German Motorcycles

Motorcycles Built in Germany

Motorräder Hergestellt in Deutschland: Notes on some of the rarer German marques

This page lists brands for which limited historical information is currently available.
For a more complete listing visit the German Index.


Magdeburg firm built 169cc lightweights between 1924 and 1926. Evidence suggests they built a variety of engines supplied to other manufacturers including Joka.
Sources: wikipedia.de, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Automobil- und Motorradbau AG of Berlin which existed from 1923 to ca 1925, these were lightweights powered by 155cc SV Gruhn engines fitted to their own frames. It is likely that very few were produced, and in 1923 only.
Sources: Tragatsch p72, Wikipedia.de

Manufactured by Apex Motoren GmbH, Cologne, 1925-1926
Built motorcycles using 247cc and 348cc- Blackburne engines
Sources: Tragatsch p75

Manufactured by Hugo Ruppe, 1903
At the age of only 23 Ruppe produced his first motorcycle. It had a 2hp engine, single speed by belt drive, and was capable of 60 km/h - fast indeed in the day. He was a sporting man and did well in competition, and went on to build Piccolo and MAF automobiles.
Ruppe is best known in the motorcycle world as the designer of two-stroke engines for DKW and the creator of the Bekamo engine.
Source: apollo-werkeapolda.chayns.net

Manufactured 1923-26 by Arwed Gulentz of Cologne
Built motorcycles using two-stroke engines from DKW, Kurier and Bubi, and four-strokes from Albi in capacities of 146cc to 198cc.
Sources: Tragatsch p76, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured 1924-25 by Ari motorfahrzeugbau GmbH, Plauen, Vogtland
Built motorcycles using 147cc two-stroke engines from DKW
Sources: Tragatsch p76, motor-hist-foto.de

Aria was primarily a bicycle firm established by Franz Verheyen, a famed cylist and motorist. He retired from cycling and established a business in Frankfurt which marketed motorcycles from 1925 to 1932.
Models offered including the 1925 F.V.F., a twostroke, and the 1931 F.V.1, a lightweight pedal-assisted machine with a Sachs engine within the frame triangle. A 1932 version had an engine above the front wheel.
Sources: wikiwand.com/de, ipernity.com/blog/theofilo

Arki Seitenwagen
Manufactured by Stoye and rebranded, it is believed. The chassis and components are mostly identical to Stoye. Origin of the body is unknown.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Manufactured by Autoflug OHG, Berlin, 1921-1923
The firm built machines with a long, open chassis and small wheels, rather like a scooter. They also produced motorcycles designed by Egon Weitzel fitted with Bekamo two-stroke engines of 130cc.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Avola Industrie & Handelsgesellschaft GmbH at Albertstrasse 8, Leipzig in 1924-1925.
Using engines from DKW of 145cc and 173cc, and frames from Defa, the motorcycles were built for just one year.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de


1923-1925. Motorenbau B. Bortius, Stettin, Lange Strasse 4. Built lightweights using Alba 197cc four-stroke engines.
Source: Tragatsch p84, prawobrzeze.eu

Manufactured 1923-25 by Fahrzeugwerke Barth & Co., Marburg an der Lahn
Built motorcycles using two-stroke engines from DKW, Alba , Gruhn and Baumi of 149 to 198cc
Sources: Tragatsch p82, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured 1923-25
Built motorcycles using two-stroke engines from DKW
Sources: wikipedia.nl

Built otherwise conventional motorcycles powered by crude oil-powered engines of 113cc and 176cc designed by Julius Löwy.
Believed to have been built by Albertus
NB.There is a suggestion that production may have continued until 1926.
Sources: Tragatsch p284, wikipedia.nl

Built modest machines with open frames fitted with their own 218cc two-strokes, and JAP 348cc and 490cc side-valve engines.
Both the Behag and the Befag are believed to have been built by Albertus
Sources: Tragatsch p284, wikipedia.nl

Manufactured by Beresa Werke AG, Beckum Bez. Münster, 1923-25 by Beckmann, Renfert and Sanftenberg.
Built motorcycles using two-stroke engines with the exhaust at the rear of the cylinder.
Later in the 1920s the company became a major dealer with Daimler-Benz and is now the second-largest Mercedes-Benz dealer in Germany.
Sources: Tragatsch p86, motor-hist-foto.de, wikipedia.de

Built in 1924 using 145cc DKW engines. The company was probably H. Ahlers & Berg GmbH of Kiel.
Source: Tragatsch p86, et al.

Manufactured 1924-25 by Fahrradwerk Schaumburg, Bückeburg
An established bicycle factory, they built lightweight motorcycles using DKW 145cc two-stroke engines.
Sources: Tragatsch p86, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured 1921-23
Built lightweights with 148 cc engines. Unrelated to Bismarck of Radevormwald.
Sources: wikipedia.nl

Manufactured from 1903 to 1907 by Bielefelder Nähmaschinen and Fahrradfabriek AG (B.N.F.)
They built motorcycles in Bielfeld using Fafnir singles and V-twins.
Sources: Tragatsch p92, wikipedia.nl

Manufactured 1924-25 by Fahrzeug-Fabrik Franz Kindermann Thale am Harz
The firm built lightweight motorcycles using engines from Grade and DKW, the latter available with a Lomos clutch.
Their 1925 sales brochure advertised:

  • Modelle
    Typ 2,5 PS mit Grade 2 Takt Motor
    Typ 2,5 PS mit DKW 2 Takt Motor
    Typ 3 PS mit DKW 2 Takt Getriebe Motor

Sources: Tragatsch p92, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Bosch Stockdorfer Motorenwerke AG in Stockdorf near Munich.
Bosch began building Douglas engines under licence after the First World War. These engines were supplied to HMB (Hirsch), KRS , Linsner, SBD and Bison.
Karü (KR) also built a version of the Bosch-Douglas which were supplied to Astra, Bayern and Bravis. The SMW motorcycles built by Karü also had these engines.
(Some of the information above is not quite correct. 1809)
Sources: wikipedia.nl, et al

Motorräderzeugung Johann Braak, Gronau in Westfalen
Fitted engines of 129cc and 198cc from Heilo and Namapo into frames supplied by Hugo Gruhn
Sources: Tragatsch p93, wikipedia.nl, motor-hist-foto.de

Bravis motorradbau, Munich
The firm built motorycles using 148cc two-strokes probably of their own construction along with Bosch-Douglas 297cc HO Twins from SMW.
Franz Seelos of Munich rode these in many Bavarian competition events with considerable success. The name Franz Seelos is associated with that of Martin Stolle and the D-Rad racing team of the late 1920s.
Sources: Tragatsch p93, wikipedia.nl, das-leichtmotorrad.de

B. Pront, Cleve
This was a bicycle factory which attached 1.5hp engines of their own manufacture to strenthened bicycle frames. These engines were supplied to Argul and probably others.
Sources: Tragatsch p98, wikipedia.nl, motor-hist-foto.de

Bullo-Fahrzeugwerk, Bremen, Bullo Elektrad
The 0.7hp electric motor was mounted above the front wheel, and the large 120 amp battery box was mounted low in the frame. It had a belt-rim style rear brake. The battery can be charged using DC or with alternating three-phase current via rectifier from domestic supply.
Sources: Tragatsch p98, wikipedia.nl, das-leichtmotorrad.de

Manufactured by Ernst Bülow Kraftfahrzeugwerk, Magdeburg-Neustadt, Inslebener Straße 1
Models P24 and F24. These had a plywood frame with an engine of 2 or 2.5 hp and two speeds.
Sources: Tragatsch p98, wikipedia.nl, das-leichtmotorrad.de


Manufactured by Neu-Co Motorradbau, Forchheim, Oberfranken
Built conventional lightweigths with 1.5hp engines sourced from Richard Gruhn in Berlin-Steglitz.
Sources: Tragatsch p102, wikipedia.nl.

Manufactured by Charlkron Motorradbau, Ohligs
Built sports motorcycles using Kürchen 348 and 496cc OHC single-cylinder engines.
Sources: Tragatsch p103, wikipedia.nl.

Manufactured by Compagnia Levante GmbH, Hamburg
Built 34cc mini-scooters in small numbers, 1951 only.
Sources: Tragatsch p104, wikipedia.nl.

Manufactured in Mühlhausen, the established bicycle factory built motorcycles using Fafnir engines of 3.5 hp and 5 hp.
The owner's name was Claes Pfeil and possibly machines were also marketed under the Pfeil brand, as were the bicycles.
Bicycle production to 300,000 pa by 1930.
Sources: Tragatsch p104, wikipedia.nl, fahrradsammler.de.

Manufactured by Carl Rueff, 5. Bruderstraße, München, these were lightweight machines powered by Villiers 172cc two-stroke engines.
Sources: Tragatsch p110, das-leichtmotorrad.de

Manufactured by established bicycle firm Cyclop Fahrrad AG of Elsdorf who built lightweights powered by 127cc to 198cc two-stroke and four-stroke engines from Kurier, Bubi, TeCo, Namapo and others
Sources: Tragatsch p111, wikipedia.nl.


Ganz & Co of Ratibor constructed conventional machines using a 198cc sidevalve engine.
Source: Tragatsch p112

Built in Magdeburg using two-stroke Rohöl (oil-powered) engines supplied by Julius Löwy
Source: Tragatsch p112

An unusual design, the fully-enclosed motorcycle had a dual seat, rear suspension using leaf springs, and was powered by a 499cc two-stroke engine.
Source: Tragatsch p113

Built 159cc two-stroke bicycle attachment engines and complete machines using the same engine.
Source: Tragatsch p113

Displayed at the 1927 Oympia in London, this was actually a DKW which had been rebranded due to the use of the DKW marque by another German firm which had trademarked the name.
Source: Tragatsch p115

Also known as Drei-Punkt, the firm built bicycles and lightwight motorcycles.
Engines: Type BM 200cc 4T inclined, Type CM 200cc 4T upright, Type HM 250cc 4T upright. All were sidevalves of quite advanced design, of their own manufacture. There may have been engines which were turbocharged in some fashion, described as "exhaust-injected".
Source: Tragatsch p115, motor-hist-foto.de

Early 1920s
At least two models were built, each with a 198cc four-stroke engine mounted quite high, and pedals. Models Nr. 100 and Nr. 101.
Source: motor-hist-foto.de. (NIT)

Fitted 1.8ps Namapo engines to their own frames. The machines had pedals and direct belt-drive.
Source: Tragatsch p115

Built by the Mercur aircraft company of Berlin, these quite attractive motorcycles employed 145cc DKW two-strokes and 346cc sidevalve and ohv JAP engines in frames of their own manufacture. Most appeared to be single-speed belt-drive models.
Source: Tragatsch p118

If a two-stroke was described has having eight ports and a rotary inlet, it would not sound terribly antique. That was the 199cc engine which powered the Dolf! Sports and touring models were built with chain drive.
Source: Tragatsch p118, et al.

Manufactured by Deutsche-Motorenbau AG, Berlin, 1922-1923
The D.S.W. Light motorcycles were powered by a 150 cc engines of their own construction which had an external flywheel and belt drive. After a year of production, the company was taken over by Bismarck-Motoren GmbH of Berlin, and the brand vanished.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Dorko Werke Bamburk purchased Juhö Juhö after it closed and built the same 195cc machine, later adding a 269cc four-stroke with three-speed gearbox.
Sources: Tragatsch p124, motor-hist-foto.de


Manufactured by Ernst Baumeister & Sons, Berlin, 1924-1930
Single cylinder motorcycles of 198cc to 496cc and a 796cc side-valve V-twin were produced. In 1928 they released a machine with a 198cc Villiers engine. They also built commercial 3-wheelers.
Source: Tragatsch p124.

Built by Eber Motorradbau, Eibau (Sachsen), 1924-1928
Used 347cc and 497cc Blackburne engines, and late in the piece Küchen.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Lightweights using
Bekamo engines, probably 139cc.
Source: Tragatsch p125

Built 142cc 1.5ps two-stroke motorcycles. Limited production.
Source: Tragatsch p125

Manufactured by Emil C. Kretzschmar, Berlin, 1924-1925
The Eceka light motor was offered with the option of a 145cc or 173cc engine produced by Richard Gruhn of Berlin, with component parts from Charlett and Kurier. The frames were apparently from Gruhn's brother Hugo who supplied many other Berlin motorcycle manufacturers.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p125

Hugo Eckl built bicycle attachment engines and later a 198cc ohv engine which powered his own lightweight motorcycles.
Source: Tragatsch p125

Manufactured by Eisenwerke Gaggenau AG, 1923-1926
The 250 and 350c models had engines of their own construction with two-speed gearboxes, very heavily ribbed cylinders and alloy cylinder heads. Although the EGA was one of the best two-stroke engines of the time, it was never built in significant quantities. In 1926, the EGA production was discontinued. Remaining stocks came on the market at Eichler & Co. in Munich under the name Gaggenau, according to GTU, but Eichler & Co. were in Berlin so perhaps it was a company branch.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured 1929-1932
Willy & Josef Eichelsdörfer, Nuremberg
Constructed motorcycles using smaller JAP ohv (and possibly sidevalve) engines and Burman gearboxes along with other British components including Druid forks. They were hand-built and apparently of very good quality.
Source: meisterdinger.de, Tragatsch p125

Manufactured by Eisenhammer AG, Thalheim, 1922-1926
Built motorcycles with DKW two-stroke engines of 206cc and 225 cc. The name Eisenhammer means "iron hammer", and it is believed two of these machine still exist.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Elsterwerdaer Fahrzeugwerke, E.W. Reichenbach, Elstwerda, 1926-1932
Build motorcycles of 75cc to 497 cc using engines from DKW, Küchen, Kühne, Sachs, Bark, JAP and Windhoff. The company also built motorcycle-based three-wheeled delivery vehicles, and mofas through to 1940.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p125.

Manufactured by Alexander Sachse, Motor-Fahrzeug-Bau GmbH in Dresden 1923-1925
Motorcycles with 200cc engines built in-house graced these luxury machines with pressed-metal frames and forks. There were at least two models, one a single speed and the other a two-speed with kickstarter. Also marketed at Elring, they did not achieve market penetration.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, motorräder-aus-leipzig.de, Tragatsch p125.

Manufactured by Elite-Diamantwerke AG, Brand-Erbisdorf, 1903-1940
The Elite brand was a descendant of the Diamant brand, which had been available since 1903. After the merger of the two companies into the Elite-Diamantwerk in Brand-Erbisdorf, the motorcycles constructed by Krieger and Gnädig were created there with Kühne and JAP engines.
Tragatsch says that Opel acquired the company in 1929 and the the Neander-designed motorcycles were built there. These were subsquently renamed EO (Elite-Opel).
After 1931, the factory only produced Diamant brand motorcycles with 75cc Sachs two-stroke engines.
See also Diamant
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p126.

