and single-cylinder motocyclettes built by Maximilien Bernasse, c1906-1907, using engines from Deckert of Paris, among others. An example dated c.1906 has a single cylinder engine mounted low in the frame in front of the pedal crank, and is fitted with a Hygina central spring fork. It was part of the Guélon Collection. The Bernasse factory still exists and is in use for the restoration and display of Citroen DS motor cars.
Bourdache p430


Bernet
Built at 4 Rue Thiers, Choisy-Le-Roi near Paris, 1952-1954, these were lightweights powered by 48cc Cucciolo and other engines.

Source: OTTW


Berthenod et Guigard
Founded in 1904, the firm had addresses at 35 rue Balay and 42 rue Prefecture in Saint Etienne
They built components for cycles and automobiles
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Bertaut
The firm offered two 50cc two-stroke mopeds in 1963, the Centurion and the Jupiter.
Source: OTTW


Berthier
In 1899 he built an petrol-engined bicyclette with large rear wheel, a small front wheel and a strongly triangulated frame.
Bourdache p430


Betty
Manufactured by Établissements Baud in Doubs, Franche-Comté 1950-1960
Built Mopeds which were also marketed under the brand names Elfil, Luxia and Jurasport.
There is another marque with a similar name, Bety.
Source: OTTW


BGA
Founded in 1900 as a manufacturer of firearms and bicycles, some five decades later the firm entered the motorcycle trade with mopeds using Junior and Solano engines, built at 64 Rue Antoine Durafour, Saint-Etienne in 1953 and '54.
Source: OTTW


Bidalot
A famous name in the history of French motorcycling, Jean Bidalot of Urrugne began building motorcycles in 1967. These early efforts were very fast 50cc racing machines. He went on to become head designer at Pernod which ran his creations in the 125 and 250 GPs, winning six titles. In 1983 he moved to MBK and is probably best known for the Magnum XR engines. Having contracted a debilitating disease he returned to his origins where he developed a line in go-faster gear for competition motorcycles, a business continued by his sons.
Source: OTTW

Birma
Lightweights built in Lyon 1949 to 1959 using 98cc Aubier & Dunne engines.
Source: OTTW


Bisson-Berger
Two-wheel engine for tricycles - ran to the coast of Chanteloup in 1898
Bourdache p430


BJS
Motorcycles manufactured by M. Bogey believed to have been based in Grenelle, Paris, from 1930 to 1935. B.J.S. are thought to have used frames built by Gam of St Etienne.
Source: OTTW, et al.


B.M.F.
Bourgeois Marechal France was a motorcycle component manufacturer which also built complete motorcycles in the 1920s. Dates are unknown, and the factory was apparently destroyed during the second war.
Source: La Moto Francaise


BMP
A Paris-based automobile company established in 1911 which built motorcycles in the early 1930s using JAP and Rudge Python engines.
Source: OTTW


Boccardo
1987-1989
Louis Boccardo, with Dominique Favario and Thierry Grange, was one of the designers of the BFG. He left that company to build the MF, and later built the Boccardo, of which 5 copies were produced.
Sources: bfg.asso.fr


Boillod
"Same transmission on the Boillod, but the engine, a two-cylinder, is placed behind the saddle of the pilot. "
Bourdache p112


Boisette
303 rue du faubourg Saint Antoine, Paris

Motocyclettes, 1906
Bourdache p431


Boivin
35 Citée des fleurs, Paris
Established 1896, built a motorcycle, and then in 1902 a driving wheel adaptable on all bicycles. Patented.
Bourdache pp 56, 146.


Bolide
87 Avenue de la Grande Armée, Paris

1899-1910. Established by Leon Lefebvre, the company had factories in Pantin which built automobiles and motorcycle engines. One source says they built motorcycles of 1 1/2 hp but others are not sure this is so. A motorcycle of inderminate brand with a Bolide engine dated c.1900 was auctioned with the Guélon Collection
Bourdache p320




Bon Avion
Established in 1840 as an arms manufacturer at 8 Place Villeboeuf à St Etienne by M. Bonnavion, construction of motorcycles began in 1927 with flat-tank chain-drive singles using engines from Broulier, LMP, Zurcher and others in capacities ranging from 175cc to 500cc. It seems likely that motorcycle production ceased in 1929.
Motos dans la Loire




Bonhomme
Motorcycle ridden by Ricard in 1903
Bourdache p146




Bonin
17 avenue de la Motte Piquet, Paris
Motorcycles built 1905 with full suspension from L'Idéal


Bonnefis
Audax 4 1/2hp engine, 1905 version of the Lamaudière.
Bourdache p431


Bonnefond
Founded in 1912 at 32 Rue de Champagne, Saint-Etienne, construction of mopeds began in 1949. Some of these were supplied, it appears, to Benoit Faure. During the 1950s the firm produced several thousand mopeds. It ceased manufacture in 1958, but continued with bicycles until 1976.
Moto Revue 16th Feb 1957 lists the company as building 4,000 cyclomoteurs from 1954 to 1956.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Bonnet
53 rue du Bois, Levallois Perret
1906, motocyclettes
Bourdache p431


Bordes
Motorcycle exhibited in December 1901
Bourdache p431


Boudiot
In 1904 the rider Boudiot rode a machine of this name with an engine of his own construction in the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris event.
Bourdache p431

Bouilly
Motorised bicycle built in Chartres, 1899. The company closed the same year.
Bourdache pp 68, 69


Bourcard
Built in 1903 by J.J. Bourcard in Colmar, Alsace on the German Border
The machine consisted of two motorcycles side by side - one bike has the rider, and the other the engine in order to isolate the rider from vibration.
Bourdache p431


Bourdiaux

Vertical in-line twin with common combustion chamber, one valve each for inlet and exhaust, built for racing 1900-1901. Used by Demeester.
Bourdache p136


Bourgery
A Motor-bicycle with petrol engine located behind the pedals constructed in Nogentle-Rotrou by M. Bourgery from 1986 until at least 1900. He had concieved the idea for the machine in 1893, at the tender age of 19.
Two of these, both dated c.1898, were part of the Guélon Collection. They are very similar, differing only with the lack of crankcase markings on one presumed to be the earlier model.
Bourdache p431


Bourgoin
Tricycle with De Dion-Bouton Engine of 1899.
Bourdache p431


Boveil
The company produced motorcycles powered by Givaudan engines from 1904 at 3 rue Bourgneuf in Saint Etienne.
Torpille motorcycles were built until 1907 when the company closed.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Braud
In 1924 built a motorcycle powered by a Massardier 1¼ h.p. engine.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Breuil
35 avenue de la Grande Armée, Paris
Motocyclettes, 1902, powered by Astral engines.
Bourdache pp 431, 146, 320.


Breton
Breton Ets was established in 1941 by Roger Breton, selling cycles. They presented the Babymoto moped at the 1952 Salon, and again at the 53 Salon with a 3 speed 70cc Lavalette engine. In 1954 they marketed the Scootomoto with the same 70cc engine. That year marked the end of production.
1953 address: 11 rue de l'egalerie, Angenieux
Sources: Amis Terriens, Motos dans la Loire


Brierre
239 Boulevard Pereire, Paris
Established in 1898, E.J. Brierre, Perrenoud and Gansewinkel built trimoteurs, quatris and automobiles with petrol engines. The company closed in 1901
Bourdache p432


Briest
109 rue de Rennes, Nantes
The Briest brothers ran a motor bicycle in the 1895 Paris-Bordeaux-Paris.
Bourdache p44


Brissard Fils
11 rue du Colonel Oudot, Paris
Engine used in the contest of the Locomotion Automobile in 1899. It is not clear whether the engines were used in motorcycles.
Bourdache p432


Brooklyn
Moto Revue N°523 of 18th March 1933 has an article on the Brooklyn 250 cc SV JAP
La Moto Francaise


Brousset
Light motorcycle engine presented at the 1902 Salon
Bourdache p432


Brun-Latrige
The firm was founded in 1836 and built weapons and bicycles at 7 Cours Fauriel, Saint-Etienne. Their first motorcycles appeared in 1909 fitted with a Keller Dorian 1 3/4hp and looking like a Pernod.

Source: Motos dans la Loire, encycloduvelo.fr


Bruneau
1899. Motocyclettes & Tricars
12 rue Victor Hugo, Tours
Their Type MH of c1905 had a liquid-cooled cylinder head, two radiators, and a fully enclosed, sealed chaincase which eliminated the need for pedal crank chain.
Bourdache mentions this marque often - pp111, 117, 123, 133, 143, 146, 151, 157, 159, 160, 172, 174, 178, 205, 209, 229, 299, 320, 322, 325.


Brunet
27 to 31 rue des Archives, Paris
Cycles and motorcycles exhibited at the 1908 Paris Salon
Bourdache p432


Brunner Tricycle
Louis Brunner, 94, rue Gabriel Peri, Columbes (Seine)
125cc twostroke engine.
Brunner Tricar photographed by Robert Doisneau. Ce-dessus et a droite: Porte d'Orleans, 1953

Buard 1907
Moto à vapeur, featured on an Atlas Card


Burton
Built in the 1950s using AMC 4T engines. Primitive telescopic forks, plunger rear.
ID plate reads Burton, Type BGL, Serie 54.
La Moto Francaise


Butler Trimoteurs
In 1899 Portéous Butler established a workshop France to build tricycles of English manufacture with Automoto engines. Because of their colours, his version was named (or nicknamed?) Rouge et Noir
Bourdache p9, p13.
There are several Butler marques so confusion is possible.


C


Carley

Carreau
93 avenue des Ternes, Paris
Motocyclettes with engines by DE DION 1 1/2hp et 1 3/4hp, built by J. Carreau in 1902
Bourdache pp 119, 146, 209.


Casnat
Ets Casnat, 53, Rue Montesquieu, Lyon (Rhone)
A cycle manufacturer which built lightweight motorcycles in the 1950s, including a 70cc model in 1955.
Sources: encycloduvelo.fr, La Moto Francaise.


Cassardo
Based at 6 Rue Ceccaldi in St Etienne the firm built sidecars in the 30s until at least 1935.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Cavelier
Motocyclette which took part in the concours de l'Automobile Club de France, 1904. See also Tungnaud-Cavelier
Bourdache p432


Centaure
205 rue de Flandre, Paris
Bicycle with the engine above the rear wheel, built by M. Flinois in 1900
Bourdache p109


C.F.C. - Compagnie Française des Cycles
Factory at 6 rue Francoeur, Paris in 1901 (Ets Pathé cinema in 1986)
Motocyclette with Onfray engine. Possibly associated with L'Universel
Bourdache p432


Clediaber
The name was formed from the brands CLEment-GlaDIAtor and HumBER. Bicycles of this name were built and, it is believed, motorcycles. Manufacture took place in Pre-Saint-Gervais.
Source: encycloduvelo.fr


Chaffal
21 rue Gaudot de Mauroy, Paris (1907)
Presented a motorised bicycle of 1 1/2hp or 2 1/4hp at the 1902 Salon.
Bourdache writes, "De mystérieux Chaffal et Gillet cachent peut-être..." the latter could be Rene Gillet.
Bourdache pp 146, 432


Chaffin Motocyclettes
30 bis rue Ledru-Rollin, Beaucaire
Motocyclette, 1907
Bourdache p432


Chaigneau
Motorcycles presented at the salon of 1902 (1 1/2hp and 2hp)
Bourdache p146


Champeyrache
Manufacturer of Velocipedes. Acessoires, Pieces Detachees. Automobiles et Motocycles. 17 Place du Lycee, Alais, 1903.
A 1901 De Dion-Bouton automobile associated with the name D. Champeyrache was sold by Bonhams July 2009.
La Moto Francaise


Chanon
22 rue Duret, Paris
Chanon, owned and managed by H. Gaubert, is a brand best known for its tricars.
In 1905 a Chanon motorcycle with a Villemain engine was ridden (by Gaubert?) to 7th place in the criterion of 1/3 litre.
Bourdache p220


Chantemede
Motocyclette, 1903
47 avenue de la République, Paris
Name changed to C.D.M. in 1906.
Bourdache p187


Charles Pélissier
A famed cyclist of the 1920s and 1930s, his name is mentioned in connection with motorcycles and it is possible that Mercier used his name on a moped.
Motos dans la Loire says that a company of the same name was formed in 1909. Charles was born n 1903.


Charon Motorcycle
Sidevalve engine in a wooden frame with wooden forks, wire spoked wheels. Most unusual machine, and really quite beautiful.
La Moto Francaise has an image of one registered at the prefecture of Angoulême on 13/07/1929


Chartier
30 rue de Mondéreau, Sens (Yonne)
Built a motorcycle with a De Dion 2 3/4hp engine in 1902
Bourdache p433


Chauffourier
Motorcycle with engine behind the pedals presented at the Paris Salon 1902
Two models 1 3/4hp and 2 1/4hp. It was also known as The Royal
Engaged in the Paris-Madrid of 1903
Bourdache pp 146, 172.


Cicca Véloreve
153 rue Noisy le Sec, Les Lilas (c.1949)
The firm was founded ca 1921 and became a car and motorcycle dealer. In 1949 the built auxilliary bicycle engines. They filed for bankruptcy in 1958.