Built light motorcycles powered by 197cc engines designed and built in-house.
Source: Tragatsch p126

Manufactured by Erlanger Motoren Aktiengesellschaft of Erlangen 1923-c1932
Early in the piece the brand name was changed to Ermag
Designed by Albert Roder, who is also credited with the Ziro and the NSU Max, the firm produced high-performance OHV engines with hairpin valve springs.
Source: deacademic.com

Built in Leipzig, probably, around 1924, these were lightweight motorcycles advertised as having a variety of engines of up to 200cc.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

E.M.W. (Leipzig)
Manufactured by E.M.W. Motor-Transportwagen-Werk of Leipzig, from 1926 to 1929.
Built commercial tricycles in small numbers.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

1924-1925. EMWE Motoren-Gesellschaft, Stettin, Barnimstraße 17. Built motorcycles using a welded box frame fitted with a 293cc two-stroke engine of their own design.
Sources: Tragatsch p127, prawobrzeze.eu

Manufactured by Erle & Nestler AG, Maschinenfabrik, Nuremberg, 1924-1926
Built motorcycles powered by their own 248cc and 348cc two-stroke engines which had water-cooled cylinders and air-cooled cylinder heads. Chain drive via two-speed and three-speed gearbox was adopted in 1925. The engines were designed by Theo Steininger.
In 1925 they acquired Sept & Unger and built a few machines under that brand.
NB. GTU gives dates of 1923-1925
Source: meisterdinger.de, GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p127

Manufactured by Gustav Engel Söhne, Motorfahrzeugbau, Merseburg
Production began in 1925, just as hyperinflation began to bite, of comparitively expensive 350cc machines with engines from Kühne. As did a large number of other small manufacturers, the factory closed the same year.
Engel is German for Angel.
Source: wikipedia.nl, Tragatsch p127 (referred to as Engee)

EO (Elite-Opel)
1930-1931 or 32.
Very similar in appearance to the Opel, it used a Duralumin frame designed by Newmann-Neander fitted with 348cc and 498cc ohc Kurchen engines. Very few were built.
See also Elite.
Source: Tragatsch p127

Manufactured 1924-1929
Fahrzeugfabrik Peter Pazicky, Schnieglingerstraße 321, Nuremberg
Motorcycles were produced with sidevalve and OHV JAP engines of 293cc and 344cc via a 3-speed Sturmey Archer gearbox. Earlier models had belt drive, later models had chain drive with drum brakes front and rear. Saddle tanks were introduced in 1928, by which time they were building machines with JAP 600cc singles and 1000cc V-twins. Frames and forks were built in-house with most of the other components were source from Great Britain.
An example is displayed at the Museum Industriekultur in Nürnberg
Sources: meisterdinger.de, et al.

Manufactured by Hilmar Linker at Jägerstraße 15, Leipzig-Gohlis from 1924 to 1925.
A motorcycle with a 346cc ohv single-cylinder engine was produced but it was of awkward design and did not fare well in the marketplace.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

269cc two-stroke machine built in small numbers.
Source: Tragatsch p127

Built a modest numbers of DKW-powered 145cc two-stroke machines.
Source: Tragatsch p127

Manufactured by Erlanger Motoren Aktiengesellschaft, 1923-1930
Built two-stroke models with rotary valve and stepped pistons, the first of which was a 250cc unit-construction engine designed by Albert Roder who later gained fame working with NSU. A 500cc model appeared in 1928, the U 500. The marque did will in competition, ridden by Perl, Bittorf and Hieronymus.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Ernst Eichler
After falling out with other members of the firm, founder Ernst Eichler left Eichler & Co to start his own company around 1923. The financial crisis struck two years later and both companies went under along with some 150 others.
Source: Wikipedia NL

Manufactured by Ernst-Werke Motorenbau, Breslau, 1926-1930
Initially named Ernst in 1926, in 1927 they adoppted MAG engines of up to 1000cc displacement. They did well in competition using 350 singles and 500 V-twins ridden by Landolph Rhode, Edgar Kittner and Orlindo Geissler.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Engine builder who supplied 130cc and 160cc two-strokes to firms such as GE MA HI, JOKA, ERAD and others in the mid-1920s.
Sources: motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured 1923-1925, Nuremburg
The firm built motorcycles with 298cc two-stroke engines and belt drive.
Source: meisterdinger.de

Manufactured by Adolf Esch, Cologne, 1927-1930
Adolf Esch, who had raced Chater-Lea and KBM machines, developed racing motorcycles using 250cc to 500cc engines from JAP, Blackburne and MAG.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Speiermann, Weigel & Co., Chemnitz, 1934-1940
An established bicycle company which produced the motorcycle marques Esweco, Esco and Escona. Most of their machines were motorised bicycles of 60cc and 98cc powered by Sachs engines.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Europa Motorenbau, Munich, 1931-1933
Max Vorbauer produced his first model in 1931 powered by a 98cc Villiers two-stroke engine. This was followed by the Europa 200 and the Europa 150 twin powered by Schliha two-stroke engines. They company did not have a sales network, production was limited. Max Vorbauer closed his business in 1933.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Berlin 1924-1925 based on the Evans machine from the United States, but with several improvements and a larger engine. It remained in production until 1925.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Designed by Eduard Voight, well-known as a writer for motorcycle journals, these light motorcycles were powereed by 146cc JLO engines along with those of their own manufacture.
Source: Tragatsch p129

Manufactured in Milspe, Westphalia, 1921-1924
Ewald Brackelsberg, a cousin of Bugatti racer Karl Brackelsberg, produced a 550cc single.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

This small firm in Munich built 245cc two-strokes. Unrelated to the long-established Excelsior of Brandenburg.
Source: Tragatsch p131


Manufactured by automobile firm Fahrzeugfabrik Dusseldorf AG from 1921-1925 using engines of 497cc of their own manufacture and possible from Sarolea.
Source: Tragatsch p132

Also marketed as FG, the firm built lightweights with 145cc DKW two-stroke engines.
Source: Tragatsch p132

Built lightweights with Grade 142cc and DKW 145cc two-stroke engines.
Source: Tragatsch p133

Manufactured by Falter-Fahrradwerke, Bielefeld, 1937-1961
Pre-war models M1 and M2 with JLO engines were produced. They acquired the rights to the "Stoewer Greif" name in 1938 and built bicycles and mopeds under that famous marque. Postwar they built a large range of 50cc mopeds and powered by Sachs, JLO and Zundapp engines. From 1952 to 1959 they also built scooters.
The machines were distributed in Denmark by Philbertz Gregersen and sold under a variety of names.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, mo-ped.se.

The firm is believed to have built the Leifa motorcycle, which were probably also marketed under their own name. Built 190cc ohv and 420cc SV engines of their own manufacture.
Source: Tragatsch p133

Famo built Fahrrad motoren - bicycle engines
See also Forster
Source: François-Marie Dumas

Primarily a sidecar manufacturer, they built motorcycle powered by the 996cc JAP v-twin, and later built lightweights with 98cc and 123cc Sachs engines.
Source: Tragatsch p133

269cc two-strokes, then JAP and Blackburne 348cc and 498cc sv and ohv models. Designed by Friedrich Benz, there were at least two models, Type I and Type II, both of 3ps. They also known with the Meteor brand on the tank.
Source: Tragatsch p133, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Heinrich Fechtel Motorradfabrik, Gütersloh, 1923-1925
The motorcycles used pressed-metal frames and Boge (or possibly Hansa) engines.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p134

Manufactured by Ferdinand Betthäuser, Fürther Straße 306-312, Nuremberg-Doos, 1953-1955
The firm built scooter powered by a 49cc Zündapp two-stroke which did not fare well in the market.
An example is displayed at the Museum Industriekultur in Nürnberg
Sources: meisterdinger.de, Tragatsch p134

Lightweights with DKW and Bekamo engines. Initially used engines of their own manufacture but these proved unreliable.
Source: Tragatsch p134

Built 123cc two-stroke motorcycles and scooters using the same engines
Source: Tragatsch p134

Built motorcycles using 3hp two-strokes from the Hansa-Lloyd factory, of whom they were a subsidiary.
Source: Tragatsch p135

There were two marques of this name, manufactured by:
1. Franz Krause Fahrzeugbau, Berlin S14, 1921-1925
These machines had 148 cc engines which were attached above the front wheel which it drove via belt. These engines were probably supplied by Kirchheim of Magdeburg.
2. Fritz Kläger Spezial FKS, Freiburg, 1966-1970
Built racing racing motorcycles of 250cc to 500cc.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Motoren Werk Vareil GmbH (MWV)
Built a 43cc hilfsmotor used by several firms including Inkarette in Belgium and the Swedish marques Rambler, Karnan and Kroon.
NB. There were two other Flink brands: Flink (Sweden) and Flink by BFW 1920-1922
Source: wikipedia.nl.

Gustav Otto Flugmaschinenwerke was founded in 1911.
Manufactured Munich, 1921-1937
Trading as Otto-Werke AG, the aviation company introduced the first Flottweg in 1921, a utility tricycle powered by a 119cc hilfsmotor mounted above the front wheel. The next models had 183 and 246cc ohv engines of their own construction, and from 1928 to 1931 they included JAP 198cc and 346cc engines in the lineup.
Production halted during the economic crisis. In 1932 Dr. Georg Bruckmayer acquired rights to the name and established Flottweg Motoren-Werke, building motorcycles and aviation components (including engines, possibly). In 1935 machines with their own 198cc engines were produced until the takeover of the company by nearby BMW in 1937.
Models include: 1924 IIIF 169cc ohv (belt drive), 1927-29 IIIFK 183cc ohv (chain drive)
The Flotwegg website states that the company is considered the birthplace of BMW.

Sources: Tragatsch p136, flottweg.com et al.

Manufactured by Flux Kraftrad GmbH, Berlin, 1923-1924
Built a 200 cc lightweight in very small numbers.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

An established bicycle factory which built mopeds using Sachs and JLO engines.
Source: Tragatsch p138

Manufactured by Fortonia Motoren Werke GmbH, Schloss-Holte, 1924-1925
Fortonia used frames from Hofmann & Imsange of Bielefeld fitted with 226cc two-stroke engines of their own construction. The company closed, as did so many others in that year, due to hyperinflation.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Franz Philipp Motorenbau, Berlin, 1951-1952
The company built a 25cc auxilliary bicycle engine with roller drive similar to that of Lohmann which although technically superior to its rivals failed to compete.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

DKW-powered lightweights of 145cc, and larger machines using JAP sidevalve and 350cc OHV engines. At least one was available in Damen version.
Sources: Tragatsch p139, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Franzani Motorenwerk GmbH, Schwabenstrasse 51, Nuremberg, 1923-1932
Early machines were powered by a two-stroke engine with a capacity of 283cc, and by 1925 they had 350cc motorcycles with drum brakes, some with 3-speed transmission. 1926 saw the introduction of JAP engines from 200 to 500cc in SV and OHV configuration.
Küchen 497cc OHC engines were used in 1928 on their FK59 model, and subsequently they built mainly 200cc two-strokes.
Sources: meisterdinger.de, Tragatsch p139

Built a variety of motorcycles using DKW 145cc and 173cc two-strokes, Runge sv engines, and also competition machines fitted with Blackburne powerplants.
Source: Tragatsch p139

The DKW factory in Zschopau produced motorcycles using this name in 1925-1926. Models included Type BG.
Source: Tragatsch p139

Manufactured by Fahrradhaus Frischauf, Offenbach, 1928-1934
The firm had a close relationship with a workers co-operative which produced bicycles, dating back to 1896. The first motorcycle was built in 1928, the 500cc Type 29 T with a Küchen engine.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Created in 1947 by French designer Louis Lepoix who later worked with many companies in Germany during reconstruction, this simply beautiful machine is based on a 750cc BMW R12. In this writer's opinion, should BMW have developed his ideas rather than opting for the arguably bog-ugly misconception marketed as the R1200C, they may well have had a winner.
Source: François-Marie Dumas

Fuchs and Börner of Falkertstraße 71, Stuttgart, built lightweights with 170cc and 269cc two-stroke engines of their own manufacture, and larger motorcycles using Blackburne 247 and 347cc sv and ohv engines. There is also a listing for a machine with a 110cc Cockerell.
Sources: Tragatsch p140, motor-hist-foto.de, wirtemberg.de

Built light motorcycles using two-stroke engines of 1.5ps and 2.5ps. Both were tax and licence free, the larger machine having a two-speed gearbox.
Sources: motor-hist-foto.de, et al. (NIT)


G. Adolf Rempp Motorradbau of Münster am Neckar, Stuttgart, built motorcycles using 499cc ohv engines designed by Rempp and built in-house
Sources: Tragatsch p142, wikipedia.nl, wirtemberg.de

1920s Three-wheeler
Built in Berlin-Dahlem in 1921 by Fritz Gary and Edmund Sielof, the machine was powered by a 350cc V-twin engine with a 3-speed gearbox driving the rear wheels by chain, this three-wheeled tandem two-seater may have influenced the design of the Mauser Einspurauto.
Sources: wikipedia.de, et al.

Lightweight motorcycles with 148ccc two-stroke engines built in-house.
Sources: Tragatsch p144

Lightweight motorcycles with 175cc engines from DKW.
Sources: Tragatsch p144

Ge Ma Hi AG Marquard & Hillmann Magdeburg Motorradbau
The firm built motorcycles with conventional tubular frames and also large diameter tubes with integral fuel tanks. Late model machines had a pressed metal chassis similar to the Mars. Engines included 131cc Esbe, 149cc Bekamao, 149cc Grade, and DKW 147cc and 175cc two-strokes.
Sources: Tragatsch p144, motorrad-oldtimer-photo-archiv.de

Built lightweights with 147cc Grade engines and DKW two-strokes.
Source: Tragatsch p144

These were Laurin & Klement machines built under licence at the Seidel & Naumann typewriter factory in Dresden, which had built bicycles since about 1892. Models included 3.5hp singles and 4.5hp V-twins (or 2.5 to 6 hp according to one source). See also Slavia.
Source: Tragatsch p144

Built small quantities of motorcycles powered by 198cc SV and 175cc two-stroke DKW engines.
Sources: Tragatsch p145

Used a 2.5ps four-stroke engine, 3-speed gearbox with kickstarter, clutch and idle. Tax and license-free. Possibly manufactured by A. Witzschel & Co. of Leipzig.
NB. The brand is given elsewhere as Gloria-Rekord, but contemporary advertising clearly named it Gloria-Record.
Source: motor-hist-foto.de, et al. (NIT)

Manufactured by Oberursel AG and then by Horex-Columbus. 1921-1924
Designed by Fritz Kleeman, son of the owner Freidrich, their first product was an auxiliary bicycle engine of 63cc which was in direct competition with the AMI, who took them to court and lost.
In 1923 Fritz crated a 250cc OHV engine and renamed the company to Horex-Fahrzeugbau AG, marketing the new machines as Horex.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, oldbike.eu, Tragatsch p148.