Source: Motos dans la Loire


Cheilus
In 1904 Edouard Cheilus founded the company "Éd. Cheilus et Cie" and displayed his first tricar at the 1904 Salon. The following year he formed Austral.
motocyclettesaustral.es.tl, Bourdache p315, 399


Chemineau
The marque was established in St Etienne around 1912 by cycling champion Joanny Panel with his friend Claudius Bouillier, building bicycles, derailleurs and weapons.
The first mopeds appeared in 1952 powered by Le Poulain engines, and at the 1953 Paris Salon machines with Briban engines were presented. In the following years they used Junior, Comet, Vap and Mistral two-strokes.
In 1956 they offered scooters and mopeds which were likely built by Bernadet. Production ceased in 1957.
Sources: Motos dans la Loire, tontonvelo.


Chenard-Walcker
7 rue de Normandie, Asnières 1906
Manufacturers of tricycles and forks (d'avant-train) for quadricycles, 1899
Bourdache p433


Chevalier-Lafay
Founded in 1902 in Saint Etienne, the firm built components for cycles and automobiles.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Chorlier-Guichard
Established in 1899 at Lieu Montpassé grandes molières in Saint Etienne
They built components for bicycles and automobiles, and probably for motorcycles.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Choubersky
18 rue du 4 septembre, Paris, and also at 20, rue Félicien-David, Paris.
Built tricycles and tandems in 1899 with De Dion engines under the Richard-Choubersky brand.
At the time of his death in 1891 he had four stores in Paris, so it is not out of the question that the these machines were built by this company and sold at both addresses.
The story of Richard Choubersky (Charles de Choubersky) of roller-skate fame, who died in 1891, proves once more that wealth does not necessarily bring happiness. An interesting account of his life is available at oldbike.eu.
Bourdache p441


Chouzet Motocyclette
Motorcycle patented on February 29, 1904
Bourdache p433


CLB
Established in 1951 at Rue des Armuriers in St Etienne, the firm built frames for Rhonson and bodywork for the Mercier Vacances.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Clement
Adolphe Clement built motorcycles from c1901 to 1903, when he left the company he founded. He had become very famous as a motorcycle manufacturer and quite wealthy from his exclusive distributor rights for Dunlop tyres in France.
See also Clement-Gladiator


Codridex
Built by bicycle manufacturer Robert Codridex of Angoulême, 1952-56. Bicycles were also built under the brand Royal-Codrix.
Moto Revue 16th Feb 1957 lists the company as building 6,100 cyclomoteurs from 1954 to 1956.


Constantin
On page 110 Bourdach writes that the 1901 Constantin horizontal motor is attached to the upper tube of the frame, and later there is reference to the marque in 1905.
Bourdache pp 110, 255, 287.


Contal
64 avenue de la Grande Armée, Paris
From 1906, Camille Contal built tricars with engines of his own and with Villemain engines.
Bourdache p433


Coq de France
Manufactured by Mazoyer-Besset, founded in 1928 and based in Rochereaux (Loire)
During the 30s or 40s the firm aquired the Racer brand, and in 1952 the two brands were advertised together. Mistral-powered motorcycles were produced in the 1950s. The firm probably joined Cocymo in the mid-1950s.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Cormery
1902
Built 2-stroke engines for motorcycles. Patent of May 15, 1899 by Henry Cormery
Bourdache p433


Corre
1899
1 rue Chevalier, Levallois (seine)
and 54 rue de Villiers
Corre & Cie was formed by Jean Marie Corre in 1894. Built tricycles with De Dion and also La Licorne engines. From 1902 built automobiles. The firm became Corre La Licorne around 1907. Also well known for their bicycles.
Bourdache (pp 62, 433), mini.43.free.fr/corre.html, corre-lalicorne.com


Cote d'Azur
Another of the many brands built by Mercier, these lightweight two-stroke machines were produced from the early 1950s until 1962. The first models had primitive telescopic front forks and rigid rear. Dam models were available. Engines included the 100cc 2-speed Comet and 100cc Villiers.
Sources: Motos dans la Loire, La Moto Francaise


Cottereau
Louis Cottereau, a champion cyclist, formed the company in 1891. The firm is also known as CID, Constructions Industrielles Dijonnaises.
1 Rue des Lentillères and route d'Auxonne, Dijon
Built motorcycles with Minerva engines (1904), and also A.Z. engines. In 1910 the company was bought by Terrot.
The firm also built bicycles and automobiles, both touring and competition.
Bourdache (pp 146, 217, 320), encycloduvelo.fr


Couffinhal
Motocyclette presented at the Paris Salon of 1905 fitted with horizontally-opposed twin engine and shaft-drive.
Bourdache p434


Cousturo
Images published on La Moto Francaise indicate a mid- to late 30s machine fitted with a bevel-driven OHC engine. It appears to be of unit construction, with a hand shift mounted to the rear RHS of the engine with kickstarter adjacent.
A second machine is a BMA on 30kmh.forumactif.com which has several images, one of which shows a Cycles Cousturo metal badge on the steering head. Engine is Stainless type BMA.


Curey
1979-1983
At least two of these remarkable machines were built, the second having a frame based on both the Ducati and Tonti Moto-Guzzi designs. It ran a 1000cc HO twin with belt-driven OHC and four-valve heads, and completed the 47th Bol d'Or.
Although the two companies were in direct communication given the similarity of their projects, Curey and BFG did not collaborate.
Sources bfg.asso.fr


Cyclette Light Motorcycle
The Cyclette was a BMA-style machine with the engine mounted high above the pedal crank, the slim fuel tank slung under the bicycle's top tube. Suspended at the front with unusual forks which were effectively two pairs of forks joined at the axle. It had belt drive to the rear wheel from the engine and conventional chain drive for the pedals.
Image at La Moto Francaise

D

Dainty
Owned by Ravat, the brand was established in 1922 in Saint Etienne and built bicycles, sewing machines and, in the 1950s, mopeds powered by Vap 4 engines.

Source: Motos dans la Loire


Dalifol
172, quai de Jemmapes, Paris
In 1894 the company built a steam motorcycle with the word Volta prominent on the the engine. Bourdache has an informative article on this machine.
Bourdache p25, p434


Damas
10 rue Barbès, Levallois - Perret (Seine)
Around 1899 these motorcycles and tricycles were built fitted with Le Sphinx engines. A motorcycle rescued from a scrapyard in 1972 was part of the Guélon Collection
Bourdache p434


Daring
Flat-tank two-stroke. Appears to be late 1920s.

Darracq
Darracq


David
1905. Tricar with Quentin engine and Bozier gearbox.
Bourdache p434


Dazeur
The firm manufactured components such as brakes, pedals and wheel rims in the 1950s. Their address was the same as that of Samir, at 10 rue Emile Zola, St Etienne. Samir made Samimox wheels which were fitted to Flandria.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Deauville
37-39 Rue Garnier, Neuilly-sur-Seine
The Deauville marque was registered in September 1903 by Edmond Gentil at the same time as the brands Alcyon and Action
Bourdache p434


Debeaune
85 rue de Bourgogne, Lyon
These machines were re-badged Italian Della Ferrera machines sold around 1913.
Bourdache pp 335, 343, 346, 349, 356, 369, 385, 398-400.


Degré
In his workshop at No. 1 Avenue du Roule, Neuilly, M. Degré built a Minerva-powered 233cc motorcycle which he presented at the London show of 1902. The marque existed until at least 1906, but at that stage was producing front suspension, not complete motorcycles. An example of the machine dated c.1903 was part of the Guélon Collection.
Sources: Guélon Collection


Deleau
Motorcycle exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1898 (15/26 December)
Bourdache p434


Decolon Motorcycles
1948 model has AMC 4T 108cc engine, girder fork and rigid rear.
La Moto Francaise


Debaralle
Became the Aiglon marque.
Bourdache p146, p429


Delage, Paris
12 rue Honnet, Clichy

1914 machine with cylindrical tank, belt drive, possibly also known as "Claude Delage".
Possibly built by Leon Batifort. A c.1920 advertisement for La Moto legere Claude Delage shows a 175cc four-stroke.

Sources Bourdache p346, encycloduvelo.fr


Delaplace
Manufactured by Delaplace Ets
The Horsy scooter appeared at the 1952 Salon powered by a 85cc Le Poulain engine. It did not enter production.
Source: Amis Terriens


DeLaurier and Morin
The First Electric Motor Cycle
A patent application was filed on 5 June 1869 by Emile Delaurier and Jules Morin in Paris for an electric vélocipède.
Although the patent does not include a drawing of the machine, DeLaurier and Morin are very explicit about the operation of their tricycle and the method of proposed construction.
The author goes on to say, "are the first in the world of the Automobile to claim in their patent the dynamic braking and the recovery of kinetic energy in descents to recharge the batteries... Let's not forget we are in 1869 and today's hybrid and electric automobiles and motorcycles use these two technologies."
The design was the result of some 20 years of research and experimentation. In 1848 Emile Delaurier patented an engine which relied on the expansion of gases and in 1854 an electric battery. He worked with the Comte de la Valette on a free electicity system from 1855 to 1858 (as did Tesla some decades later). In the 1860s he developed several electric generator engines, and then in 1869 invented another electric battery.
Source: Didier Mahistre

Delieutraz
Motorcycle involved in the 1903 M.C.F. competition.
Bourdache p403


Demaria
Petrol-engined bicycle cited by the magazine Touring Club de France, 1902
Bourdache p434


DEM (D.E.M.)
Manufactured motorcycles 1926~27 through to 1933~34, and possibly as late as 1946. Models included 100 and 175cc Aubier&Dunne powered machines along with Chaise 250 and 350cc motorcycles.
The tank logo would often be a fairly large D.E.M.

It is possible D.E.M and Ets Demade are related.
La Moto Francaise


Demade
H & G Demade Frères built motorcycles in Bruay sur Escaut, some models using Moser engines. An ID plate gives Type D12, year 1934. The machine is a dual-exhaust OHV with chain drive, large external flywheel, rigid rear end and lights. It appears very similar to a Motosacoche of the same period, and it is likely a re-badged machine.
It is possible D.E.M and Ets Demade are related.
La Moto Francaise, forum-auto.com

Derby
4 avenue Carnot, Paris
Motorcycle classified 8th of the criterium of the motorcycles the 24 of October of 1901, ridden by De Ridder.
Bourdache p434


Desgrouas
Machine exhibited at the 1902 Salon.
Bourdache p146


Devinant
3 and 5 Rue Jouvenet, Paris, 1906.
Motos and Tricars with integral suspension.
See also Mauxion & Devinant 1903, same address.
Bourdache p434


Diva
Jules Zimmermann et Cie
10 rue Emile Allez, Paris
Motos, 1903
Bourdache p434


Dobro
Address: 1, Impasse del la Cite, Nevers.
Image (right) appears to be a mid-1920s model. It has a Moser 4T engine, 250cc. 3 speed. Chain Chain. Terry seat.
Source: forum.tontonvelo.com


Donjon
Participated in an event at the 1904 La Provence Sportive
Bourdache p434


Duchemin
Motorised bicycle displayed at the 1900 exhibition in Vincennes
Bourdache p434


Dumont
Tricycle exhibited at the Salon des Tuileries in 1899
Bourdache p434


Dupressoir
Manufactured a De Dion engined motorcycle in Maubeuge (North), exhibited at the 2nd Salon (10/25 December 1901)
Bourdache p434


Durey

1900
82 rue d'Hauteville, Paris ( 1907)
Motorized bicycle named La Parfaite with engines above the pedals in 1900.
Bourdache pp 69, 84, 86, 98.


Dutemple
Motocyclette of 1903
Bourdache p434


Dutheil-Chalmers et Cie
Took part in the M.C.F. concours d'endurance of 1903. A patent for a motorcycle was taken in 1901 by the same company
Bourdache p434


E

Elan
Place du Marché, Marmande
The Elan company was formed by Pierre Sarrus in 1900 and the first machines are mentioned in 1901. In 1902 he joined the military and on his return he established a new workshop in Marmande, at the Place du Marché. He went to war in 1914, and after 1918 built an aircraft named Elan II.
During the second war he and his son Jean built electric motorcycles.
Pierre continued in the motorcycle trade in Marmande into the 1950s, and Jean maintained the service until the end of the 1980s.
La Moto Francaise, Bourdache p434 and others

Eriol
Manufactured by the brothers Jean and Claudius Martin in Charlieu (Loire), the first motorcycles were built in 1927, the 175 Type A.
From 1932 until 1939 they built motorcycles using Chaise, Stainless and JAP up to 350cc. The factory moved to Roanne in 1933 with premises at 43 rue Jean Jaurès and rue Poisson.
The firm also built bicycles, sewing machines, children's cars and kitchen appliances. Eriole is an anagram of Loire.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Elvish
Manufactured by Elvish-Fontan in Bordeaux. Another address is 64 rue de Livron, Pau, where they built bicycles.
Established in 1883 in England as a cycle company, production moved to France after WWI with famed cyclist Victor Fontan in partnership with M. Grosnier.
In 1929 they built a SV 250cc JAP powered motorcycle of quite modern appearance with saddle tank, drum front brake and girder forks. A Cucciolo-powered moped was presented at the 1951 Salon.
Source: Amis Terriens, Chez Alice, encycloduvelo.fr


Émeraude (Emeraude)
1902 6 Rue de Rennes, Nantes
Later at 20 rue de Versailles in Nantes
Manufacturer: G. Fournier
In 1907, Monluc de Lariviere and Sauzereau, manufacturers, motorcycle with 2hp engine
Bourdache p434


Epsom
Built by Ets Teyssot, 1950s
20, Rue Du Placieux Nancy (M. et M.)
Some models used Comet engines by Le Poulain, others Sachs or AMC.


Eyrant
Motocyclette with 2 1/4hp engine, 1904
Bourdache p434


F

Farman
The Farman brothers (Henri, Maurice and Richard) built a motor-tricycle using a De Dion-Bouton 1 3/4hp engine in 1899. Henri Farman is familiar to all in aviation as the man who coined the term aileron.
Sources: Bourdache, mini.43.free.fr/farman.html


Faure & Bayle
Founded in 1922 by André Faure and Claude Bayle at 94 Rue St Roch in St Etienne
Manufactured frames, motorcycle parts and light motorcycles. Between 1922 and 1925 they built single-speed machines powered by 125cc and 175cc Massardier engines.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Faure-Durbize
Faure Jean and Durbize Barthélémy of 2 place Desnoette, St Etienne, built bicycle and motorcycle frames and components.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Fleury
1905

Entered the the M.C.F. competition, ridden by Demmler.
Bourdache pp 233, 435


Flinois
Established 1898, they built the Centaure in 1900.
In 1905, Flinois-Bonnel were established at 15 bis, Route de la Révolte, Neuilly
Bourdache pp 432, 435, 444.


Foudre (La)
Competed in the 1902 Château-Thierry and, against over sixty other machines, in the Championnat du Monde des Motocyclettes of 1904, won by the four cylinder d’Adolphe Clément.
Bourdache p209


Fournier & Knopf
Machine shown at the 1902 salon
Bourdache p146


F.R.
Ets François 6 Rue St Ferdinant, Paris
Models include 1954 Type L54 70.5cc
Source: La Moto Francaise


Fulgor
Participated in the M.C. competition in Lyon, April 4, 1902
There is also an Italian Fulgor marque in the 1920s, unrelated.
Bourdache p435


Fulgur
Presented a Fulguretta 50cc scooter at the 1952 Foire de Paris and the Salon de Paris. The firm also made motorcycle trailers.
This information requires verification.
Source: Amis Terriens


G

Gagnon
André Gagnon, mayor of Chartres, founded Établissements Gagnon in the city of Chartes. There he built a variety of mopeds from the 1950s until the mid-1960s using the brands Carnutes , Fag, Réalty and Radiane.
Source: OTTW


Gaillard
1907 motocyclette
Bourdache p435


Gaillardet
1899
Built single and v-twin cylinder engines with copper finning, marking an advance in cooling technology.
Bourdache p75, 80


Galiator
Bonnet , Guyonnet and Canonne built Motocyclettes in Paris, 1907.
Bourdache p435


Gallia
17 rue Jean Goujon, Paris
The company "L’Electrique" manufactured electric voitures Gallia and Galliette. The firm also built the Viratelle
7, 8 juin 1930, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Circuit de la Ville - 250cc : 1. Hector Andréino (Clément-Gladiator), 2. Lavaine (Prester), 3. Hubert (Gallia) ...
racingmemo.free.fr, Bourdache p316


Gallia-Condor
1913
French company selling rebranded MAG-engined motorcycles built by Condor of Switzerland
Bourdache p400


Gamet
1902 Motocyclette
Bourdache p435


Garreau
Established 1896, the Garreau with a 3/4 hp engine was displayed at the Salon of 1899. In c.1900 a half-horsepower model with the engine mounted above the pedal crank was introduced named the Autocyclette, but this was changed after Clément began using the same name. Manufacture ceased in 1904.
Sources: Guélon Collection, Bourdache pp 69, 92, 98, 99


Gautier-Wehrle
1894. Built steam-powered automobiles and later motor bicycles, and tricycles with flat-twin petrol engines. Sometimes presented under the brand name Continentale d'Automobiles. The company name was originally Rossel, Gautier et Wehrlé, and changed to Société Centrale in 1896.
Sources: Wikipedia, Bourdache pp 48, 54, 69.


Gerfaut
An assembler in St Etienne, the firm had connections with Peugeot and Manufrance, and in the mid-1950s sold Cocymo motorcycles rebadged as their own. It is very likely they were a member of the Cocymo group.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Gerkinet
In the 1920s the J. et H. Gerkinet firm built bicycles and Geco-Herstal motorcycles at Jeumont, near Maubeuge and the Belgian border.
French law restricted the importation of manufactured products. In 1927 the Belgian company Gillet (1) bought Gerkinet to sell its production.
Notes: 1. encycloduvelo.fr says it was FN who bought Gerkinet.
Sources: encycloduvelo.fr, correspondence.


Girardot
1899. Famous automobile manufacturer (C.G.V.), who was one of the first to present a De Dion-Bouton tricycle .
Bourdache pp 45, 53, 57, 61.


Gloria
1912
Bourdache (p434) refers the reader to Lurquin et Coudert which could indicate that the French Gloria marque was one of theirs, rather than a separate company to which they supplied engines. He also writes (p279), "In the following years we will find Lurquin-Coudert under the brands Olympia, Saving, C. Coudert and Gloria."


Gloriator
1903/1904
Same construction as Succès and Iris in motorcycles (1 3/4hp and 2 1/4hp), and adaptable engines.
Bourdache p436


GMV
The firm was established at Rue des vignes, La Fouillouse, St Etienne around 1977 by the Velay brothers who built 50cc racers using Kreidler engines, Van Veen frames and GMV components. They then built 80cc racers using Casal engines as late as 1985.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Gobron-Minerva
13 quai de Boulogne, Boulogne sur Seine
Well-known French automobile manufacturer believed to have built versions of the Belgian Minerva (1903/1904)
Bourdache pp 185, 217


Godmare Autocycle
Participated in the autocycle competition of the Club de France in 1904
Bourdache p436


Goguel
Participated in the contest of alcohol (alcohol-fueled engines?) in Épernay in 1902. ranked 9th.
Bourdache p436


Gourt
A machine of this name was exhibited at the Salon of 1902
Bourdache p146


Goutay
Manufactured in 1926 at 27 Place Massenet, St Etienne. The firm built both bicycles and motorcycles, and were still building bicycles in 1958.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Grapperon
Grapperon, builder of a motorcycle which ranked first at the 1914 circuit du Sud-Ouest 1914 in the 500 class.
Bourdache Several references


Gratieux Gratieux


Grimault
René Grimault, Fontenay-aux-Roses, with a branch in Arcueil (1936)
Built bicycles in the 1930s, advertising "Manufacture de Cycles et Tandems" in 1932. Believed to have built motorcycles.
In the late 1920s his store advertised Terrot and Motobecane. In the 1950s sold Motobecane and Solex mopeds. René was a keen sportsman and motorist, and seems to have been widely regarded as an all round "nice guy".
Source: fontenay-aux-roses.fr


Gros
3 rue des Immeubles Industriels, Paris
Manufactured light motorcycle engines, 1905
Bourdache p 436



Approximate location.

Groseiller
A. Groseiller, mechanic-builder
6 rue de l'Hôtel de Ville, Lyon.
Built motorcycles with gearshift and clutch, 1913
Bourdache p436


Grosse-Goubault
2 1/2hp tricycle with gear change and clutch presented at the 1899 Salon
Bourdache p436


Guimbretiere
Marcel Guimbretiere was a professional cyclist whose name is mentioned in several cycling blogs.
A page speaks of a 1951 model with a 125cc AMC engine and flywheel magneto. It is a Type G87 and Georges Monneret appears to be the agent.
La Moto Francaise


Guignard
Built parts for cycles, motocycles and automobiles in 1909. Built Le Cerf bicycles in 1905 and Colibri bicycles in 1933. Believed to have manufactured motorcycles. A champion cyclist Paul Guignard was active in the 1910 period - this may be the same person behind the brand.
Source: encycloduvelo.fr


H

H Errard
Located at 20 Rue Réaumu in Paris, the firm's factory in St Etienne had a workforce of 110 people, and merged with the Cocymo group in 1955. Their machines were marketed under the Metropolis brand until 1959.

Source: Motos dans la Loire


H. Mathevet
In the late 20s and early 30s the firm built frames for bicycles and motorcycles. There is a suggestion that they built the Wethy brand of bicycles and light motorcycles.

Source: Motos dans la Loire


Hallot
1904
Ets Giron,
38 rue Vanneau, Paris
Built motorcycles with using Z.L. V-twin and single cylinder engines
Bourdache p436


Hammon et Mouter
Hammond et Monnier were bicycle dealers who presented a machine at the 1902 Paris Salon. They sold the firm to the Duc d'Uzes around 1907. It is unclear whether they built motocyclettes, but as their main trade was bicycles this seems likely.
Bourdache p146


Hanzer
4 rue Baudin, Ivry (seine)
1899, Motor tricycle
Bourdache p436


Harding-JAP
Built in France using entirely British components, it had a V-twin 3 1/2hp JAP engine, Bowden 2-speed gearbox, Druid forks and a Chater-Lea frame. Illustrated in The Motor Cycle magazine in 1912.


Hellessen
Hellessen


Henriod C.E.
7/9 rue de Sablonville, Neuilly sur seine
1898. Manufactured tricycles and engines.
Bourdache p436


Hernis
Ateliers de construction mécanique d'Asnières,
47 quai d'Asnières, Asnières (seine)
1897. Petrol engines for automobiles and motorcycles from 1 to 8hp
Bourdache p436


H.L.B.
Paris representative, 83 rue Lafayette
Manufacturer of arms and bicycles in Saint-Etienne. Motorcycle 330 cc with magneto ignition. Related to
Deronzière and Rupta.
3/4hp engine adaptable to bicycles
Bourdache p436


Huco
The St Etienne firm sold re-branded Ravat motorcycles in the 1950s. The Huco Type 154/4 is very similar to the Ravat 154 and has a type R9 4-speed engine, and a 1957 Type H52 has a 100cc Sachs engine.
There appears to have been a connection with Paul Huffschmitt of Strasbourg.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Hunter
Founded in 1903 and situated at 122 Rue d'Annonay, St Etienne, the firm was acquired by Langénieux in 1906. In 1918 they had moved to 37 avenue Rochetaillé in Saint Etienne.
From 1922 they built motorcycles with 100cc Stainless, Villiers, 125cc Massardier and 500cc JAP engines. Motorcycle production ended around 1931 or 1932.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Hurtu
Hurtu


I

Indénor
The firm merged with Automoto, and is also associated with Terrot. They became part of the Peugeot concern in 1967, and the premises were sold to the Japanese company Koyo in 1999.

Source: Motos dans la Loire


Impetus
M. Hertel was a renowned cycling champion who rode under the name of Baron Impetus. He presented a motorcycle at the 1901 show
Bourdache p437


Ivry
Cie Générale d'Électricité
5 rue Bourdreau, Paris
Tricars 5 and 6hp, 1906
Bourdache p437


J

Jacquelin
24 avenue de la Grande Armée, Paris
A former cyclist, in 1902 he built an unusual machine with a steering-wheel and link rod (De Dion-Bouton engine of 114 X 120mm: 1225cc)
1903 saw him participate, still with De Dion, in the quarter-liter criterion.
1904/1905 he tries to launch a machine with a smaller engine.
Bourdache p437


Janoir


J. B. Louvet
Manufacturer of bicycles and motorcycles established 1913.
Better known for his post-WWI productions up to the beginning of the 1930s, the JB Louvet of 1913 is a 2 3/4hp (327 cc) machine with magneto ignition and automatic greasing.
Bourdache pp 407, 445


Jean Louvet
Founded in 1920 in Neuilly, in 1927 they were selling Automoto cycles and motorcycles. An undated machine branded Jean Louvet is identical to the 175 MF Automoto.
See also J.B. Louvet which may be the same firm.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Jeunet
The company was founded in the early 1900s by Albert Jeunet. Production of bicycles began in 1928 in Dôle (Jura), one of their brands being Captivante. In 1948, unnder the name Ets Jean Jeunet the firm opened a second store in Dijon where they sold mopeds, and in 1964 began selling Honda motorcycles.
They began producing Jeunet and Captivant cyclomoteurs and motorcycles in the 1950s, and in 1958 they joined the SEVMA group. Their motorcycles were supplied to Manufrance who marketed them under the Hirondelle marque from 1964 to 1967, and at this point Jeunet ceased selling them under their own name. They did however create a new brand and sold Captivating mopeds which were rebranded VapSA machines - Vap was also part of the SEVMA group.
In the 1973/74 the firm made a bid to import Hercules from Germany, but this was not successful. At this time Jeunet was exporting to America in considerable volume, the company there trading as Cycles Jeunet. The American company failed to pay its bills, and as a result Jeunet was bankrupted.
The Jeunet factory was taken over by the Mulhouse cycle firm Gottfried.
Sources: jeunetmoto.com, zseft-zundapp.com


J.G. Engines
Paris-based motorcycle engine manufacturer, pre 1914.
Bourdache p437