Manufactured by Johann Goetz of Villingen, 1925-1937
Most models appeared to run 250 and 500cc JAP engines. A late model had an 800cc parallel twin from Columbus.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Fritz Görke Kleinautobau, of Waldstraße 47 Leipzig.
Built some 10 tricycles between c1918 and the late 1920s. He then joined MONOS GmbH as a design engineer who built more of his machines, and then in 1932 he joinned FRAMO GmbH.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

These machines were powered by GN engines.
Sources: Tragatsch p150

Built by Gritzner-Kaiser AG, a sewing machine manufactuer, used Fafnir singles and V-twins. Their first machines, built in 1901, were Gritzner-Kaiser tricycles. After WWII they used Sachs 98cc, 147cc and 175cc engines. Towards the end they marketed the Mars Monza under the Gritzner name.
Sources: Tragatsch p152
See also Gritzner

Built in Berlin 1924-1925, these interesting machines had two-stroke compressor engines of two and three cylinders each of 307cc, making the twins 600cc and the triples 900cc. Flywheel magneto was by Ruppe/Bekamo.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

The brothers Richard and Hugo Gruhn each had their own motorcycle firm, both based in Berlin.
1. Richard Gruhn founded his company 1906 and built motorcycles and engines until the early to mid-1930s. Gruhn engines were fitted to ABC GmbH, AMBAG and other motorcycles.
2. Hugo Gruhn produced frames and chassis components for motorcycle manufacturers. He also marketed a lightweight motorcycle kit which included engines from Cambra, Hanfland and Diag engines. He operated from 1920~1927. DKF is listed as using engines and chassis from Gruhn, so it is quite possible that both brothers supplied components for that firm.
N.B. Tragatsch says Richard's machines had "no sporting image". GTU says completely the opposite.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch

There were two distinct marques of this name in the 1920s, Gustav Schulze of Magdeburg (1920-1924) and Georg Schroff of Berlin (1923-1925)
Gustav Schulze built lightweights with two-stroke auxiliary bicycle engines which were also supplied to other manufacturers.
Georg Schroff built motorcycles under the G.S. marque and also under the name Schroff-Record.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Güldner Motorenfabrik & Eisengießerei.
Established in 1903, the company built large capacity sports motorcycles from 1924 to 1926. The firm is well-known for its stationary engines and, post-war, for tractors.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Gustloff-Werke in Suhl, 1934-1941
The factory of the former Simson & Co. produced a 98cc Sachs-powered lightweight, the Gustloff 100, designed by Martin Stolle.
See also BSW Gustloff
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Hagel Kraftradbau AG, Nuremberg, 1923 to 1925
Built limited numbers of 247cc motorcyles with engines of their own design, and others, using an inexpensive frame.
Source: meisterdinger.de

Haja Motorradbau GmbH, Sendenhorst in Westfalen
Hansa and F&S 1.8 and 1/4 hp engines, some with gears. One was described as having "rear frame suspension".
Sources: Tragatsch p154 motor-hist-foto.de

Hans Korn, Motorradbau, Rothenburg ob der Tauber
Very similar to the famed Howard R. Davies machines, using the same JAP 348cc and 490cc ohv engines. Only 10 machines were built before the name was changed to H.K.R. in 1925.
Sources: Tragatsch p154 & p163, motorradphoto.de

Hasselmayer & Luber GmbH, München, Mozartstraße 13
Built motorcyclew with 147cc two-strokes and 146cc and 198cc ohv engines of their own manufacture.
The Type C had a 2 1/2 ps engine available with a 2-speed gearbox.
Sources: Tragatsch p154, motor-hist-foto.de

Hanke & Warneke
Bremer Fahrzeugbau, Rembertistraße 28 Bremen
Built the Helios de Luxe JLO-powered moped in the 1950s
Source: Moped Archive

Built by Hansa Präzisionswerke AG of Bielefeld, 1922~1927
147cc, 198cc and 246cc machines, two-stroke and four-stroke. They supplied 246cc OHV engines to AFW, and also to Bimofa
NB. The firm does not appear to be related to Hansa-Lloyd.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p154

Hans and Paul Meinke, from whose names the brand name was derived, built some 800 motorcycles in Salzwedel from 1922 to 1926. The machines had tubular frames and were powered by 196cc and 246cc engines with magneto ignition and a two-speed gearbox.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Harnisch & Lehmann, Mozartstraße 29, Plauener
Built ca 1925-27, Harle motorcycles were mostly fitted with 350cc Bark two-stroke engines, with clutch and two-speed gearbox driving the rear wheel by belt.
Source: freiepresse.de

Manufactured in Berlin by Harras Motoren AG, 1922-1925
The firm produced Berkamo engines under licence, and also constructed motorcycles powered by these. The company was acquired by Paradowski who discontinued motorcycle production in favour of engines.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Neumünster by Wolfgang Uhlig, Harms and Schimkowski 1971-1978
Long-track speedway, ice-racing and motocross machines powered by JAP, ESO and Norton engines ridden by Bobby Schwartz, Kai Niemi and Hans-Otto Pingel, among others. They also built a gearbox which was well received. The firm is still in business as of 2018.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, bahnsporttechnik.de

Manufactured by Halbritter & Schollmeyer of Mühlhausen, Thuringia from 1923 to 1926 using DKW engines, and from 1925 Villiers.
Sources: Tragatsch p158, Wikipedia.de

Manufactured by Motorradhaus Hans Schütze, Dresden A-16, Hammerstraße 6.
Lightweight motorcycles with Bekamo and 173cc Villiers engines
Sources: Tragatsch p158, motor-hist-foto.de

Hamburg firm built sports machines using JAP 348, 490 and 678cc sv and ohv engines, and MAG IOE V-twins of 497cc. Raced by Bremer and Shultz.
Source: Tragatsch p158

Manufactured lightweights in Hanover under the HWE marque from 1950 to 1953.
Heidemann-Werke KG, established in Bielfeld in the early 1900s as a bicycle manufacturer, built motorcycles with JLO and Sachs engines up to 125cc. After 1953 they continued in the bicycle trade.
N.B. Motorcycle production may have begun in 1949.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p195.

H & W, Heitmann & Wittler
Manufactured by Heitmann & Wittler Fahrad & Maschinenfabrik of Steinhagen in 1938, and then post-war until 1953 using JLO, Sachs and Zundapp engines, and components from other suppliers to produce mopeds and motorcycles of up to 125cc.
Post-war address believed to be Rembertistraße 28 Bremen.
Sources: Moped Archive, GTU Oldtimerservice.

Manufactured by Motorradfabrik Heilbrunn & Co., Bauerngasse 21, Nuremberg, 1923 - 1925
Apparently based on the Cotton design, it was powered by a 346cc two-stroke of their own design with transmission via a three-speed gearbox and belt or chain drive. Brakes were internal expanding drum front and rear, with girder-style forks.
Source: meisterdinger.de

Built by Herbert Lindner in Berlin, 1923-1925
The motorcycle had a iquid-cooled two-stroke engine with unit-construction two-speed gearbox. It was quite an advanced machine but being relatively expensive could not survive the chaotic years of the mid-twenties.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Helios by BFW

Heller Motorradfabrik, Gibitzenhofstraße 47, Nürnberg, 1923 - 1926
The brothers Hans and Fritz Heller built motorcycles powered by BMW M2B15 sidevalve HO engines, and from 1924 also the MJ 750cc flat twins from Mehne. The machines has a three-speed gearbox and belt drive to the rear wheel and a block brake on the front wheel only.
Sources: meisterdinger.de, Tragatsch p159.

Manufactured by Lommatzsch of Berlin, 1923-1925, it was a 147cc two-stroke which competed in the market with the similarly named Heli.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Paul Henkel at Mäbendorf, near Suhl. Henkel, who previously worked at Cito-Werk, took over their factory when Cito ceased motorcycle manufacture in favour of components. He produced K.G. motorcycles with Blackburne 198cc sidevalve engines, and possibly others from the K.G. range.
It is reported that he committed suicide in 1931, possibly due to despair at the Nazi methods which were certainly having a negative impact on many of his colleagues.
Sources: Tragatsch p160, motor-hist-foto.de, et al.

There were two companies of this name. The first built sidecars from 1924-1926 in Berlin. The second was that of Willi Heitmann who built motocrossers using Japanese engines in 1985 and 1986.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built between 1922 and 1925 by Herkstroeter & Co of Bielefeld, these were belt-drive motorcycles using their own two-stroke engines of 113cc to 249cc.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built by Heinz Blume in Cologne 1922-1923, this was a light belt-driven motorcycle with a two-stroke 141cc engine mounted high in the frame and well forward of the pedal crank.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured a 148cc Hilfsmotor which could be fitted to either the front or rear wheel of a bicycle.
Sources: Tragatsch p162, motor-hist-foto.de

Two different marques of this name were built in Germany. Berwald of Hamburg built a 123cc two-stroke 1922-1925, and Hermes Motorfahrzeug GmbH of Berlin built motorcycles 1924-1925, one of which was a 350cc JAP.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Heros (H&R)
Heros of Oberoderwitz, Saxony, built auxiliary bicycle engines and single-cylinder sidevalve engines of 155cc to 247cc, 1921-1929.
Originally named H&R (Motorenwerk Zittau, Hartmann & Richter, Niederoderwitz), the firm also built the Ares brand.
Sources: Tragatsch p169, wikipedia.de

Heros (Berlin)
Heros Motorfahrzeug GmbH of Berlin built light motorcycles powered by 142cc DKW engines, 1923-1924.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, wikipedia.nl

Manufactured by Adam H. Herstelle of Bielefeld 1923-1924
In addition to two-stroke and four-stroke motorcycles, one of which was powered by a Hansa engine, the firm produced components for other marques in the Bielfeld area, particularly front suspension.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Hagemann & Vogler, Leichtmotorenfabrik, Berlin, 1924-1925
Fitted DKW 142cc two-strokes to lightweight machines similar to those from Eichler, also of Berlin.
Sources: Tragatsch p162, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by HS-Metallbau GmbH of Salzgitter 1984-1988
Powered by a Rotax 504 and fitted with quality components - Marzocchi forks, Koni rear suspension, TZ Yamaha wheels and the like - the Hesco-Rotax 560 sports machine proved quite popular in the German market.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Eberstadt, 1925
Valentin Hess built a remarkable 799cc inline four fitted longitudinally, FN fashion. Available in any colour as long as was red, the cost was 1600 marks. Hess also supplied components to HAG in the way of crankshafts and other engine components. HAG in turn manufactured a new type of steel piston for Hess, of which he was the inventor, but the popularity of steel pistons was fast waning.
Sources: Tragatsch p162, darmstadt-stadtlexikon.de

Heuser HMT
Manufactured by Peter Heuser of Troisdorf 1980-1982
The firm produced a variety of off-road machines of 50cc, 80cc and 250cc using modified Sachs engines and mainly Italian chassis components.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Hexe (1920s)
Two different marques of this name were built in Germany. (English: Witch)
A Bamberg firm produced belt-driven motorcycles of up to 500cc from 1924 to 1926.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Hexe (Amelung)
Carl Amelung Fahrzeugfabrik of Duisburg built 48cc Sachs-powered modeds and lightweight motorcycles from around 1955 until 1966. They were marketed under both the Hexe and Amelung brands.
Models include:

  • Hexe Mokick Super Sport 1961. This has a pressed steel chassis, dual seat, motorcycle-style fuel tank with tool cavity in top, and conventional tele forks.
    Hexe HSL 50MK Sachs 4-speed engine
    Hexe 1966 last model.

Source: mo-ped.se, mofapower.de, et al

Manufactured by Curt Hiekel Maschinenfabrik of Leipzig-Thekla from 1925 to 1932
Using their own 348cc engines driving via a Hurth or Pfeiffer gearbox, the motorcycles remained largely unchanged throughout their existence although some later machines had front brakes. Five are known to have survived.
Sources: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de, Tragatsch p162, motor-hist-foto.de

Built by pioneer aviators Helumut and Wolf Hirth in Stuttgart, 1923~1925. The motorcycles were very highly regarded and achieved excellent results in competition. Wolf lost his leg in a 1925 racing accident but this seems to not have slowed him down as he was still setting records in 1926.

Source: François-Marie Dumas

Manufactured by Hasper Motorrad Werk of Westfalen.
1923-1928. Heavy single-cylinder machines with their own SV engines.
Not related to the Austrian marque, nor to the machines built in post-war East Germany.
Sources: Tragatsch, Wikipedia NL

Gebr. Emslander Motorenfabrik of Landshut
The brothers designed and built a 496cc flat twin motorcycle. Production was limited, with stiff competition from BMW.
Sources: Tragatsch p163, wikipedia.nl

Constructed in Minden, Westphalia 1924-1928 by Hohmeyer & Co, a furniture manufacturer, the motorcycles had a woooden frame (probably ash) and were fitted with a variety of two- and four-stroke engines up to 250cc. The motorcycles were originally built by MFB.
Sources: François-Marie Dumas, Tragatsch.

Hoffmann & Seidel
Built in Saarbrücken by bicycle manufacturer Hensler in the 1950s. Hoffmann & Seidel was also a clothing brand.
Machines of this marque were almost identical to the Saarperle, also built by Hensler.
Source: saar-nostalgie.de

Manufactured by Hoock & Co. of Cologne, 1926-28
Hoock was a main agent for Villiers in Germany. Using their 342cc engines and a variety of other British components he built a number of motorcycles.
Sources: wikipedia.de

Produced by Maschinenfabrik M. Hecker & Co. of Berlin, 1924-1926
145cc and 175cc DKW two-stroke engines powered these utilitarian motorcycles which did well on the local market until the financial crisis.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Max Hucke Fahrgestellbau, Berlin-Neukölln. 1924-26
Used 124, 173 and 247 cc engines from Berlin engine builder Rinne
Sources: wikipedia.de, Tragatsch p169

Manufactured by Hüfferwerke, Abt. Kraftfahrzeugbau, Münster in Westphalia, 1923-25
Built lightweight motorcycles using 150 to 200cc engines from the likes of DKW, Lorenz (Rapid) and Baumi.
Sources: Tragatsch p169, wikipedia.de

Manufacutured by Hulla Fahrzeugwerke für Kleinmotoren from 1923 to 1932 in Hagen im Bremischen, these were lightweights fitted with DKW two-strokes up to 298cc and sidevalve 296cc JAP engines, and from 1928 199cc and 250cc DKW. They also supplied chassis components to other marques, among them Lloyd of the Netherlands. The firm at its peak employed some 80 people, and by 1925 they had produced 1000 motorcycles.
Sources: Wikipedia NL, GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured 1951 to 1954 by Ordemann & Hauser, Sittensen, Bezirk Bremen
Built 60 to 147cc JLO-powered scooters better known under the Sitta brand. They also built motorcycles using JLO engines of 49cc to 248cc, and a Sitta 49cc moped which was also marketed by a Kassel firm as the Sitta-Crédette.
Hummel supplied many machines to Omega of Belgium.
Sources: Tragatsch p169, wikipedia.de

Manufactured from 1923 to 25 by

  • Husar Leichtmotorrad GmbH
    Husar Motorfahrzeug AG, Munich

The firm motorcycles using 296cc and 500cc engines which had leaf spring front and rear suspension, quite advanced but not yet popular in with the consumer. They had stiff competition from BMW, also of Munich.
Sources: Tragatsch p169, wikipedia.de

Established by Louis Huy of Dresden in 1923, the firm built 198cc motorcycles using engines from Alba. Albert Thiele became the owner in 1924, but after Alba went into receivership production ceased in 1926.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Built light motorcycles using 173cc two-stroke engines of their own manufacture.
Source: Tragatsch p171

The Berlin firm built motorcycles in 1924 and 1925(1) using 350cc engines designed by Gnädig and built by Kühne in Dresden. These had chain drive via a Sturmey-Archer gearbox, and did well in competition. Some had front and rear leaf-spring suspension.
They also used JAP 346cc and 496cc OHV engines, and OHC Kuchen 497cc engines.
As with so many others, the company succumbed to the devastating inflation of mid-1920s.
NB. 1. Possibly 1924-1927.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p174.


Kraftfahrzeuge J.A. Kraut, Gochsheim bei Schweinfurt
Lightweights fitted with 119cc, 142cc and 173cc DKW engines, and with 129cc Bekamo two-strokes (Ladepumpe-Motor).
Sources: Tragatsch p176, motor-hist-foto.de

Munich firm fitted air- and water-cooled 170cc two-stroke engines of their own manufacture to lightweight motorcycles.
Sources: Tragatsch p176

Manufactured: J. A. Vogler, Fahrzeugbau, Rohrmattenstrasse 16, Nuremberg-Zabo, 1925 - 1929
Vogler bought the Abako company in 1925 and continued the production of motorcycles under that name.
Concurrently they built 200cc sidevalve machines and motorcycles with 500cc SV Sturmey Archer and Blackburne engines. These were sold as far afield as Finland.
With onset of the depression Vogler ceased motorcycle production but continued to produce spare parts for Abako, Cockerell and his own Javon machines.
Source: meisterdinger.de

Built in Nuremberg by Johann Hirschmann & Co., 1921-1923
These were single-speed 200cc two-strokes with belt drive to the rear wheel, which had a rim brake.
Source: Wikipedia DE

ca. Mid 1920s
Type IV used an Esbe two-stroke engine, other models used Adma 130cc and 175cc engines, and Villiers 172cc two-strokes.
Source: motor-hist-foto.de

Munich firm built horizontal twin-cylinder engines which they fitted to their own motorcycles. Later they used Fafnir singles and v-twins.
Source: Tragatsch p180 (also listed in Motorrader aus München)

Manufactured by J. Schätzle, Fahrzeugfabrik, Liegnitz, Jauernstraße 67
Built their own 132cc and 180ccc two-strokes and also fitted DKW 206cc three-port engines.
Sources: Tragatsch p180, motor-hist-foto.de


Manufactured 1924-1930
Built motorcycles using 198cc and 498cc 3 valve OHC Küchen engines.
Source: Tragatsch p181

Kalkhoff-Werke GmbH., Oldenburg, built mopeds with JLO engines in the 1950s
Source: mo-ped-se

Manufactured by Stockdorfer Motorenwerke AG, 1922-1924
The Munich firm built motorcycles powered by Douglas HO twins produced in Germany under licence, and also BMW boxer engines. The same factory produced the SMW and KR marques.
Another source says that Karü built a version of the Bosch-Douglas which were supplied to Astra, Bayern and Bravis.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p181

Manufactured 1923-1925
Built lightweights with 198cc Alba engines.
Source: Tragatsch p181

Manufactured by Kirchheim & Co. of Magdeburg, 1900~1925
The firm built a variety of models, among them 100cc two-stroke powered bicycles, 250cc longitudinal HO twins, and a scooter.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Berlin from 1921 to 1925 or '26, the firm produced three models. The Type A and Type B had disc wheels and a 160cc engine with two-speed gearbox. There was also a 143cc lightweight.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Kessel & Schmidt; - Maschinenfabrik, Pößneck in Thür., Neustädterstr. 51
Source: motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured 1928-1931
Assembled machines using 196, 346, 490 and 545cc JAP engines. Most of the chassis and running gear components were also made in England.
Source: Tragatsch p184

Manufactured in Stuttgart 1923-1926. Director G. Roau
246cc two-strokes designed by Wilhelm Gutbrod who later founded the Standard brand.
Ridden by Gebbardt et al, the marque was quite successful in competition.
Source: motoglasklar.de, Tragatsch p185

Built lightweight motorcycles using 142 and 1959cc two-stroke engines of their own manufacture.
Source: Tragatsch p185

Constructed single cylinder four-stroke machines using engines of their own design in two versions, two-valve and four-valve, the latter delivering 6hp.
Source: Tragatsch p185

Kunz & Müller Motorradwerk,, Militärstraße 88b Stuttgart.
Models included a 196cc OHV single with inclined valves using an engine of their own design, and a 142cc model with a Grade two-stroke engine. There was also a Kraftrad model with a 2.5ps DKW engine.
Source: Tragatsch p185, wirtemberg.de, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured 1923-1926
Emil Köhler & Hermann Bovenkamp were partners in the company established in 1894 and became well-known for their chains, having developed a manufacturing process which is in use to this day. Emil departed before WWI.
Both Wuppertal and Barmen-Hatzfeld are associated with the history of the marque.
The company built motorcycles using their own 276cc two-stroke engines but ceased production during the period of hyperinflation, as did a great many other motorcycle manufacturers in Germany.
Source: Tragatsch p185

Manufactured by Ludwig & Karl Köhler, Baumstraße 8, Munich. 1914-1929
Built motorcycles using their own engines. These are likely to have been supplied to other manufacturers.
Sources: motor-talk.de, motopedia-online.info

Kofa AG, Neutorstraße 10, Nuremberg, 1923 - 1925
Built motorcycles with 289cc single-cylinder two-stroke engines
Source: meisterdinger.de

Manufactured 1923-1930
Cycle attachment engines available separately or assembled with a Kolibri bicycle.
Source: Tragatsch p185

Manufactured by Kirschner & Co. of Dresden 1902-1905
Built under license from Ixion of France, the motorised bicycle used a 1.5HP two-stroke engine.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Founded in Berlin in 1927, the firm specialised in marine engines. In the 1950s these were adapted to speedboat racing in the USA and did very well. A motorcycle racing engine was developed for sidecar racing, and the boxer four engines powered many machine to victory during the 1970s.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Berlin 1924-1925
The firm built two models, the two-stroke Simplex, and the four-stroke Ideal, both with a 2-speed gearbox integral with the unit-construction engines, and was available with electric lighting.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Euroimport Schlich of Mayen from 1985.
In the years 1985 and '86 the firm produced 12 different models enduro and motor-cross machines using mostly Italian components and modified Sachs two-stroke engines. Later machines were the KSR175 and KSR250, both powered by Moto Morini. Series production ceased in the early 1990s but the KSR250 remained available on special order for some time.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Koster (KS)
Manufactured 1923-1925
A lightweight with pressed metal and tubular frame, it was fitted with 123cc Bekamo and 144cc Cockerell engines. It had disc wheels, used both chain and belt drive which were fully enclosed. The fuel tank was integral with upper frame.
Source: Tragatsch p186

K.R. (1920s)
Manufactured by Dr. Ing. Karl Rühmer & Co, München, 1924-1925
The successor to the KarRü, these machines used the early 492cc HO twins and also 998cc MAG v-twin engines with IOE valves in a duplex cradle frame.
Sources: Tragatsch p186, et al.

K.R. (1930s)
Manufactured in München 1930-1933.
Unrelated to the KR marque of the previous decade built by Karl Rühmer, these machines were assembled using JAP 198cc SV and OHV engines, and JAP 298cc engines.
Source: Tragatsch p186.

Manufactured 1921-1926
Built motorcycles with 148 and 198cc ohv Paque engines, and 293cc Bosch-Douglas HO twins supplied by SMW.
Source: Tragatsch p187

Kramer, Kram-It
Originally manufactured by Fritz Kramer of Laubus-Eschbach, the firm changed hands several times but remained in continuous production from 1970 to 2000.
Early machines had Maico engines, with Rotax introduced in 1981. An Italian company took over in 1985 and produced machines under the Kram-It marque. Reinhard Hallat then took the helm and produced machines under both names until 2000.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Krause Racer
The machine appeared in race reports of 1926 and 1927, and is believed to have been a 175cc motorcycle. It is not known if it was related the Krause sidecar manufacturer.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Krause Seitenwagen
Built by Gustav Krause, it possibly used Stoye components
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

From 1924 to 1929 the firm built a variety of machines using engines from DKW (142cc and 175cc), Kuhne (348cc ohv), Blackburne, and JAP (248cc and 490cc, the latter in both ohv and sv configuration).
Source: Tragatsch p187

Kühne Engines
Franz Gnädig designed the first Kühne engine in 1925 after Allright took over the Cito firm, and these 350cc OHV units were built in Dresden. Gnädig became a director of Diamant in 1927.
The engines were used by numerous marques in the 1920s including AWD, Diamant, Elfa, Elite, Everest, Indus, Gnadig, KSB, K.Z., Oberwetter, Pan, Sartorius Teco, Wela, Weiss and Zeus. They were often high-performance engines, at least one of which had desmodromic valves.

Manufactured by Georg Kulitzky of Berlin, 1922-1924
Built lightweight motorcycles using engines from Bekamo, DKW, Beuker, Snob and Alba.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built from 1925 to 1927
These lightweight sports machines had triangulated frames with watercooled Bekamo 173cc two-stroke engines. Production was very limited.
Source: Tragatsch p188

Manufactured 1924-1927
Fairly basic motorcycles using their own OHV engines of 197cc and 248cc.
Source: Tragatsch p188

1924-1925. Another product of the Krieger-Gnadig firm, KZ machines were powered by Alba 198cc single-cylinder four-strokes with a two-speed gearbox, V-belt drive, parallelogram fork and block brakes. There was also a sports machine with 350 cc Kühne engine and final drive by chain.
Source: Tragatsch p188, et al.


Manufactured 1922-1925
Josef Herz designed 548cc sv external-flywheel engines which were housed in frame with a comparitively low sadddle. Early models were belt drive, later machines had chain/chain drive but with little protection for the rider.
Source: Tragatsch p192

Operating from 1924 to 1925, the firm built motorcycles fitted with 3.8 hp two-stroke and 4.6 hp sidevalve engines of their own production.
Source: Tragatsch p192

Lightweights of 148cc believed to have been built by Fama of Kiel-Friedrichsort in 1924-1925. Not related to the Berlin automobile company of the same name and period.
Sources: Tragatsch p192, Wikipedia DE.

Manufactured by Dietlein & Co. of Magdeburg-Neustadt, 1921-1926
Fitted with a Columbus four-stroke 250cc engine the motorcycle did well in competition. In 1925 Motosacoche engines were employed.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Lehmann designed a welded pressed metal frame with integral fuel tank into which he fited Rinne two-stroke engines of 173 and 198cc. These were produced from 1926 to 1928
Source: Tragatsch p193

Manufactured by Luftfahrzeug GmbH of Berlin, fames manufacturer of airships and aircraft, including WWI fighter planes.
After the Great War, Germany was banned from producing aircraft so the company turned to other avenues, producing the LFG motorcycles from 1921 to 1925. These had the engine mounted well to the rear, below the saddle, and were referred to as Schieberad, "pushing wheel".
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built a variety of lightweight motorcyles using engines from DKW, Namapo, Baumi, Gruhn and probably others.
Source: Tragatsch p194

Between 1922 to 1924 the firm built motorcycles powered by flat-twins of 293cc from Bosch-Douglas and 492cc from BMW.
Source: Tragatsch p194

Ottmar Cramer, owner of Ocra, produced machines under the Lloyd marque. Initially these were 137cc clip-on bicycle engines, and later motorcycles using a variety of JAP engines.
The firm does not appear to be associated with Hansa-Lloyd or Borgward.
Source: meisterdinger.de

Luftreederei Max Schüler, Osnabrück Netterheide
In 1923 the firm used its expertise as a builder of airships to construct motorcycles powered by 142cc DKW engines. These had the appearance of a Zeppelin and were named the Tropfen-Motorrad. Few were made.
See also Tropfen
Sources: Tragatsch p194, motor-hist-foto.de

An off-road racer built by Peter Lohrlein, the machine had a monocoque frame and unusual swinging arm front suspension. The wheels were of pressed metal, and it was powered by a modified Sachs 175cc engine.
Source: wikipedia.nl.

Manufactured by Eichler of Berlin for DKW, the scooter-like machine was advertised as a "single-track car".
There was a similar machine named the Golem, also from DKW. This is likely to have also been built by Eichler.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Constructed from 1929 to 1931 using a 198cc JAP sidevalve engine. The reason of the English name is obscure.
Source: Tragatsch p196

Lorenz (Stettin)
This was a scooter with a 211cc two-stroke engine built by Ing. Arthur Lorenz of Stettin-Braunsfelde, Dunkerstraße 5, 1921-1922.
Sources: Tragatsch p196, prawobrzeze.eu

Lorenz (Berlin)
Manufactured by Lorenz, Wittig & Co. of Berlin, 1921-1925
The motorcycle was powered by a Lorenz 126cc two-stroke longitudinal boxer engine and used cast aluminum pistons. These were also marketed under the name Rapid. The engines were sold to other firms including Hüffer.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Czech engineer Julius Löwy designed and built two-stroke twins of 113, 142 and 176cc which were supplied to Albertus and Almora.
Source: wikipedia.nl.

In 1923-24 they built lightweights fitted with Bekamo 129cc two-strokes, and later with engines of their own construction.
Source: Tragatsch p196

From 1924 to 1926 they constructed basic motorcycles using 247cc and 299cc two-stroke engines of their own manufacture fitted to conventional frames.
Source: Tragatsch p196

Lupus Motorenbau, Stuttgart, Landhausstraße 43
Manufactured for Rudolf Wolf & Co. of Berlin, 1923-1926
The 148 cc two-stroke motorcycle used a Douglas 2-speed gearbox driving the rear wheel via belt.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, wirtemberg.de

Ludwid Traunspurger designed two-stroke engines of 198, 246 and 346cc, and a four-stroke 497cc sidevalve unit. These were fitted to the automobile accessory firm's motorcycles in the years 1924 to 1933.
Source: Tragatsch p196

Founded 1921 by Ludwig Weber and his brother Anton in Freiburg, Breisgau as an automobile manufacturer using much modified V12 engines, motorcycle manufacture began around 1924. Their machines used 750cc V-twin engines from MAG, and others from JAP and Blackburne. .