Jochum
Motorcycle exhibited at the second Salon, December 1901.
Bourdache p117


J.O.G.
1906. J. Grosse Manufacturer of bicycles, and later built tandems and tricars. Possibly related to Grosse-Goubault.
Bourdache p437


Jouclard
Manufactured in Dijon, 1903-1907
Motorcycle engaged in Paris-Bordeaux-Paris from 1904, ridden by Jouclard
Bourdache p437


Jouve
In the press of the time there was frequent mention of a Jouve sidecar. In fact the product is English, better known under the name Mills-Fullford for whome Jouve is the representative in Paris.
Bourdache p365


Judenne
Manufactured mopeds in the 1950s, and in 1954 introduced the Scot scooter using a 70cc 3-speed Lavalette engine.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Jules Dubois
23 avenue des Champs Elysées, Paris
Built tricycles with DE DION engines, 1899~1906
Bourdache p437


Jullian
Usine de Bicyclettes électriques de Bésançon built 175cc motorcycles circa 1915.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Juncker
Manufactured by Motocycles et Moteurs Juncker of Mulhouse in north-eastern France, 1935-1937
These were lightweight motorcycles using Stainless and Aubier & Dunne engines of 98cc to 147cc.
Source: Wikipedia NL


K

KD
Manufactured by Albert Keller-Dorian of Lyon from 1905, the motorcycle had AIV (snuff valve) engines of 170cc and 216cc and were also available in an open frame version.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Keops
Built from c1920 by Edmond Guinard at Venette in Oise and in Compiègne. An example of a 175cc two-stroke motorcycle exists at the automobile museum in Talmont Saint Hilaire (musee-auto-vendee.com).
Source: amicalegnomerhone.net


Kervran
Twostroke, chain-chain built 1928. Article in Moto Revue No 292, 13 October 1928: la Kervran
La Moto Francaise


Kid
48cc auxiliary bicycle engines made in the early 1950s which were mounted above the front wheel which was driven by a roller.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Kreutzberger Frères
Established 1900 at 4 rue de Robinson and in 1903 moved to 77 rue du Dessus des Berges in Paris
The company built motor tricycles, carts and light automobiles (voitures légères). Associated with the Omega marque of 1900. It dissolved in 1904
Bourdache p437


Ktema
Manufactured lightweights in the 1950s powered by Briban, Martinet, Mistral, Poulain and Vap engines.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


L

L'Idole Tricycle
De Dion motor tricycle which participated in la cote de Chanteloup of 1898.
Bourdache p438


La Fauvette
Came tenth in Chateau-Thierry race of 1904, ridden by Panzani
Bourdache p 434


Laforge & Palmentier
35 avenue e Wagram, Paris
In 1903 the factory in Alfortville built 2hp motorcycle with pedals attached to the frame by studs connecting housing and cylinders.
Bourdache p146


La Guerrière
1903
39 rue Pierre Joigneaux, Asnières (seine)
J. Jaujard, manufacturer of motorcycles with a 278cc 2 1/4hp engine of his own construction.
Bourdache p436


La Lorraine
Built motorcycles between 1922 and 1925 using 98cc to 248cc engines of their own construction.
Source: Wikipedia NL


La Louve
42 rue du Louvre, Paris
A.Louveau built motorcycles with 2 1/2 and 3hp engines in 1904
Bourdache p438


La Parfaite
1900. Petrol-engined bicycle by Durey
Bourdache p109, p440


La Perle
Maurice Guyot of 21 Rue Clément Forissier in St Etienne built mopeds from 1948 to 1957 using Vap and Itom engines.
Guyot had long been a cycle manufacturer and constructed Hosanna (1927) and Corail (1930) bicycles.
Sources: Motos dans la Loire, tontonvelo.com


La Préféré
1 et 3 Bld de Ménilmontant, Paris
1913-1914
Matthäus Graf Thun successor to E.Decosse - Motorcycles with sidecar.
In 1925 Thun established the MT marque in Austria.
Bourdache p438


Lacombe
Manufactured by Ets Lacombe, 5 rue Sébastien Gryphe, Lyon, Rhône
1948 - 1954
The tiny scooter first appeared at the 1948 Salon with a model name of FL22. Powered by a 49cc P.P. Roussey two-stroke, in 1949 it was also know as the Comindus.
Source: Amis Terriens, Tous les scooters du monde


Lafour & Nougier
Manufactured in Nîmes from 1927 to 1936, these motorcycles had engines from Aubier Dunne, Chaise, Train and Stainless, along with imported Villiers and JAP motors. Capacities ranged from 98cc to 490cc.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Lamblin
Crankcase transmission motorcycle described in Locomotion No. 15 (1910). Two-speed planetary gear change in the rear hub, with a leather clutch cone.
Bourdache pp329, 342


Landru (Henri-Désiré)
Motocyclettes 1899
The first machines were motorcycles which could be converted to tricycles, and then in 1900 he developed a machine with a 198cc Renouard engine. An example of this was included in the auction of the Guélon Collection
Assets transferred to Labitte in April 1900 (1)
Several addresses are given:
58 Bld St Germarin, Paris (Sales, probably), 6 rue des Carrières Montmorency, and 15 Bld Pereire Paris.
Landru was neither the first nor the last motorcyclist to lose his head but in France he is the most famous. Unlike Enoch Thulin whose head was detached and bounced along like a football, Landru's simply plopped into a bucket. He had been convicted as a serial killer and executed by guillotine.
Notes. 1) This was possibly because he was sentenced to two years jail in 1900 for fraud.
Sources: Bourdache (pp 102, 103, 109.) and others.


Lapébie
A member of the Mercier group since 1939 or earlier, the Bordeaux firm built the following models:

  • 1953-1956 Model SB 98cc Comet 2-speed
    1954 Model LV 98cc Villiers S2g 2-speed
    1957 Model T185 48cc Itom single speed

Source: Motos dans la Loire

Lapierre
Gaston Lapierre established his business in 1946 in Dijon to manufacture bicycles, and in the 1950s also built mopeds. His bicycles also appeared under the Orligné marque, and it is believed that the mopeds did too.
The firm became part of the Dutch Accell Group, and continued to build bicycles in Dijon into the 21st century.
Sources: Wikipedia NL, encycloduvelo.fr


Lapize
Manufactured in Neuilly-sur-Seine, 1930 - 1937, the motorcycles had Aubier-Dunne, LMP, JAP and other brands of 2T and 4T engines of 98cc to 498cc. The company was owned by Alcyon.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Lardennais
Built a 4-stroke motorcycle circa 1903
Bourdache p438


Latscha
Built light motorcycles from 1948 to 1953 using Aubier & Dunne 98cc and 123cc engines. They possibly also used larger JAP engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Large
1903
Moto which competed in the Paris-Madrid of 1903, ridden by M Large.
Bourdache p172


Le Greves
Established by professional cyclist René Le Grevès at St Nicolas de Redon (Loire), the bicycle firm was associated with the Mercier group and produced lightweights in the 1950s.

Source: Motos dans la Loire


Le Sauvage
190 rue de Charonne, Paris
Built motorcycles of 65cc, 125cc and 175cc 1956-1958
La Moto Francaise


Lefol
Manufactured 1954 by Lefol & Cie, Courbevoie, Seine. Jacques Lefol produced car and bicycle accessories from the 1930s.
The Scoot-Air appeared at the Salon of 1954 powered by a two-speed 98cc Comet engine. It may also have been marketed briefly as the Aero-Scoot.
Source: Amis Terriens, Wikipedia NL


Leloir
H. Leloir, 16 Rue Fremicourt, Paris
175cc twostroke, ca 1922~1927
La Moto Leloir, 3e Annee de Fabrication. Cliche Salon Octobre 1924
Built 247cc two-strokes similar to the Evans, and a 174cc two-stroke boxer twin.
Sources: Period advertising, Wikipedia NL.


Lepoureau
Based in Issy les Moulineaux, Paris, the firm built a motorcycle with a De Dion engine and transmission by chain. They took part in the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris in 1904
Bourdache p438


Lesprillier
1900. Factory and offices at 22 avenue d'Italie, Paris
Built a 1 3/4hp detachable engine and a 2 1/2hp motor bicycle.
Bourdache p146


Letang
One of the entries in Paris-Bordeaux-Paris in 1895
In 1901, Letang, Herbin And Bordes patented a detachable motor for bicycles
Bourdache pp 43, 44


Lepape
28 rue Demours, Paris
1903. Inventor of the 2-stroke engine "Bichrone"
Bourdache writes, "such as Lepape who built a two-stroke piston-pump (deux-temps à piston-pompe) ancestor, a system that was to make the German racing machine famous on the eve of the Second World War."
Bourdache pp 163, 438


Liaudois
Manufactured by Ets. Liaudois, Paris, 1923 to 1927, these were motorcycles with Train engines of 98cc to 123cc.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Libertas
7 rue Mousset Robert, and 149-151 rue Michel Bizot, Paris
Built 1 1/4hp and 2 1/4hp petroleum bicycles ca 1902. The smaller engine had a water-cooled cylinder head.
Bourdache p438


Lobin
Bicyclette with Grillon engine housed in the frame built 1902. Chain drive with friction clutch.
Bourdache p438


Lombard
Ets Cochot 45 rue de Tanger, Paris
Tricycles et voiturettes displayed at the 1898 salon
Bourdache pp 396, 400


Loriot
Manufactured 1927-1930 using mainly JAP engines and Bredier & Charon gearboxes. There was also apparently a shaft-drive model.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Lotz-Huzelstein
44 rue du Louvre, Paris
Motorized bicycle, 1896
Huzelstein could be the German mechanic who presented the Hildebrand and Wolfmuller in France and bought the company after the bankruptcy Duncan and Suberbie
Bourdache p46


Louis Janior
From 1921 to 1924 Janior built motorcycles with 500cc twin-cylinder boxer engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Louis Vineis
rue Monteil, St Etienne
The Moto 250 was first registerd in March of 1947 and is rather similar to the Lutece in concept. A shaft drive single cylinder two-stroke with square-section steel frame, it has primitive front suspension, rigid rear end and far from adequate brakes. The carburettor is on the right and the exhaust port on the left. To suggest it is unattractive would be a kindness - it is likely winner of the "bog ugly" award. Thankfully only one was built.
Sources: Motos dans la Loire, La Moto Francaise


Louison
Louison


Loyal
Built a tricar in 1897 with a 2-stroke engine of unusual design which operated like a 4-stroke with automatic valve on intake and exhaust.
Bourdache p438


Lumen

Lux
Manufactured by Ets Jussy Dombret (founded 1888), a bicycle firm in St Etienne. The first motorcycle is believed to have been constructed in 1898, and in 1905 they were building motorcycles, bicycles and automobiles.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Luxia
Manufactured by Établissements Baud of Doubs (Franche-Comté), 1950~1968
The firm built mopeds under the names Betty, Elfil and Jurasport, as well as Luxia.
Source: OTTW


Lyjack
Manufactured by Eugène Brossard at 48 rue Denis Papin, Blois
Named by the founders for their daughers Lyliane et Jacqueline, the cycle firm had been operating for decades. In the late 40s or early 1950s they built cyclomoteurs.
Source: tontonvelo


M

M & P
Marechal & Poste, Fives, Lille-Nord was established by Francesco Ferrier. From c.1928 to the beginning of WWII (or possibly 1928-1932), these were lightweights with 100 and 125cc Aubier & Dunne engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Macquart et fils
1900 Macquart and Vexiau petrol bicycle with clutch and chain transmission named the Pétrocyclette
Bourdache p438


Magali
Motocyclette built by Gaillon et Cie, 1903
22 rue Garnier, Levallois Perret
Bourdache pp 208, 209, 213, 220, 221, 223, 233, 239, 251, 262, 309.


Magaty
Built autocycles with 200cc engines from 1931 to 1937.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Magnat-Moser
A division of Magnat-Debon which built Moser engines under licence at Grenoble between 1906 and 1914.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Mahelin-Foucher
63 rue Frédéric Petit Amiens (Sommes)
Winner of the first motorcycle race on the velodrome at Amiens, 1901, ridden by Baudelocque
Bourdache p438


Manon
17 rue du Débarcadère, Paris
Ets Chaigneau built a motorcycle with a Kratos water-cooled 1 1/2hp engine in 1902
Bourdache p438


Marly
150 avenue du Roule, Neuilly
Presented motocyclettes at the 1908 salon.
Bourdache p438


Marmonnier
Constructed lightweights with Aubier-Dunne 125 and 175cc two-stroke engines in Villeurbanne from 1947 to 1951
Source: Wikipedia NL


Marquet Engines
17 rue Antonin, Villeurbanne
Manufactured by Soma, founded 1912. In the years 1952~1956 they produced engines fitted to Automoto, Follis, Helyett, Magnat Debon, Monet Goyon, Peugeot, Terrot and others.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Martin-Moulet
The Valmobile was introduced at the 1952 Paris Salon. When disassembled, it fits in a valise. The prototype was powered by a 60cc Alter, production machines ran Villiers 98cc engines. The fastest of these were good for 75 km/h - not bad for a ride-on suitcase!
The firm produced the 48cc Variomatic moped in 1956.
Sources: Amis Terriens, scoot-toujours.over-blog.com


Mascotte (or La Mascotte)
Manufactured by Moteurs et Motorcycles Mascotte, Courbevoie, 1923-1924. 174cc lightweights.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Mathis
Émile Ernst Mathis worked with Ettore Bugatti at a firm in Alsace from which they were both dismissed. The pair set up their own business under the Mathis name c.1904, and in 1906 the parnership ended. Mathis maintained his involvement in the motor trade and during the second war developed a three-wheeler with Jean Andreau which was prsented at the Paris Salon of 1946, of which 10 were built. He built another tricar with a much larger engine but it did not enter production. The company closed in 1950 and the factory was sold to Citroen.
Source: OTTW


Mauxion and Devinant
5 rue Jouvenet, Paris
Entered the 1903 du M.C.F., ridden by Mauxion
Bourdache pp 186, 438


Max
Manufactured by Ets. Motos Max of Levallois from 1927 to 1930, these were motorcycles using engines of 98cc to 500cc along with components from both British and French suppliers.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Mayeski
In 1904 Deckert engine engaged in the qualifiers for the international cup of M.C.F. ridden by MAYESKI
Their address in 1907 was 3 rue du Pas de la Mule, Paris
Bourdache p190


Mazoyer
66, R. Nationale, Paris
The Mazoyer company built 500cc motorcycles 1951-1953, possibly other models and years.
See also Metalloplan
La Moto Francaise


MBK
This company was the successor to Motobecane, with Yamaha as the majority shareholder. It was based in Saint-Quentin.