Manufactured by Lippische Werke AG, Detmold, 1923-1924
The firm built railway carriages, agricultural machinery and much more. The LWD motorcycle appeared with a 195cc four-stroke engine, but the marque did not survive the economic crisis.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Manufactured by Max Bernhardt & Co. in Berlin, 1922-1928
These motorcycles were fitted with V-twin engines of 598cc and 746cc supplied by Siemens & Halske. They also built 750 and 1000cc racing machines, and utility tricycles.
Ilse Thouret placed first in a 1927 race riding a 750cc Mabeco. She later became a factory rider for Puch.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Operating in 1927 and 1928, the firm used 346 sv and ohv Kühne engines, and sometimes the larger 496cc sidevalve.
Source: Tragatsch p197

Using DKW two-strokes and 198cc sidevalve engines of their own the firm built motorcycles from 1921 to 1926.
Source: Tragatsch p197

An established bicycle manufacturer, they built motorcycles from 1923 to 1927 using DKW two-strokes and Kühne 348cc ohv and 496cc sv engines.
Source: Tragatsch p197

Berlin-Weißensee, 1901
Early models were large singles followed by a V-twin, and in 1910 they introduced a vertical twin. The company then moved to Berlin-Halensee and introduced cyclecars to the range, and in 1911 offered the model "Selbstfahrer" which was a tri-car somewhat simiar to the later Scott Sociable and Bradshaw Seal.
After the war the business did not prosper and Magnet himself died in 1924.
Sources: François-Marie Dumas, Scalerandi

Maiwald, Mascottchen
Manufactured by Neuköllner Maschinenfabrik in Berlin, 1952-1953
This was a small scooter with a 50cc engine. Apparently it was underpowered and failed to find buyers.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Mammut (Bielefeld)
There were three marques of this name built in Germany, as well as the Munch Mammut. Two were built in Bielfeld.
In 1924-1929 Hermann Froböse produced a 249 cc two-stroke motorcycle with a Baumi engine.
Between 1953 and 1956 Mammut mopeds with 50 cc JLO, Zündapp and Sachs engines 50cc were produced. These were identical to mopeds sold by Meister and Phanomen , which were also based in Bielefeld.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Mammut (Nuremberg)
Maschinenfabrik Berner & Co, Ludwig-Feuerbach-Strasse 75/77, Nuremberg, 1925 - 1933
Later at Innere Laufer Gasse 20
Early models used 200cc Baumi two-stroke engines, followed by engines of their own produced in capacities from 250c to 350cc, both two-stroke and four-stroke.
Towards the end of the 1920s they used engines of from Blackburne, JAP and Villiers, along with 600cc MAG V-twins. As the depression bit they switched to smaller engines including those from Moser.
They also marketed a preßstahl modell (pressed steel model) with a JAP engine which was a Coventry Eagle re-badged with a Mammut emblem.
An example is displayed at the Museum Industriekultur in Nürnberg
Source: meisterdinger.de

Built a lightweight motorcycles using DKW 145cc and Grade two-strokes along with their onw 155cc sidevalve engines from 1922 to 1924.
Source: Tragatsch p201

Limited production of lightweights with 183cc two-stroke engines, 1923-1924.
There was a well-established Italian marque of the same name.
Source: Tragatsch p202

Manufactured by C. Klose, Staßfurt, 1924-1926
Well-received by the motorcycle press the firm offered two models, the second of 269cc with a tubular frame. Inflation made it impossible to continue and they closed in 1926.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Ludwig Maurer, Dürrnhofstraße 8, and Bahnhofstrasse 93, Nuremberg
The factory built auxiliary bicycle engines, water-cooled 250cc single-cylinder two-stroke engines, and water-cooled HO 494cc two-strokes.
Source: meisterdinger.de

HO Twin

Horizontally Opposed Twin

Examples include BMW, Zundapp and Douglas HO Twins have conrods running on a common crank, with one on the exhaust stroke and the other on inlet.


Address: Norddeutsche Motorradwerke, Markwardt & Winter, Swinemünde
From 1923 to 1930 the firm built DKW 173cc two-strokes and JAP 198cc to 546cc sv and ohv engines, conventional chassis of sturdy design.
Source: Tragatsch p205

Manufactured by Auto-Motor-Industrie GmbH in Berlin, 1924-1925
The firm produced 180cc and 446cc single-cylinder motorcycles.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by M.B.G. Heilbronn in Lahr, 1932-1939
Richard Küchen built engines from the 1920s. Complete motorcycles were produced from the early 1930s until 1939.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

There were two marques of the same name made in the same period.
1. 1924-1926 - Meteor Elektrotechnische & Fahrzeugfabrik GmbH of Hanover built lightweights using 172cc two-stroke engines probably supplied by the Thomann concern of Nanterres.
2. 1925-1926 - Hugo and Paul Nimitz of Motorenwerke Meteor, Stettin, Mittwochstraße 18-20, built basic motorcycles with 185cc sidevalve engines built in limited numbers.
An advertisment for the firm reads in part, "liefert eigene 2 1/2 PS Motoren, - Type I mit ohne Getriebe, - Type II mit Krauskupplung, Type III mit separaten 2 Gang-Getriebe, - Die Motoren werden lose, sowie in kompletten Motorrädern geliefert."
(Translation: delivers its own 2 1/2 hp engines, - Type I with no transmission, - Type II with friction clutch, Type III with separate 2-speed transmission, - The engines are supplied loose, as well as in complete motorcycles.)
NB. The German FB marque had machines with the Meteor brand on the tank. There was also a Meteor built in Prague.
Sources: Tragatsch p208, OTTW.

Metzger & Schlegel
Metzger & Schlegel K.G., Fellbach, Eppinger Straße 5a. Built from 1955 to 1959, the Motte scooter used 50c to 120cc engines of their own manufacture. Possibly also produced a machine named Moto-Sport.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, wirtemberg.de. (NIT)

Manufactured by Mercur Motoren GmbH, Berlin 1922-1924
Also marketed as the Record, these motorcycles had frames built by Hugo Gruhn and engines from Franz Krause.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

From 1922 to 1926 the firm employed DKW 119cc and 142cc two-strokes engines, along with a 269cc two-stroke and another with a horizontal cylinder. Most if not all had belt drive to the rear wheel. The engines were very low slung in the frame, and the machines were of quite basic constuction with rim brake on the rear wheel only.
Source: Tragatsch p208

The firm built basic machines powered by their own 168cc two-stroke engines, 1922-1926
Source: Tragatsch p208

Manufactured by Berliner Mopedbau H. Meyer, Berlin-Reinickendorf, 1951-1955
Designed to be marketed to women, some mopeds were powered by AMO two-stroke bicycle attachment motors.
Models include the Teddy and Troll, both with 50cc JLO FP 50 engines.
They were possibly also marketed under the Teddy brand.
Sources: mo-ped.se

Manufactured by Max Fischer, Nuremberg-Johannis, 1922 - 1926
The factory built motorcycles using 492cc BMW boxer engines, and 347cc and 497cc side-valve singles from Blackburne.
Source: meisterdinger.de

HO Twin

Horizontally Opposed Twin

Examples include BMW, Zundapp and Douglas HO Twins have conrods running on a common crank, with one on the exhaust stroke and the other on inlet.

Manufactured by Gerhard W. Lehmann & Co., Hamburg, 1923-1924, who also built automobiles. The motorcycles had woodend frames and used 198cc Nabob and 293cc SV JAP engines. Hoco of Minden continued construction after M.F.B. ceased trading.
N.B. 1. * 1922-1923 are dates given by another source. 2. There is also a post-WWII Italian marque of the same name: MFB
Source: Tragatsch (p208)

Manufactured in Berlin by Motorfahrzeug GmbH, 1921-1928
The motorcycles used 200cc, 250cc, and in 1925, 350cc engines.


One of the most extensively used lightweights appears to be the M.F.Z., which is fitted with a single-cylinder overhead-valve engine, the valve operation of which is by push rods and rockers. This has the change-speed mechanism combined with the crank case and final drive by belt.

The MotorCycle October 6th, 1921.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, The MotorCycle

Manufactured by Mühlbauer & Co., Berlin, 1923-1931
The firm specialised in high-performance two-stroke engines based on the Ruppe / Bekamo principle which were sold in large numbers to other motorcycle manufacturers.
They built belt-drive motorcycles, both with compressors, of 140cc and 175cc. When production of these ceased they continued making accessories.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Felix Mielke built racing machines based on the BMW R75 fitted with a Fiat Topolino 500cc engine from 1947 to 1951.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Mittelbadische Motorradfabrik, Bruno Felbers & Son, Achern, Baden
Used 142 cc two-stroke Rohöl (crude oil) engines from Julius Löwy
Source: Tragatsch p211, wikipedia.nl

Built in Dortmund by Pirol Werke GmbH, 1951-1954
Introduced in 1949 as the JLO-powered Schweppe, the Miranda used 150cc Sachs and 200cc Kurchen engines.
See also Schweppe
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p211

1925. Built HO twins of 596 and 746cc which they supplied to other manufacturers including Heller. The Mehne firm purchased the company when it encountered difficulties. MJ also built an interesting two-stroke motorcycle which did not enter production.
Source: Tragatsch p211

Manufactured by Schönfeld & Schwarz, Nuremberg
The factory produced limited numbers of motorcycles with 245cc two-stroke engines. Possibly also known as N.I.S.
Source: meisterdinger.de

Produced limited numbers of 148cc two-stroke motorcycles 1925-1927.
Source: Tragatsch p212

Built 70cc and 148cc bicycle attachment entgins along with complete motor bicycles from 1920 to 1925.
Source: Tragatsch p212

Manufactured by Maschinenfabrik Oberndorf Neckar in Oberndorf, 1953-1955
Mopeds powered by 50cc Rex engines.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Mota Wiesel
Manufactured by Mota-Maschinenbau GmbH of Nagold 1948-1952
Scooters with their own engines of 50cc to 100cc
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Eisenwerk Becker & Co. of Leipzig, 1923-1924
Based on a design by Ing. J. Schneeweiß the company built three models powered by parallel twins of 514, 642 and 804cc.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Dobron-Motorist GmbH of Berlin, 1923-1925
The first model used a DKW 150cc two-stroke engine, followed by a JAP 350cc model. The machine was also marketed as the Dobron Motorist.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Walter & Co. in Mühlhausen, 1903-1908
Also known as the Möwe, these motorcycles were fitted with Fafnir 3.5 hp single-cylinder engines and 5 hp V-twins.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Active 1921-1924, the Muco firm built bicycle attachement engines of 118cc which were fitted adjacent to the rear wheel.
Source: Tragatsch p222

Mufi (Imperator)
Built a basic motorcycle with 348cc three-port deflector piston two-stroke in 1925-26.
Source: Tragatsch p222


NAG was a very large company which built automobiles, trucks and numerous other vehicles from the early 20th century until after the second war. They controlled a number of companies which built, at various times, motorcycles.
In 1927 the Presto company was renamed NAG-Presto Werke AG. See Presto (DE)
The NAG marque is not listed in Tragatsch.

Bernhard Nagle of Maschinen & Motorenfabrik, Stettin, Giesebrechtstraße 6 (now Poland) built 147cc and 197cc four-stroke engines which he fitted to light motorcycles. The smaller version was also sold as a bicycle attachment engine.
These were also fitted to the Difra machines which may have been produced by the same company.
Sources: Tragatsch p225, prawobrzeze.eu

Limited production of motorcycles powered by 2.7hp Anzani engines, built in 1925 only
Sources: Tragatsch p225

Manufactured by Hainsberger Metallwerke KG (HMW) of Hainsberg, Dresden.
A bicycle manufacturer dating back to 1902, lightweight motorcycles were produced before and during the war under the National brand. Post-war, the factory was run by AG Awtowelo under Soviet control and 100cc Sachs-engined motorcycles of the same general appearance and construction were marketed as HMW. They were unrelated to the Austrian marque of the same name, nor to the German HMW of the 1920s.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch

Built in Frankfurt by Neckermann-Versand KG from 1954 to 1960, the Necko used JLO engines and came in three versions, the 100, the 200 and the Luxe.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Netzschkauer Maschinenfabrik of Netzschkau built three-wheelers from 1923 to 1925* with drive to two rear wheels.
* Possibly 1924-25
Sources: wikipedia.de, et al.

Nera, Neroba
Built in Kirchentellinsfurt by Raiser & Söhne from 1949 to 1950, the Nera scooter had a JLO 120cc engine whilst the similar Neroba used a 150cc Sachs.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Nestoria Motorenwerk GmbH, Solgerstrasse 6, Nuremberg. 1923 - 1931
In 1923, Nestoria purchased Astoria and later also built 350 and 500 class motorcycles fitted with OHC engines from Kurchen. In the late 1920s they built machines using 500cc and 600cc MAG engines along with those of Sturmy-Archer. Blackburne and JAP engines were optional. Despite good sales and sporting success the financial situation took its toll and in 1931 they closed.
An example is displayed at the Museum Industriekultur in Nürnberg
Source: meisterdinger.de

The company was one of the first to fit the then-new 132cc and 170cc ILO engines to their own frames. The firm operated from 1924 to 1926
Source: Tragatsch p226

Operating from 1925-1926, the firm fitted 269cc JAP two-strokss and 293cc JAP sidevalve engines into their own conventionally styled frames.
They were possibly also known as M.J.S.
Source: Tragatsch p228

Using Bekamo 132cc engines they built lightweights from 1924 to 1925.
Source: Tragatsch p228

Manufactured by Nordap Motorbau GmbH, Ladenburg, 1950-1953
This was a 32cc bicycle auxiliary motor installed in the front wheel hub, with the fuel tank attached to the handlebars. In the Netherlands it was sold as the Velmo.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Beginning in 1922, Nordstern built motorcycles with 2.5hp two-stroke engines. The SFW firm purchased Nordstern when it failed in 1924.
Source: Tragatsch p229


Singen-Hohentwiel, Hegaustraße 9
Motorcycle racer Eugene Oberle built machines using Villiers 147cc and 172c two-stroke engines.
An example has been displayed at Oldtimer Museum Meßkirch.
Source: Tragatsch p234, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Vahle & Oberwetter of Bielefeld, 1921-1942
Initially a producer of frames and chassis components, the partnership ceased in 1925 and Heinrich Oberwetter began building complete motorcycles using mostly Kühne engines of up to 500cc until at least 1928. Component production continued until 1942.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Oda Werke AG, Hamburg 1925-1926
Built lightweights and bicycle attachement engines of 183cc
Source: motor-hist-foto.de

Built motorcycles using a 425cc three-port two-stroke of their own manufacture.
Source: Tragatsch p236

Otto Hoffmann designed this motorcycle which used a 490cc JAP sidevalve engine.
Source: Tragatsch p237

Using JAP 173, 346 and 490cc sidevalve and ohv engines, the firm produced motorcycles in limited numbers.
Source: Tragatsch p238

Lightweights powered by Villiers 98cc and 147cc two-strokes, and also Bark engines (Tragatsch suggests the Bark was built by Imperia at Bad Godesburg, but this may be an error)
Source: Tragatsch p239

Otto Rierl & Co., Präzisionswerk, Brake in Westfalen
Built lightweights with 145cc 3.5ps two-stroke engines mounted horizontally.
Sources: Tragatsch p240, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Oruk Motorradwerke AG, Chemnitz-Altendorf, Burgstraße 5.
Described as "ohne Riemen und Kette" (without belt and chain), the scooter-like machine had a 192cc two-stroke engine mounted adjacent to the rear wheel. Possibly also known as OKUR.
Sources: Tragatsch p243, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Otto Schaaf at Böhlitz-Ehrenberg near Leipzig from 1924 to 1925.
The factory was established in 1903 and produced a variety of products including crockery and small-arms which were exported to many counntries.
Their motorcycle had a water-cooled 496cc twin-cylinder engine which Otto Schaaf rode in endurance events with fine results.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Ottmar Cramer, Kleinkraftradfabrik, Untere Turmstraße 16, Nuremberg. 1923 - 1925
Ottmar Cramer was also the owner of the Lloyd Motorradfabrik, and similar JAP 250cc and 350cc machines were built under that marque.
Source: meisterdinger.de

Manufactured in Schwabach by Karl Ludwig Konrad from 1923 to 1925.
Built 125cc two-stroke motorcycles with a two-speed gearbox and block brake on the rear wheel.
Source: deacademic com

Built in Leipzig-Gohlis, 1921-1924
The motorcycle had an air-cooled two-stroke engine mounted above the front wheel, which was driven by chain. The fuel tank was mounted in front of the handlebars, above the engine.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Triumph Werke AG., Fürther Strasse 212, Nuremberg
Triumph Nuremberg split from Triumph Coventry in 1929. After legal disputes with Triumph Coventry, the German Triumph export models were initially sold under the Orial marque which resulted in action from the French company of the same name. The German Triumph company settled on the name TWN - Triumph Werke Nuremberg.
The German Orial machines were powered by M.A.G. engines of 350cc to 750cc.
See also TWN Triumph
Source: meisterdinger.de

Manufactured by Ortloff Automobil AG, Berlin, 1924-1925
Believed to have used engines from Cambra and Alba of 185cc to 198cc mounted in frames from the Berlin-based Hugo Gruhn firm.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Munich from 1921 to 1937 by Otto-Werke GmbH, a German aircraft manufacturer.
Gustav Otto produced an auxiliary bicycle engine in 1921, followed in 1924 by motorcycles marketed under the Flottweg marque. These were also sold under the name Otto from 1928 to 1930. It is understood that they employed JAP SV engines of 198 and 293cc.
Source: wikipedia.de, Tragatsch p244.

Manufactured in the 1950s under licence from the Austrian Motoren Werke Arsenal, the 83cc ÖWA Hillfersmotor was built in the mid 1920s.
Source: Bjorn's Story

Otto Wittkopf & Sons, Nuremberg, 1927
Considered by some a masterpiece, the motorcycle was built for one year only with using a 249cc OHV single cylinder engine of their own manufacture.
An example is displayed at the Museum Industriekultur in Nürnberg
Source: meisterdinger.de


Pan, and Everest
Manufactured by Konstruktor GmbH of Berlin, 1924-1926
The firm produced the Pan with a 500cc Kühne engine in 1924. The following year the brand was renamed Everest, but was basically the same machine. It is suggested that Rempp engines from GAR may have been fitted to the Everest.
The firm succumbed to the inflation crisis sweeping the nation.
NB. Everest is unrelated to the French marque of the same name.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Panther Fahrradwerke in Magdeburg, 1903-1909
The company acquired Brunsviga of Brunswich in 1907 and moved their operation to that location, ceasing production in 1909.
Another company of the same name appeared in the early 1930s. See Pantherwerke AG
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by August Paqué in Augsburg, 1921-1925
Powered bicycles of 140cc were built from 1922, followed by machines with with 147cc and 197cc engines of their own manufacture which were supplied to other manufacturers including Agon Ammon, Busse, KRS, Runge and Zürtz. There may also have been a 500cc motorcycle.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, et al.

Manufactured in Solingen by Patria-WKC 1925-1952
A descendant of an ancient German firm, WKC built their first motorcycles with 250 and 350 Roconova single-cylinder engines. Production halted in 1927, and resumed either shortly before or shortly after the war with Sachs-powered lightweights.
The firm does not appear to be related to the famous Spanish marque of the same name.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Paul Süße
Built at Josephstraße 33 Leipzig using F&S 98cc engines during the 1930s, around 60 of these were built of which only one remains.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Three decades before Velocette's Noddy Bike made it's indelible mark, Kurt Passow's Pawa appeared, ever so briefly.
Built in Klein-Stöckheim the Pawa was chain-driven with a 226cc two-stroke housed in a sheet-metal monocoque chassis with interchangeable wheels.
In 1924 with inflation running rampant, and despite aid from Ernst Eichler, the business failed. Passow sold the patents and manufacturing equipment to Friemann & Wolf, who built the Per.
Source: François-Marie Dumas, et al.

Manufactured in 1922-1924* by Paul Victor Willke of Berlin-Reinickendorf, these bespoke motorcycles were powered by 492cc boxer twins from BMW. The firm also built automobiles.
*Wikipedia says motorcycles were built in 1921 only. (2018)
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Wikipedia DE, Tragatsch.

Built their own 132cc two-stroke engines which were mounted in lightweight frames.
Source: Tragatsch p247

Friemann & Wolf purchased the plans and plant equipment from Passow (Pawa) and renamed it the Per, using a larger engine and belt drive.

The Per was a considerably improved over the Pawa, using a larger engine with enclosed engine bay and substantial additional weather protection. Engine supposedly ran on a variety of fuels, from crude oil to petroleum. Two models, with optional two- and three-speed gearbox and chain drive to the rear wheel on later models.
It appears there may have been three models, using engines of 1.9ps, 3.5ps, and 8ps (344cc).
The machines failed to find a market in the dire economic clmate of the times, and like hundreds of other motorcycle firms, the company failed.
The August Horch Museum has displayed the only surviving example, restored by the owner, Michael Lehmann.
Source: François-Marie Dumas, Tragatsch p248, motor-hist-foto.de.

Built in Berlin by Henry Feilchenfeld from 1924 to 1926, the 170cc two-stroke machine is known largely from reports on its unenviable reputation.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Mopeds with engines supplied by Victoria.
Source: Tragatsch p248

Manufactured by Peters, Steingrüber & Co. of Berlin 1924-1925
Belt-driven lightweights powered by a 143 cc DKW engine.
Unrelated to the Isle of Man machine of the same name and period.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Engen & Auders of Berlin, 1921-1928
The Phantom initially used their own 148cc to 246 cc engines for their motorcycles and powered bicycles. In the mid 1920s, 173cc to 490cc JAP engines were also employed. The auxiliary bicycle engine was sold to many other manufacturers. These were 148.6cc, 55x70mm B/S.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Phönix (Phoenix)
There were two German companies which used the name Phönix
The first was built by Ruhrtal-Motorradwerke R.M.W. of Neheim, 1933-1940. See RMW.
The second was built by Bruno Viertmann between 1935 and 1939, along with JLO-powered utility tricycles and lightweights with Sachs 100 engines. Viertmann's business exploits are well documented in the book Motorräder aus Bielefeld by Johann Kleine Vennekate.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built motorcycles with JAP 490cc sv and OHV singles, and MAG V-twins. A 1925 brochure shows Sportmodell 498ccm ohv and Tourenmodell 498ccm sv
Sources: Tragatsch p250, motorradphoto.de

Manufactured by Pirol Werke GmbH, Dortmund
Pirol had absorbed the Schweppe company, and they also built the Miranda with 150cc Sachs and 200cc Kurchen engines.
The Pirol 1952 sales brochure shows a 200cc scooter with the headlight mounted well-forward on the frong guard, along with two scooter combinations. One has a passenger sidecar, and the other a caravan-shaped carry box.
See also Schweppe
Source: Tragatsch p211, et al.

Manufactured by Horstmann & Schwidde of Bielefeld, 1923-1925
The company built motorcycles with 143cc DKW and 233cc König two-stroke engines. It had long footboards, belt drive, a two-speed gearbox a rim brake on the rear wheel belt drive pulley.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Walter Postler, Niedersedlitz, 1920-1924
A scooter (Motorläufer) with a 225cc engine sitting behind the front forks, and later used a 246cc motor.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built light motorcycles fitted 185cc Norman engines from England.
Source: Tragatsch p251

Manufactured 1910 - 1913
Premierwerke AG., Fahrrad & Maschinenfabrik (J.C. Braun), Wächterstarße 2, Nuremberg
Premier was founded by Messers Hillmann, Herbert and Cooper in Coventry. The Nuremberg branch was created in 1911 in company with Christian Braun. Shortly before the Guns of August the continental company moved to Eger in what was later known as Czechoslovakia. The factory there became the largest in the country.
The Nuremburg machines were powered by 250 class two-strokes and sidevalve four-strokes of 293cc and 348cc. See also Premier Cycle Co.
Source: meisterdinger.de

Built their own engines of 247cc with inlet and exhaust ports both at the front of the engine. Also built motorcycles using JAP and Blackburne engines 249 to 490cc. They also built minicars or microcars, and motorcycles for children with 98cc engines.
Arnold Stölting of Hamburg raced a 250cc PSW in 1927, near Rotenburg.
Source: Tragatsch p253, nac-bremen.de

Quelle Versandhaus GmbH, Nuremberg
In the mid-sixties the Quelle mail-order company Quelle sold lightweights under the name Quelle Bonance.
The Mars brand name was acquired by Quelle around 1958, and it may be that the Gritzner Monza was sold under the Quelle label.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, meisterdinger.de


Manufactured in 1953 and 1954 by Rapier Fahrradfabrik, Märkische Straße 23, Bielefeld. Initially they offered kits into which appropriate engines from JLO, Sachs and Zundapp could be installed, and also produced complete mopeds.
Sources: Moped Archive, GTU Oldtimerservice



Built by F. Müller & Co. GmbH, Ratingen im Rheinland.
Lightweights with engines of 173 and 195cc, also given as four-strokes of 1.5 ps and 2.5 ps.
Sources: Tragatsch p259, Henshaw p321, motor-hist-foto.de

Built basic machines using two-stroke 147cc engines of their own construction. The engine was mounted high in the triangle of a strengthened bicycle frame, with belt drive to the rear wheel.
Source: Tragatsch p259, motor-hist-foto.de

Founded by Carl Rehling of Bielefeld in 1919, the company changed ownership but not the name and produced 247cc motorcycles in 1924 and 1925.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Renner & Poppe GmbH, Dresden. 1924-1932
Built motorcycles using JAP SV engines of up to 996cc, and Barr & Stroud 350cc and 500cc powerplants, 3 speed gearbox and kickstarter.
79 Barr and Stroud single sleeve valve engines were shipped to Dresden in 1923-24. They were shipped to a company "RF Reggel", who were probably freight handlers only. ~ John Ferguson, FB.
They may also have used Kühne and Küchen engines.
Sources: Tragatsch, period advertising, FB group Motorcycles 1867-1930.

An arms factory which took over production of Original-Krieger machines and fitted 198cc to 497cc Blackburne engines into typical KG double-loop frames.
Source: Tragatsch p260

Rex of Behringersdorf
Rex Kraftfahrzeug GmbH, Behringersdorf near Nuremberg. 1923 - 1925
The company produced a small number of two-stroke motorcycles. At least one remains, and has chain drive to the gearbox and belt-drive to the rear wheel, which has a rim brake. No front brake.
Source: meisterdinger.de

Rex of Munich

Manufactured by Binnewies & Sprecher, Berlinm 1923-1925
These were quality machines of 200 and 250cc which took advantage of the tax and licence-free laws then in effect. They had kickstarter, clutch and a two-speed gearbox.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Rinne-Motorengesellschaft mbH of Berlin, 1925-1930, was primarily an engine manufacturer which built air-cooled and water-cooled two-strokes of 131cc to 250cc which they supplied to other motorcycle firms including Bücker, Leto, Wecoob amd Schlimme. They also built complete motorcycles designed and raced by Max Hucke, the last of which was produced in 1928.
The 131cc engine was air-cooled and horizontal.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by the Ridder Brothers of Bielefeld, 1923-1924
Herford König supplied 233cc engines for these machines.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Berlin firm which fitted Bekamo 129cc and MGF 132cc engines to lightweights.
Source: Tragatsch p272

Manufactured by Roco Motorfahrzeuge AG, Berlin, 1922-1925
These were robust machines with Bosch magneto ignition.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Johannes Rössig of Berlin 1922-1926
Best known for their engines, the company was among the first in Germany to produce OHV engines. Their long-stroke 250 and 350cc racing motorcycles had overhead cam engines and were sold as the Avus-Rekordmaschine.
Their engines were used by Patria, Atlas and others.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Roeder & Co., Hanover, 1906-1914
Known as Auto-Phaetons, these were effectively two heavy bicycles running side by side with an engine in one and a seat or carrier in the centre, driving via a chain.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Hugo Marschin in Berlin, 1923-1924.
These were light motorcycles with 132cc Bekamo and 175cc DKW engines.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Roter Teufel
Bismarck Motoren GmbH, Berlin-Charlottenburg, Bismarckstraße 102
Berlin firm which fitted their own 170cc four-stroke sidevalve engines to light motorcycles.
Source: Tragatsch p263

Two different German companies built motorcycles under the RS marque concurrently.
Rogge & Stiller of Berlin built two-stroke engines 1924-1925
Scheid-Henniger of Karlsruhe built RS motorcycles 1925-1928. These were also marketed under the SH brand.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p272.

Dresden firm which built handsome roadsters using Kuhne, MAG and JAP engines of 348cc to 748cc.
Source: Tragatsch p265

Manufactured by Ruppe-Motor GmbH of Berlin
Hugo Ruppe has quite a history, having been associated with Piccolo, MAF, Rasmussen where he developed the engine later famed as the DKW, and founded Bekamo. He also built the Kaelert & Ruppe in Czechoslovakia.

He produced 100cc auxilliary bicycle engines under his own name from 1927 to 1930.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

August Gernet, Motorfahrzeugbau, Nürnberg
Built motorcycles with an external flywheel 132cc two-stroke engine.
Source: meisterdinger.de

Fahrzeugfabrik Harold Runge, Hannover 401. 1923-26
Built limited numbers of motorcycles 125cc and 148cc DKW two-strokes, and also OHV engines from Paque.
Source: Tragatsch p267, motor-hist-foto.de

Karl Ruwisch of Cologne built a light scooter powered by a Victoria 32cc two-stroke mounted above the front wheel, 1949-1959(1).
Notes: 1. Dates vary with some sources giving first production as early as 1947, which would make it Germany's first post-war scooter. Tragatsch gives 1948-49, Wikipedia NL 1948-59.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


S & N
Seidel & Naumann 1901-1908
Large factory in Jungbunzlau (now Czechia) which produced Erika typewriters. Built motorcycles named Germania, and briefly produced Slavia which were L&K under licence and were all but identical to those.
An example is in the collection of the Chemnitz museum.
Source: Tragatsch p275

Built during the 1950s in Saarbrücken by bicycle manufacturer Hensler who also built motorcycles under the Hoffmann & Seidel brand. Motorcycles were constructed using engines, frames, wheels and other components from a variety of suppliers, many of them French. The frames were by Radior, engines by Sachs, AMC and Nervor.
Models included:

  • 1952 125cc, two-stroke Nervor engine.
    1955 175cc HAR with a 4-stroke AMC engine.
    1957 125cc Sachs 2T

The firm did very well with its bicycles which were ridden by Saarland's leading cyclist, Hermann Messinger. At the end of the 1960s the company was bought by Alfred Strauch, also of Saarbrücken, who had built the Tornado motorcycles.