M.C.
An image exists showing the rider Moret on an M.C. at the Paris-Nice race, 1921


Megy
Motocyclette exhibited at the 2nd Salon of 1901
Bourdache p439


Métalloplan
Marius Mazoyer, previously involved in aviation and bicycles, established the firm Mazoyer at 13-17 Rue Thiollière, Saint-Étienne in 1901. In 1928 they built motorcycles using JAP, Moser and Zurcher engines, with the first machine believed to have an engine of their own construction.
Models included:

  • 1928 Grand Sport 175cc Zurcher
    1928 Tourisme 250cc JAP

Post-war Mazoyer produced mopeds, and from 1951 to 1958 used engines from Le Poulain, Mistral and Junior.
See also Mazoyer
Sources: OTTW, Motos dans la Loire

Meteore
One of the many marques produced under the France Motor Cycles mantle.


Météore
These were engines built in Paris by société des frères Caffort, one of which was fitted to a c.1902 Brilliant.
Sources: Guélon Collection


Merveilleuse
There is a record of a BMA-style machine built in 1950.
La Moto Francaise

Métropole (La) Métropole (La)


M.F.
1981-1983
Built in Vendôme (Loire-et-Cher) by Louis Boccardo, formerly of BFG, in partnership with Siccardi and others, the M.F. (Moto Française) was powered by a Citroen Visa 650cc engine with gearbox and final drive from the Moto Guzzi V50. Some 90 machines were produced before the firm ceased trading in 1983.
See also Boccardo
Sources: bfg.asso.fr


Mic Per
Michel Perret constructed a racing moped in St Etienne in 1951.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Micromoteur
Manufactured by Les Établissements Labinal in Saint-Ouen (Seine-Saint-Denis), 1922
63cc bicycle auxilliary engines similar to the Cyclotracteur.
Source: OTTW


Midroit
Midroit was a rider for Ravat who in 1927 built his own machine powered by a JAP engine.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Midual
Built by Olivier Midy, this is a modern superbike of typical French beauty. The first of his machines, a flat twin, was presented at the Paris Motorcycle Show in 1999. Development to some years, and the first road test was by none other than Alan Cathcart, in 2014. The liquid-cooled 975cc DOHC 8v engine is inclined at 25º and produces 90 HP via a 5 speed gearbox and chain drive to the rear wheel. Yours for just 140,000 Euros.
Sources: midual.com, et al.

MIG
GP rider Jean-Louis Guignabodet began building racing motorcycles in 1985 using 250cc Rotax twins equipped with a carbon-fibre fuel tank. Later he built racing exhaust systems.
Source: OTTW


Mignorac
Between 1924 and 1937 the Mignorac firm of Romainville (Seine-Saint-Denis) built motorcycles under the brand names Lalo, Mignorac and Poinsard, along with LMP engines.
Source: OTTW


Minerve
30 rue du Point du Jour, Boulogne Billancourt
Minerve motor tricycle, 1899
Caption to Bourdache image: The very personal architecture of the Minerve engine (unrelated to the Belgian Minerva) is determined by the shape of its piston. In order to improve the internal cooling of the engine, this piston is extended by a hollow sleeve and open at both ends.
Bourdache p83


Minima Bicycle Engines
3 cité Griset (125 rue Oberkampf), Paris
Engine adaptable to all bicycles, 1903
Bourdache p439


Mira
13 rue de l' Aquedue, Paris
Stuart & Stichter built motorcycles, 1904
Bourdache p439


Millet


Félix Théodore Millet built tricycles and motorcycles powered by a 5 cylinder engine which was integral with the rear wheel, the first designs appearing in 1892. The hollow axle of the rear wheel formed the crankshaft. On the solo motorcycles the rear guard formed the fuel tank and the surface carburettor was located between the wheels. Ignition was via a Bunsen cell and induction coil, and long before it became common practice it featured a handlebar-mounted twistgrip.
The Millet is believed to have been the first motorcycle to be fitted with pneumatic tyres.
It is estimated that the machine was capable of 35 km/h with the engine whirring along in excess of 180rpm.
Darracq produced the Millet from 1894 to 1895.
Sources: Bourdache (pp 21, 25, 33-36, 44, 45, 57, 72, 214, 380), Anibal Martinez, François-Marie Dumas.

Mimosa
Manufactured by Manufrance d'Armes et Cycles, the Mimosa Type A was built from 1923 until about 1938. It was a BMA style lightweight powered by an Aubier & Dunne 100cc two-stroke.
See also Manufrance
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Mireille
Gayon et Cie, 22 rue Galloy, Levallois
Built in 1904 by the same company responsible for the Magali, apparently, but at a different address. The motorcycle had a fourstroke side-valve engine. The Mireille was a competitor in the 1/3 litre qualifiers of 1905. This machine had chain drive and there all semblance of common sense seems to have evaporated, according to a somewhat humorous account Bourdache gives of its convoluted drive-train.
Bourdache pp 223, 251.


Mistral
Schneider built an "adaptable rear wheel drive" in 1902 named Mistral
Bourdache p439


MN
ca 1905
Meunier et Nexon, Limoges, builder of motorcycle engines
Bourdache p439


Mobyvelo
A 1952 65cc example of the type Mehari is described on the site of M. Dumas.
La Moto Francaise


MOC
Philippe Moc prepared two Benelli Sei racing machines for Motobécane to compete in the 1977 Bol d'Or. Termed the Benelli-Moc R900, they had their own frames, a TZ700 dry clutch, the fuel tank position low in the frame and six mufflers on a "spaghetti" exhaust system.
Source: OTTW


MOM
Ateliers de Construction Mécanique Maurice Charotte
169/173 bld Pereire et 51 rue Laugier, Paris
From 1905 built 3hp single cylinder and 6hp V-twin motorcycles; also tricars, automobiles and motorboats
Bourdache p439


Monarque
1904, Motorcycles and Engines
Monarque has emulated Bucher with this elegant machine on offer at a very competitive price. Under the name of L'Elégante, this 250cc (70x70mm) engine is also sold by Ets J.B. Mercier, 6, rue St-Ferdinand, Paris.
Bourdache p200


Mondia
Manufactured by Etablissements F. Simon of Agen, built (or rather, assembled) mopeds between 1950 and 1960 under the brands Elite (Agen), Esper, Prester (Agen), Semper, SIF and Sport.
Source: OTTW


Moneclair Motos
S.C.M.S.
77, Av A-Briand Cachan (seine)
98cc and 175cc two-stroke motorcycles 1955, perhaps other years.
La Moto Francaise


Monnier Monnier


Monin Tricycles
3 Bld Poissonnières, Paris
Tricycle exhibited at the Paris salon, December 1896
Bourdache p439


Monoroue
Ferdinand Schlenker built a monowheel in the fashion of Garavaglia, developing it from around 1910. Early models had De Dion Bouton engines, and later Garelli engines were used. It was claimed that one of these machines achieved 220 km/h.
The last example of the Monoroue was completed in 1946 and was displayed at a Chatellerault museum.
See also Garavaglia and Cislaghi
Source: François-Marie Dumas


Mont
Messrs Mont, father and son, patented an explosion engine in December 1903
Installed on the wheel and driven by a roller, the engine was rated at 1 1/2hp. It was named Le Quand Même.
Bourdache p439


Morel
Charles Morel of Domène (l'Isère) patented many inventions in 1880s and 1890s, as a partner in the Morel-Gerard company he made his fortune selling bicycles to the French army.
In 1897 he patented a four-stroke vertical twin engine similar to that used by the British for many decades.
Source: OTTW


Moreau
1896-1897. Builder of a motorized bicycle placed above the rear wheel named La Rémouleuse.
The brothers Jules Albert (d.1915) & André Moreau of Chantenay-Saint-Imbert (Nievre) were pioneer aviators in the years 1909-1915 and possibly earlier. The firm manufactured bicycles in their substantial factory on the road to Dornes (now 11 Rue de la Poste) from 1912 to c.1915 and 1921 to c1964.
An undated pricelist for Esper, which with Dixi was one of their marques, lists motocyclettes of 175cm3. They also built Esper mopeds using SER two-stroke engines. Esper motorcycles are believed to have been produced from the 1930s to about 1950.
Bourdache mentions that these were also presented as the Ancare in 1913.
Sources: Bourdache (pp 51, 439), geodazner.blogspot.com


Morette
Created in 1902, their first tricycle used a Clement engine mounted about the front wheel with friction drive. In 1903 a chain was added, and later a V-twin Clement was used.
Source: OTTW


Mors
1900
The famous car manufacturer also built tricycles which probably used De Dion-Bouton engines.
Bourdache pp 131, 174, 175, 329.


Mors-Speed
Designed by Pierre Brissonnet of microcar fame, the patents were sold to SICVAM, owned by Mors Ets.
Production by Mors was between 1950 and 1955, at which time the Alcyon company took over and continued with it under their own name and those of Thomann and La Français until 1959.
An interesting lightweight 50cc scooter was produced which could be divided into two parts for easy transportation in, for instance, a light aeroplane.
Source: Amis Terriens, scoot-toujours.over-blog.com, et al.


Moto Payan
Founded in 1896 in Marseille by Victor Payan whose grandson was the cyclist André Payan. The firm began marketing rebadged lightweight motorcycles built by Automoto or Hirondelle, with a nameplate stamped "Moto Payan St Etienne". At least two examples are known to have Aubier & Dunne 125cc engines.

Source: Motos dans la Loire


Moto-Union
C.I.C.M.
23, ave; Grande Armée, Paris
From 1950 to 1955 built motorcycles with two-stroke engines of 125 and 250cc, and 340cc OHV.
La Moto Francaise


Motorette
Built by Sanciome, 1900, at Route des Salins, Clermont Ferrant
Motorized bicycle with roller transmission on the rear wheel
Bourdache p439


Motoporteur-ARM-1919-Paris-Salon-TMC.jpg
Motoporteur 1919

A motor-driven trailer intended for pedal cycles, the Motoporteur. A.R.M.

Motoporteur A.R.M.

One of the most curious vehicles in the motor cycle exhibit was a self-propelled trailer intended for attachment to pedal cycles. A small sidecar body contains the passenger, and the outfit is propelled by a single-cylinder Anzani engine through an almost incredibly short belt drive.

Paris Salon, 1919

Motosolo
56 , rue du Fg-St-Honore, Paris
First seen at the Paris Salon in October 1919, they were built by Paz & Silva usinng a 248cc two-stroke engine from SICAM. Production continued until at least 1923.
The marque was represented in the Netherlands by Geldersche Motorenhandel, Arnhem, (1920-1921) and Donker's Motorenhandel, Arnhem, (1921-1922).
Sourcse: conam.info, Wikipedia NL, BNF


Motte
D. Motte et Cie, 101, Quai de Courbevoie, Courbevoie (Seine)
1910 Built a motorcycle with a Zurcher 2hp engine.
From the early 1900s the firm manufactured steam and petrol engines, pneumatic and hydraulic pumps, compressors and bicycles. They were in operation until at least 1921.
Bourdache (p439), encycloduvelo.fr


N

Nancia
Built in Nancy in 1955, these used VAP 57 twin-port two-strokes. Around 100 copies are believed to have been built.
Sources: daniel-lesmotos.com


Negol
Built in Saint-Etienne 1960-1961 using 110cc Mistral engines.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Nervor
Motorcycle engines manufactured by Établissements Chapolard - Goubet et Fils, based in Bourg-en-Bresse (Ain)
The firm supplied engines to its parent company, Radior, and also to other firms including Follis, Hirondelle, Hurtu, Lucer, Verlor, Talbot and Tendil.
See also Radior
Source: OTTW


Nil Supra
Baras et Pascault, 35, rue Victor-Massé, Paris.
1906. Motorcycles similar to those of the Alcyon catalogue of that year.
Bourdache p440


Ninon
There were apparently two marques of the same name in Nantes, unrelated to one another.
One of these is associated with Mr. Georges Vincent and traded from 1919 to 1959.
Source:

La Moto Francaise


Nord Loire
Manufactured by Ets Suquet & Faith frères of 111 rue Nationale, Lille.
Models:

  • Cyclomoteur Mistral 1954
    Type M 125, Ydral, 1954
    Type Ms 70, Lavalette 70 engine, 1954
    Type M70, Lavalette 70, 1954

Source: Motos dans la Loire

O

O.L.D.
OLD Miniscoot Manufactured in Colombes
Designed by Victor Bouffort of Valmobile fame, powered by 75cc Manurhin engine this tiny scooter first appeared at the 1955 Paris Salon.
Source: Amis Terriens, scoot-toujours.over-blog.com


Ollier
Built by R. Ollier c.1906, the marque appears to have been all but unknown until 2018 when a unique example appeared at auction. The single cylinder Ollier engine was positioned forward of the pedal crank, and a large fuel tank was mounted between the two uppper frame rails. The machine has an unusual front fork with considerable rake.
Sources: Guélon Collection


Omega 1898
In May 1899, M. Bergeron, from "L'acatene", patented a motorcycle with an engine low in the frame, with pedals.
Bourdache p440


Ómega Motorcycles c1910
Lecomte et Fils
14 quai de Retz and 30 rue Pierre Corneille, Lyon
Sewing machines, cycles and motorcycles of 2hp and 3 1/2hp. The firm was still at the Pierre Corneille address in 1928.
Bourdache p440, period advertising.


Onfray
Produced engines (see C.F.C.), and possibly motocyclettes.
Founded n 1869, they are listed as a bicycle producer with factory and offices at 1, Rue Darboy, Paris in an 1892 publication.
Bourdache (pp 146, 432), encycloduvelo.fr


OTI
Manufactured by the Bugatti factory in Bordeaux from 1957 to 1959, these were three-wheelers powered by 125cc engines. The designer was Lucien Rolland Pilain.

Source: OTTW


P

Paillard
Water-cooled motocyclette which competed in the 1903 M.C.F. Engine most likely Z.L.
Bourdache pp 146, 440


P.A.L. Motorcycles
Potier, Aze et Lecorsier of 196/198 bld Voltaire, Paris
1905. Motorcycles with 2 1/2 and 3hp engines by Buchet
Bourdache p440


Panneton
Built in Morteau (Doubs), 1906
Motorcycles fitted Mirus 3 1/4hp and A.Z. 1 1/2hp engines.
Bourdache p302


Paris-Rhone
Manufactured in Lyon 1941-1950
These were electric three-wheelers for personal trasportation and trade.
Source: OTTW


Pasquet

Manufactured: by Ets. P. Pasquet, Avenue Michelet, Salon (Bas du Rhin).

Paul Emile Pasquet had a long career in cycling and motorcycling. He won races on (comparitively) high-powered motorcycles as early as 1905, and established a bicycle firm which produced up to 5000 units per annum.
From 1932 to 1939 he built BMA 100cc Aubier-Dunne two-stroke machines.
Sources: cyclememory.org, OTTW


Patimo
This 49cc scooter appeared at the 1947 Paris Salon. It promptly vanished.
Source: Amis Terriens


Paulin-Demet
Tricycle exhibited at the Salon des Tuileries in 1899
Bourdache p440


Péa Engines
The Pea company built engines in the 1920s and 30s which were fitted to Ravat, Styl'ett, Styl'son and others.
Models: P1 175cc 2T 2 and 3-speed, P2 250cc 2T 3-speed, P3 350cc SV 3-speed.
Source: Motos dans la Loire, stylson.net


Pécourt
G. Pécourt builder, 3 rue Brunel, Paris.
Also known as La Victoire
1901. A machine classified only 7th has yet caught the public attention: the Pécourt. It owes this interest mainly to the fact that it was driven by the graceful Mme Jolivet whose bouffante skirt-panties (daring!) was to be of a not insignificant supplement in a tailwind.
Although of quite orthodox design with its engine in front of the pedals, the Pécourt deserves closer attention. It is one of the first French machines to be equipped with the famous Z.L. engine.
Bankruptcy pronounced on April 17, 1905
Bourdache pp 105-107, 110, 133, 141, 146, 149, 168, 187.


Pelletier
Motorcycle classified 9th in the 1902 Deauville event, ridden by Demay
Bourdache p440


Pem-Da
Daniel Vouillon and Edouard Morena had been building specialist racing machines for some time befor beginning production, in 1985, of their very fast Kawasaki GPZ-powered machines 750cc and 900cc machines.
Source: OTTW


Pennerat
A motorcycle of this name took part in the elimination trials for the 1904 Criterium event. There is no further mention. Bourdache p209


Perfecta
Perfecta


Perfection
Built by G. Lotteau in Choisy le Roi, 1906
Lotteau also built motorcycle engines of 2 3/4hp and 3 1/2hp, as well as the G.L. marque.
Bourdache


Pernoo
1899. Powered motorcycle using a Labitte engine mounted behind the rear wheel, this machine won the world's first motorcycle race in 1899, "Le Criterium des Motocyclettes". The term motocyclettes had been trademarked by the Werner Brothers (who possibly used a Labitte engine in their first machine) but was later ruled by the courts to be in the public domain.
One of these machines was in the Musee de Sury-le-Comtal Collection Lefranc.
Sources: Guélon Collection, Bourdache (pp 75, 84, 86, 87, 98, 99, 109, 309)


Pernot (Est. 1905)
13 rue Victor Hugo, St Chamond (Loire)
1908-1910. Built by Savoye et Cie in Saint-Chamond (Loire), this was a motorised bicycle equipped with a Keller-Dorian adaptable engine and gear change by Pernot. The firm was still operating in 1922.
Source: Motos dans la Loire, Bourdache p440


Pernod (1980s)
Jean Bidalot built 250cc GP machines for the Pernod firm under quite severe restrictions. He was basically told to have the road-racer on the grid for the 1981 races, and make them win... or else. That year he managed a third place and in 1983 at the British 250cc GP his machine not only took the lap record but won the race, a fine effort for a brand new machine. It seems that the Pernod board did not take the same view, and was unimpressed by Bidalot's lack of instantaneous success against highly experienced teams with vast resources.(1) To this day the Pernod is the only truly French motorcycle to have won an international Grand Prix race.
The Pernod was based on his excellent 125cc Motobecane GP machines, using components from Marzocchi, Krober, Zanzani and Beymag. The engine was a watercooled twin with disc valves and a six speed box. It had carburettors from Mikuni, three disc brakes and weight 108kg.
The first season's racing saw a number of DFN's due engine seizure, but by '82 they were reliable.

See also Bidalot
Notes: 1. This may be an unkind assessment, and is based on reading between the lines in two or three articles.
Sources: OTTW, bidalot.fr, wikipedia.fr


Perreaux
The First Motorcycle
Louis Guillaume Perreaux produced "La Perreaux" motorcycle in 1871. A steam engine was installed under the saddle, and it has a large spoked front wheel and a smaller spoked rear wheel which was driven by belts from the remarkably compact steam engine.

Swiss watchmaker Auguste Hainard patented both steam and electric versions on 20th May 1870, and these were preceded by a patent application filed on 5 June 1869 by Emile Delaurier and Jules Morin in Paris for an electric vélocipède.
However, Perreaux was the first to actually build one.
Sources:

  • Bourdache (pp 9 to 12, et al)
    Didier Mahistre
    Perreaux : la première moto de l'histoire : la vie et l'oeuvre de Louis-Guillaume Perreaux, de l'Orne, ingénieur-mécanicien 1816-1889 / Rolland, Guy. 2015.- 1 vol. (125 p.)
    (Perreaux: the first motorcycle in history: the life and work of Louis-Guillaume Perreaux, Orne, engineer-mechanic 1816-1889)

Pétrocyclette
Bicyclette built by Macquart et Fils in 1907.
Bourdache p112


Pernette (André)
The Pernette machine (of 1906) is a 572cc V-twin (90 x 90mm) with belt drive. With a monstrous Buchet engine (probably an 8 CV, or about 1,000 to 1,200cc) that Pernette made a reputation as a champion.
Bourdachepp 220, 223, 241, 261-263, 272, 312, 364, 382, 422.


Petit
Motorcycle built and ridden by Petit at the M.C.F. 1903
Bourdache p440


P.G. Engines

1903. Adaptable motor of 1 3/4hp
Bourdache p440


Piat
Manufactured by Piat et Cie in Saint Etienne
The firm was founded in 1870 as an arms and bicycle manufacturer. From 1953-1959 they built mopeds fitted with 48cc Mistral engines, and they also produced tricycles powered by Lavalette engines of 70 and 98cc.
Sources: OTTW, Motos dans la Loire


Picard Fayolle
The firm was founded in 1894 in St Etienne, and between then and the end of WWII built arms, bicycles and sewing machines.
In 1947 the address was 42 Rue Martin Bernard in Saint Etienne, and mopeds appeared in 1950. These were powered by Poulain, Vap and Lavalette.
They joined Cocymo in 1955.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Pierton
Manufactured by Établissements Pierton in Courbevoie, Altos del Seine, 1922 to 1925.
Built BMA lightweights using 98 and 123cc Aubier & Dunne of engines, and motorcycles of up to 500cc powereed by Blackburne, JAP, Train and Villiers.
Source: OTTW


Pipres
Built Paillard motorcycles, and engines fitted to the Liberator in 1903. See also Paillard.
Bourdache p440


Pitard
7, Rue Saint-Martin, Paris (advertising). Also listed as 38 rue du Temple, Paris.
Louis Pitard began building bicycles shortly after WWI. He built Cucciolo 48cc mopeds in the 1940s and possibly 1950s, and a bicycle engine mounted in a trailer behind the cycle powered by a VAP engine.
Sources: OTTW, encycloduvelo.fr


Poinard
Built by M. Raynal in Fretin (Nord) from 1951 to 1956, the range included 125 and 175cc fourstroke scooters along with 125cc to 250pcc motorcycles with engines from AMC, Ydral and Aubier et Dunne. M. Raynal was also associated with BCR motorcycles.
There is also Pierre Poinard of 54 rue E. Dolet, Cachan (Seine), builder of sidecars and three-wheel 125cc utility vehicles. Association between the two is unclear.
Source: OTTW, contemporary advertising.


Pontheray
Motorcycle built in 1905.
(Photo in Moto-Revue No 523 of 1936, and small advertisement in the magazine of the Touring Club de France in 1905)
An example exists in the Collection de Maurice Chapleur
Bourdache p440


Portal
Built by Joël Portal who was previously partnered with Seurat and Queirel, these were enduro and mx machines powered by Sachs and Rotax engines of 125cc to 250cc. Production took place in Labastide Saint-Pierre in the 1970s.

Source: OTTW


Presto
Circa 1904, motorcycles with an OHV Buchet engine were built by Edgar Son of 12 rue de la Pompe, Paris
Bourdache


Progres (Le)
Le Progrès, built in Vervins (aisne) in 1901, was a motor bicycle with the engine located behind the pedals
Bourdache p440


Prophete
Established c.1928 at Rue Ferdinand de Saint-Étienne, prior to WWII the company built BMA motorcycles using 98cc Stainless and Aubier & Dunne engines. Their postwar address was Rue de Montbrison in 1947, and production consisted of 48cc mopeds in the mid-1950s.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Prunel
Motocyclettes built in 1900 at
4 rue de Paris, Puteaux
Bourdache p440


Pussycar
Built by fashion designer Jean Pierre Ponthieu, the first model appeared in the 1960s, a tiny microcar. Later he built a highly unusual 250cc machine which looked rather like a helicpoter on wheels.
Pussycar Video


Q

Quentin

1905
6 rue Camille Desmoulins, Levallois
Tricars, engines and motorcycles
Driven in competition by Contant, and related to the Racing marque.
Bourdache pp 209, 220, 249, 258, 312.