Sources: saarperle.de, saar-nostalgie.de

Built in Berlin by Maschinenfabrik Raetsch, 1923-1930
Models A 27 and B 27 were powered by their own 125cc two-strokes, later models with engines from Kuehne.
The marque is covered in some depth by Karl Reese in his book "Berliner Motorräder"
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Sarolette, Libelle
Manufactured by Herbert Schulze, Berlin, 1949-1952
The Sarolette scooter was introduced in 1949 with a 100cc Sachs engine. The following year the Libelle 100 (Sachs) and Libelle 120 (JLO) scooters appeared, only to disappear into the mist two years later.
There was also a Libelle 3-wheeler built in Austria 1952-1953.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Bunzlau firm built machines with 195cc sidevalve and 348cc ohv Kühne engines between 1924 and 1926.
Source: Tragatsch p269

Built by Steudel-Werke 1921-1927, these motorcycles were fitted with 248cc two-strokes, 348cc ohv singles and 497cc sidevalve V-twins. A shaft-drive version of the V-twin was built but did not enter production. They also produced a 194cc or 200cc engine available as a Hilfs-Motor (bicycle attachment engine) and as a complete motorcycle in several variations. These were all produced at their Leipzig factory.
N.B. Most references to Steudel make no mention of these motorcycles other than the bicycle attachement engine and a V-4 two-stroke.
Source: Tragatsch p269

Manufactured by Heinrich Schlüpmann in Berlin c1924-1933
Schliha motorcycles had quite unusual two-stroke engines of their own production in capacities of 125cc to 596cc, some of which were water-cooled. He went on to build two-stroke aviation engines.
Source: François-Marie Dumas

Falkenberg firm built lightweights powered by DKW 1842cc and 175cc two-strokes 1924-1925.
Source: Tragatsch p270

Schmidt, EB
Manufactured by Ehrhardt B. Schmidt in Leipzig, 1924.
It appears to have been a lightweight, single-speed belt drive motorcycle with pedal start.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Schmidt, RS
Robert Schmidt of Leisning and Berlin, 1921-1924
These were lightweight 200cc motorcyles with the engine inclined at 45 degrees offered by Schmidt under his own name and also his initials, RS. Similar machines were marketed by AMAG and it is unclear which of the firms manufactured them.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Görlitz, 1924-1926
Fitted DKW 142cc 175cc and 206cc two-stroke engines to their own lightweight motorcycles.
Source: Tragatsch p270

Karlsruhe, 1952-1954
Roland Schnell designed and built these racing machines using Horex OHC engines of 248, 348 and 498cc, the 350cc machine proving particularly competitive. Riders included Herman Gablenz, H.P. Müller, Robert Zeller, Georg Braun, Erwin Aldinger and Fritz Kläger.
Source: Tragatsch p270

Manufactured by Georg Schroff of Berlin 1923-1925
These were bespoke motorcycles with engines from Franz Krause. They had chain drive and two-speed gearbox, and were available in red or black. The same - or very similar - machines were marketed under the G.S. brand.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Luftreederei Max Schüler of Osnabrück, 1923-1925

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

1926-1928 Zella-Mehlis (Thüringen)
Source: wikipedia.de

Paul Schütt of Flensburg designed and built these interesting machines using a transverse-mounted 196cc two-stroke in a Duralumin frame.
Source: Tragatsch p270

Schürhoff & Co. of Bielefeld and after 1925 Gevelsberg, built motorcyles from 1923 to 1953 under the names SCB and Siegfried and their own using engines from Sachs, Zündapp and JLO. Postwar production was mainly mopeds.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Cologne 1924-1925
SCK, a garment company, built motorcycles using 350 and 500cc engines from JAP and MAG fitted to British frames. Sales were slow.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Berlin by Fietz, Paul & Co, 1924-1925
These were motorcycles with 150cc and 200cc engines from Cambra, Alba and Rapid, according to customer choice. Unfortunately, the customers chose not to.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Hof (Saale) in the 1950s, these were children's motorcycles powered by 38cc Victoria two-stroke engines. They are believed to be sought after by collectors.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Sept & Unger (S&U)
1925-1926. Michael Sept and Fritz Unger of Schwabacher Straße 67 in Nürnberg
The firm acquired ENAG in 1925 and some machines were built under that marque.
Sources: meisterdinger.de, wikipedia.de

Schweinfurt und Würzburg, 1924-1926
Built lightweight motorcycles fitted with DKW 142cc 175cc and 206cc two-stroke engines
Source: Tragatsch p272

1924-1926. The company resumed manufacture of the 2.5hp two-stroke motorcycles which Nordstern had built before it became bankrupt in 1924.
Source: Tragatsch p272

SIEG Motorradfabrik H. Jüngst GmbH, Dahlbruch, Kreis Siegen
Jüngst designed and built a variety of models with engines from Alba, Bober*, Cockerell, Columbus, DKW, JLO, Hansa, Villiers, JAP, MAG and especially Blackburne. Frames were from Gruhn and Difra.
Models include: Type Z 206c DKW Two-stroke; 498cc MAG ohv V-twin of 1928; 500cc Columbus 1927 (an example exists at the Technikmuseum Freudenberg)
* No other reference to "Bober" engines found .
Source: Tragatsch p273, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured in Nonnendamm, Berlin, 1899-1908
Siemens-Schuckert Werke built motorcycle engines and complete motorcycles. Their main products were electic-powered utility tricycles.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Willi Hausherr GmbH of Berlin produced motorcycles from 1902 to 1912 under three brands, Sigurd, Komet and Royal. Most, possibly all, used versions of the French Ixion engine built in Germany under licence.

Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Orion Aktiengesellschaft of Berlin, 1921-1925
Later known for their Orionettte and Motorette marques, the Simplex had a 98cc bicycle auxiliary engine.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Snob Motorenwerk GmbH, Düsseldorf Oberkassel, 1921-25
Built 154cc IOE engines for Hilfsmotor and lightweights.
They were also very competitive, using OHV engines designed by Karl Döpfner. Works riders included Pons, Mischke.
Sources: Tragatsch p275, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Jochen Sommer Motorradmanufaktur, Eppstein, 2002-
With considerable experience as a trader in Indian Enfield motorcycles since the 1990s selling original units along with modified Scrambler and Clubman versions, the firm began building their own machines using Sommer Diesel 462 engines with German frames and Enfield componentry.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, motorradmanufaktur.de


Kassel, 1922-25
Built lightweights using Bekamo 149cc two-stroke engines
Source: Tragatsch p276

Manufactured by Otto Spiess in Berlin 1902 and 1907, the motorcycles had singles and twin-cylinders engines from Minerva, Zedel and Fafnir.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Established in Nuremberg in 1956, Staiger Fahrzeugfabrik mopeds until 1960.
The name reappeared in Stuttgart in 1966. Staiger & Co lightweights and mopeds remained in production until 1970. A 49cc two-stroke Sachs machine was built in 1969.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

The firm was established by HF Günter in Berlin, 1920, and was sold the following year to Deutsche Werke AG (D-Rad), also of Berlin.
The Star was a 391cc horizontally opposed twin.
See also D-Rad.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Motorfahrzeugbau Steidinger, St. Georgen, Schwarzwald
Built lightweights with 199cc two-stroke engines mounted in triagulated frames.
Sources: Tragatsch p277, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Steigboy Apparatebau GmbH of Gießerstraße 18, Leipzig-Plagwitz from 1921 to 1930.
A well-known manufacturer of two-stroke exhausts, the firm's first three-wheel delivery vehicles appeared in 1926, with a rear tray. The following yeara front tray model appeared and by 1930 they were building luxury passenger three-wheelers. That year they folded.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Manufactured by Franz-Josef Steinbach of Saarbrücken, 1984-1989
Known as the Steinbach-Rotax, the 500S was powered by a 504 Rotax and late in the piece the 600S with a 560cc Rotax was built. The frame was designed by Walter Baumgarten, or based on it, and closely resembled the Egli.
The FJS machines were available in race-tuned guise suitable for SOS racing.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, et al.

Manufactured by Stellbrink Fahrradwerke of Hillegossen, near Bielefeld, 1934-1950
A limited number of Sachs-powered motorcycles were built before the war, with production resuming in 1945. Post-war models included the MF 98 with a JLO engine, and the MG 125E also with a JLO. There were also mopeds with Zundapp engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Moped Archive

Steudel-Werke of Kamenz built machines with bicycle atttachment engines 1924-1925 which may have been marketed under the Saturn brand, the make of the bicycles they built. They built a voitureette in 1905 using a De-dion Bouton engine.
It was quite a large firm, their main focus being engines of up to 32 cyclinders which were supplied to many other manufacturers. They produced a V-4 two-stroke engine designed for heavy motorcycles which was adopted by DKW for their P25 in 1929, and this engine subsequently powered many thousands of their light cars until 1940.
Source: wikiwand.com/de et al.

Manufactured by Kraftfahrzeugwerke W. Sticherling & Co., Engeln bei Magdeburg, 1922-1926
The firm's primary and probably only model G 26 was a fairly basic motorcycle powered by a 173cc DKW two-stroke engine, belt drive and long footboards.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p278, motorradphoto.de

Stock of Liepzig
Manufactured by W. Stock, Fahrzeugbau GmbH, Leipzig W33
These were commmercial three-wheelers built around 1932, believed to have been sourced from DKW and FRAMO
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Manufacturer: Stollstein & Co., Stuttgart, Ostendstraße 83
Using Grade 148cc two-stroke engines they built lightweights similar to a great many others of the early 1920s.
Sources: Tragatsch p278

Gebrüder Stoewer, Fabrik für Motorfahrzeuge, Stettin (now Szczecin, Poland)
The firm built three-wheelers and a motorcycle powered by a Fafnir engine. Subsequently they built automobiles until 1945.
Falter-Werke acquired the rights to the "Stoewer Greif" name in 1938 and built bicycles and later mopeds of that name.
Sources: Tragatsch p278, motorradphoto.de


Stricker Logo

Manufactured by Paul Stricker of Brackwede who founded his bicycle firm in the early 1920s. The firm constructed powered bicycles from 1931 until the war, and then from 1945 to 1955 built lightweights and mopeds. The 1950 Volks-Moped had a Zundapp engine. Bicycle construction continued until 1969.
The firm was also known as E & P Stricker.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, contemporary literature.

Manufactured by Struchtemeier & Co. of Bielefeld, 1921-1924
Founded in 1901 as a bicycle manufacturer, the firm built clip-on engines and powered bicycles. Their two-speed auxiliary bicycle engines drove the rear wheel via chain and were sold to many other companies in the area.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Sturm Fahrzeugwerk Dierssen & Co., Lüneborg
Built lightweights using Alba engines
Sources: Tragatsch p278, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured in by H & W Sudbrack GmbH, Langestraße 60, Schötmor.(1)
In 1939 built lightweights powered by 100cc Sachs engines. Postwar production began in 1949 with a 100cc JLO, the FM100, followed by the Pfeil FP 50. It is likely they also used JLO and Zundapp engines. Moped production ceased in 1955, the firm continuing with bicycles until the 1980s.
1. Address is also listed as Bielefeld and Bad Salzuflen. (GTU)
Source: Moped Archive, GTU Oldtimerservice, et al.

Built and raced by Adolf Kornmannn of Karlsruhe using 348cc and 49cc Kuchen ohc engines, and also a 496cc sv engine from ECE. Established endurance records with Erich Stolz as co-rider.
Source: Tragatsch p280

Manufactured by Scholz & Tegener GmbH, Berlin 1921-1927
Their first models had 192cc four-stroke engines, followed in 1925 tax-exempt 198cc lightweights, and 250 and 350cc motorcycles, the unit-construction engines and frames manufactured in-house.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


TAS by Trumpf-Ass
The Trumpf-Ass Fahrradwerk (bicycle factory) was founded shortly after the 1918 armistice in an abandoned factory which is now the Saarbrücken exhibition centre, on the French border near Nancy and Metz. There they produced motorcycles between 1925 and 1931 under the marque using MAG and Gnome & Rhône engines of 350cc and 500cc, and a 200cc two-stroke. Initially named Trumpf-Ass, the Triumph firm took issue with the (phonetic?) similarity so the acronym TAS was adopted.
The 1925 model range consisted of the Piccolo 175 cc, Junior 250 cc, Riemenmaschine 498 cc SV (belt drive), and Kettenmaschine 498 cc SV (chain drive). The 500cc machines were similar to the D Series Gnome & Rhône, with whom TAS had a close relationship.
Towards the end of the decade the tarifs which had made the German machine attractive to French buyers was dropped and a cheaper alternative was found by way of Henri Dresch, whose model MS 30 was rebadged as a TAS in 1929, along with a 200cc model.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, mvca.at

Manufactured by Franz Tautz of Leipzig, 1921-1923
The firm produced a small scooter powered by a 2.5hp engine and later a light sports motorcycle appeared with a 5hp engine. Both engines were of their own manufacture.
Concurrently DKW released their own scooters, making it very difficult for Tautz to compete.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Manufactured by Teco-Werk of Szcezcin (Stettin, now Poland) from 1920 to 1925 or 1926, their address was Altdammer Straße 40c.
Initially they built auxiliary bicycle engines and light motorcycles 148cc IOE engines, followed in 1924 with ohv models. In 1925 they introduced a 350cc model fitted with a 348cc Kühne ohv powerplant.
Tragatsch says they used Alba engines of 128cc in sv, ioe and ohv configuration, and that the Kühne model was produced in small numbers.
Sources: wikipedia.de, Tragatsch p282, prawobrzeze.eu

Manufactured by Berliner Mopedbau H. Meyer, Berlin-Reinickendorf, 1951-1955
Designed to be marketed to women, the mopeds were powered by AMO two-strokes similar to the Victoria FM38.
They were also known as the Meyfa Teddy, and were sold under the Meyfa brand.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, mo-ped.se

Built motorcycles with 148 and 172cc sidevalve engines and also MAG 597cc V-twins
Source: Tragatsch p282

Manufactured by Motorfahrzeug G.m.b.H Teufel-Motorrad of Richard-Wagner-Straße, Leipzig, c1923.
The Teufel is believed to have had a DKW bicycle engine and was was fitted with a Steigboy vacuum exhaust.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Meteor Elektronische- & Fahrzeugfabrik GmbH, Hannover
Fitted their own 246cc and 346cc sv engines to motorcycles of limited production
Source: Tragatsch p283, motor-hist-foto.de

Designed and manufactured by Hermann Tietz of of Bielfeld, 1920-1924
The motorcycles were powered by four-stroke 196cc Gruhn engines and featured on some models disc wheels which were probably spoked wheels with covers.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Geestemünde firm built motorcycles using singles and twins from Zedel and Fafnir.
Source: Tragatsch p284

Manufactured by Weil-Werke AG of Frankfurt am Main from 1928. After the war the company was renamed Torpedo-Werke AG and production continued until 1956.
Pre-war models used Blackburne and Sachs engines, and after 1945 the motorcycles were powered by Sachs and JLO in 98cc to 197cc capacities.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p284


Tornado Logo

Alfred Strauch began trading at Mainzer Straße 58 in Saarbrücken in 1923. He later offered bicycles under the Tornado brand and after the war offered Tornado motorcycles. Models included the 1951 STM100 98cc Sachs, STM150 and STM175. In 1958 there was a 47cc moped with a Sachs engine.
Source: saar-nostalgie.de

Manufactured by Hermann C. Treptau of Berlin, 1925-1927
The firm produced limited numbers of motorcycles with their own engines of 308cc which were only sold locally.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Trianon Fahrradwerke Heinrich Wittler jr., of Herford, 1922-1924
The bicycle firm produced 198cc and 233cc motorcycles which did well in competition.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Luftreederei Max Schüler, Osnabrück Netterheide
An airship firm which constructed motorcycles powered by their own 348cc and 308cc two-stroke engines. They also built the frames and wheels for the machines which had a resemblance to an airship. They did not prove popular.
motor-hist-foto.de lists types L, M and S under the LMS marque. Tragatsch lists an airship builder L.M.S.
Source: Tragatsch p287, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Westendarp & Pieper GmbH of Berlin, 1924-1926
A commercial clockmaker, the company built motorcycles with 132 and 173cc engines from Bekamo and 247cc Rocanova powerplants. Some models were designed for competition.
There is an association with the AMO brand.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Manufactured by F.W. Ude Fahrzeugbau, Bielefeld, 1924-1925
The firm built relatively few motorcycles powered by their own 249cc two-stroke engines housed in an unconventional frame.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Uhlig Sidecars
Manufactured by Oswald Uhlig in Eilenburg, near Leipzig.
The sidecars bore a resemblance to Stoye, for whom Uhlig had previoiusly worked.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

1925-29, aka Uni-Rad
Erich Landgrebe designed motorcycles which were built in at the Universelle-Werke Dresden cigarette machine factory using an IOE of 183cc, later 197cc and 347cc engines, and also built three wheel utility vehicles.
1925 brochure lists models ZIA, ZI and ZII, along with a three-wheeler, model ZIIIB.
Sources: Tragatsch p288, contemporary literature

Uno Rotax
Manufactured by Robert Rieder of Augsburg, 1985-1993.
The Uno 600 was a streetbike powered by a 560cc Rotax delivered 42hp in standard trim and up to 58hp with various tuning options. There was also a racing verions with a 598cc engine.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Paul Tanner OHG of Cottbus. 1934 to 1939
The cycle firm Urania-Fahrradwerke, founded in 1895, constructed lightweight motorcycles powered by 98cc and 123cc JLO and Sachs engines.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Urban Motor
Manufactured by Urban Motor GmbH of Kradschmiede, Berlin, from 2009
Peter Dannenberg and Michael Schulz-Vollmers build specials based on BMW, Ducati and MV Agusta motorcycles, Two well-known BMW-powered models are the Brown Sugar and Cafe Racer.
They also retail the CR & S brand.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Helmut Fath of Ursenbach built URS engines from 1961 to 1969. Fath was a veteran international road racer, and he was out to recapture the world championship for Germany. Housed in a Metisse chassis from Rickman, their machines achieved many wins and podium places ridden by the likes of Paul Smetana, Karl Hoppe and Ferdinand Kaczor.
URS 500cc engines were used in Munch-URS GP machines.
Some motorcycles were badged as Fath, for instance the Fath 500.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, et al.


Built motor bicycles and mini-scooters with 42cc two-strokes of their own manufacture, and light scooters using Moto 99cc two-stroke engines.
Sources: Tragatsch p288

Fitted their own 246cc two-stroke engines into an open frame.
Sources: Tragatsch p290

Manufactured by VIS Aktiengesellschaft of Munich, 1923-1925
These were remarkable machines, the VIS Simplex and VIS Duplex, the former having a 10hp 498cc twin-cylinder two-stroke, the Simplex with a 249cc 4T engine, both sporting a three-speed gearbox. There was also a lightweight fitted with a horizontal engine of 1.5ps.
Frimo. The firm marketed the lightweights fitted with the horizontal* engine as Frimo, along with the Frimo Hilfsmotor fitted with the same engine mounted above the rear wheel of a bicycle.
Tragatsch states that the Frimo engine is a two-stroke of 246cc capacity.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch p140, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufacturer: Klein, Schäberle & Co. Stuttgart, Böblinger Straße 92
Built sports machines using OHV Blackburne 248 and 348cc engines.
Sources: Tragatsch p293, wirtemberg.de

Motorised bicycles with 1hp and 1.75hp engines
Sources: Tragatsch p293

Manufactured by Berliner Kleinmotoren AG, Berlin, 1921-1924
The source of the 143cc engine is obscure, and the extravagent advertising claims about the lightweight motorcycle did not lead to strong sales.
There was also Voran-Automobilbau AG (founded 1926) which does not appear related.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Wikipedia DE

Manufactured by Louis Voss of Bielefeld, 1921-1923
The firm, which was established in 1902 in the garment industry trading in sewing machines, offered their first motorcycles built by Göricke, apparently under the brand Lovos. These were followed by machine sold as Voss with the strenthened frames by Göricke and the engines from DKW mounted about the rear wheel. In 1925 Louis Voss moved into the automobile field as a Ford agent.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured in Burgfarrnbach from 1922 to 1924.
The firm built unusual motorcycles with concealed front suspension using 415cc engines (78 x 87mm).
Source: deacademic.com


Paul Wackwitz of Crefeld (now Krefeld, nr Dusseldorf) built 106cc four-stroke bicycle attachment engines supplied separately or complete with bicycle frames.
Sources: Tragatsch p294

Built motorcycles with their own 246cc two-strokes and also used 346cc Kuhne ohv engines.
Sources: Tragatsch p294

Manufactured by Walter Loebel Maschinenfabrik, Leipzig, 1919
A single seat three-wheeler with a sidecar-like body, the small V-twin engine was mounted above the front wheel which was driven via cardan shaft. A beam extends from the steering head well into the body and has a steering device which is not described but possibly acts in steering wheel fashion; alternatively the beam would be shifted from side to side for steering, making tighter turns rather awkward. Front suspension is by leaf spring leaving one to wonder at the operation of the cardan, and both rear wheels had cable actuated brakes.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Leo Weber (Motorradbau, Mannheim) built a range of motorcycle using ioe MAG engines of 346cc, 498cc and 746cc.
Sources: Tragatsch p295

Quite a range of machines were constructed using 142cc Rinne two-strokes, 172cc to 347cc Villiers, and 348cc to 997cc JAP engines. Actual production figures were low.
Source: Tragatsch p295

Kurt Passow of Berlin designed and built this scooter-like machine using a 452cc two-stroke vertical twin. He was also associated with the Pawa and PER brands which were similar in concept.
1921-1922 Vis Gesellschaft für Kleinfahrzeuge GmbH, Berlin
1922-1924 Motorradwerke Kurt Passow AG, Braunschweig
1923-1926 PER Kraftfahrzeugverkaufsges. m.b.H., Braunschweig
N.B. There was also a Vis Gesellschaft in Munich. Relationship, if any, unknown.
Sources: Tragatsch p295, wikipedia.de, GTU Oldtimerservice



1925-28, Berlin
Using 175cc two-strokes, 350cc and 500cc Blackburne engines, and others, Weise & Co built motorcycles and commercial three-wheelers (Liefermotorrad), and also a 3-wheeled passenger vehicle driven by a 200cc engine over the front wheel.
Sources: wikipedia.de, motorradphoto.de

Manufactured by Wemhöner, Hilbert & Co. of Bielefeld, 1924-1926
Weko motorcycles were powered by 250cc engines built in their factory. The firm, which had been long established in the bicycle industry, did quite well in local motorcycle competitions.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Built in Apolda, Thüringen, using ohv 348cc Kuhne engines designed by Gnadig
Source: Tragatsch p295

Bautzen, 1925-26
Fitted ohv 348cc Kuhne and JAP 490cc ohv engines to frames similar to those of BMW.
Source: Tragatsch p295

Established bicycle firm in Schönebeck (Elbe) which fitted 3.5hp singes and 6hp v-twin engines of their own construction into robust frames.
Source: Tragatsch p295

Manufactured by Erwin & Paul Wellerdiek of Brackwede, 1938-1939
Having built bicycles since the 1920s, the venture into motorcycle production was cut short by the National Socialists. The inexpensive lightweight was fitted with a 118cc JLO engine.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by W. Noel & Cie. Motorenfabrik Werno, Berlin N24, Linienstraße 139-140, 1921-1923
The Werno Power Wheel (Werno-Kraft-Rad) were fitted with 197cc engines from Rheinische-Motorenwerke in Düsseldorf. Despite the name, the motorcycle was quite conventional with the engine fitted centrally in the frame. (GTU)
Tragatsch tells a slightly different story, saying that the engines were designed and built by Werner Noel and were OHV units of 154 and 197cc, produced until 1924.
They also used the OHV Snob engine (55x65mm b/s).
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch, motor-hist-foto.de.

Wiga-Werk in Ludwigshafen built well-designed motorcycles using Kuchen and JAP engines of 198, 348cc and 498cc. There may also have been a smaller engine.
Source: Tragatsch p297

Manufactured by WG Krauss & Co. of Cologne, 1924-1926
Initially Wikro sold (possibly rebadged) Toreador motorcycles with 346cc Precision engines, and then from 1925 offered machines with 347cc and 497cc Blackburne units.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, Tragatsch.

Manufactured in Sulzbach by B. Wimmer & Sohn, 1921-1928 and Otto Wimmer, 1928-1938
Built 134cc auxiliary bicycle engines and later by 137cc and 172cc motorcycles. From 1928 motorcycles were offered with 200, 250, 300 and 500cc engines, some of which were from Bark. The firm had numerous victories in the 175cc races.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

In 1954 to 1958 Fritz Windt of Lage, Lippe, built mopeds with Sachs and JLO engines. Models include: W 50 (JLO FP 50) 1954 and W 56 (JLO FP 50) 1954.
Sources: Moped Archive, GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Wittekind-Fahrradfabrik of Bielefeld from 1952 to 1955
The bicyle factory produced mopeds with engines from Sachs and Zündapp.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice



The Wittler firm (Heinrich Wittler & Co., postwar Wittler Bros.) of Bleichstraße 77a, Bielefeld,
Founded in 1924, the company built motorcycles powered by 250cc two-strokes during that decade.
Post-war, they built lightweights, mopeds and motorised tricycles using JLO, Sachs and possibly Zundapp engines 1950-1956.
There was also a Wittler moped produced in Horsens, Denmark during the 1950s by Hede Nielsens Fabriker. It seems likely that they were built under licence to the German company, but used engines from VAP, BFC, Estonia, Express and others. There was a considerable variety of models. The same firm apparently built, or marketed, Wotan mopeds.
Sources: Moped Archive, GTU Oldtimerservice, et al.

Built in Berlin along the lines of the British Auto-Wheel, this was an engine built into a wheel which could be attached to a bicycle. Believed to have used a 249cc sv Hilfsmotor from WMB
Source: Tragatsch p298, motor-hist-foto.de

Built limited numbers of light motorcycles with 1.8 hp sidevalve engines of their own production. Believed to have built a 249cc sv Hilfsmotor supplied to WK.
NB. There is reference to a Hungarian marque of this name in the 1930s built on Csepel Island; the information may erroneously refer to the Weiss Manfred marque, WM, also on Csepel Island.
Source: Tragatsch p298, Wikipedia.de

Manufactured by Wotan-Werk AG, Leipzig, 1923-1925.
Engines were mostly 170cc two-strokes.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Görlitz firm built light motorcycles with their own 249cc sidevalve engines. These engines were sold to other manufacturers.
Source: Tragatsch p298

Based in Sudbauer, Munich, the firm built motorcycles using 493cc sv HO engines and also the Stolle-designed ohv flat twins which they supplied to Victoria before that company bought the WSM factory.
Source: Tragatsch p298

Gebr. Wurmstich & Co., Fahrzeugerzeugung, Halle an der Saale
Built motorcycles using their own 174 cc sv engine and also used JAP 238, 348 and 490cc sidevalve units.
Sources: Tragatsch p299, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Max Würdig, Georg Anders Nachf, Leipzig from 1927 to 1937.
These were three-wheeled delivery vans (Eilwagen) with an engine mounted above the front wheel and a tray and two wheels at the rear.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Manufactured by Württembergia AG, Berlin, 1925-1933
The firm built sports motorcycles using 200cc to 600cc Blackburne engines and Sturmey-Archer gearboxes. When Hitler's jingoist government banned foreign imports in much the same manner as happened during the Trump regime, the end was nigh for the popular Berlin marque.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice


Friedhelm Zabel had been involved in motorcycle racing for some time before he began building his own engines. Early versions were Maico-based 620cc units, and in 1988 he built a water-cooled 685cc two-stroke for motocross sidecars producing over 80hp. Despite its extraordinary output, it weighed a mere 30kg. It was an immediate success.
Source: François-Marie Dumas

Emil Zehner, Motorradbau, Suhl, Thüringen
This lightweight motorcycle built in small numbers was fitted with a 197cc sidevalve engine designed by Otto Dehne.
Sources: Tragatsch p301

Zimmer & Gehlich, Zetge Fahrzeugwerke, Moys-Görlitz
Built good quality lightweight motorcycles and three-wheelers using engines of their own manufacture in 142cc and 173cc capacities, and also two-strokes from DKW in similar sizes. The three-wheelers had the engine mounted forward and above the front wheel and had such names as Zetgelette and Zetgemobil. The solo Einheitsmodell had an unusual and quite shapely appearance.
Sources: Tragatsch p302, motor-hist-foto.de

Manufactured by Otto Zeugner Motorradbau, Berlin, 1902-1905
Engines from Minerva, Zedel, Fafnir and Peugeot were fitted to strengthened motorcycle frames typical of the era.
Source: GTU Oldtimerservice

Manufactured by Klotz & Recker of Leipzig-Lindenau, 1926-c1932
Used Kühne and Küchen engines, Hurth gearboxes and their own frames. Some machines were supplied with sidecars using Stoye chassis, the the company appears to have had a relationship with both Klotz & Becker.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Ziegelgängsberger & Jakob, Untere Kanalstraße 1, Nuremberg, 1924 - 1926
Motorcycles using 211 and 246cc two-strokes, along with 348 and 496cc side-valvev and OHV engines from JAP and Blackburne.
Source: meisterdinger.de

1920 to 1925
Founded by Albert Roder and Karl Zirkel in Fürth, later in Forchheim.
Built 150, 250 and 350cc two-stroke machines using rotary valves and were built from 1920 to 1925. The two men also founded the E.M.A.G. company in Erlangen.
Source: deacademic com

Manufactured by Motorradwerk Gebrüder Zürtz and later Hessische Motorfahrzeugindustrie (Zürtz & Hartmann) of Darmstadt. 1922-c1926
Franz Zürz had worked with the Euler aircraft company, and his experience was translated into the design of the motorcycles.
Their first motorcycles used DKW two-stroke engines up to 173cc, and they later used 249cc ohv Columbus, 198cc ohv Paquée and JAP sidevalve and ohv engines of 346 and 490cc. Some of these may have had rear suspension.
Adolf Hartmann had joined the firm as a financial partner in Deceember of 1924, and the firm was shortly renamed accordingly. Unfortunately the partnership did not blossom, and the Zürz departed the following June. Production appears to have ceased shortly thereafter, possibly in early 1926. The company was disolved in 1927.
The name HEMOFA Darmstadt was also used.
Sources: Tragatsch p303, darmstadt-stadtlexikon.de

Built by Felix Zwanzig of Rehbach near Leipzig, ca. late 1920s to early 1930s.
Source: motorräder-aus-leipzig.de

Manufactured by A. König, Plärrer 4, Nuremberg, 1924 - 1925
Production included light motorcycles with 147 and 187cc two-stroke engines.
Source: meisterdinger.de

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