R

RA
A 350cc motorcycle was built by Robert Antoine in Roanne (Loire) in 1951 and registered the following year. It was powered by a Peugeot p117 engine.
Sources: Motos dans la Loire, OTTW


Racing
Messner and Breton of 78 rue des Archives, Paris
1906. Built motocyclettes using Quentin or possibly C.D. engines.
Bourdache p440


Radia
Manufactured by Établissements Jeunet in Dole (Jura) in the 1950s and 1960s powered by VAP 48cc engines and marketed under several names including Captivant , Eurocycles , Jurax and Sewa

Source: OTTW


Radium
Motorcycles. Chollet, elder, manufacturer in Paris, 1907
Bourdache p440


Randoin
A cycle manufacturer since 1926, they began building mopeds in 1951 using Poulain engines, and between then and 1957 constructed some 3,500 machines at 65 Rue Désiré Claude in St Etienne. Some of these were built for Raphaël Géminiani.
Moto Revue 16th Feb 1957 lists the company as building 2,900 cyclomoteurs from 1955 to 1956.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Raphael Géminiani
The marque was founded in 1952 and was represented at the Paris Salon that year, but possibly only displayed bicycles. In 1957 mopeds built by Randolin were offered, most likely rebadged. The firm possibly changed hands in 1959, with Rhonson as the new owners. After this Gitane machines were offered, also possibly rebadged. 1964 was the last year for mopeds, but they continued with cycles until at least 1966.
Géminiani raced cycles with Métropole prior to becoming an assembler.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Rasser
In 1922 they advertised a model with a Béchir & Collin 250cc enngine and a 2-speed gearbox (options of 3 and 4 speed). There was also a Moto Grand Sport model with a Bradshaw 500cc OHV oil-cooled engine with a truly Trumpian claimed top speed.
Source: zhumoriste


Raster
A tricar built in 1955 using a Sabb 125cc engine which did not proceed past prototype stage.
Source: OTTW


Regence
Built in Marseilles - A photograph shows a lightweight rigid two-stroke sans pedales with styling very similar to many others. Probably early 50s.
La Moto Francaise


Regina
1905. Pagis et Cie, factory in Albert (Somme)
Built under license from Rochet Bruneau
Bourdache p440


Renaux
Prosper Renaux, 1898. Built a tricycle with a horizontal liquid cooled 500cc engine, used successfully in competition in the 1899 Paris-St Malo race. It does not appear to have been marketed, but it is believed at least two were built, one of which was in the Guélon Collection. Another from the same collection is a highly unusual motorcycle with a very similar 572cc horizontal engine and a large flat fuel tank, the bottom of which follows the curvature of the lower frame rail, a thing of some beauty. It is dated c.1904.
Prosper's son Eugene Renaux won the Michelin Grand Prix and 100,000 francs when, on the 7th March 1911, he took off from Paris, flew over the Arc de Triomphe and the spires of Clermont-Ferrand cathedral before landing on the Puy de Dôme.
Sources: Bourdache p440, Guélon Collection


Renouard
Built a 3hp motocyclette in 1904
Bourdache p440


Renov
Address: 10 Rue du treuil in St Etienne
In the 1950s they built mopeds powered by 49cc Poulain engines. Closed in 1959.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Rexor
A cycle brand established by Louis Messner active in the 1920s and 30s, an image shows the address as 55, Rue du Chemin Vert, Paris and advertises Cycles & Autombiles. They built a BMA motorcycle in 1935, the Type 11. In 1960 they advertised Rexor cyclomoteurs giving their address as 32 Rue du Chemin Vert Paris XI°.
Source: encycloduvelo.fr, tontonvelo.com, period advertising.


Ridel
Mechanical engineer in Évreux (or Lisieux) patented and built a bicycle engine in 1899. The engine was located directly below and to the rear of the saddle, and drove the rear wheel via belt. The engine construction is quite unusual, having no connecting rod.
Sources:
Bourdache pp 68, 69, 71, 109.
Guélon Collection


Rigal
Motorcycle with Richard engine ridden by the builder in the the M.C.F. in 1904
Bourdache pp 75, 76, 82, 93, 95, 96, 105, 106, 127, 131, 133, 135, 136, 175, 190, 192, 209, 292, 297.


Rivierre
Etablissements Automotrice Rivierre was the firm of cycling champion Gaston Rivierre, one of the pioneers of motorcycling, established 1896.
He built motorcycles in the years 1903-1905 using De Dion-Boutton engines, and also fitted radial engines of 3 and 4 cylinders mounted in the rear wheel in a similar fashion the the front-wheel-drive Megola. The firm also built automobiles in the years prior to the Great War.
Sources: OTTW, Bourdache pp 45, 56, 62, 70, 146, 151, 164, 165, 171, 172, 261, 295, 299, 406.


Rivolier R.P.F.
21 rue César Bertholon, Saint Etienne, founded 1848
M. Rivolier and his son built the R.P.F. c1905-1913. Some of their machines were rebadged or closely based on the Deronziere-Rupta machines, and they probably also used a Doué engine.
In the 1930s they sold Ravat BMA machines, most likely rebadged. Alexis Rivolier died in 1938, and the factory was later occupied by Drevon.
See also Deronziere
Sources: Motos dans la Loire, Bourdache (p441), ultimalyon.jpcor.fr


Robust
Established around 1925, the company built cycles before creating mopeds using engines from Poulain, Martinet, Himo, Mistral, Vap and Lavalette until 1960. During the 1950s they were owned by Berger and the address was 151 Rue Antoine Durafour in St Etienne.

Source: Motos dans la Loire


Rocher
M. Rocher


Rochester
Listed as competing in several races in 1927 and 1928, at least three models were offered.
Won the French Tourist Trophy race on May 10th, 1928, 250cc classs.
Source: motocyclettesaustral.es.tl


Rocquet
Bicycle auxiliary engine built in 1904
Bourdache p441


Roland
With its factory in Albert (Somme), the company produced machines using 1.75hp Rochet engines built under licence in 1906 and 1907
Sources: OTTW, Bourdache pp 323, 324.


Romain
Delaugière & Cie of 89 rue d'illiers, Orléans displayed a tricycle at l'exposition Universelle de Paris in 1898, which were fitted with 2 1/2hp or 3hp engines. There is one known survivor, an 1899 model believed to be in the collection of the brothers Martin. From 1900, the firm also built quadricycles and other four-wheelers under the original name, which changed to Delaugere et Clayette. In 1926 the company was purchased by Panhard and Levassor.
Bourdache p 441. Isabelle Bracquemond, mini.43.free.fr/delaugere.html


Rosengart
Lucien Rosengart was in partnership with André Citroën from 1919 before forming his own company to build powered bicycles using 98cc Train engines.
Source: OTTW


Roulante
Built lightweight two-stroke motorcycles of 98cc and 123cc from 1929 to 1935
Source: OTTW


Royal-Dollar
Etab. Delachanal
19 Quai de La Marne, Joinville-le-Pont
A 1920s advertising illustratiion by Geo Ham shows machine similar to the Majestic with enclosed bodywork. As George Roy built the Majestic and was in partnership with Dollar, owned by Delachanal, it seems likely this was one of his creations.


Rousset
Rousset J. industrial,
131 bld Murat, Paris
Motor-bicycle exhibited at the 1896 show
Bourdache p441


Roux
The Roux Motor Wheel of 1906 was an engine mounted integral with the front wheel designed to be fitted to bicycles.
Source: OTTW


Royal
The Simon brothers of Objat were bicycle builders who marketed motorcycles built by Barbier under the Royal label in the 1950s.

Source: OTTW


Royal Fabric
L'Établissements Barbier of 34 Rue du 11 Novembre, Saint-Étienne, the firm was established in 1910 by the Simon brothers as a bicycle manufacturer. Motorcycles were built from 1923 to 1928 using Blackburne, Broullier and JAP 250cc, 350cc and 500cc engines.
In the Post-war years Barbier built mopeds and light motorcycles under the names Mécano and Marvi powered by Villiers, VAP and Junior.
The firm exported to Indo-China (Viet-nam) and had considerable involvement in bicycle racing throughout most of its existence.
Sources: OTTW, encycloduvelo.fr


Royal Moto (1970s)
Constructed by by Marcel Seurat, Queirel Piron and Cosson at Route de Saint Germain, Rosières-près-Troyes in the mid-1970s these were competition machines which did very well in 1974/75 in the 125cc classes. Models included the Cougar, Criterium and Guepard. Fewer than 300 were built using mostly Sachs engines.
See also BPS, SPQ and SEURAT
Source: OTTW


Royal Sport
Manufactured by Devaux et Cie, 241 bis Avenue Daumesnil, Paris. 1929 - 1931
Built motorcycles using engines from Aubier & Dunn , JAP and Koehler-Escoffier
Source: OTTW


Rullier
The Rullier company revealed their Scot scooter at the Paris Salon of 1953. Powered by a 70cc Lavalette engine, the diminutive 3-speed machine weighed a mere 37kg.
Source: Amis Terriens


Rupalley
1896. Rouxel et Cie, builder of a motorised bicycle engine placed along the rear wheel which is driven by gearing or friction. Ran in the 1895 Paris-Dieppe with a De Dion engine.
This is possibly George Ruppaley, cycle builder of Wagram.
Bourdache p56, encycloduvelo.fr/


S

Salmson
Manufactured by Ets Jeanne & Philippe, 196-198 bd Voltaire, Paris
In the 1950s built mopeds fitted with Le Poulain, Junior and VAP 55 engines.
The same firm also built La France cycles. (Unrelated the the motorcycles of that name)
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Salvator
1901
bicyclette with engine and pedals
Bourdache p112, 113.


Sadem
Ets. Sadem of Bois-Colombes built 98cc lightweight motorcycles from 1951 to 1954
Source: Wikipedia NL


Sambiase
Built in Marseille by the Sambiase brothers from 1985, these were high-performance machines using alloy frames and Kawasaki engines. They were associated with the Pernod racers.

Source: OTTW


Sanchoc
Motos Sanchoc of Paris built motorcycles using two-stroke engines of 98cc to 248cc and 345cc sidevalves side-engine engines from 1922 to 1924.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Sandford
Stuart Malcolm Sandford built three-wheelers in France which were similar to the Morgan. Production began in 1922 and continued until 1936 when the firm was sold.

Source: OTTW


Sanucta
Also known as Sanne, these were built by Manzat (P.-de-D.) in the 1930s.


Sartorette
Jean Sartori, a former cyclist, opened a bicycle shop Meaux after the war and soon began fitting Le Poulain engines to quite attractive cyclomoteurs which proved very competitive in local racing. It appears that these machines were supplied to other manufacturers and sold under their own labels. Le Poulaine closed in 1956, and production of the Sartorette ceased around the same time.
Source: moto-scooter-annee50-60.over-blog


Sautel et Sechaud
Tricycle built in Gentilly Valle del Marne, from 1902 to 1904, it had a 3.5hp engine with belt drive to the rear wheel and was controlled by steering wheel.
Source: OTTW


Savard
Two-wheel-drive motorcycle built by the the Savard twins Frank and Patrick from 1987 with financial support from the French government for their Pro Top company. The Savard machines competed in beach races supermotard, placing well. Driven by chain, the front wheel drive only engaged when the rear wheel lost traction. The name changed to Savage in 1990, but vanished the following year.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Savariaux
Possibly associated with La Tortue
Bourdache p146


Saving
1906. Brand with the same construction as Alcyon using Zedel engines renamed Kleder in the catalogue. It appears that these were in fact older model Alcyon machines.
Bourdache pp279, 378


Savoye et Cie
Established in 1905 at Saint-Chamond (Loire), the marque used the Keller Dorian engine in 1908. These were marketed as Pernot


Schlidge
Caption to image of Columbia engine: "For 230 F (mufflers included), Ets Schildge provides this 1 1/2 HP Columbia engine that fits all bicycles."
It is unclear whether Schlidge produced complete machines.
Bourdache p271


Schneider
1902. Motorcycle engine placed along the rear wheel - gear transmission
Schneider built his own carburettors.
Bourdache p149


Scoto
Mosquito 38cc engine, scooter/moped cross. Not many built.
Source: Amis Terriens


Scooter-Valise FR
Manufactured by Ets Francois in 1952, it was powered by a 72cc Sotecma engine and weighed a mere 27 kg.
Source: Tous les scooters du monde


S.C.L.
Société Anonyme Nouvelles des Constructions de la Loire
Rue Parmentier, St Etienne
Similar catalogue to that of Automoto circa 1913
Bourdache p441


Scotta
A motorcycle/scooter hybrid with scooter wheels powered by a 125cc JLO engine, built 1952 to 1953.
Source: Wikipedia NL


SECAM
Manufactured by Société d'Etudes et Constructions d'Automotiles et Motorcycles in Chambly built bicycle engines from 1951 until 1971. Later they built three-wheelers under the name Addax with Sachs engines, and in 1978 after the firm's acquisition by Vitrex the vehicles were named the Vitrex Addax.

Source: OTTW


Serpollet
In 1889, Armand Peugeot, who believed in the future of the motor vehicle, built a steam tricycle which was in fact a modified Serpollet. In the fourth machine, he changed from steam to to the Daimler engine.
Bourdache pp 131, 165.


Serrus
Address: 14, rue du Général Haxo, Epinal (Lorraine) Established 1922 or earlier, in 1926 advertised that they manufactured Cycles and Motocyclettes. The firm was still operating in 1947, and was probably still producing bicycles in 1951.


Seurat
Marcel Seurat built a high performance motorcycle using a pair of OSSA 250cc engines on a common crankcase. Only two were built, of which one survives. The names OSSA Yankee and Jacky Doubre are closely associated with the marque.
See also BPS, Royal Moto (1970s) and SPQ
Source: OTTW


Sewa
Manufactured by Jeunet in Dole using De Boxon, VAP 48cc and probably other engines, in the 1950s and 60s the firm marketed mopeds under the names Captivant , Jurax , Eurocycles Radia and Sewa.
Source: OTTW


SIC (S.I.C.)
Manufactured by Motos SIC, Paris, 1921-1925, their motorcycles used 98cc to 346cc engines from Aubier Dunne, Zurcher, Train and others. A 160cc autocycle was powered by DKW, and there is mention of a Suquet engine.
There is also Societe Industrielle du Cycle of Toulouse, a bicycle firm active in the 50s and 60s which may be related.
Sources: Wikipedia NL, OTTW, encycloduvelo.fr


SIF
Manufactured by Établissements F. Simon of Agen using De Boxon engines, the mopeds were marketed under a number of brand names including Elite, Esper, Mondia, Prester, Semper and Sport.
Notes.
1. Esper is a brand associated with another manufacturer (Moreau), as is Prester. This information needs verification.
2. An advertisement for F. Simon & S.I.F. gives the address as 154 Avenue Pasteur, Troyes.
Source: OTTW


Siphax
Manufactured by Atéliers de Mécanique Siphax in Paris from 1951 to 1956, these were lightweight sport roadsters with 98cc AMC engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Slaughi
Manufactured mopeds powered by Mistral engines in the 1950s. Based in St Etienne.
N.B. There is some doubt as to whether this marque existed.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Smart
Motorcycles manufactured by Les Atéliers de Sedan of 55-57, Quai de la Tournelle, Paris, from 1922 to 1927, using 2hp two-stroke engines possibly of their own manufacture. They claimed to build 100 machines per day.
N.B. There was also a Smart built in Austria. Smart AT
Source: period literature, et al.


S.O.C.O.M.I.A.
67 Rue Lamartine, Drancy (Seine)
In 1951 they built 60cc and 72cc machines
La Moto Francaise.


Socvel
Manufactured by Henry Lanoy at 6 Place Jacquart, Saint-Étienne, 1951~1954
The Sterva prototype was introduced in July 1951 with a 98cc 4-speed engine and later that year at the Paris Salon the firm presented the Stefa. The Stefa II ran a 125cc 4-speed Ydral and also used 125cc four-stroke engines from AMC, and twostrokes from Aubier & Dunne and Sachs.
The scooters had 10 inch wheels, weighed no more than 75kg and had a top speed exceeding 60 km/h.
Lanoy was also the builder of HL and Tractavant. His interest in scooters began in 1938 when he saw a prototype built by New-Map. He was also the author of a number of books on aviation and electronics including L'encyclopédie de l'électricité automobile
Sources: OTTW, Amis Terriens


Soltner
M. Soltner of Pfastatt began building his own motorcycle in the 1930s. The machine has a 250cc two-stroke HO twin with separate gearbox. It had telescopic forks and a rigid rear end, and chain drive to the rear wheel. The machine was completed and made roadworthy after the war, and still exists.
Source: OTTW


Soncin
68 rue Caumartin, Paris
Emel, Cuzon et Cie in 1900, and later Soncin, Gregoire et Cie
Louis Soncin built engines some of which were very large and powerful in the day. A racing machine with a 500cc Soncin was part of the Guélon Collection.
Sources: Bourdache (pp 88, 96), Guélon Collection


Souvairan
Displayed at the Salon of 1902
Bourdache p146


Sparting
Built by P. Onen in Rennes, 1932, using Aubier & Dunne engines.


Spécial-Monneret
Manufactured by Georges Monneret, famed French motorcycle dealer. These were 49cc VAP and Sachs two-strokes built from 1952 to 1958 with lines quite similar to the Paloma Johnny. It seems to be better known as Super VAP Spécial Monneret, despite the fact that many had Sachs engines.
S3V Special Monneret specification:
49.9 cc Sachs 50-3 - 4.3 HP fab-cooled engine - Double cradle frame - Italian styling - Telescopic forks and swinging arm rear suspension - Excellent brakes with large diameter ventilated hubs - 23 x 2.25 motorcycle tires - Sports tank holding 11 litres. Dual Seat. Colour: cherry red, white decorations
The S4V had a 4-speed gearbox with foot change, kick starter and no pedals.
Source: cyclememory.org, motoancienne.superforum.fr, et al.


Sphinx
1899
Built tricycles and engines for motocyclettes
Bourdache p441


Sphinx
Built cyclecars between 1912 and 1925, and then from 1933 to 1939 constructed motorcycles using engines from Stainless and others.
Wikipedia gives Tragatsch as the source but there appears to be no mention of this marque in the book. (Feb 2018)
Sources: OTTW, Wikipedia NL


Star-Fling
Models ST125 & ST175, circa 1955, AMC engines.
M. Dumas has images of this motorcycle.
La Moto Francaise


Starnord
Dangre Frères
49 , La Briquette, Valenciennes (Nord)
Established as a bicycle firm shortly before the war, from 1953-1957 built 100, 125 and 170cc two-strokes. A moped with a VAP engine was also produced, and a 100cc model named the SR5 Motostar with legshields and footboards.
La Moto Francaise


Stimula
Ateliers de la Grosne, by Cormatin (Saone et Loire) built motocyclettes 1902
From 1906 to 1914 motorcycles and automobiles were built by De la Chapelle in St Chamond (1)
Notes. 1. The Chapelle page currently contains conflicting information.
Sources: Motos dans la Loire, Bourdache (pp 146, 158, 184, 209, 247, 248, 284, 336, 349)


Stopp
Charles Stoppa of Lyon began building motorcycles under the Stopp brand in 1931 using JAP engines and locally made components. A limited number were produced.
It seems likely that the firm also produced sidecars as it is reported that Steib bought the Stoppa sidecar firm "in the 1930s" and there is a 1933 German sales brochure for Stoppa sidecars. From this one could deduce that Steib marketed the Stoppa under its original name, probably until 1939.
Alexis Stoppa was the brother of Charles and opened a store named Alexis-Moto in Lyon in 1928.
Source: moto-collection.org, alexismotos.com, et al.


Strock
20 bld du Port Amiens
Cycles and Motorcycles. 1903
Bourdache p441


Sublime
Construction of these 350cc parralel twins commenced in 1954.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Succès
Built motorcycles in 1904 with PAL engine of 2 1/2 hp or 3 hp
Bourdache p441


Superior
Thimonier et Cie, producer of sewing machines in Lyon. Marketed the Deronziere under their own label c1910


Supplexa
Manufactured by Ets. Motos Supplexa, Courbevoie, Seine, 1922 - 1932
One of their models was a 996 cc V-twin with an extended frame and disc wheels. Other models had 346 and 490cc JAP engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Suquet
Manufactured by Ets. Suquet Frères of Courbevoie, 1929 - 1934.
Built lightweight motorcycles using 98 and 124 cc Aubier & Dunne engines. It is possible they also built engines - see S.I.C.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Suzy
Manufactured by Motos Suzy of Levallois, 1932 - 1933, these were motorcycles with 498cc OHC Chaise engines.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Svelte
Early 50s rigid two-stroke, built by the same company which made Svelte bicycles, S.M.A.C..
La Moto Francaise

Suddard
Documented in 1903
Bourdache p441


Sylvania
S.C.M.S.
77 Av A-Briand, Cachan(Seine)
Built 98cc and 175cc two-strokes in 1955.
La Moto Francaise


T

Tauzin
1898
11 rue Bellanger Levallois
Engine used in Papillon tricycles
Bourdache p80


Terrioux
Frères Terrioux, whose father had built motorcycles in the 1930s, founded the company in 1948 in Paris. Pierre and Paul built a scooter in 1951 with a water-cooled engine (possibly from P.P. Roussey) and raced it in the 175 class at the 1957 Bol d'Or, without result. They did better in 1958. They won.
Source: François-Marie Dumas





The Pretty
Circa 1905
120 rue de Sevres, Paris
Then 45 rue de Bagneux, Montrouge
Motorcycle 1 HP 1/4 or 2 HP "without carburettor".
Bourdache p441


Tibalette
Motorcycles built Kremlin-Bicêtre, a firm established by bicycle racer Tibal prior to WWI. The Tibalette appeared in the 1920s.


Tigre
Motorcycle of the 1970s with HO engine probably built by Panhard.
La Moto Francaise


Titania
22 avenue d'Italie, Paris
Motorcycle presented at the salon of 1901
The company was dissolved in March 1903
Bourdache p117


Torpille
Manufactured by Boveil & Dorier, 30 Rue Bourgneuf, St Etienne. Active in 1905.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Tortue, La
1900 Savariaux, 34, boulevard de Clichy, Paris.
Fitted with a Brutus engine.
Bourdache pp 110, 442


Totey
1901-1904
71 rue Liégat, Yvry
Motocyclette with engine in the frame
Bourdache p402


La Tractocyclette
Manufactured by J. Journaux, 1906
56 rue des Cévennes, Paris
Motorized bicycle with a Garreau engine on the front wheel
Bourdache pp 257, 279, 280


Trèfle-A-Quatre
Built by cycle and automobile manufacturer Georges Richard, this appears to have been a motorised 2 or 3-wheeler built before the turn of the century. Related to Rochet, Rochet-Bruneau and Roland.
Bourdache p442


Trépardoux
"...the door of a small wooden building in La Chapelle ... a brass plaque mentioned "Bouton & Trépardoux".
... a business association began in 1881 and a small workshop was named "Trépardoux et Cie". De Dion brought funds, Georges-Thadée Bouton his mechanical expertise and Trépardoux, Bouton's brother-in-law, his engineering skills.
Bourdache pp 12, 21, 36-38.


Trilby
H. Chapput of 19 rue Kéller, Paris
In 1904, the catalogue of H. Chaput offered the 1903 2hp Henri Popp motorcycle re-branded as a Trilby. He also offered separately a Popp 2 1/2 HP engine.
Bourdache p442


Triumphus
Manufactured by Ledonien Cycle in Lons-et-Saunier (Jura) 1950~1960.
The firm built a variety of mopeds under the names Clarus, Clipper, Debello and Triumphus.
Source: OTTW


Trophée de France
Machines built by France Motor Cycles of Mandeure and sold under this brand.
Models include: 1947 Type 555C; 1948 Type 555D 125cc Peugeot engine


Tungnaud-Cavelier
58 rue d'Allemagne, Paris, 1902
2 HP motorcycle using petrol or alcohol.
Bourdache p442


U

Uldry
Established by Jules Uldry, the firm had premises in Neuilly in 1923, and by 1926 was at at 1 rue Hégésippe-Moreau Paris, near Place Clichy. The company built bicycles in the 1920s, and the firm still existed in 1938.
Advertised 175cc and 350cc motorcycles in 1926.
Sources: tontonvelo.com, BNF


Urago
Bicycle business in Nice (Boulevard du Riquier) believed to have built motorcycles. Founded by Dominique Urago, with his brothers François and Joseph in the mid 1930s, the firm produced bicycles until 1964 and operated until 2009. The bicycles were highly regarded and were exported to the United States.
Sources: encycloduvelo.fr, classiclightweights.net


Unica
Built a 250cc motorcycle in 1928 powered by an OHV Zurcher engine.
Source: Motos dans la Loire


V

Vallière
Motor-bicycle with 2-stroke engine. Engaged in the M.C.F. in 1903. Rider: Jangneau.
Bourdache p166


Vannod
Louis Vannod of Neuilly (Seine-Saint-Denis) began building sidecars in the 1920s, and in 1958 displayed a three-wheeler with three seats at the Paris Salon.

Source: OTTW


Vaurs
Motorcycle which entered the Paris-Madrid 1903 event, ridden by its creator, Vaurs, who invented the carburettor of the same name.
Bourdache pp 172, 222, 252.


Veloserwa
These were four-stroke engines manufactured by Soma in St Etienne used by Alcyon in 1948. Production lasted until about 1954.
See also Serwa
Source: Motos dans la Loire


Veloto
Built from around 1950 using their own engines which were mounted in an unconvential fashion, the moped (or autocycle) had a very long wheelbase.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Velox
73 rue Claude Deschamps, Paris
Motorcycle entered in the one third of a litre criterium of 1903, and again in 1905 under the marque Velox-Levraux, ridden by Daudre.
In 1906 they built tricars and Velox engines.
Bourdache p209


Villemain
Motorcycles and Tricars
35 rue Arago, Puteaux
In 1904 and 1905 a Villemain motorcycle participated in the Criterium events.
"In general, the winner is still a tricycle driven by Villemain who achieves 47.120 km/h."
Bourdache pp 93, 209, 220.


Vimer
Manufactured by Ets. DF Constructors, Gentilly Seine, these were small two-stroke engines. The Vimer engine was used in the Wereld moped from the Netherlands.
Source: Wikipedia NL


Vindex
Cycles and mopeds in produced in Saint Etienne. A photograph shows a moped with a Vap4 engine.

Source: Motos dans la Loire


Vinet
25 rue Brunel, Paris
Built motor tricycles and quadricycles powered by De Dion, 1899
Bourdache p442


W

Washington
One of many similar marques produced by Mercier


Wethy
Built BMA machines in the late 40s and possibly 1950s. Their address in 1932 was 51 Rue Désiré Claude in St Etienne
Source: Motos dans la Loire


White-Star
The marque is possibly from c1932, and the constructor may have been Pertuisot of 23 Rue des Acacias, Paris.
Two images both show similar models with 350cc Staub-JAP OHV engines with 3 speed gearboxes. No manufacturer details are on the images, and fairly exhaustive searches have proved unfruitful.
La Moto Francaise


Winster
Images show a badge on the steering stem which reads "Winster PMP", apparently French. Frame almost bare, no engine or tank. Front guard has toolbox mounted on it, making it quite distinctive.
Remains of gearbox and clutch, chain drive, sans pedales, rigid with girder forks, tank mounted between upper and lower frame rails.
La Moto Francaise


French Resources


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